Questions tagged [portfolio-management]

The professional management of an investment portfolio of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) in order to meet specified investment goals. The process includes the specification of investment objectives and constraints, choice of asset mix, formulation of portfolio strategy, selection of securities, execution, revision, and evaluation.

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36 views

What is momentum factor and how is it calculated based on three parameters?

I have 7 year prices of a group of stocks and index prices for the same time period now I want to calculate momentum factor, depending on the three relevant parameters (rebalancing frequency, rolling ...
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34 views

Mean Semivariance Optimization VS PMPT

Mean Semivariance optimization defines semivariance, variance only below the benchmark/required rate of return, as: $(1/T).\sum_{t=1}^{T} [Min(R_{it}-B,0)]^2$ where $B$ is the benchmark rate, $R_{i}$...
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4k views

Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
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Testing the significance of active trading strategies other than stocks

In active asset management industry, a common approach to Test whether my Strategy Provides significant alpha is to Regress Portfolio Returns on Fama French 3 (or 5 factors) and check whether the ...
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Calculating bond prices from constant maturity yield

Goal: turn a constant maturity yield time series into bond prices. The federal reserve has great data series including this one. This is a time series of historical treasury bond yields and I need to ...
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65 views

Portfolio and Risk Management: Total Return Index vs Price Index

For portfolio construction and risk management purposes, when one should use Total Return based Index instead of Price Index? I am looking for pros and cons of using either Total Return and/or Price ...
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100 views

Which Maximum Diversification Approach in MATLAB is correct?

I am currently trying to find the portfolio weights of the Maximum Diversification Portfolio and found two approaches which result in different outcomes. The first one is based on this paper:https://...
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82 views

Machine learning for portfolio optimization

What algorithms from machine learning, supervised learning or unsupervised learning have been recently used for asset allocation models as alternatives to the Markowitz mean-variance optimization ...
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67 views

Stop-Loss strategies

Does anyone know some bibliography about the problems or limitations of using Stop-Loss strategies in a portfolio? Let me explain better: for example you can have a portfolio of 30 stocks from ...
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35 views

Notation for the variance in papers

Here is a screenshot from : LIM Quadratic hedging and mean variance portfolio selection with random parameters in an incomplete market When I deal with mean variance portfolios, I usually see the ...
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1answer
47 views

Benefit of better predicting the variance of portfolio daily returns while optimizing a portfolio?

Question Is there a benefit of having lower gap between 'in-sample' variance of portfolio daily returns and 'out-of-sample' variance of portfolio daily returns? (= better estimates the out-of-sample ...
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Is there any way to compare portfolios created using sharpe optimization model?

I created different portfolios using sharpe portfolio optimization model and I want to know is there any way to compare those portfolios before actually investing in them?
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Why use reinforcement learning for portfolio optimization with historical market data?

One of the main advantages of (deep) reinforcement learning approaches (compared to more widely known supervised deep learning approaches) is the fact that it enables us to automatically take ...
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1answer
60 views

Hedging a trade for PCA component neutrality

Suppose I am given a set of financial instruments, e.g. {1Y, 2Y, ..., 30Y} interest rate swaps or {Barclays, Lloyds, .. } FTSE100 companies. It doesn't matter which so let's go with IRS. I have ...
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Annualizing Sharpe Ratio using small time frames

I have coded a strategy that works 5m time frame. I know you multiply it by 252 but i am using 5m or sometimes 1h time frame. Which number do i have to chose to multiply? There are 72576 five minutes ...
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1answer
121 views

Efficient frontier using Post Modern Portfolio theory

I have been trying to find a way to create the efficient frontier using Post Modern Portfolio Theory (PMPT), but have failed to come across a source that mentions how to do so. I know PMPT uses ...
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106 views

Portfolio rebalancing question

I found this question and am not too sure how to answer it. How would you determine the minimum cash deposit,m, needed to move a portfolio back to it's target weights, given only the following: ...
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106 views

What duration of treasuries to add to portfolio of stocks

If I have a portfolio of stocks and want to add treasuries would it be better to add very long duration treasuries or a levered position in shorter duration treasuries? Why?
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How effective is simplex projection for portfolio sizing? How is Euclidean projection different?

I am looking at a backtesting framework where the authors do a simplex projection to get final long-only weights. They also have a version with Euclidean projection to simplex. I wanted to understand ...
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74 views

Prove that the portfolio that maximizes utility lies on the efficient frontier

When maximizing mean-variance utility in a portfolio optimization framework $max \{R - \lambda \sigma ^2\}$ where R is portfolio return, $\lambda$ is a risk aversion parameter, and $\sigma^2$ is ...
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68 views

What was the first formal theory for asset selection/portfolio management?

Just curious about the timeline and evolution of asset/portfolio selection theory from past to present
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Why does the price of a butterfly spread increase are rate exponential [closed]

I know that stock prices are assumed to be Stochastic processes that follow Geometric brownian motion. The expectation of stock prices at time T given stock price at time 0 is: $e^{-rT}S_0$. However, ...
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Replicating portfolio with stock, bond and call option

I am trying to interpret: I am having trouble interpreting the replicating strategy: Context: $\phi$ is a generic payoff function, 0 < S < $\infty$, assumed throughout to be twice ...
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1answer
50 views

Economic term for “limited trade space”? Slots in car sales hall, oil bunker volume, warehouse size

Newbie here. Took the tour, and "financial engineering" was listed as viable questions, so I give this a shot despite being very basic. Please redirect me if there is a more suitable SE site for it. ...
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1answer
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Why the weight vector of 'global minimum variance' the 'eigenvector' with the minimum eigenvalue?

Question Why is it the case that the weight vector of the global minimum variance portfolio the eigenvector of the covariance matrix with the smallest eigenvalue? Question with more details I ...
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How long a time horizon should be for verifying the effectiveness of an investment strategy?

Question To verify the effectiveness of a certain asset allocation strategy, how long a time horizon should be? Is there any academic paper regarding this topic? Question in more detial I know ...
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Relationship between portfolios at $t=0$ based on $t=T$

I have two portfolios $V$ and $U$ given by $$ V(S,t) = C-P \\ U(S,t) = S-Ee^{r(t-T)} \\ $$ where $P$ and $C$ denote a put and call option with the same maturity time $T$ and strike price $E$, ...
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Walk Forward Analysis Using Portfolio Analytics R

I am learning how to use the Portfolio Analytics package in R and I am concerned with overfitting the data for the optimization. The optimize.portfolio.rebalancing() function has 2 parameters that ...
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1answer
83 views

How to find basket of stocks that are the inverse of yet another or ETF (never short)?

Suppose want to long an inverse of an ETF, rather than short the ETF itself. Is there a way to determine some mix of component stocks that would mimic the returns of such an inverse ETF (where also ...
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364 views

Rockafellar-Uryasev mean-CVaR optimiztion

In Rockafellar-Uryasev 2001 paper the mean-CVaR optimization can be written as a linear programming optimization problem as: $$P_{\text{CVaR}} = \arg \min_w \text{VaR}_\alpha+\frac{1}{(1-\beta)S}\...
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Perfect Negative Correlation - Returns and Risk

In the famous article of Sharpe "Capital Asset Prices: A theory of market equilibrium Under conditions of risk", he studies the behaviour of allocation between an asset $i$ and an efficient ...
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1answer
109 views

Marginal contribution to Tracking error

I'm trying to calculate Marginal contribution to Tracking error. I would use the following formula: MCTE(asset i)=TE(excess return asset i vs.benchmark)* Beta(excess return asset i vs. benchmark AND ...
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How to calculate Turnover Ratio of a scaled Portfolio

I want to calculate the Turnover of my scaled Momentumportfolio (Barroso und Santa-Clara 2015) They described Turnover Ratio with the following formula: While i understand the general concept (...
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Alternative relative performance measure to Sharpe ratio for non-IID return

The Sharpe ratio is often used to compare the relative performance of portfolios despite its IID-assumption for the returns being violated. I can find ample warnings about the consequences of ...
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When to remove a trading strategy?

Every strategy has a limited lifespan. How do you decide when to stop a particular strategy as it has lost its edge? Few of things that can be thought is strategy crossing its maximum drawdown, net ...
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528 views

Leveraged Permanent Portfolio Using ITM Call Options

The permanent portfolio proposed by Harry Browne has had an excellent track record since the 1970's. It is able to compound at roughly 8% annually with a Sharpe ratio around 0.7. The permanent ...
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40 views

CRRA Utility Function Problem

"Assume an investor with total wealth of $100 that has a constant relative risk aversion (CRRA) utility function. The functional formula for the CRRA utility function is given as $\ U[W]=\frac{W^{1-θ}...
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Investor rationale behind inverted yield curve

I just had a question regarding investors/markets rationale behind the cause of the yield curve. Assuming that investors believe that rates will be lower in the future and are pessimistic about the ...
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Risk neutral valuation [closed]

In a world with three possible states (1, 2, 3) and three assets (A, B, C), the payoff matrix looks like this: $r_A;_1,_2,_3 = 110, 110, 110$ $p_A = 100$ $r_B;_1,_2,_3 = 100, 50, 40$ $p_B = 70$ $...
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Non-redundant asset?

I've been solving many exercises with three assets that have two possible payoffs each, one payoff per possible future state. The question is always the same, i.e. is any asset redundant. After ...
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Eliminating factor risk?

Suppose there are two risky assets, related to the same risk factor $f$. $r_1 = μ_1 + β_1f$ $r_2 = μ_2 + β_2f$ There is also a risk free asset available at $r_f$ How do you eliminate factor risk ...
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No risk free security?

Imagine market without a risk free security. How is security market line constructed? How is it interpreted?
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1answer
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How to calculate Information Ratio?

In the book titled "Active Portfolio Management: A Quantitative Approach for Producing Superior Returns and Controlling Risk" by Grinold & Kahn, the information ratio is defined as "the ratio of ...
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Value at Risk - Long/Short position

I have a simple question on the VaR for a portfolio that consists of a long and short position. Say I have a portfolio consisting of the following positions: long 1000 shares of stock X short 1000 ...
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Problems with Performance Attribution Analysis

I am using the typical Brinson Model formula, but it doesn´t work, I think that is explained because of the compound effect and rebalancing... when I look my portfolio's YTD return and multiply by the ...
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1answer
199 views

Why is it better to use evolutionary algorithms than OLS for solving index tracking problem?

I am currently using different optimization algorithms for finding constrained portfolio that best replicate choosen index. So i have a optimization task to minimize tracking error. I wonder why every ...
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188 views

Absorption Ratio

I'm actually trying to implement Mark Kritzman's absorption ratio (Principal Components as a Measure of Systemic Risk by Kritzmam, Li, Page and Rigobon, 2010, SSRN 1633027) using Python, but I'm not ...
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108 views

Multi-period portfolio allocation: Time-inconsistent approach

Consider a multi-period mean-variance portfolio optimization so that at time $t$ I find the strategy that maximizes my expected terminal wealth $X_T$, subject to a constraint on risk, \begin{align*} \...
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Trading 3 stocks X Y Z where X cointegrated to Y, Y to Z, but no other cointegration is available

Suppose you have 3 stocks, say X Y Z. You also know that X is cointegrated to Y using some test (say ADF) and Y is cointegrated to Z. However, no transitivity, and no threesome cointegration ...