Questions tagged [modeling]

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2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to estimate parameters of geometric brownian motion with time-varying mean?

Does anyone know how to estimate $A$, $\sigma_1$,$\sigma_2$ from the following system? $$dx = \mu_t x dt + \sigma_1 x dB_x$$ $$d\mu = A(\bar\mu - \mu) dt + \sigma_2 dB_\mu$$ Variation in $x$ could ...
2
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0answers
40 views

What methods - inspired by Haavelmo’s Structural Econometrics - can show that a partial equilibrium model is unreliable? [closed]

According to Spanos 2014 Revisiting Haavelmo's Structural econometrics: Bridging the gap between theory and data Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium models are statistically inadequate, in such an ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Black-Litterman, how to choose the uncertainty in the views $\Omega$ for smooth transitions from prior to posterior

In Black-Litterman we get a new vector of expected returns of the form: \begin{align} \Pi_{BL} = \Pi + \underbrace{\tau \Sigma P^T[P\tau\Sigma P^T+\Omega]^{-1}}_{\text{correction}}[Q-P\Pi] \end{align} ...
2
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2answers
712 views

Using Financial Ratios to get credit rating or PD

Hello I'm looking for papers, aside from ones that use CDS spreads, about credit rating development or estimating default probability based on financial ratios that also include methodology and maybe ...
5
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4answers
3k views

Credit Rating or Probability of Default from Financial Ratios

Does anyone know of any papers about credit rating development or probability of default estimation done based on financial ratios that also include methodology and maybe good/bad criteria? Something ...
3
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2answers
1k views

How to find the best fitting GARCH model for a portfolio composed of 3 ETFs in R?

I am doing a project for my class Financial Time Series in which I am trying to forecast my portfolio log returns using a GARCH fit. I am having a bit of trouble determining the best way to fit this ...
1
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1answer
180 views

How to model the effect of earnings surprises on long-term returns?

I'm looking into modeling the relationship between EPS announcement surprises with long-term returns (1 quarter to 3 years with intervals). I've based my current methodology off papers looking at the ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Predict Futures Prices based on weather + agricultural data

I’m working in the area of Data Mining and have come up with the following idea for my Masters project.The text may not be the best structured but it’s a working draft to give you a quick idea. ...
3
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2answers
849 views

How to select optimal betting strategy from backtest?

I have written a model for predicting the winner of UFC fights. My model calculates the probability of each fighter to win a given match. I have back tested the model and found it to be very ...
14
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8answers
12k views

Why should we expect geometric Brownian motion to model asset prices?

Disclaimer: I am a complete ignoramus about finance, so this may be an inappropriate forum for me to ask a question in. I am a mathematician who knows nothing about finance. I heard from a popular ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Resources for finding quantitative finance examples using excel, VBA and access

I am seeking to increase my knowledge in the quantitative finance field. I would be grateful if someone could point me to useful resource online, where I can find working examples of they types of ...
3
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2answers
5k views

How popular is the Linear Gauss Markov (LGM) model?

Some friends recommend to me Linear Gauss Markov model, saying it's interesting to have a look at it. Basically it's a framework different from HJM, with potential to extend, and the merit is that it'...
3
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2answers
655 views

Modelling driftless stock price with geometric Brownian motion

I wish to understand some basic fact about the (primitive) simulation of stock prices with geometric Brownian motion. If $S(t)$ is the stock price at time $t$, and the stock price follows geometric ...
0
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1answer
99 views

GNP/GDP and modelling [closed]

Is GNP a continuous, static or a dynamic model ? What about GDP ? What I do know is that it has yearly discrete values. However, when it is modeled, it becomes a continuous graph. So what exactly is ...
3
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0answers
490 views

“Stable-Floating” model for non-maturing deposit for FTP purpose

Non-maturing deposits (NMD) is a deposit without maturity date. The deposit rate is normally low. Banks could adjust the rate at any time. The customer can withdraw without penalty, however, in real ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Making portfolios better than others for a 16 week portfolio game? [closed]

I'm going to participate in a game of making portfolios. The objective of the game is to make the portfolio with the bigger ROI over 16 weeks. Over each week every player can see the ROI of each ...
3
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1answer
421 views

Is there an easily implementable alternative to lognormal growth (something with fatter tails)?

I have a toy model in Excel for the growth of a investment portfolio. I assume iid lognormal annual growth factors: =EXP(mu+sigma*NORM.S.INV(RAND())) where mu and ...
11
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7answers
3k views

Are the sin, cos, tan functions used in some financial calculations?

I ask because those functions are on the TI BA II Plus financial calculator. I saw some interesting answers but I don't think a calculator would be practical in their environment.
5
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2answers
706 views

Risk neutral Esscher transform of exponential Levy processes

Let $X_t$ be a Levy Process and $e^{X_t}$ the corresponding exponential Levy process. Using the Esscher transform for a change of measure for which the Radon-Nykodym derivative is $$\frac{d\mathbb{Q}}...
5
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0answers
335 views

Algorithmic Trading Model Calculation and Stale Data

I'd like ask everyone a more concurrency programming but definitely quant-finance related question. How do you deal with staleness of data in market hours as quote ticks are streaming and your model ...
3
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1answer
170 views

What's the underlying idea of definition of constrained market in Skiadas' Asset Pricing Theory?

I'm self-studying Skiadas' Asset Pricing Theory, and find the definition of constrained market on page 21 confusing(you can find it here in the sample chapter). Definition 1.26. A constrained market ...
-2
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1answer
1k views

Interest Rate Swaps on Mortgages [closed]

Is it possible to get interest rate swaps on mortgages? If not, why not? Are there models that describe this? Any direction would be great.
3
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2answers
111 views

Finding Credit Risk Population Data

Are there any free or relatively cheap sources of aggregate data on credit risk for specific geographic regions, ages, and so on?
11
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1answer
748 views

Inflation modelling

I am trying to price an option on the Spanish CPI. The option is a European call with a single observation date. However, I am fairly new to inflation modelling, so there are two areas in which I ...
3
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0answers
158 views

A doubt about Evans and Jovanovic (1989) economic model for entrepreneurs with credit constraints

[I already posted this question on the math forum of stackexchange and I was advised that I should post this question here] In Evans and Jovanovic (1989) you will find a model for entrepreneurs with ...
4
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2answers
889 views

Shortcomings of generalized Brownian motion for asset price modelling

I'm simply interested on hearing some views on which shortcomings arise by using the (multidimensional) SDE $$dS(t)=S(t)\alpha(t,S(t))dt+S(t)\sigma(t,S(t))dW(t)$$ as a model for asset prices. I know ...
9
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2answers
3k views

What are common methods for modeling intraday trading volume?

What are the most common ways to model intraday trading volume, particularly for futures contracts? There are obviously a number of seasonal-type factors, like roll, economic news releases, time of ...
4
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0answers
275 views

Credit Rating vs Bond Yield

I am looking for some references on quantifying the dependence between credit rating and bond yield. I have some data (found some Bloomberg indices which give average yield based on credit rating), ...
14
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4answers
2k views

From Fourier Transforms to Option Values

I am trying to understand how Fourier transforms & Characteristics functions can be used to calculate option values. However, I am having difficulty following the process that is used in several ...
-1
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1answer
259 views

Can Beneish's model for detecting earnings manipulation be applied to companies in the UK?

As I understand it this model derived from data for US companies. Is it valid to apply the model as is to UK companies or does it require any modifications? Description of the model: http://www....
1
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2answers
165 views

how to extend lognormal model so that $\sigma$ is correlated to $\mu$?

Consider a log-normal model, $dx / x = \mu dt + \sigma dW$, where $W(t)$ is a Wiener process. Let's say $\mu$ and $\sigma$ change with time, slowly, so we note them by $\mu(t)$ and $\sigma(t)$. ...
6
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4answers
10k views

relation between asset's and equity volatilities - merton model

In terms of Merton credit risk model need to find the initial value of counterparty's assets and the volatility of the assets. Both value are not directly observable thus we have to approximate them ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

how to make a distribution model tolerable of trend?

I'm building an model on different loans' NPL rate. The problem is NPL rates are always affected by the market. When NPL rates move in trend, my model will fail the back-testing. Assuming $x(t)$ is a ...
8
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3answers
16k views

How to tune Kalman filter's parameter?

I plan to use Kalman filter to estimate saving account amount. However, I'm a bit lost at how to tune the filter's parameters. Taking as the example from the Wikipedia page, basically there are ...
2
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1answer
130 views

To understand FOMC events and its impact on the market

Last month when FOMC meeting decision went out that fed would start to exit QE3, immediately we saw a deleveraging effect: SPY went down, GLD went down, and LQD (bond) went down, but US dollars went ...
2
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1answer
123 views

if market is always assumed right, what happened when LIBOR was manupulated?

Recently Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) raps banks in rate-rigging. This is nothing new, LIBOR was also manupulated before, by some "major" banks. however, before the censorship, did any "...
2
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0answers
313 views

Modelling long run relationship between dividend and earnings

I am working on a paper where I have to model the long run relationship between earnings and dividends. I have downloaded the raw data from shillers website. I have converted the series to log(...
8
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3answers
305 views

How to justify a model that could not predict external factors?

I'm building some models, for example, Bad Loan (NPL) rate. It's based on historical simulation method -- basically it's saying the future behavior could be predicted by history data. However, this ...
8
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0answers
3k views

VaR model Unconditional Coverage Tests: Is this extension of Kupiec POF test correct?

Background: Kupiec P. in 1995, published paper "Techniques for Verifying the Accuracy of Risk Management Models" on Journal of Derivatives, v3, P73-84, it's a Unconditional Coverage Tests designe for ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How to model housing loan market?

Housing loan market vibrates according to the policies, such as LTV rate, for example, if must pay 20% downpayment, LTV rate would be 80% interest rate, for example, lifting the loan rate, the market ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Looking for a recommendation for a Fund Transfer Pricing modelling book

Recently I started working in a bank as a modeler, one of the possible topic is FTP - Fund Transfer Pricing. After I studied that subject a little on wiki and read a website or two in that field I ...
3
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0answers
277 views

how to represent financial data as a spatial process

Does any one have a good tutorial , introduction or overview on the web for different ways of representing financial data as a spatial process? Such as those spatial processes often used in geo-...
8
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1answer
2k views

Problems with dealing with GARCH models and intra-day data

A Short question would be "Which type of model from GARCH family is most suitable for modeling 5-minute data returns ?" but I've added some story to it. A Long time ago I was preparing my thesis, one ...
0
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1answer
295 views

Numerical difficulties in fitting option prices

In [1], the authors state that "Although some studies apply the curve-fitting method directly to option prices, the severely nonlinear relationship between option price and strike price often leads to ...
0
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1answer
433 views

Using OpenCL video cards to offload Quant Finance calculations, what features should I look for?

I'm benchmarking some software and am looking for cards that are better at parallel multiplication vs parallel addition. Is there any prior work that may have this information? What GPU features ...
3
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0answers
666 views

Monty Hall Model

Given a fixed time period,say 3 days, the stock/market can go up,down or stay sideways. A hedge fund can long, short or use rangebound(options strategy) to bet for that 3 days closing level. Hedge ...
5
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1answer
606 views

Coin Toss System

Coin Toss Runs Calculator The expected number of runs for two consecutive heads or tails is 3. Is there an edge if we place a progressive constant size bet(limited to 3 times)for consecutive ...
2
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0answers
243 views

Modeling asset performance to Bitcoin revenue

I'm attempting to model asset performance to Bitcoin revenue, which is a driving force in the Bitcoin community. Question Is there any model, or research being done that tracks "hashes per second" (...
8
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1answer
2k views

Can the Heston model be shown to reduce to the original Black Scholes model if appropriate parameters are chosen?

Summary For Heston model parameters that render the variance process constant, the solution should revert to plain Black-Scholes. Closed from solutions to the Heston model don't seem to do this, even ...
15
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2answers
5k views

Modelling with negative interest rates

For a project, I am interested to model the impact of recently negative interest bonds on the portfolio. The literature on modelling negative interest rates is limited, and the only theory I could ...