Questions tagged [portfolio]

A portfolio is a collection of financial instruments. We often collect instruments together to represent the complete holdings of an investor and to analyze the overall risk (which may be lower due to diversification, i.e the portfolio holding multiple instruments).

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1answer
351 views

Duration of portfolio equals to zero

I am solving the following problem: Consider a 2000 dollars bond with maturity of 5 years and a half-year coupon of 25 dollars at a nominal interest rate of 8% p.a and a consolidation bond (...
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94 views

Correlation of a portfolio of trading strategies to a benchmark [closed]

I have two trading strategies, both having a correlation of 0.5 to an indicator 'i'. If I take a portfolio of these two strategies, what will be the correlation of this portfolio with the indicator 'i'...
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100 views

Surface plots of the mean-variance efficient frontier

3d surface plots contain an X, Y and Z axis. For the mean-variance efficient frontier: X axis is portfolio volatility ($\sigma_p$) Y axis is portfolio expected return ($\mu_p$) any ideas for what ...
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44 views

Tracking a portfolio's annualized return

Sorry for this dumb amateur question, but looking for some help. I’ve created an Excel line chart that tracks a portfolio’s annualized rate of return. For example, a year ago the portfolio had an ...
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1answer
1k views

Value-weighted return: which date should the market-capitalization be based on?

I got a short question regarding calculating the value-weighted return of portfolios. Example: The portfolio is constructed based on the value of a certain criteria on date 31.1 (Jan 31st). The ...
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3answers
152 views

Why is Portfolio Theory not using the distribution of portfolio returns

Portfolio Theory uses things like Expected Value, Risk, Confidence. I wonder why it's not ...
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1answer
112 views

Adjusting volatility while constructing portfolio

I am trying to construct a portfolio based on a macro momentum strategy for backtesting purposes as outlined in https://www.aqr.com/-/media/AQR/Documents/Insights/White-Papers/A-Half-Century-of-Macro-...
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1answer
299 views

Value-weighted Portfolio Confusion

just a very short question regarding value-weighted portfolios. As the results are not as expected I try to cancel out any possible wrong assumptions. I created five portfolios à 100 companies out of ...
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45 views

Show the expected return of the portfolio and how to derive return variance of the long-short portfolio?

Show the expected return of the portfolio and how to derive the return variance of the long-short portfolio? (see picture)
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299 views
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378 views

Is there a quicker algorithm for calculating 'drifted' portfolio weights? (R, Pandas/NumPy, MATLAB)

'Sup, QuantSX. BLOT (Bottom Line On Top): Is there a nice clean algorithm for rapidly calculating portfolio weight drift? In R, Python or MATLAB - I'm not fussed which. Details I'm in the final ...
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1answer
88 views

Some interpretation on some plots / statistics

I have been playing with a model just for learning purposes (I don't expect to make any money from the model) but I wanted to get some opinions on what you think are "good" values and some opinions on ...
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1answer
168 views

Sharpe Ratio and Sortino Question: Standard practice

For Sharpe ratio calculation, I have seen several variations for the denominator; either the standard deviation of portfolio returns or standard deviation of excess returns. Is there an accepted ...
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47 views

How long a time horizon should be for verifying the effectiveness of an investment strategy?

Question To verify the effectiveness of a certain asset allocation strategy, how long a time horizon should be? Is there any academic paper regarding this topic? Question in more detial I know ...
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2answers
516 views

Volatility and weights of a portfolio whose value is negative

How do you calculate the one day standard deviation (in dollars) for a portfolio that is short $30,000? How do you calculate the weightings to use? I already have the necessary covariance matrix.
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88 views

PortfolioAnalytics: Training window based on entire history before rebalancing in 'optimize.portfolio.rebalancing'?

I am fairly new to PortfolioAnalytics and R in general. I am trying to do some backtesting of a minimum variance portfolio. I have weekly, monthly, quarterly and yearly return data of 3 selected ...
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259 views

How to calculate Turnover Ratio of a scaled Portfolio

I want to calculate the Turnover of my scaled Momentumportfolio (Barroso und Santa-Clara 2015) They described Turnover Ratio with the following formula: While i understand the general concept (...
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2answers
921 views

Why annualizing sampled covariance matrix changes stock weight vector?

Question While optimizing a portfolio using 'Global Minimum Variance' (GMV) method, I found that annualizing a sampled covariance matrix makes a difference in stock weight vector. Q1. Why ...
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1answer
513 views

Calculate the historical simulation VaR of the portfolio using Python

Assume that we have 200 stocks in WeiBo (WB), 300 stocks in Netflix (NFLX), 250 stocks in Ford Motor Company (F) and 150 in Royal Dutch Shell (RDS-A) as of 31 August 2019 in the portfolio. I have ...
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30 views

Value weighted Portfolio: Include Market cap of pref shares?

I got Datastream MV data for my sample and i want to exclude Preference Shares. Since Datastreams definition of MV is shares*price there are two Marketvalues, one for common stock, one for preference ...
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36 views

Factor model alternative? [closed]

Suppose there is a Fama-French model estimated for a stock of Shoemaker Ltd.: $α = 0.01$ $β_M = 0.9$ $r_M = 0.12$ $β_S = 0.3$ $S = 0.05$ $β_H = 0.2$ $H = 0.06$ $r_F = 0.03$ How would you ...
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1answer
158 views

Adjust calculation of Sharpe ratio when portfolio is subjected to cash outflows

I have a portfolio with cash and marketable securities, a benchmark, and a desire to calculate its Sharpe ratio. However, this portfolio has cash outflows. Sometimes securities are sold to produce the ...
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1answer
69 views

Definition Of A Portfolio

I have very recently started studying quantitative finance on my own through a book called An Introduction To Quantitative Finance by Stephen Blythe. In chapter 6 of his book, he sets out to prove ...
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2answers
107 views

How do I know what my portfolio weight constraints are given to me by my broker?

I have started exploring portfolio optimization results that pop out when I don’t constrain the weights to sum to 1. For instance, in a dollar-neutral portfolio, the weights sum to 0. Also, some ...
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35 views

Given multiple strategies with their ER, volatility, how would I calculate the combined Sharpe?

Without knowing the actual daily returns, I have a table something like this: ...
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2answers
282 views

Measuring returns

always come across the issue of which return to use. There a three types that I know about. The simple return, the log return and the geometric return. Now I wonder whether it depends on the subject ...
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1answer
91 views

Portfolio return with changing assets over time

I need some feedback on a very basic question regarding the calculation of the portfolio return. I have created an example of a portfolio with two assets and attempted to calculate the return: I've ...
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58 views

Value of portfolio with fixed discrete dividends

I know that this is a very simple question, but i want to make sure to grasp the concept of ex dividend and value of portfolio. Suppose that we have a two period binomial tree of a stock with initial ...
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3answers
658 views

Calculating Correlation of Two portfolios?

So I'd like some help w/ this question. Given 3 assets with means, variances, and correlation: Two portfolios are created (A and B), each with the three assets above with weights ($w_n$) as follows: ...
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2answers
895 views

How to calculate optimal portfolio using sector constraints in python

I'm looking into CVXPY at the moment. Main goal would be to be able to calculate the optimal portfolio, which in my opinion would mean that we need to maximise (expected return - risk free) / ...
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2answers
1k views

Widely accepted methods for coming up with the co-variance matrix of assets?

Question What are the widely accepted ways for coming up with co-variance matrix of assets after the Markowitz's modern portfolio theory? Question explained in more detail After Modern portfolio ...
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4answers
245 views

Do cash accounts contribute to exposure?

When calculating a portfolios total exposure, should the value of the cash accounts be included? My high level view on exposure is that it should be related to the possibility of loss, usually as a ...
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1answer
85 views

Correlations between different baskets of assets

Struggling to see the answer to the following problem - Assume you have $N$ different assets, and all pair-correlation coefficients $\rho_{ij}$ between them are known. If you now form two arithmetic ...
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1answer
107 views

Why no median-CVaR optimization for portfolios?

Question Since CVaR is a concept that can be applied to all probability distribution, even if they do not follow normal distribution, I thought CVaR should be more concerned with median, not the ...
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51 views

Constructing Portfolio Beta

Suppose I have a portfolio with securities with different history. Say some securities have 15-20 years of history and some are like Uber or Lyft, which has limited history. There are assets with 1/2/...
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1answer
408 views

Leverage constraints

I am trying to complete my project on Mean-Variance Leverage Optimization, and I have found lots of helpful advice on this forum. I wanted to ask you if you have some idea on how to implement a ...
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1answer
145 views

Calculate return for a set of securities downloaded using quantmod

I downloaded adjusted closing price using quantmod for a set of securities. I want to calculate daily/weekly/monthly return for all securities. Usual dailyReturn, weeklyReturn etc not working. What do ...
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59 views

Why can't I take the Value at Risk “VaR” as a a risk objective in PerformanceAnalytics? (it does work for "ES)

I am currently playing around with PortfolioAnalytics package in R and some data and I am aiming to create different portfolios with different VaR. However, I am struggling first of all, add.objective(...
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2answers
112 views

Portfolio volatility - Real life application

Given that a portfolio consists of Stock=USD 30, High-yield bonds(duration=5 years,spread duration=5 years) =USD 40 , Commodity = USD 30.
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148 views

Vega for long long-term ATM call and short short-term ATM call

You are long a long-term ATM call and short a short-term ATM call. The ratio is adjusted to make the total vega zero. If before expiry of the short-term option, spot is again at the strike price. ...
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177 views

Applying portfolio variance weight based on logarithmic returns?

The expected logarithmic return of a portfolio is calculated as : $$𝐸_p = \log\left(\sum_i w_i e^{R_i}\right)$$ Therefore, I was wondering that how can I apply weight to use with the variance based ...
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1answer
92 views

Classifying groups of stocks beyond Market Cap/Industry/Sector

I'm monitoring margin values for a portfolio and I want to classify the stocks in my universe using different metrics/information. Just for the sake of making analysis/inferences on the data I have. ...
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40 views

Which performance evaluation measure to assess “Connectedness Matrix” based porfolios?

1. Question Which performance evaluation measure would be best to assess the portfolios built on 'connectedness matrix'? The connectedness matrix is the concept introduced in the academic paper "...
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1answer
579 views

portfolio information ratio calculation on daily returns including hedged strategy results interpretation

I am tasked with calculating the portfolio information ratio on ~15 years of daily portfolio returns and I am finding several approaches online which is quite confusing. The first approach simply ...
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1answer
168 views

Arbitrage when risk-free portfolio earns less than riskless portfolio

I'm currently reading Paul Wilmott's excellent book on option pricing. Near the beginning, he constructs a risk-free portfolio using an option, and a short on the underlying to hedge the risk. I'm ...
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1k views

Some definitions in the BARRA Predicted Beta model

I'm studying the BARRA Predicted Beta model, and the common factor covariance between portfolio $p$ and the return on the market $m$ is defined as the product of the transposed vector of the factor ...
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146 views

Another variation of the 'Sharpe ratio' in CVaR-based portfolio optimization?

Question What is the ratio S(p) shown below? Do we have a name for it like 'Sharpe ratio'? The ratio above is introduced in the academic paper Optimal portfolio selection in a Value-at-Risk framework ...
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2answers
1k views

Portfolio Delta - long call, long put and short call

First and foremost, I'm trying to understand why you would construct a portfolio made up of long calls, long puts and short calls. I find this really abstract and confusing. I've tried drawing the pay-...
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1answer
101 views

Co-variance of Portfolio A with Portfolio B

I'm trying to calculate the correlation between two separate portfolios. I've used A*COV(AB)*B to calculate the co-variance of each portfolio where: A = Array ...
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144 views

Holding Period Return abnormally high

I've been doing my Dissertation and I was told to create a value - weighted portfolio on the 1979's 200 largest cap corporations (based on Market Value). I was also told that the correct way to build ...

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