# Questions tagged [local-volatility]

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11k views

### Local Volatility vs. Stochastic Volatility

Are there any empirical observations or practices when to prefer Local Volatility Model for pricing over Stochastic Model or vice versa?
9k views

### Why dynamics of local volatility is wrong?

In Dupire's local volatility model, the volatility is is a deterministic function of the underlying price and time, chosen to match observed European option prices. To be more specific, given a ...
11k views

### What causes the call and put volatility surface to differ?

I currently have a local volatility model that uses the standard Black Scholes assumptions. When calculating the volatility surface, what causes the difference between the call volatility surface, ...
1k views

### Local Stochastic Volatility - Break even levels

In Chapter 12 of his excellent book Stochastic Volatility Modeling, Lorenzo Bergomi discusses the topic of local-stochastic volatility models (LSV). As most of you are probably aware of, the idea is ...
723 views

### What are the main differences in Jump Volatility and Local Volatility

Is a JV model simply Local Vol + Jump Diffusion? If so, it seems logical that an existing JV model be able to be used for valuation of both Vanilla and Exotic options. Is this true? Does a Local ...
3k views

### Recommendation for a library to calculate the local volatility surface?

I'd like a library to calculate the options local volatility surface, i.e. the options implied volatility surface for a collection of strikes and their bid/ask prices. Here are the libraries I've ...
11k views

### Local volatility surface corresponding to the implied volatility surface

In Derman/Kani/Zou paper about local vol they rebuilt a local vol surface from an implied vol surface. Each implied volatility depicted in the surface of the "implied Vol" is the Black-Scholes implied ...
925 views

### In Dupire's paper, why is $(S_t, t)$ in the $(K, T)$ space?

I'm new to local volatility model. From Dupire's paper and most of the textbooks, they derived the local volatility $\sigma(K, T)$ in the $(K, T)$ (i.e., strike and maturity) space, from call prices ...
3k views

### For pricing, what types of Exotic Options are suitable using Local Volatility Model or a Stochastic Volatility Model?

I understand that stochastic volatility models should be used when the exotic option payoff is volatility dependent (such as variance swaps and volatility swaps). Stochastic volailtiy models should ...
687 views

### Vanilla Option Prices from Local Vol Surface (using neither MC nor PDE)

There are numerous papers that describe the derivation of the Local-Vol equation using available market prices of options. For example: Dupire's formula (see e.g. OpenGamma (2013)) gives us LV in ...
2k views

### Is the local volatility linear if smile is linear?

Assume $dS = S_t\sigma(S_t,t)dW$. Given a implied volatility smile which is linear in, say, $(K - S_0)$, (we know its intercept and slope), we wish to calibrate $\sigma(S_t, t)$ to it. Will it too be ...
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### Local Volatility with Monte Carlo Simulation

I am trying to implement a Monte Carlo Simulation using Local Volatility Model (Dupire’s Equation). I’m pretty sure I can build a very good LV surface, however, I do not know how to use it in the MC ...
618 views

### Time-independent local volatility

Suppose somebody provides us with a surface of European call prices $C(\tau,K)$ where $\tau$ stands for time-to-maturity and $K$ for the strike. By Dupire's results, there is a unique local volatility ...
375 views

### Local Volatility Model Error

I am implementing my local volatility pricer using the finite difference method in MATLAB. I parametrise the implied volatility surface using the SSVI parametrisation (Gatheral & Jacquier), which ...
187 views

### Hedging : effect of not matching the term structure of skew

Let us assume that we construct a pure stochastic volatility model calibrated to the implied volatility surface, but that the model does not replicate accurately the observed term structure of the ...
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### Autocallable option Delta

There have been numerous exotic trading desk blow ups lately, related to various reasons. However, in particular, one bank had some issues where they were pricing autocallable notes with Local ...
3k views

### What are the benefits of using Dupire model

I'm trying to understand what is the point of the local volatility model in practice. Rather than asking a question I will explain what is what for me hoping someone will spot where I'm wrong: The ...
673 views

### Different volatility surface ( Local vol, Stochastic vol etc.)

Despite many questions about local and stochastic volatility available on this forum, i still have a few doubts left. Essentially I am seeking validation whether I am interpreting things correctly. ...
3k views

### pricing using dupire local volatility model

I am reading about Dupire local volatility model and have a rough idea of the derivation. But I can't reconcile the local volatility surface to pricing using geometric brownian motion process. If I'm ...
402 views

### Correct Monte Carlo simulation of local volatility models

I am using Monte Carlo simulation to evolve the following SDE over a grid of timepoints $0,t_1,...,t_N$. \begin{equation} dS(t)=\sigma(t, S(t))dw(t) \end{equation} Here $\sigma(t_i,S(t_i)), i=1,...,N$ ...
340 views

### Break even Levels Local volatility

I came across a presentation where it is stated that using a local volatility model the PnL of an option is and What does he mean by spot/vol correl = -100%?
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### Motivation of the singular perturbation solution formulation for local volatility model

I am puzzled by the motivation of the particular choice of the (singular) perturbation method used in Equivalent Black Volatilities. Equation (A.6a) sets $$\epsilon:= A(K)\ll 1.$$ What is the ...
2k views

### Methods to compute Local Volatility surface and price

I am trying to wrap my head around how exactly Dupire's formula is implemented in practice. We need $\sigma(S,T)$ for every possible $S$ and $T$. If we had that, then we can just run a monte carlo ...
374 views

### How frequently is local volatility calibrated to implied vol surface, in practice?

This has two related questions - How frequently do equity derivative traders re-mark the implied volatility surface - (i) once a day (e.g. at start of trading day, or end-of-day), or (ii) ...
226 views

### Is Dupire's local volatility model path independent to recover historical option price?

Generally when we implement Dupire's local volatility model, we follow the steps below: Calculate implied volatility from given historical data Fit the implied volatility skew. So we also know the ...
551 views

### Local volatility implied by implied vol surface

In his book volatility and correlation, Rebonato tries to explain intuitively the shape of local volatility surface (depending on stock level and time) from the implied volatility surface in the OTM ...
708 views

### Difference between Local Vol and Copula

Let's assume we have ATM European call on a basket of two stocks and price it with: 1) Multivariate Local Vol with constant correlation 2) Gaussian copula Assuming we use the same correlation ...
223 views

### Finite Difference with SVI Vol Model

I am attempting to implement a local vol pricing model in finite difference for equity index options. I have followed Gatheral's Lectures and fitted an SVI Model bringing me to the following local ...
304 views

### Dupire's calibration

I'm trying to implement a method for calibrating the local volatility model (Dupire's one). I'm working on the paper from Andreasen and Huge : Volatility interpolation (SSRN). Is this considered to be ...
471 views

### Forward skew generated by Local Vol model

I'm digging into the properties of the Local Vol model and I become confused with statements made by authors in papers/textbooks (without explanations) like, "The forward skew in local vol model ...
1k views

### Proof of arbitrage-free implied volatility surface in relation to local volatility surfaces

I'm looking for proof of the following statement: "The existence of an arbitrage-free implied volatility surface is equivalent to the existence of a well-defined local volatility surface."
3k views

### Autocallable pricing under stochastic vs. local volatility

I am interest in the reason why an Autocallable (structured product) is cheaper under local volatility compared to stochastic volatility. I thought this was due to the following: when thinking in ...
269 views

### Euler Discretization to use with Monte Carlo simulation and Local Volatility Model

Like in the title, I am working on running Monte Carlo simulations to price options with the Local Volatility model as a project. I just want to make sure that I am understanding the process, ...
615 views

### LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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### Numerical example of how to calculate local vol surface from IV surface

I'm looking for an excel example (not a copy of Dupire's eqn) of how to convert an IV surface to a local vol surface. If unsuccessful I'll work through Dupire's eqn but would be helpful to look at an ...
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### SABR vs Dupire: when to use what?

I was wondering for which products one would use the (AF)SABR model and for which ones Dupire's Local Volatility model. If I understand correctly, Dupire is by construction Arbitrage-Free but produces ...
102 views

### $\frac{\partial C_{BS}}{\partial T}$ in local volatility derivation in terms of implied volatility

In Gatheral's book, in the derivation of local volatility in terms of implied volatility, we use the regular Dupire formula  \frac{\partial C}{\partial T} = \frac{1}{2} \sigma^{2}K^{2}\frac{\partial^...
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### How to price the american options using local volatility

I have given with a surface of american option prices $C_{am}(T, K)$. From these american option prices the implied volatility surface is deduced. Now I want to find the local volatility $\sigma(s,t)$...