# Questions tagged [numeraire]

Numeraire is a unit of account in which all other assets in a given model are denominated. Most importantly, one can borrow and lend at the Numeraire rate.

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### Where does the term $\gamma$ come from when moving from measure $\mathbb Q^{N}$ to $\mathbb Q^{M}$?

Consider two measures $\mathbb Q^{M}$ and $\mathbb Q^{N}$, as well as the two numéraires $M$ and $N$, furthermore assume that $X\frac{N}{M}$ is a $\mathbb Q^{M}$-martingale. Furthermore, the ...
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### Why does the diffusion term remain the same when we change pricing measure?

Consider some Itô process $dS(t)=\mu(t)dt+\sigma(t)dW^{\mathbb P}_{t}$ under the measure $\mathbb P$, where $W^{\mathbb P}$ is a $\mathbb P$-Brownian motion In plenty of interest rate examples, I have ...
1 vote
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### If any zero coupon bond $P(T)$ can be chosen as a numéraire, then why can the rolling bond for any time discretization be chosen as numéraire

Let us consider some finite time horizon $[0,T]$, and we assume that $P(t)$, the zero coupon bond maturing in $t$ for any $t\in [0,T]$ can be chosen as a numéraire, i.e. such that the numéraire-...
1 vote
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### The Radon-Nikodym derivative for a sequence of dependent variables

Suppose that a probability space $(\Omega, \Sigma, \mathbb{P})$ is given. Let $W=\{W_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}_0}$ be a sequence of $\mathbb{P}$-i.i.d real-valued random variables on $\Omega$. Furthermore, ...
61 views

### Risk Neutral Change of Measure: Intuition for Adding in Market Price of Risk

In effecting a risk neutral change of measure for Brownian motion of stock prices, can anyone share the intuition behind subtracting the market price of risk from the risk neutral in order to obtain ...
1 vote
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### Floating swap payoff with rate determined on current instead of previous date

I am attempting to determine the payoffs a modified swap, in which the floating payments at a time $T_k$ are made on the current date (i.e. $L(T_k,T_{k+1})\equiv L_{k+1}(T_k)$) rather than at the ...
122 views

### Are Stochastic Differential Equation diffusion terms always invariant under a change of measure?

I'm struggling with learning change of numeraire, and stochastic differential equations. I'm reading the beginning of Brigo and Mercurio's Interest Rate Models- Theory and Practice, and I'm on the ...
1 vote
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### Change of Numeraire technique (Cross-currency models)

Hey I have problem with understanding change of numeraire technique. For example we have $dr^d(t)=\kappa_1(\theta_1(t)-r^d(t))dt+\sigma_1 dW_1$ (under measure $Q^1$ associated with domestic bank ...
1 vote
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### Pricing of LIBOR based CF settled after the LIBOR fixing by switching from risk-neutral to forward-neutral measures

When deriving the LIBOR-based swap rate formula in any interest rate model, expressions of the following types appear naturally: Literature tells us that, switching to the – forward neutral measure, ...
1 vote
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### Asian Options-Change of Numeraire

Assume the risk-free bond $B_t$ and the stock $S_t$ follow the dynamics of the Black & Scholes model without dividends (with interest rate r, stock drift $\mu$ and volatility $\sigma$). Show that ...
I've been checking the demos for BGM (LFM) forward rate model. Here's a short reminder to help you follow: Now, take the following $$\frac{dL_j(t)}{L_j(t)} = \sigma_j. dW^j(t) = \mu_{ij} dt + \... 0 votes 0 answers 150 views ### Risk neutral measure & change in numeraire There are two questions about risk neutral and change in numeraire I am not so sure if my answer is correct. Question 01: Risk neutral Let says I have 2 risky asset A and B. Each has stochastics ... 3 votes 0 answers 96 views ### American Perpetual Put Option I want to compute the expected payoff of a (classical) perpetual American put option in the Black-Scholes-Merton (BSM) framework with an optimal strategy of exercising the option at time \tau=\inf\{t:... 2 votes 1 answer 182 views ### Proof standard Brownian Motion under change of measure Let's split the usual time horizon [0,T] like 0=T_{0}<T_{1}<\dots<T_{n}=T and consider the bond price P(t,T_{i}) for i=1,...,n. We assume$$\frac{dP(t,T_{i})}{P(t,_{i})}=r_{t}dt+\xi_{... 