Questions tagged [no-arbitrage-theory]

The tag has no usage guidance.

30 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
0answers
199 views

Arbitrage free price of a derivative when the price is collected over the lifetime of the derivative

Let $X_t$ be an american style financial derivative with random exercise time $T$ where $t$ and $T$ belongs to some finite set $A$. Buying this derivative requires the buyer to pay $p_t$ up to time $T$...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Why does risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, compose all arbitrage-free price processes?

I was reading reviewing my mathematical finance notes and I came across a remark I cant understand fully Remark :Contrary to discrete time models, the risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, ...
4
votes
0answers
301 views

Show that in an arbitrage-free and non-redundant market a certain set is compact

Some notation: We consider a financial market with $d+1$ assets, the $0$-th asset is considered the risk-free asset, the others are the risky ones. The vector $\overline \pi \in \mathbb R^{d+1}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
257 views

Binomial model's Radon-Nikodym derivative

Related: Dumb question: is risk-neutral pricing taking conditional expectation? In the one-step binomial model... For $\frac{d \mathbb Q}{d \mathbb P}$, I think it's $\frac{d \mathbb Q}{d \mathbb P}...
3
votes
0answers
228 views

Stochastic discount factor (aka deflator or pricing kernel) and class D processes

When (under what assumptions on the model) does a Stochastic Discount Factor need to be of Class D? What would be the implications if it was not? Is it connected to one of the no-arbitrage notions?
2
votes
0answers
516 views

Butterfly Arbitrage condition

I hope anybody can help me. According to Gatheral and Jacquier (https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2033323) no Butterfly Arbitrage can be expressed like this: Define the function $\...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Prove unique arbitrage-free price implies attainable

I just read a Corollary in a finance course note: Suppose the market is arbitrage free and $C$ is a contingent claim. Then $C$ is attainable if and only if it admits a unique arbitrage-free price. ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Forward spot calculation for a dividend paying no-short sell ETF

I am trying to fit an implied volatility curve for options on the SSE 50 etf that has no borrow (no short selling allowed) and pays a single annual dividend. I originally thought I could use the ...
2
votes
0answers
338 views

Detecting butterfly spread arbitrage for American options through European option prices

It's easy to demonstrate that if European option prices are concave with strike, then an arbitrage exists. For example, the risk-neutral probability density is the second derivative of European put ...
2
votes
0answers
222 views

American put option in binomial model - arbitrage opportunity?

I'm sorry this must be an elementary question. I spent a good deal of time searching through webs including this site for the problem but I got none. Here's the problem: Say we have a binomial tree ...
2
votes
0answers
602 views

Simple Forward Interest Rate Proof

Just trying to check my logic here: Let $Z(t,T)$ be a Zero-Coupon Bond with maturity $T$ bought at time $t$, $S_m$ be the spot interest rate for time $m$ and $S_n$ for time $n$ respectively, where $n ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Risk-Neutral covariance matrix of arbitrage-free Nelson Siegel

For my thesis on a Bayesian sampling routine for a modification on arbitrage-free Nelson-Siegel I came across an equation that involves a matrix exponential within an integral, i.e. $\int_{0}^{\Delta ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Some basics of option pricing

I am a mathematician trying to learn finance on my own. Try to avoid financial lingo in your answer when not necessary. So I am trying to understand (European) option pricing under the no free lunch ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Arbitrage pricing models

I have been reading Wu's Interest rate modeling and in his chapter on the HJM model he says that With arbitrage pricing models, the prices of the basic instruments are treated as model inputs ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

When does funding cost of a portfolio enter into the portfolio's present value?

This question comes from some confusion when reading Hull's book and from the general concept of no-arbitrage/self-financing portfolios in stochastic finance books. I am not fully seeing the ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

How to Calculate the Value of a Growing Perpetuity Using a State Price Matrix?

Summary I wish to value perpetual cash flows through state contingent claims on real consumption, where the state of the economy is assumed to follow a finite markov chain (Similar to Banz and Miller ...
1
vote
0answers
287 views

Fair price and no arbitrage

The market is arbitrage-free iff there exists an equivalent martingale measure for the discounted price process of the stock. So in a world with a finite amount of possible outcomes $\Omega$ that ...
1
vote
0answers
422 views

Risk neutral pricing - Example from a book is correct?

I found the following example in a book on Model Risk, while trying to explain how risk-neutral pricing takes properly into account the risk involved in different investments. The Example is this. ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

HJM model, existence of arbitrage:

The Setup: Suppose I know the yield curve of a Bond satisfies: f (0, t) = 0.04 for t ≥ 0 and f (ω, 1, t) = 0.06, t ≥ 1, ω = ω 1 , 0.02, t ≥ 1, ω = ω 2 , where Ω = {ω 1 , ω 2 } with P[ω i ] > 0, i = 1,...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

No unique no-arbitrage price when the stock price can remain unchanged

In a 1-period binomial model, with initial stock price 100, if the stock price is either 50,100, or 150 after 1 period then how can I show there is no longer a unique no-arbitrage price for a European ...
0
votes
0answers
205 views

STIR topics: Implied FX-OIS Basis and FX Forward/Swap Pricing

if someone could provide some clarity on the below: What is meant by 'Implied FX-OIS Basis'? For example: "ON JPY trading at parity, 1W implied OIS basis moved 70BP" and "3M Implied OIS basis moved ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to calculate the interest rate under no arbitrage condition

We have two forwards with the same IBM share as the underlying asset. 1) The delivery date is two months from now, the forward price is 1.1 2) The delivery date is seven months from now, the forward ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Deriving CAPM from APT framework

I was wondering if it is possible to derive the CAPM from the APT? My argument is that CAPM basically just is a 1 factor model, where the APT has multiple factors. Can any of you guys help me?
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Nonlinear dependency between prices

Can you help me with pricing theory? There are three assets: $A$, $B$ and $C$ with prices $P_A$, $P_B$ and $P_C$ respectively. There are two processes (production, transportation, etc.) that ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

How to show arbitrage when a European option price is greater than the no-arbitrage price?

My example is: Current price = 20, If it goes up it'll be worth 22, if it goes down it will be worth 18 risk free rate: 12%, time = 3 months Strike = 21 call option is worth 0.633 I know that if the ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

How realistic are the scenarios outlined in my course?

I am currently taking a course in Financial Mathematics as part of my Maths degree. Many of the covered topics are quite basic, and revolve around potential arbitrage opportunities. For example, ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Concatenation property of a set of semimartingales

Consider as in (1, Definition 2.1) a convex subset $\mathcal{X}_1$ of the set of semimartingales $\mathbb{S}$ satisfying the following properties: $X_0=0$ $X_t\geq -1$ for all $t\geq 0$ for all ...
0
votes
0answers
153 views

Deriving the yield curve from the HJM dynamics

If I know that my model follows a no-arbitrage HJM model: \begin{equation} df(\tau) = \left(\sigma(\tau)\int_0^{\tau}\sigma(u)du\right)dt +\sigma(\tau)dW_{\tau} \end{equation} (where $\tau:=T-t$, ...
-1
votes
1answer
192 views

European option on a dividend paying stock, limits to arbitrage?

What is the price C of a European call option on a dividend paying stock? I believe it is: C = U. N(d1) - exp(-rt).K.N(d2) d1 = [ ln(U/K) + (r + v^2/2).t ]/[ v.sqrt(t) ] d2 = d1 - v.sqrt(t) U ...
-2
votes
1answer
127 views

Implicit relation between risk and reward

I want to differentiate w.r.t. $\sigma^2$ the following equation $u'(Y)\mu$ + $\frac{u''(Y)}{2}$$(\sigma^2 + \mu^2) = 0$ where we can consider $\mu$(reward) as an implicit function of $\sigma^2$(risk) ...