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Questions tagged [modern-portfolio-theory]

A theoretical framework for analyzing investment portfolios based on their expected return and risk.

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45 votes
12 answers
31k views

Why does the minimum variance portfolio provide good returns?

I've been a researching minimum variance portfolios (from this link) and find that by building MVPs adding constraints on portfolio weights and a few other tweaks to the methods outlined I get ...
nxstock-trader's user avatar
31 votes
5 answers
7k views

What methods do you use to improve expected return estimates when constructing a portfolio in a mean-variance framework?

One of the main problems when trying to apply mean-variance portfolio optimization in practice is its high input sensitivity. As can be seen in (Chopra, 1993) using historical values to estimate ...
Karol J. Piczak's user avatar
24 votes
3 answers
13k views

What is a "coherent" risk measure?

What is a coherent risk measure, and why do we care? Can you give a simple example of a coherent risk measure as opposed to a non-coherent one, and the problems that a coherent measure addresses in ...
Dimitris's user avatar
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24 votes
1 answer
3k views

Portfolio optimization with monte carlo sampling from predictive distribution

Let's say we have a predictive distribution of expected returns for N assets. The distribution is not normal. We can interpret the dispersion in the distribution as reflection of our uncertainty (or ...
Ram Ahluwalia's user avatar
19 votes
2 answers
9k views

Why is the first principal component a proxy for the market portfolio, and what other proxies exist?

Let's say that I have a universe of stocks from a certain sector. I want to compute the market portfolio of this sector. Beta is the covariance between each stock and the market. But how do you ...
RockScience's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
32k views

Derivation of the tangency (maximum Sharpe Ratio) portfolio in Markowitz Portfolio Theory?

I have seen the following formula for the tangency portfolio in Markowitz portfolio theory but couldn't find a reference for derivation, and failed to derive myself. If expected excess returns of $N$ ...
Slow Learner's user avatar
  • 1,170
17 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the relationship between risk aversion and preference for skewness and kurtosis in portfolio optimization?

Is there any relationship between the risk aversion coefficient in an individual's utility function (commonly used in portfolio optimization) and the preference for higher moments such as skewness and ...
Pasha's user avatar
  • 540
17 votes
3 answers
4k views

Role of skewness in portfolio optimization?

What is the role of skewness in portfolio optimization?
amber's user avatar
  • 281
15 votes
5 answers
2k views

How can higher co-moments be applied to portfolio optimization in an asset allocation context?

Traditional portfolio optimization involves mean variance optimization, where only the mean and covariance matrix of returns are estimated. What asset allocation and portfolio optimization techniques ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
12k views

Which algorithms do robo-advisors use?

Some pundits claim that there is a revolution in portfolio management under way: The rise of the robots, a.k.a. robo-advisors. The most well known are Betterment.com, FutureAdvisor, Schwab Intelligent ...
vonjd's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
2k views

Models crumbling down due to negative (nominal) interest rates

Given that the negative interest rates on a lot of sovereign bonds with maturity under 10 years are trading in the negative (nominal) interest rate territory (recently also the short term EURIBOR has ...
user3612816's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Portfolio construction in reality?

There are various models for portfolio selection in literature, like, Harry Markowitz (HM) model ( Mean-Variance Model) [well known model] Konno and Yamazaki (1991) model: minimizes the sum of ...
Neeraj's user avatar
  • 2,248
13 votes
1 answer
1k views

Portfolios from Sorts

Some time ago Almgren and Chriss proposed a method for portfolio optimization based on sorting criteria such as $r_1 > r_2 >... > r_N$ instead of explicit expected returns: see portfolios ...
Felix's user avatar
  • 906
12 votes
1 answer
238 views

portfolio optimization averaging weights, what are benefits?

I'm playing around with different portfolio optimization techniques. Amongst others I was also looking at the resampling method, especially the one described in Meucci. I have two general questions ...
math's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
15k views

Typical risk aversion parameter value for mean-variance optimization?

What are typical values for risk aversion parameters $\lambda$ used in mean-variance optimization? Please provide references. Just to be clear, I'm talking about the $\lambda$ in $U(w) = w'\mu - \...
Slow Learner's user avatar
  • 1,170
11 votes
3 answers
657 views

SDF as an affine transformation of the tangency portfolio

I'm studying this paper. In the formulation of the theoretical setup they state: Our goal is to explain the differences in the cross-section of returns $R$ for individual stocks. Let $R_{t+1, i}$ ...
ln_greenspan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Minimum Variance and Minimum Tracking Error portfolio as second order cone program

The quadratic optimization (min variance) $$ w^{T} \Sigma w \rightarrow \text{min}, $$ where $w$ is the vector of portfolio weights and $\Sigma$ is the covariance matrix of asset returns, is a well ...
Richi Wa's user avatar
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11 votes
0 answers
2k views

Formula for the efficient portfolios in mean-variance optimisation?

Consider the setting of mean-variance portfolio optimisation: $n$ assets with expected returns $\overline{r}_1,...,\overline{r}_n$ and standard deviations $\sigma_1,...\sigma_n$. For a certain fixed $\...
Phil-ZXX's user avatar
  • 1,042
10 votes
2 answers
10k views

Definition of Return of A Long/short Portfolio

This can either be a silly question or a question with no sure rigorous answer but defined with some convention. Any way, here it is. What is the (industrial recognized) definition of the return of a ...
Hans's user avatar
  • 2,806
9 votes
2 answers
4k views

Comparing MVO with Resampled Efficient Frontier

My question: How can I compare the Resampled Frontier (REF) to the standard MVO frontier when I have been provided with $\mu$, $\Omega$, and don't have access to true future data to test real out of ...
user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
6k views

How are modern portfolio theory (MPT) and CAPM related?

1. Question In what sense Capital Asset Pricing Model(CAPM) is related with Modern Portfolio Theory(MPT)? Why do we need to check whether the current price of assets is overvalued or undervalued ...
Eiffelbear's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why do low standard deviation stocks tend to have superior future returns?

I've recently stumbled on something that really surprised me. These papers (1, 2) find that past standard deviation of returns is inversely related to future returns. That is, portfolio of low ...
Jase's user avatar
  • 1,510
8 votes
1 answer
411 views

Do weights from portfolio theory contain bias?

I want to experiment with some portfolio modelling and I was wondering if you guys could help me with something. If I try to estimate and implement the traditional two-fund portfolio consisting of one ...
L1meta's user avatar
  • 395
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is there anyone still using Markowitz modern portfolio theory?

I was reading about the MPT (Use standard deviation as risk measure) on "Mathematics for Finance by Marek Capinski". I was just wondering is there anyone actually applying this theory to their ...
devon's user avatar
  • 181
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

On learning the bayesian approach to portfolio optimization

I am required by my course to write a small paper on the Bayesian approach to portfolio optimization, I am following Applied statistical decision theory [by] Raiffa, Howard. Which can be consulted ...
Monolite's user avatar
  • 367
8 votes
3 answers
389 views

Portfolio Theory: Why is so much effort put into the reduction of estimation errors?

In MPT, very much effort by researchers is put into developing methods and techniques to handle the rather poor performance of the estimated means, variances and covariances. There are shrinkage ...
WiWiStudent's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
613 views

How can I simulate portfolio risk (diversification) with a 'Wheel of Fortune' like investment options/returns?

Say I have 6 possible investment options with the following probability of success and the corresponding returns: ...
PhD's user avatar
  • 185
8 votes
1 answer
503 views

Overview of robust/regularized portfolio selection

I am looking for either a review paper or individual papers on portfolio selection using robust statistics or regularization (e.g. LASSO, Ridge, etc.) I.e. a review on methods along the lines of: M ...
Mel's user avatar
  • 125
8 votes
2 answers
287 views

Is there an optimal covariance one would want forecasts to have?

Often in a quant process, one will generate a time series of return forecasts and use them in some sort of optimization to generate a portfolio. Generally, there will be a covariance matrix of market ...
jdav's user avatar
  • 81
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Fama-French factor model: why mimicking portfolios?

I am trying to understand the Fama-French factor model, or any kind of CAPM extensions really. What is really puzzling me is the use of mimicking portfolios. Fama and French create mimicking ...
deblue's user avatar
  • 281
7 votes
4 answers
5k views

Does Modern Portfolio Theory align with EMH?

I came to the conclusion that in literature Markowitz' Portfolio Theory is believed to be compliant with the Efficient Market Hypothesis. The weakest form states that the current price fully ...
Karol Przybylak's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
21k views

What do the terms in-sample and out-of-sample estimates mean in MVO?

How do the in-sample estimates and out-of-sample estimates I so often hear authors refer to in emperical analysis of MVO differ?
jairus thomas's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
723 views

Maximum Certainty Equivalent Portfolio with Transaction Costs

Out of curiosity I tried to compute the portfolio weights of a maximum certainty equivalent allocation, however, by incorporating (quadratic) transaction costs. However, my result is not as intuitive ...
Stefan Voigt's user avatar
  • 1,466
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is the variance of a portfolio a quadratic form?

I was reading about MPT http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_portfolio_theory and notices that the total variance of a portfolio is $x' \Sigma x$, where x is the weighting of the assets and $\Sigma$ ...
nickponline's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
714 views

Intuitive explanation of stochastic portfolio theory

Fernholz and Karatzas have published various papers about so called stochastic portfolio theory. Basically they say that the return to be expected from a portfolio on the long run is rather the ...
Richi Wa's user avatar
  • 13.7k
7 votes
1 answer
188 views

Finding a minimum variance portfolio when using a regulariser?

I am aware that the minimum variance portfolio of a market with $n$ securities can be shown to be: \begin{equation} w^* = (1^T_n\Sigma^{-1}1_n)^{-1}\Sigma^{-1}1_n, \\ s.t. \ \ 1^T_nw = 1 \end{...
PsychicSteven717's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
489 views

Alternative relative performance measure to Sharpe ratio for non-IID return

The Sharpe ratio is often used to compare the relative performance of portfolios despite its IID-assumption for the returns being violated. I can find ample warnings about the consequences of ...
David Newton's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Beta Constrained Markowitz Minimum Variance Portfolio - Closed Form Solution

This question is related to recent rule changes in the Quantopian Open. I am trying to figure out a closed form solution to a beta constrained minimum variance portfolio problem but it doesn't seem ...
user25064's user avatar
  • 1,077
6 votes
4 answers
620 views

Why do anomalies disappear after they get detected?

In financial markets, anomalies refer to situations when a security or group of securities performs contrary to the notion of efficient markets, where security prices are said to reflect all available ...
WJA's user avatar
  • 217
6 votes
4 answers
577 views

Given two portfolios with identical correlation matrices, which one will have a better risk/reward ratio?

I have one portfolio with high beta stocks, and one with low beta stocks. Is it better to have higher expected return with high volatility, or medium expected return with medium volatility? (All from ...
Ralph Winters's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
8k views

Calculating alpha and its meaning

According to wikipedia, CAPM model is described by: $E(R_{i})=R_{f}+\beta _{{i}}(E(R_{m})-R_{f})$ And according to website such as http://investexcel.net/jensens-alpha-excel/, $\alpha = E(R_{i}) - ...
codeedoc's user avatar
  • 245
6 votes
3 answers
595 views

Most significant research articles for practical investors with research perspectives

I am an applied mathematician and recently I have decided to study the portfolio management theory. As a final objective, I want to manage my own portfolio and to try make some money on it using my ...
Appliqué's user avatar
  • 169
6 votes
2 answers
737 views

Mean Variance Portfolio theory and real-world problem?

There are many assumptions on mean-variance portfolio theory and they seem to be very unrealistic, for example 1) investors have the same information at the same time: calculating expected returns ...
hmmmmm's user avatar
  • 184
6 votes
3 answers
559 views

Generalized Mean Variance Portfolio

Utility based portfolio optimization deals with the problem of finding the optimal portfolio $x_T$ by maximizing the utility/objective function $O(x_T,x_0)$ where $x_0$ is the current portfolio. In ...
ght's user avatar
  • 237
6 votes
1 answer
15k views

Marginal Risk Contribution Formula

I am trying to understand and implement the standard 'marginal risk contribution' approach to portfolio risk and hoping to reconcile the formulae provided for its calculation in different sources. ...
user31516's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
846 views

Portfolio Analysis Interview Question

Suppose you have a portfolio of 100 options. Then I give you a subset of trades in which you can make. The trades consist of possible buys/sells of different options from different clients. Discuss ...
John Doe's user avatar
  • 387
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Rockafellar-Uryasev mean-CVaR optimiztion

In Rockafellar-Uryasev 2001 paper the mean-CVaR optimization can be written as a linear programming optimization problem as: $$P_{\text{CVaR}} = \arg \min_w \text{VaR}_\alpha+\frac{1}{(1-\beta)S}\...
Alejandro Andrade's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
4k views

Michaud's Resampled Efficient Frontier - Out of Sample Simulation Testing

I will be putting ALL my account points on bounty to whoever answers this question [if your answer is crap but it's the only answer, you're getting the 165 points]. You will have to wait 2 days or so ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
784 views

Why did Markowitz not derive an equation for the efficient frontier?

Currently, I´m studying portfolio management and portfolio selection. The founder of the MPT is Harry Markowitz, of course. But reading his famous article from 1952 and his book from 1959 (actually, I ...
WiWiStudent's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
12k views

Tangency portfolio and CML - Why does it have the highest sharpe ratio?

In the book that I am studying, the tangent portfolio was defined as the regular efficient portfolio in the case with $n$ risky assets and 1 riskfree asset with the extra requirement that the ...
Mali's user avatar
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