Questions tagged [no-arbitrage-theory]

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9
votes
2answers
573 views

Does numeraire have to be a tradable asset

I thought we create replicating portfolios using underlying and the numeraire i.e. the numeraire has to be a tradable asset (assuming simple binomial model). But I have seen some examples which ...
0
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0answers
23 views

No unique no-arbitrage price when the stock price can remain unchanged

In a 1-period binomial model, with initial stock price 100, if the stock price is either 50,100, or 150 after 1 period then how can I show there is no longer a unique no-arbitrage price for a European ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Risk-Neutral covariance matrix of arbitrage-free Nelson Siegel

For my thesis on a Bayesian sampling routine for a modification on arbitrage-free Nelson-Siegel I came across an equation that involves a matrix exponential within an integral, i.e. $\int_{0}^{\Delta ...
0
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1answer
198 views

How to show arbitrage when a European option price is greater than the no-arbitrage price?

My example is: Current price = 20, If it goes up it'll be worth 22, if it goes down it will be worth 18 risk free rate: 12%, time = 3 months Strike = 21 call option is worth 0.633 I know that if the ...
1
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1answer
62 views
0
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0answers
353 views

STIR topics: Implied FX-OIS Basis and FX Forward/Swap Pricing

if someone could provide some clarity on the below: What is meant by 'Implied FX-OIS Basis'? For example: "ON JPY trading at parity, 1W implied OIS basis moved 70BP" and "3M Implied OIS basis moved ...
8
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3answers
770 views

Why do we need the self-financing assumption in risk-neutral pricing?

A portfolio is self-financing if the purchase of a new asset must be financed by the sale of an old one. \begin{align*} x_t(1+R) + y_tS_t = x_{t+1} + y_{t+1}S_t \end{align*} This says that, at each ...
4
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4answers
2k views

arbitrage free volatility surface

Why is calendar spread arbitrage equivalent to $\partial_t \omega(k,t) \geq 0, \forall k \in \Bbb{R}$ where $\omega(k,t) = \sigma^2(k,t) t$ and $\sigma(k,t)$ represents the Black-Scholes implied ...
1
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0answers
66 views

Some basics of option pricing

I am a mathematician trying to learn finance on my own. Try to avoid financial lingo in your answer when not necessary. So I am trying to understand (European) option pricing under the no free lunch ...
-2
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1answer
59 views

Link between spot and forward rates in no-arbitrage world

With reference to the forward exchange rate definition, let be: $S$: the spot rate $F$: the forward rate $r_d$ and $r_f$: respectively the domestic and foreign interest rates $DF_d$ and $DF_f$: ...
9
votes
1answer
331 views

No arbitrage conditions for normal implied volatility

usually the term implied volatility refers to Black-Scholes implied volatility (also Log-Normal volatility): it is defined as a quantity which when plugged in the Black-Scholes formula returns the ...
0
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0answers
29 views

How to calculate the interest rate under no arbitrage condition

We have two forwards with the same IBM share as the underlying asset. 1) The delivery date is two months from now, the forward price is 1.1 2) The delivery date is seven months from now, the forward ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Vanilla Call Option Priced Using Jump Diffusion Model

I'm reading a book called Quant Job Interview Questions and Answers and came across the following question and its answer, but cannot make sense of it, so I really appreciate your advice: Question 2....
0
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0answers
72 views

Nonlinear dependency between prices

Can you help me with pricing theory? There are three assets: $A$, $B$ and $C$ with prices $P_A$, $P_B$ and $P_C$ respectively. There are two processes (production, transportation, etc.) that ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Deriving CAPM from APT framework

I was wondering if it is possible to derive the CAPM from the APT? My argument is that CAPM basically just is a 1 factor model, where the APT has multiple factors. Can any of you guys help me?
7
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1answer
2k views

Arbitragefree Pricing: Q vs. P

I read that the Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing states, that a market is arbitrage-free if and only if there exists an equivalent martingale measure Q, under which the discounted asset price ...
6
votes
1answer
227 views

No-arbitrage in term-structure models

I am a bit confused about what the implication of "no-arbitrage" in popular term struchture models (such as affine term struchtre models or HJM models) are? Is it solely a restriction on the cross-...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

How to Take Advantage of Arbitrage Opportunity of Two Options

I got the following interview question and corresponding solution, but I have a different understand that might be wrong, so I really appreciate your advice on it: A European put option on a non-...
0
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1answer
102 views

A financial market is complete if and only iff there exists a unique equivalent martingale measure

Do you have any intuition behind the following theorem : A financial market is complete if and only iff there exists a unique equivalent martingale measure. I understand the easier version of ...
1
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1answer
46 views

some questions about pricing an asset or nothing put option with a strike price equal to St

I am working on a homework exercise where the aim is to price an asset or nothing put with K = St, offcourse the normal formula could be used St * N(-d1), but I was wondering if pricing the asset by ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Required adjustments for stressed yield curves

I was looking at Basel proposed interest rate shocks. Using the standard US Treasury Yield Curve for the period starting from September 2017 to August 2019, I was able to construct Steep and Flat ...
1
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2answers
168 views

No-arbitrage and the sharpe ratio?

I'm reading a paper and it says that in a no-arbitrage market the sharpe ratio is the same for all bonds. I'm guessing that a difference in two bonds sharpe ratios would open the possibility of ...
1
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1answer
96 views

Binomial model in Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am having some trouble with variable $Z$ introduced in chapter $2$ in Björk's text. In the beginning, it is the random variable that attains $u$ resp. $d$ with probabilities $p_{1}$ and $p_{2}$, i.e....
2
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2answers
1k views

Arbirtage free price process question in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am currently working through questions in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time. However, I am unable to solve the following question, 7.2 in the book. A solution would be greatly appreciated. ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Exercise on arbitrage-free process

Consider the following problem, from Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time: Consider the standard Black-Scholes model. Derive the arbitrage free price process for the $T$-claim $\mathcal{X}$ ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Arbitrage pricing models

I have been reading Wu's Interest rate modeling and in his chapter on the HJM model he says that With arbitrage pricing models, the prices of the basic instruments are treated as model inputs ...
1
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1answer
650 views

Basic Replication of European Call Option

I am looking at the very basics of replicating an option with a portfolio of risky and risk free assets. As such we can define a portfolio of $x$ no. of shares, $y$ bonds & $z$ options at time $(T)...
4
votes
1answer
858 views

Build a Synthetic Loan for Personal Finance

Suppose I am short of cash and want a loan for some mundane objective like travelling or buying a car. The interest rate for personal loan with my bank is too high. Is there any way in finance that ...
1
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2answers
166 views

Risk-neutral pricing and statistical arbitrages

I'm studying the martingale approach to asset pricing. Dealing with the concept of risk-neutral probability, I came up with a question about the possibility of "arbitrages in expectation". I'll be ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Is the undiscounted value process of a Euro call option under Bachelier model a Martingale? [duplicate]

Assume that $c_t$ is the UNDISCOUNTED price process for a European call option in Bachelier model. In Bachelier model call option pricing formula the formulas is discussed. The undiscounted value ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Covered Interest Rate Parity with FX Spot-Adjustment

The Covered Interest Rate Parity for FX is often quoted simplistically as $$ X_T \quad=\quad X_S \cdot \frac{D^{base}_T}{D^{quote}_T} $$ where $X_t$ is the (projected) FX rate at time $t$ (denoted as $...
3
votes
1answer
514 views

Prove that a market is arbitrage free

The question is based on a one period model. Let a market be arbitrage free, and then let a security $X$ be added to it. Denote $P(X)$ as the price of this security at $t=0$. The security has the ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Fair price of a coupon paying bond

Consider a coupon paying bond with a maturity of $3$ years, that pays coupon annually. Let $c$ be the coupon rate (percentage) and let $F$ be the face value. This means that the holder of the bond ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Infinite Binomial Pricing no arbitrage

How to price a contract that pays only 1 at the first stock price drop? The stock follows an infinite binomial with no arbitrage $d<R<u$ condition. So the probability of the price going down is ...
-2
votes
1answer
127 views

Implicit relation between risk and reward

I want to differentiate w.r.t. $\sigma^2$ the following equation $u'(Y)\mu$ + $\frac{u''(Y)}{2}$$(\sigma^2 + \mu^2) = 0$ where we can consider $\mu$(reward) as an implicit function of $\sigma^2$(risk) ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Why does risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, compose all arbitrage-free price processes?

I was reading reviewing my mathematical finance notes and I came across a remark I cant understand fully Remark :Contrary to discrete time models, the risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, ...
1
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0answers
61 views

When does funding cost of a portfolio enter into the portfolio's present value?

This question comes from some confusion when reading Hull's book and from the general concept of no-arbitrage/self-financing portfolios in stochastic finance books. I am not fully seeing the ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

How to derive no-arbitrage conditions w.r.t. the variance of a trinomial tree?

For a trinomial pricing tree, some notes say there are two no-arbitrage conditions: (1) $E[S(t_{i+1})|S(t_{i})]=e^{r{\Delta}t}S(t_{i})$ (2) $Var[S(t_{i+1})|S(t_{i})]=[S(t_{i})]^2\sigma^2\Delta{t}$ ...
2
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0answers
565 views

Butterfly Arbitrage condition

I hope anybody can help me. According to Gatheral and Jacquier (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2033323) no Butterfly Arbitrage can be expressed like this: Define the function $\...
8
votes
1answer
438 views

Linear interpolation of local vol no arbitrage

We already know the equivalence between local vol, implied vol and option price and there ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Prove unique arbitrage-free price implies attainable

I just read a Corollary in a finance course note: Suppose the market is arbitrage free and $C$ is a contingent claim. Then $C$ is attainable if and only if it admits a unique arbitrage-free price. ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Showing that a market model has arbitrage and describing martingales

This is an exercise which I came upon while studying an introduction to financial mathematics. Exercise : Consider the finite sample space $\Omega = \{\omega_1,\omega_2,\omega_3\}$ and let $\...
1
vote
1answer
360 views

Is there an arbitrage strategy if short selling of a stock is allowed?

Consider a market with a risk-free asset such that $A(0) = 100, A(1) = 110, A(2) = 121$ dollars and a risky asset, the price of which can follow three possible scenarios Is there an arbitrage ...
3
votes
2answers
481 views

Dumb question: is risk-neutral pricing taking conditional expectation?

Dumb question: is risk-neutral pricing taking conditional expectation? $\tag{1}$ In trying to recall intuition for risk-neutral pricing, I think I read that we should price derivatives risk-neutrally ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Arbitrage Free Volatility Smile

When ATM implied volatility is higher than OTM put and call I believe that the volatility smile is no longer arbitrage free? Why is that? On the other hand, when ATM implied volatility is lower than ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Forward spot calculation for a dividend paying no-short sell ETF

I am trying to fit an implied volatility curve for options on the SSE 50 etf that has no borrow (no short selling allowed) and pays a single annual dividend. I originally thought I could use the ...
2
votes
0answers
359 views

Detecting butterfly spread arbitrage for American options through European option prices

It's easy to demonstrate that if European option prices are concave with strike, then an arbitrage exists. For example, the risk-neutral probability density is the second derivative of European put ...
0
votes
2answers
802 views

How does a Delta Hedged portfolio yield the Risk-free?

Here I'm considering the simple case of a dealer writing call options on a stock and hedging the short position with a "textbook" Delta Hedge, i.e. goes long on $N_c \times Delta$ stocks (where $N_c$ ...
2
votes
0answers
225 views

American put option in binomial model - arbitrage opportunity?

I'm sorry this must be an elementary question. I spent a good deal of time searching through webs including this site for the problem but I got none. Here's the problem: Say we have a binomial tree ...
1
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0answers
81 views

How to Calculate the Value of a Growing Perpetuity Using a State Price Matrix?

Summary I wish to value perpetual cash flows through state contingent claims on real consumption, where the state of the economy is assumed to follow a finite markov chain (Similar to Banz and Miller ...