Questions tagged [options]

A contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a security at a fixed price in the future.

313 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
86 views

gamma-weighted SOIR

I came across a term 'gamma-weighted SOIR' several times recently. it seem like an old term on gamma imbalance. could someone care to explain what this is and the rationale behind it?
1
vote
0answers
62 views

The interpretation of discounted Greeks

I understand that Delta measures the rate of change of the theoretical option value with respect to the change of the underlying asset price. This also represents the number of shares a call option ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Short Call Hedge. Options and gamma trading

Let’s say a trader sells a Short Call with strike 100 (for making profit with the premium) at-the-money (for highest extrinsic value there). For hedging until expiration, he buys the underlying share ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Mean correcting martingale argument

Let $X=(X_t,t\in\mathbb{N})$ be a pure jump Lévy process (i.e $X_t$ does not have a diffusion component). Let further $Y=(Y_t,t\in\mathbb{N})$ be a process that is used to time-change the process $X$ (...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Exercise Probabilities Vanilla Cap/Foor

When looking at the discounted pay-off formulas of a vanilla caplet and a vanilla floorlet $\frac{\Delta\tau}{1+r_k\Delta\tau}\max(r_k-r_{cap},0)$ $\frac{\Delta\tau}{1+r_k\Delta\tau}\max(r_{floor}-...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Rigorous definition of the two values of a European call

Assume a BS model. For a European call option with strike $K$ and expiry $T$, its intrinsical value at time $t$ is defined to be $(S_t-K)_+$ i.e. the payoff we could get if we immediately exercised ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Floor option EVE risk: Sum of key rate shocks risks vs. the rates parallel shock risk

Consider a model measuring the EVE risk (change in the economic value by shocking the rates; PV01) of a portfolio of vanilla interest rate floor options. Is there any reason for the EVE risk of a ...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

When to expect profitability of a call options buying strategy

When could we expect consistent profitability of a call options buying strategy given specific statistical assumptions about X% chance of a stock price moving up by Y% within 1-5 days (or Z number of ...
1
vote
0answers
169 views

Pricing Asian option at discrete times

I hope you can help me again regarding pricing an arithmetic Asian option. Asumme we have a time grid $(0=t_0,t_1,t_2=T)$ and we buy an Asian option at time 0 and the maturity is at T. Now we would ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

commodity futures options data

I am trying to get my hands on some historical commodity futures options data for about 35 commodity futures. So far in my search the only way I can get the data seems to be through the Commodity ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Why is shorting (oil) futures a bit of a negative gamma trade?

From this article, http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-22/oil-speculators-have-never-been-long, "I get what you're saying about the price risk which is always the danger of shorting crude oil it's ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

How to find the ideal options trade given certain return distribution?

Suppose I have a probability distribution for the return of a given stock from now until some expiration date. Is there any algorithm/process/software that will take that probability distribution and ...
1
vote
0answers
225 views

How to calculate the volatility of a equity option spread

I would like to calculate the volatility of an equity option spread with all legs having the same expiration. Reading Option Volatility and Pricing 2nd Edition by Natenberg, Chapter 20, section ...
1
vote
0answers
250 views

Backtesting with option

More of a general question: is there anything there like a software to have any meaningful backtesting done on US equities with options in portfolios. Looking more of an off shelf product or open ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How to reduce data dependence for empirically assessing option pricing model performance?

I am preparing a paper about mitigating assessment failures for option pricing models. For the sake of simpliciy, suppose we are talkin about European options. In basic terms, what I would like to say ...
1
vote
0answers
255 views

Pricing Exotic options

I am stuck at a assignment problem where I have to compute the price of an exotic option. I am given the values the prices of option $C(X;k) = E[max(0,X_T - k)]$ for different strike prices $k$ and ...
1
vote
4answers
283 views

How to calculate return on investment for an adjustment to a complex options position?

Say I currently hold a set of options positions with the same symbol/expiry that collectively have a net present value based on the estimated value at expiration of +10. I could also liquidate the ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

How can I drive FPDE of American Option Price from FMLS Model?

Under the risk neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$. The FMLS model assumes that the log value of the underlying i.e., $\bar{x}_t=\ln S_t$. with dividend yield $D$ follows a stochastic differential equation ...
1
vote
0answers
120 views

Can someone try this Boundary Condition for the Black-Scholes PDE out for me?

I have a bit of a favor to ask and if anyone could help me out with this I'd really appreciate it. At the moment I'm trying to use the triangle wave formula as the payoff for the Black-Scholes PDE i.e....
1
vote
0answers
130 views

How can we observe volatility smile from the market. Drawbacks of Heston Stochastic Volatility Model

Here are two questions related to implied volatilities. a) The set up here is for an European option. We can get its implied volatility smile from calibration, the question is why could we also ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Is it possible to place hidden order inside spread when trading E-mini S&P 500?

My question is not about hidden orders in general. In equity market a trader can post his hidden order inside spread, is it the same way for E-mini S&P 500?
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Pricing with-profit/smoothed bonus annuity using Black-Scholes

Would this be possible? Subsequently, would the pricing of such an annuity be somewhat similar to pricing a lookback option?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

EMTA Guidelines

Does EMTA guidelines are only for Non-Deliverable trades? IF yes, then why this is applicable for Deliverable Option trades? EMTA Site - http://www.emta.org/ndftt.aspx
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Effect of surprise dividends on options

The ETF in question is VDC It pays about $2.5 a year in dividends, but the payout dates are very erratic If I were to go long VDC with options, what would be the best way of doing this to avoid ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Delta of an option in two cases

Let C be the prime of a call in fi=unction of the price in term F, Strike K, volatilité $\sigma$ and maturity t: $C(F,K,\sigma,t,r) $ We assume that we know $\delta$ $\delta=\frac{\partial}{\...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

How was this probability of negative U.S rates by end 2017 calculated?

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-26/bets-on-negative-u-s-rates-by-end-2017-jump-above-10-chance Options markets show some investors are taking out protection in case rates instead ...
1
vote
0answers
235 views

Computation of option vega under CEV

It is easy to define the option vega $\nu=\frac{\partial C}{\partial \sigma}$ under Black Scholes model since volatility is a single quantity. However, under CEV or local volaility model, it is ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Cointegration and variance of time series

Given that $X_t , Y_t$ are two cointegrated random processes, what can we say about the relationship between variance of the two increments $var(X_{t+h}-X_t)$ , $var(Y_{t+h}-Y_t)$ for a given $h>0$...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Black Scholes Model Replicating Strategy Delta Hedged Exam Question

A share is currently priced at 640p. A writer of 100,000 units of a one year European put option with an exercise price of 630p has delta-hedged the option with a portfolio which holds cash and is ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Calculate minimum IV increase to offset theta

How would one calculate the minimum implied volatility increase necessary to offset theta decay? IV is typically a percentage, while theta is a dollar value. In theory I think I could look at what ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Straddle neutral strategy

What does it mean to implement a delta-neutral strategy for straddle ? A straddle consists in buying a call and a put simultaneously, at the same date, on same underlying, with same maturity and ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Opposite of hard to borrow?

If market participants are certain a stock will suffer a huge decline, the shares will become hard to borrow and an interest fee will be applied to borrow the stock. This interest fee eliminates the ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

where to find historical option prices?

I have a dataset of options (traded in European exchanges such as NYSE Euronext) and I would like to find their price history. Where to find it? I see that ...
1
vote
0answers
345 views

Adjusting for variance bias when using overlapping data

I'm in the process of constructing volatility cones for several assets and I want to make sure the data is free of biases. I know that using overlapping data introduces an artificial degree of ...
1
vote
0answers
213 views

How to price an option with a “step up” feature using binomial tree?

I have a call option with expiry in two years. In my case the option is bermudan style with first 9 months w/o ability to exercise (i.e. European) and after exercise at any time (i.e. American), but I ...
1
vote
0answers
355 views

Mock/practice trading for options (delta/gamma hedging etc.)

I know there are some sites for practicing equity investing. But could you provide me with suggestions concerning options trading etc. I read Natenbergs book on Options and want to test things like ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Adjusted option prices?

I am trying to calculate IV of options for a ticker over the last 10 years. Problem is that some option prices don't make sense (for example, closing price \$31.94, but 30-day call option with 18 days ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

American Put Option Pricing

I am trying to solve a question of American Put Option pricing as below. Build a 15-period binomial model whose parameters should be calibrated to a Black-Scholes geometric Brownian motion model with:...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Filter options used in the construction of implied volatility surface

Currently trying to model the IV Surface using the APPL options, to compare how different models of the underlying move the IV Surface. However, after getting the data, I've seen that some option ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Is options max pain a useful predictor?

Have there been any academic or industry papers on options max pain? There seems to be a widespread belief (among retail traders) that the underlying price 'gravitates' toward the strike at which the ...
1
vote
1answer
700 views

Volatility Smile Approximation

Does anyone know what type of model is used to model the skew and IVs inside Thinkorswim platform for its volatility smile approximation? I am trying to replicate but do not know where to start. Any ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Relation between one touch and binary option

Is there a relation between the price of a one touch option and the price of a binary option? By one touch option, I mean an option that pays off a fixed amount if the price of the underlying is ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Option symbology with reuters DSWS

I am trying to systematically extract option data at a certain date based on the underlying. Input: interchangeably ISIN/RIC/Mnemonic Output: list of underlying symbols, preferably mnemonics. I am ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

NasDaq/Nyse Option Chain Pre-requisites

Which all Companies are allowed to be traded in the options market? Are there any conditions to allow/disallow a company from trading in the options market? Do we have a list of companies, which are ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Calibrating Heston model parameters using the Active-set method and Levenberg–Marquardt

Background: We're estimating the parameters of the Heston model from current market data of options. This is to be implemented using the active-set method (see section 16.5 here) and the Levenberg-...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Testing Option Strategy

I have a long only momentum system that has back tested well and live results have been ok. I would like to see if I can use these signals to sell Puts to see if it improves results. Not looking for ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How to hedge payments in a foreign currency?

I´m confronted with solving the following exercise: "Suppose that now is 1 March. You are a UK based exporter who´ll export products to a U.S. company for 250,000 US dollars and to a French company ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

0 Delta on Forward starting Equity basket option

I wanted to confirm the inherent reasoning behind 0 delta on a weighted equity basket option. For instance, if we have a basket option with a forward starting initial fixing date, we can expect the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Hedging option delta

Let's say I am long 1000 50 delta call options. I need to hedge my deltas now. There can be infinite ways to do this. How should I think about proceeding wit this? My first thought was, if the ...