Questions tagged [portfolio]

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34 views

How long a time horizon should be for verifying the effectiveness of an investment strategy?

Question To verify the effectiveness of a certain asset allocation strategy, how long a time horizon should be? Is there any academic paper regarding this topic? Question in more detial I know ...
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18 views

PortfolioAnalytics: Training window based on entire history before rebalancing in 'optimize.portfolio.rebalancing'?

I am fairly new to PortfolioAnalytics and R in general. I am trying to do some backtesting of a minimum variance portfolio. I have weekly, monthly, quarterly and yearly return data of 3 selected ...
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25 views

How to calculate Turnover Ratio of a scaled Portfolio

I want to calculate the Turnover of my scaled Momentumportfolio (Barroso und Santa-Clara 2015) They described Turnover Ratio with the following formula: While i understand the general concept (...
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2answers
83 views

Why annualizing sampled covariance matrix changes stock weight vector?

Question While optimizing a portfolio using 'Global Minimum Variance' (GMV) method, I found that annualizing a sampled covariance matrix makes a difference in stock weight vector. Q1. Why ...
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1answer
60 views

Calculate the historical simulation VaR of the portfolio using Python

Assume that we have 200 stocks in WeiBo (WB), 300 stocks in Netflix (NFLX), 250 stocks in Ford Motor Company (F) and 150 in Royal Dutch Shell (RDS-A) as of 31 August 2019 in the portfolio. I have ...
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22 views

Value weighted Portfolio: Include Market cap of pref shares?

I got Datastream MV data for my sample and i want to exclude Preference Shares. Since Datastreams definition of MV is shares*price there are two Marketvalues, one for common stock, one for preference ...
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27 views

Factor model alternative? [closed]

Suppose there is a Fama-French model estimated for a stock of Shoemaker Ltd.: $α = 0.01$ $β_M = 0.9$ $r_M = 0.12$ $β_S = 0.3$ $S = 0.05$ $β_H = 0.2$ $H = 0.06$ $r_F = 0.03$ How would you ...
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33 views

Eliminating factor risk?

Suppose there are two risky assets, related to the same risk factor $f$. $r_1 = μ_1 + β_1f$ $r_2 = μ_2 + β_2f$ There is also a risk free asset available at $r_f$ How do you eliminate factor risk ...
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1answer
50 views

Adjust calculation of Sharpe ratio when portfolio is subjected to cash outflows

I have a portfolio with cash and marketable securities, a benchmark, and a desire to calculate its Sharpe ratio. However, this portfolio has cash outflows. Sometimes securities are sold to produce the ...
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1answer
58 views

Definition Of A Portfolio

I have very recently started studying quantitative finance on my own through a book called An Introduction To Quantitative Finance by Stephen Blythe. In chapter 6 of his book, he sets out to prove ...
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2answers
73 views

How do I know what my portfolio weight constraints are given to me by my broker?

I have started exploring portfolio optimization results that pop out when I don’t constrain the weights to sum to 1. For instance, in a dollar-neutral portfolio, the weights sum to 0. Also, some ...
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43 views

Calculation of the risk free rate

For portfolio management I need the risk-free to compute the sharpe ratio. I would like the use to rate on the 3 month treasury bill from the US. https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TB3MS#0 The ...
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32 views

Given multiple strategies with their ER, volatility, how would I calculate the combined Sharpe?

Without knowing the actual daily returns, I have a table something like this: ...
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2answers
123 views

Measuring returns

always come across the issue of which return to use. There a three types that I know about. The simple return, the log return and the geometric return. Now I wonder whether it depends on the subject ...
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1answer
63 views

Portfolio return with changing assets over time

I need some feedback on a very basic question regarding the calculation of the portfolio return. I have created an example of a portfolio with two assets and attempted to calculate the return: I've ...
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42 views

Value of portfolio with fixed discrete dividends

I know that this is a very simple question, but i want to make sure to grasp the concept of ex dividend and value of portfolio. Suppose that we have a two period binomial tree of a stock with initial ...
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0answers
46 views

Discounted self-financing portfolio still a self-financing portfolio?

Assume a self-financing portfolio $V_{t}=\theta_{t}^{0}S_{t}^{0}+\theta_{t}S_{t}$ with $S_{t}^{0}$ the value of the non-risky asset at time $t$ and $\theta_{t}^{0}$ the amount of shares of the non-...
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3answers
108 views

Calculating Correlation of Two portfolios?

So I'd like some help w/ this question. Given 3 assets with means, variances, and correlation: Two portfolios are created (A and B), each with the three assets above with weights ($w_n$) as follows: ...
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13 views

Help understanding methodology of doing market expectations error analysis

I am a beginner in the value-growth analysis. I wanted to do a similar analysis Piotroski, J. D., & So, E. C. (2012). Identifying expectation errors in value/glamour strategies: A fundamental ...
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2answers
171 views

How to calculate optimal portfolio using sector constraints in python

I'm looking into CVXPY at the moment. Main goal would be to be able to calculate the optimal portfolio, which in my opinion would mean that we need to maximise (expected return - risk free) / ...
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2answers
117 views

Widely accepted methods for coming up with the co-variance matrix of assets?

Question What are the widely accepted ways for coming up with co-variance matrix of assets after the Markowitz's modern portfolio theory? Question explained in more detail After Modern portfolio ...
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4answers
108 views

Do cash accounts contribute to exposure?

When calculating a portfolios total exposure, should the value of the cash accounts be included? My high level view on exposure is that it should be related to the possibility of loss, usually as a ...
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1answer
54 views

Correlations between different baskets of assets

Struggling to see the answer to the following problem - Assume you have $N$ different assets, and all pair-correlation coefficients $\rho_{ij}$ between them are known. If you now form two arithmetic ...
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30 views

Why no median-CVaR optimization for portfolios?

Question Since CVaR is a concept that can be applied to all probability distribution, even if they do not follow normal distribution, I thought CVaR should be more concerned with median, not the ...
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44 views

Constructing Portfolio Beta

Suppose I have a portfolio with securities with different history. Say some securities have 15-20 years of history and some are like Uber or Lyft, which has limited history. There are assets with 1/2/...
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1answer
94 views

Leverage constraints

I am trying to complete my project on Mean-Variance Leverage Optimization, and I have found lots of helpful advice on this forum. I wanted to ask you if you have some idea on how to implement a ...
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1answer
49 views

Calculate return for a set of securities downloaded using quantmod

I downloaded adjusted closing price using quantmod for a set of securities. I want to calculate daily/weekly/monthly return for all securities. Usual dailyReturn, weeklyReturn etc not working. What do ...
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34 views

Why can't I take the Value at Risk “VaR” as a a risk objective in PerformanceAnalytics? (it does work for "ES)

I am currently playing around with PortfolioAnalytics package in R and some data and I am aiming to create different portfolios with different VaR. However, I am struggling first of all, add.objective(...
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2answers
101 views

Portfolio volatility - Real life application

Given that a portfolio consists of Stock=USD 30, High-yield bonds(duration=5 years,spread duration=5 years) =USD 40 , Commodity = USD 30.
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59 views

Vega for long long-term ATM call and short short-term ATM call

You are long a long-term ATM call and short a short-term ATM call. The ratio is adjusted to make the total vega zero. If before expiry of the short-term option, spot is again at the strike price. ...
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67 views

Applying portfolio variance weight based on logarithmic returns?

The expected logarithmic return of a portfolio is calculated as : $$𝐸_p = \log\left(\sum_i w_i e^{R_i}\right)$$ Therefore, I was wondering that how can I apply weight to use with the variance based ...
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1answer
74 views

Classifying groups of stocks beyond Market Cap/Industry/Sector

I'm monitoring margin values for a portfolio and I want to classify the stocks in my universe using different metrics/information. Just for the sake of making analysis/inferences on the data I have. ...
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36 views

Which performance evaluation measure to assess “Connectedness Matrix” based porfolios?

1. Question Which performance evaluation measure would be best to assess the portfolios built on 'connectedness matrix'? The connectedness matrix is the concept introduced in the academic paper "...
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1answer
116 views

portfolio information ratio calculation on daily returns including hedged strategy results interpretation

I am tasked with calculating the portfolio information ratio on ~15 years of daily portfolio returns and I am finding several approaches online which is quite confusing. The first approach simply ...
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1answer
124 views

Arbitrage when risk-free portfolio earns less than riskless portfolio

I'm currently reading Paul Wilmott's excellent book on option pricing. Near the beginning, he constructs a risk-free portfolio using an option, and a short on the underlying to hedge the risk. I'm ...
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370 views

Some definitions in the BARRA Predicted Beta model

I'm studying the BARRA Predicted Beta model, and the common factor covariance between portfolio $p$ and the return on the market $m$ is defined as the product of the transposed vector of the factor ...
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73 views

Another variation of the 'Sharpe ratio' in CVaR-based portfolio optimization?

Question What is the ratio S(p) shown below? Do we have a name for it like 'Sharpe ratio'? The ratio above is introduced in the academic paper Optimal portfolio selection in a Value-at-Risk framework ...
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2answers
193 views

Portfolio Delta - long call, long put and short call

First and foremost, I'm trying to understand why you would construct a portfolio made up of long calls, long puts and short calls. I find this really abstract and confusing. I've tried drawing the pay-...
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1answer
92 views

Co-variance of Portfolio A with Portfolio B

I'm trying to calculate the correlation between two separate portfolios. I've used A*COV(AB)*B to calculate the co-variance of each portfolio where: A = Array ...
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95 views

Holding Period Return abnormally high

I've been doing my Dissertation and I was told to create a value - weighted portfolio on the 1979's 200 largest cap corporations (based on Market Value). I was also told that the correct way to build ...
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60 views

When does funding cost of a portfolio enter into the portfolio's present value?

This question comes from some confusion when reading Hull's book and from the general concept of no-arbitrage/self-financing portfolios in stochastic finance books. I am not fully seeing the ...
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1answer
45 views

Equal Weight better sharpe than Tangency portfolio

Could you explain to me what it means to have better Sharpe Ratio in Equal Weight portfolio than tangency portfolio (max sharpe). Thank you.
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1answer
127 views

Fama Macbeth regression and portfolio sort result contradiction

I ran Fama Macbeth (regression) on two variables called return and lag MAX ( monthly average return and lag of maximum return over a month). the results are like the following : ...
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1answer
661 views

How modern portfolio theory(MPT) and CAPM are related?

1. Question In what sense Capital Asset Pricing Model(CAPM) is related with Modern Portfolio Theory(MPT)? Why do we need to check whether the current price of assets is overvalued or undervalued ...
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45 views

Resource to learn about Long / Short Commodities portfolio

As title says, I'm looking to learn more about Commodities trading and how to report and monitor a Long short Portfolio. Can anyone point me to a good book / website where I can improve my knowledge? ...
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1answer
1k views

Portfolio Weight Sum and Negative Weights

I'm calculating the weights of 10 securities in a portfolio for a course project, with the objective of maximizing the sharpe ratio. I'm getting both positive and negative results for weights. The ...
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1answer
37 views

Differences Between Portfolio Daily Average Returns

I have a doubt about the average daily return for a 2 stock porfolio. I have the data of both stock returns over a 1511 day period. I used 2 approachs to calculate the average return. In the first one,...
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1answer
100 views

How to construct a risk parity Portfolio by fixing the portfolio volatility on a desired level?

I would like to get the weights of a risk parity portfolio (equal risk contribution). Therefore I use following formulas: $\sigma(w)=\sqrt{w' \Sigma w}$ $\sigma_i(w)= w_i \times \partial_{w_i} \...
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212 views

Is the Market Portfolio on the Markowitz Efficient Frontier?

I have seen "market portfolio" defined online (Wikipedia/Investopedia) as the bundle of all available investments where the assets are each weighted in proportion to their existence in the market. I ...
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1answer
84 views

What does risk tolerance represent for utility-maximizing optimization with linear constraints?

Referencing Wei Jiao (2003) p. 8, formula (1.12), for $Ax = b$ set of linear constraints in a portfolio, the solution for the optimum weights to maximize the utility is: $$w^* = \Sigma^{-1}A^T \left( ...