Questions tagged [mathematics]

Used for question on application of mathematics in finance - from interest calculation to mathematical description of random processes.

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1answer
43 views

help with derivation of equation 8 in Derman and Kani's binomial tree for local vol

in this paper "The Volatility Smile and Its Implied Tree" - Derman and Kani 1994 i understand the derivation of all equations up to 7. But eq 8 i cannot figure out how to derive! i have ...
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0answers
48 views

Why does the Hurst exponent pseudo code not match the Python implementation?

I am working on understanding the Hurst exponent calculation by Ernest Chan; however, the description of the algorithm does not match the Python implementation. Chan [Algorithmic Trading: Winning ...
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2answers
77 views

Is there a way to formulate a Martingale series that will never explode?

Martingale's betting method can be seen here:https://www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/06/martingale.asp My question is if there is a way to put a non-exploding martingale, [There is one attempt to ...
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0answers
49 views

The distribution of mean reversion time from the OU process

I was reading the paper Statistical Arbitrage in the US Equity Market and I couldn't understand the figure that plots the histogram of the empirical distribution of characteristic time to mean ...
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0answers
49 views

What is the differential Value-at-Risk?

I am currently working on a Machine Learning Project, implementing portfolio optimization algorithms according to different risk measures. I have found sufficient information on Sharpe Ratio ...
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0answers
111 views

Dynamic programming and Bellman equation to obtain the maximum

This is the problem of Marhsall (1992) "Inflation and Asset Returns in a Monetary Economy" and Balvers and Huang (2009) "Money and the C-CAPM" Suppose an endowment economy where the representative ...
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1answer
103 views

Is the variance calculation correct in the book?

I'm reading the book "Financial Markets Under the Microscope" for my market microstructure studies. In the book, the variance of the market maker's gain is calculated as follows: Assume that with ...
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1answer
102 views

CDS protection/contingent leg pricing, taking expectation of interest and hazard rates

The Pricing and Risk Management of Credit Default Swaps, with a Focus on the ISDA Model Screenshot: Pricing protection leg of a CDS, by OpenGamma In the screenshot above, I am having trouble ...
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0answers
31 views

Stock returns: Exponential time decay

I am replicating some research that uses two years of single stock returns (i.e. N= 250*2= 500) and then applies an exponential decay with a half-life of one year to these returns. Does this mean ...
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0answers
19 views

Contingent Claim Bounds

In my course on discrete-time finance we derived the following equality for a lower bound for the value of a not necessarily replicable contingent claim $D$. Here we are looking at a single period ...
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0answers
27 views

How to find the derivative for a multi-factor geometric brownian motion model

Does anyone know how to find the derivative for a multi-factor geometric brownian motion model $ \frac { dS_{i}}{S_{i}} $. I have seen solutions for the standard GBM model however I suspect that the ...
2
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1answer
35 views

How can I convert rolling annual returns back to quarterly returns?

I have a series of rolling annual returns and would like to convert these back to quarterly returns, which have not been provided. Is this possible formulaically, or is something like Excel's solver ...
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1answer
247 views

Abstract algebra in economics and finance

Are there any applications of abstract algebra (group theory, rings, fields etc.) in any branch of either economics or finance?
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0answers
25 views

Linear programming and minimum cost network flows vs nonlinear and discrete optimization

At my college I have an option: To take either of these two classes. My intended career pathway is into quantitative finance and I wanted to know which one would have more use as a quant. Here is the ...
3
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2answers
9k views

Hurst Exponent Calculation

I am trying to calculate the Hurst Exponent using Excel. I am facing a problem where the exponent value sometime goes beyond 1. Can someone share a link / material so that it will help me to calculate ...
2
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1answer
393 views

What is the formula to calculate Implied Volatility Percentile [closed]

I googled and I am unable to find any formular . Can some one give me the formula to calculate IVP , based on sets of IV's given. Thanks.
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41 views

Classical Ruin Theory - Lundberg Model

In classical risk/ ruin theory, I see this formula crop up in my notes but my lecturer didn't explain to me why/ when it's employed: $M_X(r) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{rx} f(x) dx$ I understand ...
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3answers
601 views

How to calculate standard deviation of continuously compounded four-year stock returns?

Currently I am preparing for quant interview and I encounter the following question in Heard on the street. Question: If the standard deviation of continuously compounded annual stock returns is $...
2
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1answer
160 views

How can I express this sum in a easier way?

For instance, I know that the sum of the first $101$ natural numbers can be expressed in the following easy computation: $\sum_{i=1}^{101}i = \frac{101*102}{2}$ One of the questions is: and what ...
133
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15answers
167k views

How can I go about applying machine learning algorithms to stock markets?

I am not very sure, if this question fits in here. I have recently begun, reading and learning about machine learning. Can someone throw some light onto how to go about it or rather can anyone share ...
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0answers
69 views

Classical Cramer Lundberg model - Ruin Theory Simple Question

I am trying to solve the following problem: 'An insurance company has an initial surplus of 150 and premium loading factor of 15%. Assume that claims arrive according to a compound Poisson process $(...
4
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1answer
129 views

What the expectation of S^2 is from GBM? [closed]

I was at an interview and was asked to write down the SDE for GBM. $$ dS = S\mu dt + S\sigma dX $$ Then I was asked how I would compute the expectation of S^2. I didn't know where to start. Any ...
2
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2answers
222 views

How to derive Black-Scholes equation with dividend?

Question: The Black-Scholes equation without dividend is given by $$\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2S^2\frac{\partial^2 V}{\partial S^2} + rS \frac{\partial V}{\partial S} -rV = ...
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3answers
296 views

Is there an intuitive explanation for why Kelly gambling ignores odds?

I have just learned about Kelly gambling from Chapter 6 of Cover & Thomas' Introduction to Information Theory. The mathematical setup is that we have a horse race, with horse $i$ winning with ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Estimator for Conditional value at risk (average value at risk)

I am following a book: Advanced Stochastic Models, Risk Assessment, and Portfolio Optimization by Svetlozar T. Rachev, Stoyan V. Stoyanov, Frank J. Fabozzi I'm learning about average value at risk. ...
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1answer
281 views

Do quants need to know bloomberg terminal and VBA? [closed]

I am a Pure Maths PhD student who will graduate in 2 years time. My aim is to land a quant job after gradauation. When collecting more information so that I can have some edges over others, I heard ...
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1answer
138 views

Proxy for a trigonometric angle function [closed]

You can't calculate an actual/real angle with the sine function with discrete market data. I need a substitute value for inputs that require an angle value. If you're only calculating the angle ...
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1answer
44 views

How is hypothesis testing work in population sampiling? [closed]

I am learning the basics of quant trading from quantconnect's tutorial Confidence Interval and Hypothesis Testing. I understood the first part of the article but I dont understand "Hypothesis Testing"...
5
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3answers
858 views

Is linear programming important for quant?

I'm thinking about taking a course on Linear and Convex Programming, but I don't know how useful it is in the real world finance. Which areas in finance is mathematical programming used?
2
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2answers
1k views

Preparation for interview: influx of power of the moon

I am preparing myself for an interview for a quantitative analyst position and one of the sample questions asked in previous examinations was: "Suppose the moon were to disintegrate, and fall to ...
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3answers
7k views

How does one go from measure P to Q(risk-neutral) when modeling an asset paying dividends?

I am really having a terrible time applying Girsanov's theorem to go from the real-world measure $P$ to the risk-neutral measure $Q$. I want to determine the payoff of a derivative based an asset ...
2
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1answer
199 views

Forward Start Spread Options

Question: We have a spread option with payoff: $\max (P_{T} - HR\times G_T, 0)$, where $P$, $G$ are underlying prices and $HR$ is a constant. At time zero only contract $G$ is available for ...
11
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4answers
1k views

What are the options for a mathematician to break into QF without working for a fund? [closed]

I have a degree in mathematics, and I've worked as a statistician and done some programming work. I'm very strong in my math/stats/programming background and have browsed some QF books, and I'm very ...
3
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3answers
714 views

Examples of discrete math within quantitative finance

The Wikipedia article on quants mentions discrete mathematics as a possible piece of their mathematical background. Are there good examples of problems within quantitative finance that are heavily ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Stochastic integral representation of $F(T-s,X_s)$-type equations

For $T\in R$ given and fixed consider: $$ {\rm d}F(T-t,X_t)=g(T-t,X_t)\,{\rm d}W_t. $$ where $g(t,x)$ is a given functions and $X_t$ is a given process driven by a brownian motion ($dX_t=(...)dt+(...)...
2
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0answers
45 views

Transformation of random variables and second-order stochastic dominance

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are two random variables where $X$ SOSD* $Y$. Let $g(\bullet)$ be a monotonic function and $X'=g(X)$ and $Y'=g(Y)$. Under what conditions of $g$ is $X'$ SOSD $Y'$? I know if $g$ ...
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1answer
61 views

Why do most interest rate formulas, and indeed finance in general, add 1 to a rate and then subtract afterwards? [closed]

For example, in the formula that shows the relationship between the nominal and effective interest rate shown below, 1 is first added to in/m and then 1 is subtracted from the result. What is the ...
1
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1answer
164 views

Approximation of Forward Rates in discrete time

The forward rate from time $t$ to $T$ ($f_{t,T}$) can be approximated by: $$ f_{t,T}= \left[ \frac{(1+r_T)^T}{(1+r_t)^t} \right]^{\frac{1}{{T-t}}}-1 \sim \frac{(1+r_T)^T-(1+r_t)^t}{T-t} $$ Why is ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Is there a formula for future value of a growing annuity with yearly payment growth and monthly payments?

My example is saving for college: assume a start of 0 balance deposits of 200 made monthly, every year they increase by (g) 2% to account for salary increases, first deposit made at the end of the ...
1
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2answers
152 views

I need liquidity metrics of a portfolio (2-5 bonds) that takes into consideration difference in size of bonds and maturity profile

Context: I have bond A from say Apple, Apple also issued different types of bonds , namely B , C, D, E bonds. Bonds A B C D E are all same, except, they were issued at different times, have ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Implications of the Riemann hypothesis in finance?

I was recently at a seminar by a top hedge fund manager at a top university for finance students, when one of the finance professors asked him what do you think are important areas of research for my ...
0
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1answer
53 views

standard brownian vs brownian motion

We say Xt with paramters (µ,σ) is brownian process if (Xt-s - X t) ~N (µs,σ2 s) AMONG other conditons . Here we don't speak about any particular distribution for X t. We only say it is a brownian ...
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1answer
129 views

Can someone please verify or disprove this Sharpe Ratio math logic for me

I want to start by stating a problem that I wanted to figure out initially so that this all ties in somehow. I initially wanted to figure out if individual securities in an efficient portfolio all ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Integration in the context of modelling with the Meixner Process

I failed to evaluate the integral of $\frac{e^{ax}}{x\sinh(bx)}$ with respect to $x$ from negative infinite to positive infinite. What techniques can I use to evaluate the integrals of such kind for ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Finding the process of $X/Y$

This comes from Mark Joshi's concepts of mathematical finance exercise 4 chapter 11. If $$dX_t = \alpha X_t dt + \beta X_t dW_t$$ $$dY_t = \alpha Y_t dt + \gamma Y_t d\tilde{W}_t$$ with $W$ ...
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1answer
78 views

4-point Trapezium rule for numerical integration

Background: This is in reference to Mark Joshi's concepts of mathematical finance ch.7 problem 11. Question: We have in the Black-Scholes model: $S_0 = 1, T = 1, \sigma = 0.1, r = 0$. A ...
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0answers
113 views

Anti-thetic sampling and second moment matching

Background: This is in reference to ch 7 problem 10 of Mark Joshi's concepts of mathematical finance. Question: A normal random generator produces the following draws: $$0.68, -0.31, -0.49, -0....
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1answer
459 views

Mark Joshi, The concepts and practice of mathematical finance chapter 6 exercise 4

Let an asset follow a Brownian motion $$dS = \mu dt + \sigma dW$$ with $\mu$ and $\sigma$ constant. The constant interest rate is $r$. What process does $S$ follow in the risk-neutral measure? ...
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1answer
438 views

Mark Joshi, The concepts and practice of mathematical finance chapter 6 exercise 6 [duplicate]

Suppose a stock allows a geometric Brownian motion in a Black-Scholes world. Develop an expression for the price of an option that pays $S^2 - K$ if $S^2 > K$ and zero otherwise. What PDE will this ...
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4answers
1k views