Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
Join us in building a kind, collaborative learning community via our updated Code of Conduct.

Market makers provide liquidity to the market by quoting bid and ask prices for most of the time. The pricing in absolute terms is not as important as finding relative mispricing. The market microstructure is often used to develop trading strategies.

3
votes
1answer
153 views

Market Making Strategy to Interact with IB API

I was thinking to connect a market making software to the Interactive Brokers API (see IB API), but it seems it is not the best solution as per the information provided by this question: Is the ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Has work been done on PID controllers for optimal trading?

Commonly, stochastic control is the basis for optimal trading (either in execution or market making). Has any research been done (or why not, if none) as to proportional-integral-derivative ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Limit and Market Order for training a ML model

Goal : Using deep learning to build a ML model which would predict the right places where a stock price will increase, decrease or stay stable. For the current question, assume the labels are well ...
-1
votes
0answers
69 views

What are the key principles behind providing liquidity [on hold]

I'm trying to find information about the principles behind algorithms providing liquidity on the market. As I understand, it's mostly done via market making algorithms but all the market maker open ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Market Maker portfolio management

I would like to ask you about articles/strategies related to portfolio and invertory management for Market Maker and to management of order cancellation, updates of order etc. Most of the strategies ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

What's the rationale behind having several orders on each each side for market makers

I've been browsing market making codebases and I've noticed most of them tend to create multiple orders on each side. Originally I thought having orders on each side is an advanced approach but here'...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Implementing Hanson`s LMSR with Limit Orderbooks

I am trying to integrate Hanson's LMSR (see (see logarithmic market scoring rule)into an order-book with traditional bid/ask-limit orders (in KDB+/Q). The following functions define the basic LMSR ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Predicting midprice of FX pair increases in exchange Y if it increases in exchange X

I want to make a predictive model to see if the mid-price of P (FX Pair) increases in Exchange X that P will increase in Exchange Y within n seconds with a certain statistical confidence. Exchange X ...
8
votes
1answer
176 views

Market Making Strategies Found by Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation

Im working my way through the book "Algorithmic and High-Frequency Trading" (AHFT) by Cartea, Jaimungal and Penalva and i'm curious to see how the market making model with an exponential utility ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Papers and books related to “Forex” market microstructure

There are lots of papers and books on this topics but haven't seen much specific to forex markets nowadays. Any recommendation on recent papers or books?
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Market Making Strategy

In the article A High Frequency Trade Execution Model for Supervised Learning, Matthew Dixon refers to two Market Making Strategies MM1 and MM2 without specifying their true natures. Definition 4....
2
votes
4answers
186 views

How frequently do market makers cancel orders?

It is modeled that a market maker will post a limit order for a period of time and will maintain that order until the set period of time expires, or the order is filled, and then he will provide a new ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

Backtesting Market Making Strategy or Microstructure Strategy

How does one backtest either a market making strategy or microstructure-based strategy? I'd imagine that one way would be to record order book states over time and then insert the orders, but it seems ...
1
vote
0answers
178 views

Approximating Market Making PnL with a Trend Following Strategy

In an interview about the setting up AHL Michael Adams made the following quote (the quote relates to their pre AHL days when they acted as consultants): I think because we we re doing work for ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Literature on FX market-maker hedging strategies

Specifically, FX market making. I am not exactly looking for market-making strategies, but rather when once a market-maker has assumed a net position in a currency spot trading market, what are some ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Finding parameters of an utility function in a market making strategy to apply it in practice

I am reading this paper below about optimal bid-ask spread in a market making strategy. It finds an approximation for optimal solution, but I cannot understand how it's practice to set the parameters ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Understanding how market making helps investors

I'm reading about high frequency trading and market making. I'm trying to understand the following example from my book: Here is an example of how market making helps investors. Suppose that the best ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

No-Arbitrage Conditions for European Options

Let's assume that i want to be able market-maker on European options. I have volatility surface and can calculate option prices on it basis. How can i check that my quotes are correct (arbitrage free)?...
4
votes
0answers
192 views

What is the proportion of aggressive orders vs passive orders executed by different types of traders?

It's clear that each aggressive order (or market order or limit crossing BBO) is matched against the same volume of resting limit order(s). I'm interested in statistics per different types of ...
8
votes
1answer
826 views

Avellaneda -Stoikov market making model

I am reading paper High-frequency trading in a limit order book by Marco Avellaneda and Sasha Stoikov. At the end of the paper they obtain a closed-form solution to the optimal market-maker quotes ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

How do you actually solve a stochastic HJB equation in practice?

I've read a number of recent papers on market making. Nearly all of the more recent papers focus on defining the problem in terms of a state and action space, deriving the relevant HJB equations and ...
1
vote
2answers
497 views

Theoretical models for options bid-ask spread?

I'm a programmer and recent trading enthusiast. To learn more about options I'm building a market maker trading bot. So far it gets market prices and volatility and calculates the Black&Scholes. I ...
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Option Market Making: Hedging large volumes

In the book McMillian on Options the author states that in some cases an option market maker hedges himself by purchasing longer dated options. Unfortunately, the author does not go into detail why ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Rationale behind trading exchange-traded vs OTC products?

Let's say I am running a fund and I want to place some bets on the market (i.e. speculate) or hedge my current positions. Starting from this, what would be my incentives to go for exchange-traded ...
0
votes
4answers
413 views

Market making with resting orders?

I'm still confused on how to provide liquidity on the forex market using passive or resting orders and get the spread from that (selling at ask and buying from bid) And what's the dynamics on the LOB ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Evaluating passive fills

Assume we look at all passive fills going through a security. How do we benchmark how good each passive fill is (relative to each other)? We expect the edge to be (assuming midprice is our ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Fees from market order routing in different fee-strucuted exchanges

Let's have two exchanges A and B. Exchange A has maker-taker fee structure, while exchange B has taker-maker fee structure. What happens when a broker routes market order to an exchange B at the time ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

What happens when someone makes absurdly high or low bid or ask on a stock?

I was thinking, what would happen if I wrote a script constantly spamming small quantity 1 dollar or maybe 0.1 dollar bids on less liquid stocks (not penny stocks) just hoping to see a situation where ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Pegged orders vs Cancel/Replace

Anyone with real experience between these two types? Trying to use Pegged orders for an hft strategy (on forex) and wanted to know if someone could tell me advantages / disadvantages to use them ...
0
votes
1answer
370 views

HFT market-making in dark pools?

Is it now common practice for HFT market-making algorithms to post liquidity in dark pools and exchanges at the same time? I ask because I have been reading some documentation (https://squeezemetrics....
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Why doesn't the overnight profit on a delta-hedged porfolio include interest on the initial selling/buying of the option?

I am self-studying and encountered the following passage from my textbook on the market maker's overnight profit on a delta-hedged portfolio: I don't understand why their isn't a factor of $(e^{r/365}...
1
vote
2answers
563 views

How could I become a market maker in forex/equity market?

By being a market maker, I mean when I post a limit order, someone could take your order. For example, suppose during this second the bid-ask is 1,1.01 constantly and I posted a limit order to buy at ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

Market imbalance measures for market making

The paper An Electronic Market-Maker define the market order imbalance as follows: We will define the order imbalance as the total excess demand size since the last change of quote by the market ...
7
votes
1answer
558 views

Is this a viable method for testing market making strategies?

I found a video game market (steam community market) which allows for trading of in game items between users, most items are <0.25 USD each, and market capitalization appears to be maybe $5-$10 USD ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Motivation behind stocks become flat after earnings release

Why do some stocks sometimes trade flat after releasing their earnings? Even if good or bad earnings are presented. My suggestion is that the options of the underlying stock have a very high implied ...
5
votes
1answer
357 views

Model reference price of Limit order book

first of all, the description of this Stackexchange forum says its for professionals or academics. I'm doing a lot of self studying and with that I was able to understand some white papers but still I'...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Delta Hedge, does large stock move produce a loss?

I dont understand how MM protect themselves from large moves in underlying while being delta hedged. Example: MM sels 1 ATM put and sells 100stock (delta = 1) as a hedge. Now what will happen if next ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Dealers becoming synthetically short an out-of-the-money option

"When dealing with a large-size position, dealer, upon exercise, synthetically become short an out-of-the-money option." How does this work, I cannot see why this happens synthetically in particular?...
1
vote
2answers
518 views

What is Toxic FX Flow debate?

So, basically I want to debate and find out the real reason behind being flag by ECNs and venues as "toxic". How to avoid being flagged? What kind of strategies are toxic and why? Below is an article ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

FIX engine for very low latency

We are building a new system where latency is key. Either commercial or opensource, our goal is to have an easy to implement fix engine where low latency is key.
3
votes
0answers
52 views

How does a Broker-Dealer lend shares to other Broker-Dealers?

Is it possible to find out how a OTC Broker-Dealer in thinly-traded equities lends shares for short-sales to other Broker-Dealers. Which platform or process is involved?
2
votes
0answers
342 views

Market Making Literature

I am not sure if this is the correct site to ask this, if not I apologize. I have noticed some markets that lack in liquidity, and wonder why market makers in these markets cannot provide liquidity ...
4
votes
2answers
253 views

Constructing a minute-by-minute volatility curve

For market making in front month vanilla commodity options we need a volatility curve that updates every second or so as the underlying and the options change prices. If all the strikes have a good ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Fx Firm market making

I've been doing market making on forex using the last look feature so far. Now we are moving to do on firm making, but I'm kind of lost. To do firm making we need to post resting orders (currenex ...
10
votes
3answers
501 views

HFT to blame for Flash Crashes?

Some people 1, 2, 3 claim that High Frequency Trading is partly to blame for the extreme volatilities in the markets yesterday (24. August 2015). Is that true? Is the amount HFTs move even enough ...
1
vote
1answer
965 views

What market making strategies are often used nowadays ?

I am doing a survey of market making strategies, what's the popular market making strategies?
1
vote
2answers
2k views

ASX level 2 data via API

Is anybody aware of Java/C++/Python API's available for ASX stock market depth? I'm currently using IB which is ok but has a number of limitations / issues - the one I care most about is the limit of ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Longer term average probabilities of fills at fx ECNs?

I am wondering whether anyone can share experiences and longer term average probabilities of fills when quoting inside the spread at various fx ECNs. I need to make an assumption of the probability of ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Historical list of Primary Dealers in Europe

I would be interested in a list of all the banks and financial institutions that have been Primary Dealers in the European Union from the 1980s until today. For a current list you can check this pdf ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Text book or distilled guide to market making?

Are there any practical articles, blogs or books that describe common practices in market making and how to calculate and use common measures? The majority of the information I found are research ...