# Questions tagged [portfolio-optimization]

Questions related to mathematical methods used for searching of optimal portfolio structures. Also related to questions on optimal structure of portfolios from both strategic and tactical point of view

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### Portfolio Optimization Maximizing Sharpe Ratio Allowing Shorts [closed]

hope you find all well I'm currently exploring portfolio optimization techniques aimed at maximizing the Sharpe ratio while allowing for short selling. My constraints are upper bound of 0.5 and a ...
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### Excess Return Covariance Matrix is Singular - Cash return and risk free rate are the same [closed]

I've created a three asset excess return covariance matrix. The assets are; equity, bonds, and cash. However, my cash return is the same as my risk free rate ( i.e. 3 month Euribor). This is leaving ...
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### Reverse optimization: How to generate the expected portfolio returns given the weights and a series of constraints on those weights?

I have the below function in Python. My objective is to back out the expected returns associated with certain portfolio weights given a series of assumptions. From this I want to generate the expected ...
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### How to construct a delta-neutral portfolio containing stocks using correlations?

I’m aware of the mean-variance framework where we construct a portfolio such that we attempt to minimise the variance and maximise returns. What if instead we’re in a scenario where the main goal is ...
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### Bonds in a zero interest rate environment

I've been looking at Pension Fund asset allocations. Why would they have any allocation to bonds in an zero interest rate environment? To make the point, let's assume the interest paid on these bonds ...
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### How to prove that the feasible set of a two-asset portfolio is a hyperbola?

The question comes from ‘Mathematics for Finance: An Introduction to Financial Engineering’ by Marek Capiński (Author), Tomasz Zastawniak. The book does not give a complete proof, and I did not find a ...
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### Conic form of maximizing Sharpe ratio with long-short constraints

I read the blog post of mosek software package and learn how to transform the original form of maximizing the Sharpe ratio to the conic form. We consider the following optimization problem  \max_{x\...
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### Portfolio optimization with Scipy in Python

I performed Scipy portfolio optimization in two scenarios: 1) when I cannot lend or borrow at the risk-free rate; 2) when I can lend and borrow at rf=1.5%. Now, optimal risky portfolio weights anyway ...
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### When optimizing a portfolio for risk parity, can any portfolio weights turn negative?

As the title reads, when performing risk parity optimization (equal risk contribution amongst all assets to the portfolio volatility), is it possible for weights to turn negative? I understand that in ...
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### Robust or Stochastic Optimization Approach for Maximizing Profit with Limited Price Information

I am tackling a linear maximization problem where I need to select the optimal product among several options over a series of weeks, given certain constraints, in order to maximize future profit. The ...
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### If an option is undervalued, how does shorting a portfolio generate profit?

I am reading Hull's Options book. He introduces a one-step binomial model and a no-arbitrage argument, using the example shown in the picture below: Consider a portfolio consisting of a long ...
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### Multifactor model assignment problem

Consider the following two-factor model for the returns of three stocks:. Assume that the factors and $e_{j}$ have a zero mean, that all the factors have a variance of 0.01 and are uncorrelated, and ...
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### Optimal weights in portfolio after rebalancing

I have a quite simple question but while looking for answers in research papers I couldn't find anything. The question can be summarized as : if you expect a shock on an asset, why don't you rebalance ...
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### How to calculate historical returns and variance for a non-BAH trading strategy?

Suppose i have a strategy that is not buy-and-hold type of strategy. It can have unique entry timing and unique exit timing for a single asset and both long and short positions will be allowed, and ...
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### Question about marginal risk contribution / portfolio volatility decomposition

I am trying to understand the rule where you add a new asset to a portfolio if its Sharpe ratio is greater than the product of the portfolio sharpe ratio and the correlation between the portfolio and ...
1 vote
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### Measure of hedge efficacy or other means to compare hedging strategies?

Is there a measure of hedge efficacy or another means to compare hedging strategies? I have seen Institutional Investors take very different approaches to tail hedging. On one extreme, I have seen ...
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### Application of Leverage in Different Interest Rate Environments to an Efficient Portfolio

I have read that some Institutional Investors are utilizing leverage. According to Modern Portfolio Theory, to apply leverage one would: a) find the tangency portfolio on the efficient frontier from ...
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### Constructing a Corporate Bond portfolio?

Is it possible to create a corporate bond portfolio such that its yield is 100bps higher that its benchmark, while still outperforming the benchmark (BBG Corporate bond Index)? I guess my question is ...
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### Portfolio Optimization with ETFs and Futures

I am looking to perform portfolio optimization with a single ETF (or two) and a VIX futures (with the possibility of adding an additional hedging instrument). Here are some features of my portfolio ...
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### Option-like behaviour of momentum strategy

this may come as rather vague question, since I do not have something very exact issue on my mind. Nevertheless, I think this is an interesting question and must have been thought by some other people ...
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### constrains of return distribution and risk return trade off

Suppose we have a portfolio $V$, we are only allowed to invest in one stock $S$, its price movement follows the geometric brownian motion, i.e. $dS=S(\mu dt+\sigma dW)$. We are allowed to choose ...
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### How can equilibrium weights be found for momentum factor in Black-Litterman model?

I have a momentum factor which consists of going long in three rising ETFs and going short in three falling ETFs. I want to use this factor as part of my portfolio for Black-Litterman model, however I ...
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### What is the correct method to maximize information ratio ex ante of a 150/50 portfolio against the S&P500

I have no problem forecasting and minimize ex ante information ratio for a market neutral portfolio, because the benchmark is just zero and you are just minimizing portfolio variance while maximizing ...
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### Two different ways to optimize ex-ante correlation of a long / short portfolio

Assuming I am making a long/short portfolio of S&P500 stocks and I would like to use the historical correlations to minimize ex-ante portfolio volatility. I can think of two ways of doing this: ...
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### Minimizing tracking error for a 150 / 50 portfolio against the S&P500

I am trying to minimize tracking error ex-ante for a 150 / 50 portfolio, eg. it is 150 units long, 50 units short and market exposure of 100 units. It uses all 500 stock in the S&P500. I've ...
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### Intuition behind portfolio weights with lower RMSE but higher variance

I have recently encountered a phenomena in portfolio optimization that has baffled me for days. I was experimenting with different ways of transforming a covariance matrix to get a stable minimum ...
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### Volatility Tax/Variance Drag and Drawdowns/Breakevens

been reading about Drawdowns and respective returns to get back to breakeven as shown below: Many cite this as an evidence of the well publicized Vol Tax Formula (Geo Mean = Arithmetic Mean - 0.5*...
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### Asset Management (Inverse Matrix, MVP,TP etc) [closed]

i just found this website and hope someone can help me. We have a midterm and we got 1 old exam but the Prof didnt want to provide the solutions and he is terrible anyway - so it kinda sucks, and i ...
1 vote
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### Portfolio construction in the real world [closed]

Good day. I am looking to understand how the portfolio construction process is actually done in the industry. Now, I do not know if there are too many resources on how things are currently being done (...
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### Constraints in a Mean-Variance Optimization Case

Might be a repeat question, feel free to close if it is. I am trying to perform a mean-variance optimization (maximizing the Sharpe ratio) for lets say 5 assets. Besides the weights of the assets ...
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### Calculation of break-even correlation for diversification effect in N-assets case?

I'm thinking about a generalization of the following case: for 2 assets, there is a diversification effect as soon as i obtain a positive weight for the minimum-variance portfolio in the asset with ...
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### Backtesting on factor model residual returns

I've heard in quantitative equity strategies, people backtest signals on residual returns. How does this work in practice? Do people find signals that forecast residual returns and then run the full ...
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### When you have negative weights in the context of portfolio construction, what is the correct way normalize them?

For context, I am building an eigenportfolio following the conventions of Avellaneda and Lee Statistical Arbitrage in the U.S. Equities Market (2008), and I get negative weights for eigenportfolios 2,...
1 vote
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### Subportfolio optimisation and asset clustering with maximum cluster cardinality constraint

Assume that $N \in \mathbb{N}$ assets are given, but the portfolio optimisation algorithm can only compute portfolios with $m<N$ assets. To compute a portfolio, I would like to cluster the $N$ ...
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### What do the existence and parameters of an efficient investment tell you about the value of a risk-free return?

I'm working on an unassessed course problem, Consider the following risky investments \begin{matrix} \text{name} & \text{expected return} & \text{standard deviation of return} \\ A & 9\% &...
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### Find variance of Asset with lesser return to make a pure portfolio of it the min-variance portfolio [duplicate]

I need to solve the question mentioned above. For an asset with a worse payoff than another, I need to determine a variance for which the minimum-variance portfolio only consists of this asset. There ...
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### Are there known benchmark examples where Cover universal portfolio performs better than naive uniform CRP and Split-and-Forget?

I am investigating the performance of Cover universal portfolios cf. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_portfolio_algorithm (and references therein). I would like to know if there are any ...
1 vote
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### Combining many trading strategies in an efficient

I have a lot (>50) of back tested (and naively "validated") trading strategies. They trade different ETFs, mostly equities, but also others (like GLD, USO, ...). These are all strategies ...
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### Calibration of Covariance Matrix for a Cumulative Period Return

I am trying to compute optimized weights (minimum-variance portfolio) for a cumulative return over a period (weekly or fortnightly). In a daily return setting, it is quite simple, I just compute a ...
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