Questions tagged [local-volatility]

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Option Delta Calculation - Local Vol Model vs Black-Scholes Model

I am looking to get the greeks for option chain. Which model does work better for greeks calculation especially the delta. I am having issue with the Black-Scholes Model Delta since it always ...
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24 views

Implementation of Dupire local volatility

Although it seems straightforward on paper, I am having difficulty in implementing Dupire's local volatility function. Fix notation: spot S, strike K, time to maturity T(as year fraction), interest ...
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21 views

Dupire Vomma and Stochastic volatility

Suppose that you are short an option on asset $X_t$ following a pure diffusion. Suppose you are hedging your position using (Dupire) Local volatility model. Suppose that the option is concave with ...
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1answer
32 views

Testing an implementation of Dupire's local volatility model

I have implemented Dupire's local volatility function $\sigma(K,T)$ using call option price time and strike derivatives. $\sigma(K,T)$ uses a fixed spot $S_0$. The surface $\sigma(K,T)$ closely ...
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For any twice differential continuous function C(T, K), does there exist a sigma(t, S) that can reproduce C(T, K)?

In the Dupire's paper, he assumes that there exits a function $\sigma(t,S)$ that can reproduce $C(T, K)$. My question is that: is the assumption true for any twice differential continuous function $C(...
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1answer
88 views

Is Dupire's local volatility model path independent to recover historical option price?

Generally when we implement Dupire's local volatility model, we follow the steps below: Calculate implied volatility from given historical data Fit the implied volatility skew. So we also know the ...
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1answer
153 views

Calculating local volatility from option prices?

I'm attempting to calculate local volatility given a set of option prices using $$ \sigma(T,K)=\sqrt{2\frac{\frac{\partial C}{\partial T}+rK\frac{\partial C}{\partial K}}{K^2\frac{\partial^2C}{\...
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52 views

Expected value and variance of the stock log-returns under Local Volatility framework

I want to calculate the expected value and the variance of the stock process log-returns in the Local Volatility setting (and the realized/terminal correlation but let us begin in the one-dimentional ...
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50 views

Instability in risks using local volatility

I am valuing vanilla call options using FDM with Crank Nicolson discretization and Rannacher smoothing (mind you, I am having the same issue on MC) and I am getting unstable delta, gamma and theta. I ...
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1answer
68 views

Price Down and In Barrier Option Using Local Vol and Monte Carlo

As an entry level financial engineer, I'm trying to make sense of a practical case using the concepts I learned including local vol, monte carlo, so I really appreciate your advice if my understanding ...
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58 views

How to derivate Dupire's local volatility?

I want to calculate the expression of local volatility expressed in terms of implied volatility given by Fabrice Douglas Rouah in Derivation of Local Volatility : $v_{l} = \frac{ \frac{\partial w}{\...
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1answer
116 views

How to get the local volatility from IV surface?

I have to work on Dupire's model. If I understand Fengler's paper well enough we can get the local volatility from implied volatility smoothed surface because if not it would look all bumpy like the ...
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1answer
171 views

Different volatility surface ( Local vol, Stochastic vol etc.)

Despite many questions about local and stochastic volatility available on this forum, i still have a few doubts left. Essentially I am seeking validation whether I am interpreting things correctly. ...
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1answer
166 views

Local volatility and Stochastic Volatility

Please help me understand similarity and differences between local volatility and Stochastic Volatility both intuitively and mathematically.
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70 views

Local volatility Formula and How To use it

I'm new to Volatility Modelling, so the content of this question may be completely wrong and th question naive. I'm reading "The volatility surface" by Gatheral. I'm trying to get a sense of the first ...
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0answers
38 views

How to derive the half slope rule from asymptotic relation between implied and local volatility?

In their paper(https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0764444200017493) BERESTYCKI, BUSCA, and FLORENT proved an asymptotical relation(for short maturity) between implied and local ...
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51 views

looking for a simple realistic parametric volatility model

Which parametric volatility is realistic to test quickly and qualitatively a model? I do not wish to fit market quotes but would like to have a non-trivial volatility with skew or smile to do some MC ...
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1answer
548 views

Local Volatility with Monte Carlo Simulation

I am trying to implement a Monte Carlo Simulation using Local Volatility Model (Dupire’s Equation). I’m pretty sure I can build a very good LV surface, however, I do not know how to use it in the MC ...
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1answer
113 views

Pricing with local volatility for derivatives beside options

Say I have calibrated an local volatility mode to market data on a forward on stock X. Say I want to price a derivative Y that is NOT a call/put option. What is the (or one of many) general strategy ...
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1answer
195 views

How frequently is local volatility calibrated to implied vol surface, in practice?

This has two related questions - How frequently do equity derivative traders re-mark the implied volatility surface - (i) once a day (e.g. at start of trading day, or end-of-day), or (ii) ...
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242 views

How to price the american options using local volatility

I have given with a surface of american option prices $C_{am}(T, K)$. From these american option prices the implied volatility surface is deduced. Now I want to find the local volatility $\sigma(s,t)$...
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84 views

Difference between local volatility and implied volatility [duplicate]

I have read several articles about local volatility and implied volatility, but I am still confused with the difference between the two. Please correct me if I am wrong: Implied volatility is the ...
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2answers
388 views

Model calibration volatility surface

Let's say i have an exotic structure that is to be vega hedged dynamically. I choose to price it with a local volatility (which means the model prices in your future vega hedges using all options for ...
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125 views

Pricing forward start Cliquet option with implied volatility with Dupire

I have the following implied volatility matrix of a stock index downloaded the 15th February 2019, the value of the stock was 3188.44 at the time: ...
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92 views

Is there an arbitrage free option model that treats volatility as a deterministic function of strike?

I am trying to get a good understanding of the different models out there, and thus be able to study hedging errors, and strengths and weaknesses. My understanding of the Local Volatility model in ...
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57 views

Local volatility model equivalent reformulation

Do we have a equivalent formulation of the local volatility model, where the SDE of the model would be on the volatility and S would be a functional of the the volatility and time? Thanks.
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2answers
1k views

Local Volatility calculation in Python

I am trying to price Local Volatility in Python using Dupire (Finite Difference Method). I have following set of information Spot: 770.05, Strike: 850, Type: 'C', rfr: 0.0066, time to maturity = ...
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1answer
449 views

Dupire Formula question

I want to calculate the local volatility from Dupire's formula: $\sigma _{VL}^{2} (K,T,S_{0}) = \frac{\frac{\partial C}{\partial T}}{\frac{1}{2} K^{2} \frac{\partial^2 C}{\partial K^2}}$ So I use ...
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1answer
317 views

LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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303 views

Mixed local-stochastic volatility model in Quantlib

At a conference the speaker mentioned that it is a standard approach today to use a mix of local and stochastic volatility model in equity, FX and interest rates. Can you please suggest the most ...
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197 views

How do you numerically solve the Dupire Local Volatility PDE in log moneyness-time space?

I am trying to implement a numerical solution to price vanilla calls. I am using the Dupire equation in log moneyness-time (k = ln(F/T)) space as per below PDE I have tried solving it using a fully ...
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1answer
301 views

Vanilla Option Prices from Local Vol Surface (using neither MC nor PDE)

There are numerous papers that describe the derivation of the Local-Vol equation using available market prices of options. For example: Dupire's formula (see e.g. OpenGamma (2013)) gives us LV in ...
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2answers
222 views

Probability Density Function sign problem when using Call Price

Given the call price $C_t = e^{-\int_t^Tr(s)ds}\int (s-K)^{+}\phi_{S_T}(T,s)ds $ we know that $$\frac{dC}{dK}=-e^{-\int_t^Tr(s)ds}\int_K^{\infty} \phi_{S_T}(T,s)ds$$ Now when I use dirac delta ...
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1answer
172 views

Deriving Dupire's Volatility Formula : Why $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} (s-K) \frac{d}{ds} \big[ \sigma^2(T,s)s^2\phi(T,s)\big] = 0 $

In deriving Dupire's formula for the local volatility, using European call option, this is used in the integration by part : $$\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} (s-K) \frac{d}{ds} \Big[ \sigma^2(T,s) s^2\...
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2answers
329 views

Local volatility implied by implied vol surface

In his book volatility and correlation, Rebonato tries to explain intuitively the shape of local volatility surface (depending on stock level and time) from the implied volatility surface in the OTM ...
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2answers
2k views

What are the benefits of using Dupire model

I'm trying to understand what is the point of the local volatility model in practice. Rather than asking a question I will explain what is what for me hoping someone will spot where I'm wrong: The ...
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1answer
763 views

how to price barrier option under local vol model using QuantLib

I use QuantLib in Python. Now I have implied volatility surface data. How can I get the local vol surface than using finite difference method to price a barrier option in QuantLib?
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1answer
189 views

Drift of Local Volatility Model - Dupire

i understand that the local volatility function can be computed from the implied volatility surface.(i.e there is no calibration to option prices, we just need the full implied volatility surface only)...
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2answers
462 views

Vega of exotic options

I'am wondering if there is a standard definition to the Vega of an exotic product when the underlying model is not Black-Scholes. Let me give some examples : What is the Vega if the price is ...
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0answers
182 views

Finite Difference with SVI Vol Model

I am attempting to implement a local vol pricing model in finite difference for equity index options. I have followed Gatheral's Lectures and fitted an SVI Model bringing me to the following local ...
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1answer
183 views

Break even Levels Local volatility

I came across a presentation where it is stated that using a local volatility model the PnL of an option is and What does he mean by spot/vol correl = -100%?
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133 views

Dynamically adjusting the size of a Constant Range Bar (on an intraday fx chart)

Constant Range Bars (CRB) is a type of candlestick charting method that does not draw a new candle every unit of time (like every 1/5/15/30 minutes), but every time the range (high-low) of the ...
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50 views

Trying to understand Strike Adjusted Spread, can someone explain using a simple example?

I should start by saying that I am not a quant, I am someone interested in options but I perhaps lack the mathematics background to always follow along. I recently stumbled upon a terrific article ...
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1answer
387 views

Calibration of Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process that hits zero (Feller condition violation)

I'm considering a Cox-Ingersoll-Ross (CIR) process $$ dx_{t} = \alpha\left(\theta - x_{t}\right)dt + \sigma \sqrt{x_{t}}\,dW_{t}\,,\qquad \alpha,\beta,\sigma > 0 $$ which by assumption has $2\...
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1answer
533 views

Forward Skew in the Local Volatility Model

How does the local volatility model cause a forward skew? How is this different to the skew observed for future tenors in the vol surface?# Also how do LV models underestimate vol of vol?
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3answers
6k views

Problems with local volatility models (vs stochastic volatility models)

Why is pricing with local volatility models are problem with exotics, mainly due to "the volatility surface is the market's current view of volatility and this will change in the future meaning the ...
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2answers
2k views

Autocallable pricing under stochastic vs. local volatility

I am interest in the reason why an Autocallable (structured product) is cheaper under local volatility compared to stochastic volatility. I thought this was due to the following: when thinking in ...
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0answers
260 views

Dupire's calibration

I'm trying to implement a method for calibrating the local volatility model (Dupire's one). I'm working on the paper from Andreasen and Huge : Volatility interpolation (SSRN). Is this considered to be ...
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0answers
99 views

Local variance derivation by Gatheral

I've bought Gatheral's book on Local Volatility and I have troubles with understanding a part where he shows that local variance is a conditional expectation of instantaneous variance. Why in the ...
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1answer
186 views

Proof for ATM delta with Local col

I am looking at a time-homogeneous local volatility model where ATM implied volatility equals ATM local volatility: $\sigma_{imp}(S_0)=\sigma_{local}(S_0)$ ATM IV Skew = half of LV slope In general $\...