Questions tagged [portfolio]

A portfolio is a collection of financial instruments. We often collect instruments together to represent the complete holdings of an investor and to analyze the overall risk (which may be lower due to diversification, i.e the portfolio holding multiple instruments).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Error in has.Ad(x) : object 'BRK' not found

I am trying to merge a list of adjusted closes of a multitude of firms for my research on ESG, in relation to risk/reward. None of the firms seem to have a problem, except for the Berkshire Hathaway ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

How to compute a portfolio PnL and Sharpe?

I understand this is quite the common question but I haven't been able to understand this concept through the previous posts. My situation is that each day, I'm interested in buying/selling one ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Monthly rebalancing portfolio of daily returns

Tried to ask this already, but I am still a bit unsure on how to proceed. What I wonder is how to handle the returns and weights of the stocks in a portfolio after rebalancing monthly, so within the ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

How to properly annualize portfolio volatility

I have a portfolio consisting of several assets and I'm using daily data to calculate various portfolio metrics, including historical returns and volatility. In order to compare portfolio performance ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Optimal Portfolio Formulation

I'm currently studying Luenberg's Article "Projection Pricing" (Jrl of Optimization Theory and Applications, Vol. 109, No. 1, pp. 1–25, April 2001) and there is a claim that I can't prove. ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Best bibliography on the classic Merton portfolio problem

I am writing a small section on my thesis about the classic Merton portfolio problem. I was wondering what are the best books on the subject. I am looking for something from the beginner to the ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

cvxpy Portfolio Optimization

I am trying to understand which is the best way to construct the parameters using the cvxpy engine. I have seen this post: more of list-like way of constructing constraints etc and this post: more ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

Strategy of replicating a portfolio with payoff $\int_0^T \frac{dS_t}{S_t}$

Given the asset price $S_t$ which is defined as follows $$\frac{dS_t}{S_t}= r_tdt+\sigma_tdW_t$$ where $r_t$ is not necessarily deterministic. What is the strategy of replication of the portfolio with ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Arbitrage portfolio example

Can you give me a concrete example of a self financing portfolio which gives arbitrage opportunity in the two-dimensional Black-Scholes model? By the two-dimensional Black-Scholes model I mean $$dS_{1}...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Replicating momentum strategies (UMD/MOM, SUE and CAR3) in R

I am writing my Master Thesis on momentum strategies including price momentum (UMD/MOM) and two fundamental momentum strategies (SUE and CAR3). Right now I'm trying to create the three momentum ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Examining individual portfolio allocation changes over time

I am currently working with a pretty large panel dataset containing the investment holdings of many individuals over time (i.e., for each individual I know the positions per stock over time). I was ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Optimal Portfolios with Skewed and Heavy-Tailed Distributions

I am learning about portfolio theory and been using Markowitz. I wondered, however, if I can use distributional and asymmetric information of the returns to solve the problem. For instance, I have a ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

How to implement a buy and hold strategy?

Cheers, I am measuring the impact of a particular variable on a sample of stocks. To accomplish this, I am ranking stocks into decile portfolios based on this variable and then estimating the ...
-1
votes
1answer
26 views

Value at maturity of long position in money market

This should be easy, but for some reason I am struggling with it. Say you have a long position in the money market (you hold dollars), say you own a quantity of $Ke^{-r(T-t)}$ dollars at time $t$, ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Calculating portfolio weights for Black-Litterman model

I am attempting to construct a portfolio using the step by step Black-Litterman model. My idea is to have a portfolio of, say 10 ETF's (equity based) in one sector and then add some uncorrelated asset ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

Why is a smaller portfolio norm better?

If the norm of the portfolio weight vector, $\frac{1}{p}\sum_{i=1}^n |w_i|^p$ for $p=1,2$, of portfolio A is 0.6, and the norm of portfolio B is 0.4, then portfolio B is considered more attractive ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Portfolio Optimization - Equal Weighting Algorithm

I am trying to write an algorithm which can output the number of stocks to purchase so that it equal weights positions in a portfolio of stocks. Say we want to invest $1000 in 5 stocks with equal ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Calculation Expecting Credit Loss from a Portfolio

I have the following question: An investor holds a portfolio of 50 million dollars. This portfolio consists of 'A' rated bonds (30 million dollars) and 'BBB' rated bonds (20 million dollars). Assume ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Build a portfolio with $\beta=1$ and minimize $\sigma^2$ using CAPM

Suppose there are two stocks A and B: expected returns are $E[R_A]=0.1$, $E[R_B]=0.15$; standard deviations are $\sigma_A=0.1$, $\sigma_A=0.2$; correlation is $corr(A,B)=0.6$; their betas to some ...
9
votes
0answers
138 views

Unwinding a Portfolio

I have a portfolio ${\mathbf P}$ made up of positions $n_i$ in each of $N$ securities, which I'm assuming are jointly normally distributed with means $x_i$, and covariance matrix ${\mathbf M}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Criteria for excluding an Asset Class from a Strategic Asset Allocation

While historically the return, volatility and correlation characteristics justified the inclusion of Sovereign Bonds (US Treasuries, European Central Bank Debt, etc) in Strategic Asset Allocation ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Standard deviation formula with Short selling- Markowitz model

I have 2 fast quastions. Before I begin I want to show you that I found minus before SD of bills in the book Principles of corporate finance(1.screen). I know SD of bills is zero and minus in this ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

PCA on the stocks

I have N stocks, and a covariance matrix that indicates the covariance of these N random variables. Now, if I run PCA on the covariance matrix, what can you tell about the principle component?
1
vote
0answers
56 views

How to calculate portfolio returns from assets with different valuation frequencies and return methdologies?

I have a situation in which I'd like to calculate a total portfolio return for a portfolio made up of funds with different valuation frequencies and return methodologies. As an example, say I have a ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

There are several ways optimize portfolio, why use Black Litterman rather than Mean variance

I know there are two ways to optimize portfolio. What are the limitations and advantages by using Black Litterman over Mean variance.
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Momentum strategy with Entropy Pooling

i'm currently trying to implement a ranking based on momentum indicators into my Entropy Pooling approach. Basically, the idea behind Entropy Pooling is to incorporate views into a reference model (...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Optimal investment strategy problem with competing bet-sizing options and limited budget

Apologies for a potentially naive question and unusual wording. I am from another field and would be very grateful for help! I am looking for the optimal investment strategy that maximizes an overall ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Relationship between risk and return for GBM and riskless bond

Suppose we have $S$, a stock following geometric Brownian motion ($dS_t = S_t (\mu dt + \sigma dZ_t)$ for $Z =$ Brownian motion) and $B$, a zero coupon bond with rate $r$, i.e. $dB_t = rB_t dt$. In ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Why is a Delta-hedged option always profitable even in case of a sharp drop of value of the underlying?

I am trying to understand the following concept on a practical level. Given a Delta-hedged long call position, so holding a portfolio $$ Port_0 = C(S_0, \sigma) - \Delta_C(S_0) \, S_0 $$ If there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Monte Carlo simulations of correlated stocks by Geometric Brownian motion

I am trying to simulate using a Geometric Brownian Motion process three autocorrelated stocks. In particular, I need to simulate three different matrices with 1000 scenarios each using a Monte Carlo ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Creating daily rebalancing stock portfolios based on analyst recommendations

I am doing research on analyst recommendations on Finnish stock market, using Can Investors Profit from the Prophets? Security Analyst Recommendations and Stock Returns by Barber etc. as reference ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Is there no fix to improving portfolio risk estimation under small sample size?

When asked if copula are needed to calculate portfolio Value-at-Risk, it is said that "You can use historical method if you have sufficiently enough data". But actually copula are also ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Assumptions of the CAPM

As to my understanding, the CAPM assumes that all investors behave as described in the portfolio theory. Consequently, all investors hold a combination of the risk-free investment and the efficient ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Relation between CAPM and Portfolio Theory

can any of you explain to me in simple terms how CAPM and portfolio theory are related to each other? To my understanding: Portfolio theory helps to select the "right" stocks under risk/...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Minimum variance portfolio's analytical solution, but assuming $t$-distribution

$$ \boldsymbol{w} = \frac{\boldsymbol{\Sigma}^{-1} \boldsymbol{1} }{\boldsymbol{1}' \boldsymbol{\Sigma}^{-1} \boldsymbol{1}} $$ is the well known closed-form analytical solution to the minimum ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why is standard error used to show diversification effect for unsystematic risk?

quite long text incoming, sorry for that: While reading a corporate finance textbook, i came across a section describing the effect of diversification as well as the systematic and unsystematic risk. ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Covariance/correlation matrix from data with missing data points

I have a data set with index fund quotes, and I'm trying to compute the efficient portfolio frontier for it. But some data points are missing. In some cases there are few funds that trading even on ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

internal rate of return ((M/X)IRR ?) of a fund

I have the following data for a fund. The contributions come from the LPs (i.e., the investors invest more in the fund, or withdraw money from the fund), MV stands for market value. The timing is not ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Ranking assets by covariance vs correlation

After every change in portfolio (i.e. every trade), I need to calculate a price for each asset in my portfolio. But the calculator is slow. So I want to order the sequence of price updates, from the ...
1
vote
0answers
232 views

Portfolio Performance Attribution Using Carino Smoothing

I'm trying to conduct portfolio performance attribution using Carino smoothing, but it seems that the active returns do not match and I don't know why. Here is the example I use: \begin{array} {|r|r|r|...
-2
votes
1answer
98 views

Notation of long/short positions in defining a portfolio [closed]

I am a bit confused with the sign-related abbreviations used when we refer to long or short position on assets in a portfolio. For example denote the stock price, $S_t$ and the bond price, $B_t$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Portfolio vs individual security Sharpe and Sortino ratios

For an individual security calculating it's Sharpe and Sortino ratios is straightforward. What I'm curious about is the following: Let's say I have a portfolio of several securities, which is a ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

How to deal with missing stock returns?

If I want to calculate the Covariance between two stocks but there are missing days in both, how can I deal with missing data? I want to use Pairwise deletion and only use the days of which both ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Ito's differential in portfolio dynamics

I try to be as concise as possible. Basically I'm following the text "Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time", by Tomas Bjork. I put here the point where I'm stuck: Chapter 6 - Portfolio ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How to adjust a portfolio's rate of return for contributions and withdrawals?

Suppose we have a portfolio with many assets. Since this portfolio receives monthly contributions and withdrawals, what is the best method to evaluate its global rate of return and avoid computing ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What is the formula for the global minimum variance portfolio with positive weights?

I know how to algebraically solve for the weights when short selling is allowed but I can’t seem to find the formula for when it’s strictly positive an the weights sum to 1 anywhere online.
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Why do only portfolios of indices show elliptical dependence?

Elliptical distributions imply an asymmetric relationship between variables such as financial returns of different assets. I'm guessing this is mainly due to skewness, although I might be wrong and ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Can I build an efficient frontier using matrix algebra?

If i have a vector of expected returns $A$, a covariance matrix $C$ and a vector of the corresponding weights $W$ for each investment, is it possible to generate the efficient frontier with vector ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Optimizing Portfolio Return by Targeting Variance

I understand Markowitz and targeting returns to minimize our variance. I know this optimization problem well and its constraints. However when the reverse scenario is to be considered I get very ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Option Based Portfolio Insurance OPBI Simulation Excel

I want to simulate an example of OBPI in Excel. I can't find any example online with random figures that show how to simulate it. I tried to understand the appendix of Perold (1995): Dynamic ...

1
2 3 4 5
8