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Questions tagged [option-pricing]

Questions about models for the valuation of option contracts.

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37 views

How to get Forward price based on Put-Call parity?

Could you advise how to find a forward price using Call/Put (+Spot and Strike) ? Investodepia says that forward is equal to option's strike based on Put-Call Parity but it seems to me there is a ...
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1answer
32 views

Infinite Binomial Pricing no arbitrage

How to price a contract that pays only 1 at the first stock price drop? The stock follows an infinite binomial with no arbitrage $d<R<u$ condition. So the probability of the price going down is ...
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1answer
82 views

What are some beginner quantitative option trading strategies?

I'm new to quantitative trading, with good knowledge in finance and coding (mainly Python, Java, R, etc). I would like to know if there are any basic quantitative option trading strategies that can ...
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1answer
58 views

Solving for Implied Volatility Vega gets stuck at 0 (Python)

So my goal is to calculate option greeks with as few manual inputs as possible. I managed to get the IV for at the money options but then when I try further OTM strikes my results get completely ...
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1answer
55 views
+50

how to simplify Inflation year-on-year option to Zero-coupon option

Belgrade 2004 paper basically proposes that inflation year-on-year volatilities (and hence yoy options) are basically the spread vols between the Zero-coupon vols from (t0 to T) minus the zero-coupon ...
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2answers
107 views

Pricing a callable bond

I have read the Lehman Brother's paper on OAS which I mostly understand, they outline how to find the OAS for a callable bond of which the formula is effectively (ignoring refinancing costs): Market ...
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0answers
31 views

Alternatives to implied or historical volatility for calculating implied correlation

For my thesis, I'm trying to calculate implied correlation values from bivariate options. I train my model on 10 years of returns data, price the options, and then invert Stulz's Formula (basically ...
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1answer
29 views

zero-shift SABR vega and re-calibration of SABR

I have a zero-shifted SABR model, where I need to confirm if the model is generating the calibration and vega's correctly. The underlying model is the standard SABR lognormal (there is normal as well)...
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2answers
93 views

Implied volatility in Monte Carlo models

Suppose I want to get the implied volatility for a given option, whose process does not generate a closed-form formula. In that framework, how is the IV calculated, given the fact that bisection ...
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0answers
58 views

Can implied volatility be 0?

I am calculating IV for intraday options and sometimes I am getting the value as "0"? Is that possible? For example: Strike = 26700 PE Fut = 26962.55 Spot = 26902.55, TimeToExpiry = 797340sec. Price ...
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0answers
23 views

Give the formula for following resulting portfolio process

Consider the continuously sampled a derivative security with payoff function $V(T) = \frac {\int_0^TS(u)du}T -K$ but assume now that the interest rate is $r=0$. Find an initial capital $X(0)$ and a ...
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0answers
61 views

Numerical simulation of Heston model

I am trying to simulate on Python random paths for a general asset price as described by the Heston model: \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} dS_t &= \mu S_t dt + \sqrt{\nu_t} S_t dW^S_t \\ d\nu_t &...
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8 views

How to plot the last values of a dataframe on boxplot? [migrated]

I have a 2*4 box plot, each contains 21 boxes. For each of them, I would like to plot the last value of each dataframe column. A closer look at one of them: ...
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1answer
92 views

Pricing in the Heston Model

The dynamics of the Heston Model is \begin{align*} \frac{dS}{S} & = \lambda \sqrt{\nu} d W^S \\[0.5em] d \nu & = k (1- \nu )dt + \epsilon \sqrt{\nu} dW^\sigma \end{align*} where $\lambda$...
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1answer
70 views

Difference between tree and lattice approach

Is there any difference between the tree and lattice approach for valuing derivatives? I was under the impression that both are the same.
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2answers
118 views

Do correlated assets affect the price of a portfolio of derivatives?

I need to compute the value at risk of a given portfolio as an exercise for a class at university but I have trouble understanding how correlated assets affect the price of the portfolio. Could you ...
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1answer
71 views

Interest rates, effect on call price

Generally, we assume that an interest rate increase makes the call price more expensive. From my understanding it is because the expected return on the stock price increases. However the interest rate ...
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1answer
62 views

Need explanation on weird Gamma Behaviour Black Formula

I am using the RQuantlib package to price options on futures. With a slight modification one can go from the Black Model (76) to The BS Model. It can easily be shown that if we write S0 = (e-rt) * F0 ...
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0answers
42 views

Implied Funding/Borrow Costs in Short-Dated ETF Option Prices

I'm struggling with some anomalous behavior in an analysis I'm running and was hoping for some advice/insights. I'm attempting to extract the implied funding/borrow costs from ETF option prices (say ...
3
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1answer
71 views

Finite difference methods for (continuously) strike-resettable American options

For simplicity, let us consider an American call/put with a continuously resettable strike price. Current time is $t=0$, maturity is at $t=T$, and the initial strike is $K_0$. We consider a "...
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1answer
51 views

Call Option Overvalued and put-call parity [closed]

I have a question regarding if a Call option is overvalued compared to the call price and how you can benefit from the Arbitrage opportunity. My thoughts are as follows: Step 1: Short the call ...
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0answers
60 views

Pricing an exotic with barrier at discrete times

How would you price the following option on underlying $S$ without dividends? Time to maturity of option $\tau = 12$ months Option has a strike $K > 0$ and constant barrier $B > 0$. $t_0$ is ...
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2answers
84 views

Is it possible to model path-dependent clauses using finite difference methods?

I'm trying to build a convertible bond pricer. In my case a convertible bond is a complex derivative with call, put and conversion price reset clauses, and all of the clauses are triggered in a path-...
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2answers
103 views

What is the price of the European option with the payoff of $\max(S^a-K,0)$?

I interpret such an option as a power option but I do not find any literatures or existing methods to price it. Can it be priced with Black-Scholes with simple changes?
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0answers
51 views

Two barrier options puzzle

I come across an interesting question about barrier option as shown below. Two barrier options are given with the same parameters including the barrier level. The first one is knocked out when it ...
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0answers
25 views

QuantLib - Discreet Dividend Binomial Two Rate Option Implementation

Can anyone point me in the direction of an implementation example in python of a two rate, discreet dividend binomial option model?
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1answer
70 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
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1answer
56 views

is relating bounds to relation between time to maturity and european put option price correct?

J.C. Hull derives the following relation $$Ke^{-rT} - S \le p \le Ke^{-rT}$$ where $p$ is european put option price, $K$ is strike price, $S$ is stock spot price,$r$ rate of interest and $T$ ...
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1answer
151 views

What is market standard model in equity, FX and interest rates exotics?

Is there any industry consensus about the model to use for pricing exotics in equity, FX and interest rates? I assume that for vanilla options they all use Black model, but how about exotics? Also, ...
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0answers
38 views

Stochastic Long-Run Mean Instantaneous Variance in Heston Model (and extensions)?

I'm working on my dissertation in Financial Economics, focusing on the topic of Stochastic Volatility Jump Diffusion models; and I'm playing around with some ideas for model extensions. In particular, ...
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1answer
88 views

Barrier Option Valuation

Good day, A reverse knock-out barrier call option expires worthless if the asset price ever goes above a given barrier level. Calculate the value of this barrier option struck at $K = 3$ with ...
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0answers
45 views

Why does risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, compose all arbitrage-free price processes?

I was reading reviewing my mathematical finance notes and I came across a remark I cant understand fully Remark :Contrary to discrete time models, the risk-neutral price processes do not, in general, ...
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1answer
109 views

Binomial Trees vs FDM

Binomial trees as the number of time steps is increased (or equivalently as the time step tends to 0), converge to the exact value for an option. So why do people use FDM for pricing options (for ...
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2answers
145 views

What is the second derivative with respect to price of a put option? [closed]

What is the reasoning/meaning behind the second derivative of a put option
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0answers
42 views

What is the true “value” process of American derivatives?

Consider a continuous-time market where LOOP (law of one price) holds. The first fundamental theorem of asset pricing states explicitly that in the absence of arbitrage, the risk-neutral measure ...
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1answer
59 views

Why can only non-dividend paying assets serve as numeraire?

In Kerry Back, A Course in Derivative Securities, Sect. 1.4 (page 29), the author stated the FTAP in the following form (in boldface): If there are no arbitrage opportunities, then for each (non-...
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3answers
153 views

Are there recommended books/readings for advanced option pricing

I am learning option pricing and derivative markets this year in class. I have had some background on stochastic calculus so it was relatively manageable for me to write vanilla and American option ...
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2answers
97 views

Is American option price lower than European option price?

I used to think under the same condition, the American option is always more expensive than the European option, because American option can be exercised at any time (has more rights than European ...
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1answer
59 views
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1answer
111 views

Arbitrage when risk-free portfolio earns less than riskless portfolio

I'm currently reading Paul Wilmott's excellent book on option pricing. Near the beginning, he constructs a risk-free portfolio using an option, and a short on the underlying to hedge the risk. I'm ...
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1answer
102 views

Binomial Tree Option Pricing Model. Lets talk dividends and futures

I am writing an option pricing model for production use. Its not for arb or anything so it doesn't need to be 100% as accurate as possible. Just good enough for "what happens to my book if we jump 10 ...
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1answer
426 views

What is the trickiest thing to get right in Rates Quant recently (2019)?

What are the biggest challenges for Rates Quants in 2019? Most quants have been through a lot over the past years-shifting their SABR models in JPY swaptions, fixing the FVA models for negative rates, ...
3
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1answer
120 views

Do *all* non-dividend paying assets have the risk-free instantaneous return rate under the risk-neutral measure?

For simplicity let's consider a 1D BS world. The only source of randomness comes from the Brownian motion dynamics $dB_t$. The risk-free rate is $r$ (one may assume it as constant for the time being). ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Expected payoff at future time

Let $a$, $b$, $c$, and $e$ be constants, $W_1$ and $W_2$ be Brownian motions with correlation $\rho$, and $f(t)$ and $g(t)$ be deterministic functions of time. Let $X$ satisfy $$d(X(t))=(aX(t)+ef(t)g(...
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1answer
51 views

Black Scholes modified boundary conditions

Compute the price of the payoff $(2\log(S(T))-K)^+$. Before I do any algebra, I want to make sure I understand. To solve this problem, I need to solve the Black Scholes PDE with boundary condition $C(...
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0answers
15 views

Binomial correlation measure in the trivariate case

I have a question about the binomial correlation measure at page 530 in Hull(2009), Options futures and other derivatives (7th Edition) which is defined for the bivariate case as: $\beta_{AB}(T)=\...
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0answers
68 views

Is there a more efficient data structure to implement binomial trees than 2d array?

I'm just curious what is the "industry standard" for implementing a binomial tree (if "standards" exist in this case). For simplicity, let's just talk about the simplest trees with recombining nodes. ...
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1answer
48 views

European put price when stock price is 0 before maturity

According this answer, https://quant.stackexchange.com/a/39298/29108, the European put price (with maturity $T$) at time $t$ for a stock whose current price is $0$ should be the strike $K$ discounted ...
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1answer
106 views

How to determine the risk-neutral measure in a Heston model?

To clarify, I'm quite familiar with the risk-neutral pricing framework, and I know one can efficiently Monte-Carlo a Heston model via the non-central $\chi^2$ distribution approach. But so far we're ...
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44 views

If the value of a call option is not dependent on the drift of the stock, why does a higher stock price mean a higher call option price [duplicate]

I have read that the price of an option is not affected by the drift of the stock since the drift term doesn't appear in the Black Scholes PDE. I become confused because to me, this implies that the ...