Questions tagged [modern-portfolio-theory]

A theoretical framework for analyzing investment portfolios based on their expected return and risk.

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36 views

Benefit of better predicting the variance of portfolio daily returns while optimizing a portfolio?

Question Is there a benefit of having lower gap between 'in-sample' variance of portfolio daily returns and 'out-of-sample' variance of portfolio daily returns? (= better estimates the out-of-sample ...
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113 views

Efficient frontier using Post Modern Portfolio theory

I have been trying to find a way to create the efficient frontier using Post Modern Portfolio Theory (PMPT), but have failed to come across a source that mentions how to do so. I know PMPT uses ...
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Pca for Portfolio Theory

given the fact that if you take the portfolio returns for different assets in a portfolio the first principle component represents the market exposure of the portfolio and the second principle ...
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70 views

Prove that the portfolio that maximizes utility lies on the efficient frontier

When maximizing mean-variance utility in a portfolio optimization framework $max \{R - \lambda \sigma ^2\}$ where R is portfolio return, $\lambda$ is a risk aversion parameter, and $\sigma^2$ is ...
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56 views

Is my python solution good? : Global Minimum Variance portfolio with 'no-short sale' constraint

Question Is my python code an answer (at least a close answer) to get the weight vector of the Global Minimum Variance portfolio problem? My codes are shown below after some explanations. Details ...
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49 views

Economic term for “limited trade space”? Slots in car sales hall, oil bunker volume, warehouse size

Newbie here. Took the tour, and "financial engineering" was listed as viable questions, so I give this a shot despite being very basic. Please redirect me if there is a more suitable SE site for it. ...
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57 views

Portfolio Systematic Risk, Breaking it down into factor % contributions

I have a portfolio (p) of N equities, with let's say weights vector (m) at the start of the calculation period. Each equity has its own set of factors (like corresponding country, industry index, etc.)...
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108 views

Portfolio Optimization and Global Minimum Variance Portfolio (GMV)

I have few questions about classic mean-variance-optimization in general. I have a series daily returns of 15 assets and I want to combine these assets in a portfolio. 1) Do you think that 1 year of ...
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56 views

Alternative relative performance measure to Sharpe ratio for non-IID return

The Sharpe ratio is often used to compare the relative performance of portfolios despite its IID-assumption for the returns being violated. I can find ample warnings about the consequences of ...
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67 views

Expected Return on Stock

Suppose we have the following information on stocks $X$, $Y$, and $Z$: Expected Returns: $E(R_X)=10\%$, $E(R_Y)=12\%$. Standard Deviations: $\sigma_X=10\%$, $\sigma_Y=15\%$, $\sigma_Z=10\%$ Pairwise ...
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112 views

Quasi Random Monte Carlo in m.v. portfolio optimization

Not specifying a correlation matrix for the Monte Carlo Simulation's random returns is equivalent to assuming no correlation or a correlation coefficient of zero, which will seriously and adversely ...
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153 views

What on earth is an Alpha Model in the quantative investment process?

I am confused with the useage of the concept "Alpha Model" in quantative investment. According to Qian, Hua & Sorensen (2007), the first thing in the toolbox of quantative investment process is "...
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78 views

Optimal Weight of Risky Portfolio

"Suppose that the investor has a quadratic utility function. That is, $$U \left[ W \right] = W - \frac{1}{250}W^2.$$ Assume the investor is maximizing its expected utility and is considering in ...
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168 views

Monte Carlo (resampling) in m.v. portfolio optimization

The instability and high sensitivity of optimisation results can be augmented by adding another layer of quantitative methodology in the form of Monte Carlo Simulation. The name Monte Carlo alludes to ...
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78 views

Why the weight vector of 'global minimum variance' the 'eigenvector' with the minimum eigenvalue?

Question Why is it the case that the weight vector of the global minimum variance portfolio the eigenvector of the covariance matrix with the smallest eigenvalue? Question with more details I ...
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Adjust the Capital Market Line For Margin Interest

Modern Portfolio Theory assumes unlimited borrowing and investing at the risk-free rate. Of course, this is not realistic; margin interest costs several multiples of the RFR, especially for portfolios ...
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43 views

Show that the variance of the market portfolio is the weighted average of the ovariances between each constituent and the market portfolio itself

Let us assume that the market portfolio consists of n assets. Given that the return of the market portfolio can be written as $r_m = \sum_{j=1}^{n} w_jr_j$, we have that $\sigma^2_m = E(\sum_{j=1}^{n} ...
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70 views

Naive question: how do factor models inform portfolio construction?

I have read plenty on the topic of factor modelling, but, in the end, after one has decided upon the factors to include in a model, how do all the Betas how tell one how to weigh each asset in a ...
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1answer
152 views

How is the Fama French 3 factor model used for portfolio construction?

In which ways is the Fama French 3 factor model used by practitioners to construct portfolios? I understand that the betas can be calculated for a portfolio of stocks or for single stocks. Are the ...
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120 views

Max allowable return in Markowitz model

The Markowitz model solves the following problem: The portfolio with the smallest variance among attainable portfolios with expected return µV. Here we have to choose µV to get the optimal portfolio ...
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Continuous formula for the price of an asset paying one terminal dividend?

I have been trying to come up with ways to come up with an answer for a question we got in my class of "Asset Pricing Theory". The question is as follows: "Write the price of the asset at time t in ...
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194 views

How to calculate optimal portfolio using sector constraints in python

I'm looking into CVXPY at the moment. Main goal would be to be able to calculate the optimal portfolio, which in my opinion would mean that we need to maximise (expected return - risk free) / ...
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127 views

Widely accepted methods for coming up with the co-variance matrix of assets?

Question What are the widely accepted ways for coming up with co-variance matrix of assets after the Markowitz's modern portfolio theory? Question explained in more detail After Modern portfolio ...
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68 views

Average portfolio correlation vs. external metric

I am coming across a problem I can't seem to wrap my head around, and I am not sure I am using the right words so cannot find much info in it! I have a portfolio of assets, with data on historical ...
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Mean-variance portfolio optimization: methods for superior estimates of returns

Leaving aside the aspects related to the estimation of the variance component (all the latest techniques to compute a stable covariance matrix of a given set of assets such as simple shrinkage, Ledoit-...
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Tangency portfolio with constraints

Hello to everyone I am trying to implement a version of MV optimization with constraints as UB and LB, it seems to work fine but now i was trying to figure out a simple way to derive a CML in the same ...
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50 views

How/Why Markowitz model is normatitive while CAPM positive?

I've tried economic books but they only give this "should/is" explanations and I still cannot see how it applies to MPT. On the other hand, almost every paper and book gives these adjectives before ...
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Jacobs and Levy: Enhanced Active Equity Strategies

Hello to everyone I am writing because I am having a bit of tough time figuring out how to replicate the constraints for a Portfolio Optimization using the set up from Jacobs & Levy 2006 - '...
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63 views

Is it possible to create an instrument on the amount of beds sold within the real-estate market

I have been doing some research on the PBSA (purpose-built student accommodation) market around the globe. The market is growing year on year there is an index on this market the cbre. What ...
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Show that the variance of the portfolio market portfolio is function of the betas of its consituents [closed]

Let us assume that the market portfolio consists of n assets. Given that the return of the market portfolio can be written as $r_m = \sum_{j=1}^{n} w_jr_j$, we have that $\sigma^2_m = E(\sum_{j=1}^{n} ...
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1answer
111 views

Convert Geometric Direct Alpha PME to Arithmetic Excess IRR (PME Alpha / Implied Private Premium)

As a followup to this old question, Private Equity: Direct Alpha vs Excess IRR, I have a new one. In automating PME calculations, the Direct Alpha (DA) approach is computationally simpler and ...
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What is the purest way to get exposure to Jump risk premia, is there a jump swap

So to get exposure to Variance risk premia one could use variance swaps, is there a equivalent security for jumps. Hedging against jump but not diffusion risk could allow one to take targeted exposure ...
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441 views

Most significant research articles for practical investors with research perspectives

I am an applied mathematician and recently I have decided to study the portfolio management theory. As a final objective, I want to manage my own portfolio and to try make some money on it using my ...
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Which performance evaluation measure to assess “Connectedness Matrix” based porfolios?

1. Question Which performance evaluation measure would be best to assess the portfolios built on 'connectedness matrix'? The connectedness matrix is the concept introduced in the academic paper "...
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How to find the tangency portfolio using quadprog in R with different risk free rates

I am trying to find the optimal tangency portfolio for the efficient frontier (calculated using qp.solver in quadprog) but subject to different risk-free rates. Demos for quadprog in R show that to ...
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406 views

Some definitions in the BARRA Predicted Beta model

I'm studying the BARRA Predicted Beta model, and the common factor covariance between portfolio $p$ and the return on the market $m$ is defined as the product of the transposed vector of the factor ...
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109 views

Value-at-Risk for a portfolio model with Gearing

My models: Say I want to construct a portfolio so I maximize my expected return while keeping my risk (measured by Value-at-Risk) lower than my risk target. $$\max \sum x_i \mu_i \\ VaR_{0.05} \leq \...
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Another variation of the 'Sharpe ratio' in CVaR-based portfolio optimization?

Question What is the ratio S(p) shown below? Do we have a name for it like 'Sharpe ratio'? The ratio above is introduced in the academic paper Optimal portfolio selection in a Value-at-Risk framework ...
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1answer
88 views

Markowitz portfolio optimization and CAL [closed]

Just had some questions regarding the efficient frontier and the CAL. As i understand it the point where the CAL is tangent to the efficient frontier is the optimal mix of risky assets. However I also ...
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121 views

Do linear combinations of two efficient portfolios cover the entire efficient frontier?

Note : We are considering the case of N risky assets. I think the answer is 'Yes', although I am not sure as I am unable to prove it. The reasons for me thinking that the answer is 'Yes' are - 1) ...
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754 views

How modern portfolio theory(MPT) and CAPM are related?

1. Question In what sense Capital Asset Pricing Model(CAPM) is related with Modern Portfolio Theory(MPT)? Why do we need to check whether the current price of assets is overvalued or undervalued ...
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77 views

Markowitz portfolio risk with PV01 instead of variance

As the PV01 ($= dpdy \times notional$) of a bond is a measure of its risk, as well as its price return variance, could we measure the risk of a bonds portfolio with the Markovitz portfolio variance ...
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390 views

Calculate asset allocation given “long and short” optimized portfolio weights

If the amount of capital that has to be allocated for each asset given the "long only" optimized portfolio weights is: ...
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56 views

Mean Variance optimization on hourly data with gaps

I'm building a mean variance optimizer for a portfolio of FX, commodity and bond futures. The input data is hourly returns for each underlying. Given each underlying has different market opening hours,...
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115 views

CAPM - market portfolio vs real portfolio

I'm trying to understand the relation (if there is any) between the market portfolio, as described by the CAPM theory, and a real portfolio (just like the one I plotted in the image below). More ...
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132 views

Mean Variance Investment problem

I attach a part of a paper explaining how the weights of a market portfolio are derived. I do not understand how equation 5 has been derived and, in particular, where the zero beta portfolio's return ...
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53 views

ESG score for shorted stocks and for long-short portfolio

I was wondering how to compute an extra-financial score of a portfolio like, for instance, the ESG score. This score can is typical bounded between 0 and 10 (or 100) (see for example IVA methodology ...
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753 views

Compute tangency portfolio with asset allocation constraints

I am looking to compute the tangency portfolio of the efficient frontier, but taking into account min_allocations and ...
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79 views

Sample from aggregate portfolio distribution versus individual asset distributions

Suppose I have three assets $x_1,x_2,x_3$ in a portfolio with weights $W=\begin{bmatrix} w_1 \\ w_2 \\ w_3 \end{bmatrix} $, expected returns $R=\begin{bmatrix} \mu_1 \\ \mu_2 \\ \mu_3 \end{bmatrix}$, ...