Questions tagged [portfolio]

A portfolio is a collection of financial instruments. We often collect instruments together to represent the complete holdings of an investor and to analyze the overall risk (which may be lower due to diversification, i.e the portfolio holding multiple instruments).

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69 views

When does funding cost of a portfolio enter into the portfolio's present value?

This question comes from some confusion when reading Hull's book and from the general concept of no-arbitrage/self-financing portfolios in stochastic finance books. I am not fully seeing the ...
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1answer
62 views

Equal Weight better sharpe than Tangency portfolio

Could you explain to me what it means to have better Sharpe Ratio in Equal Weight portfolio than tangency portfolio (max sharpe). Thank you.
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1answer
415 views

Fama Macbeth regression and portfolio sort result contradiction

I ran Fama Macbeth (regression) on two variables called return and lag MAX ( monthly average return and lag of maximum return over a month). the results are like the following : ...
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3k views

How are modern portfolio theory (MPT) and CAPM related?

1. Question In what sense Capital Asset Pricing Model(CAPM) is related with Modern Portfolio Theory(MPT)? Why do we need to check whether the current price of assets is overvalued or undervalued ...
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63 views

Resource to learn about Long / Short Commodities portfolio

As title says, I'm looking to learn more about Commodities trading and how to report and monitor a Long short Portfolio. Can anyone point me to a good book / website where I can improve my knowledge? ...
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1answer
6k views

Portfolio Weight Sum and Negative Weights

I'm calculating the weights of 10 securities in a portfolio for a course project, with the objective of maximizing the sharpe ratio. I'm getting both positive and negative results for weights. The ...
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1answer
42 views

Differences Between Portfolio Daily Average Returns

I have a doubt about the average daily return for a 2 stock porfolio. I have the data of both stock returns over a 1511 day period. I used 2 approachs to calculate the average return. In the first one,...
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1answer
170 views

How to construct a risk parity Portfolio by fixing the portfolio volatility on a desired level?

I would like to get the weights of a risk parity portfolio (equal risk contribution). Therefore I use following formulas: $\sigma(w)=\sqrt{w' \Sigma w}$ $\sigma_i(w)= w_i \times \partial_{w_i} \...
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325 views

Is the Market Portfolio on the Markowitz Efficient Frontier?

I have seen "market portfolio" defined online (Wikipedia/Investopedia) as the bundle of all available investments where the assets are each weighted in proportion to their existence in the market. I ...
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1answer
145 views

What does risk tolerance represent for utility-maximizing optimization with linear constraints?

Referencing Wei Jiao (2003) p. 8, formula (1.12), for $Ax = b$ set of linear constraints in a portfolio, the solution for the optimum weights to maximize the utility is: $$w^* = \Sigma^{-1}A^T \left( ...
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4k views

How to calculate “portfolio cumulative return” from individual price data and weight of them?

I'm trying to run backtest in a vectorized way using Python Pandas and need to calculate a portfolio cumulative return from price data and weight of asset data. I ...
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1answer
216 views

Replicating portfolios [closed]

Prices of a stock are modeled using a two-period binomial tree, with each period being six months. The continuously compounded risk free interest rate is 7 % The stock pays 2 % continuous dividend. ...
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682 views

beginner portfolio statistics - annualized volatility of multi-asset portfolio

Sorry for the dumb question, but I wanted to make sure my understanding of what I read and compiled was correct! I am trying to calculate the variance-covariance matrix, and annualized volatility of a ...
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189 views

How to calculate the normalized value of a changing stock portfolio?

My goal is to compare a portfolio of stocks with a benchmark over time. Calculating the normalized value of a static portfolio is no problem, but I am struggling when stocks are removed or added to ...
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271 views

VaR for Options portfolio

I'm asked to estimate VaR for Options portfolio. Firstly, I wanna try to estimate VaR for AAPL stock european call option using Historical Simulation but I can't find any Historical Data. I tried ...
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1answer
436 views

Return Contribution for Annual Returns

I have a portfolio $p$ made up of a bunch of assets $i$ where the weights change slowly over time. The returns over each period $j$ composed of the weighted returns of the asset $r^j_p$ $$ r^j_p =...
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293 views

Calculating the long run average default rate when the portfolio changes during the year

The Basel rules prescribe to calculate a long run average default rate (LADR). It is stated that his rate should be calculated as the average of yearly default rates. A first idea what be: look at ...
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3answers
719 views

Software or apps for portfolio analysis and backtesting

I actually finished an algorithm that i can use to extract all the trades for each stock (each file for each stock). Essentially, i run this code on Excel where there are the input about one stock, ...
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1answer
194 views

Questions related to Sharpe's return-based style analysis

I have been reading about Sharpe's return-based style analysis, which tries to determine the manager's exposure/effective asset mix to changes in the values of the asset classes. It does so by using ...
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3answers
2k views

Negative variance?

Using the formula w*Cov*t(w) I can generate a negative portfolio variance. What are the implications of a negative variance? Should I just assume it's zero? A negative variance is troublesome ...
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1answer
260 views

Portfolio turnover [closed]

Really easy question, but I am having doubts. If you want annual turnover, and you have monthly weights, wouldn't you just do in excel: {=ABS(CurrentMonthsWeights-LastMonthsWeights)*12} for each ...
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1answer
954 views

Correlation of assets to portfolio of assets

How do you calculate the correlation of an asset to a portfolio, when for all assets in the portfolio you know there: correlation to each other, volatility and weight in portfolio. For example: ...
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1answer
155 views

Explaining an Option product: SIX Discount Certificates

So I have the option with the important info above. I am trying to generate a portfolio that represents the option. However I am stuck on the first hurdle as I believe it is a call option as the ...
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1answer
204 views

R PortfolioAnalytics

I am not able to find PortfolioAnalytics package for windows from CRAN. New to R, will greatly appreciate any help how to find and install this package.
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168 views

Why Do Universal Portfolios Work?

I've been reading up on universal portfolios, but I haven't been able to find an intuitive explanation as to why they have the theoretical guarantees that they do, especially that they track the best ...
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2answers
72 views

What is the return of risky asset in direct utility optimization probem?

I am trying to do this portfolio optimization for a one-month investment between S&P 500 as a risky asset and one risk-free asset: Assume that I have a power utility function, a risk-free rate ...
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1answer
378 views

Portfolio Optmization With Risk Aversion Parameter R

I have this problem in R. $$\max w^Tu- y w^T A w$$ where A is covariance variance matrix, y risk aversion parameter. Is it rigth if I use the function solve.QP multiplying the covariance matrix for ...
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61 views

How to ascertain/establish certainty of a portfolio rebalancing strategy?

I created a portfolio rebalancing strategy, that I am currently paper trading with. It is, primarily, based on mean-reversion principle with a few rules in place, and geared towards cryptocurrencies, ...
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485 views

% Drawdown on Stock Portfolio to hit Margin Call

Margin requirement is industry standard at 30% of total portfolio (cash + margin loan) e.g. You have 600k in equities purchased with cash and 400k in equities purchased on margin loan. The total ...
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1answer
138 views

Creating riskless portfolio in black scholes

$$\begin{align} d\pi &= \theta dV + dS \\[3pt] & = (\theta \partial V/\partial t + \theta \mu S \partial V/\partial S + \theta S^2 \sigma^2 \partial^2 V/2\partial S^2 +\mu S ) dt + (\theta \...
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131 views

What returns to use?

I have monthly returns of my portfolio... I would like to summarize the performance over a longer period in one overall figure. Should I use log returns per month then use geometric mean on the log ...
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1answer
89 views

What is `1+ return` called? [closed]

Assuming day 1 my wealth is 1. At day 2 I earned 20%. So the rate of return is 0.2 and the wealth at day 2 is 1.2. At day 3 I earned 50 % again. So the wealth at day 3 is 1.8. I wonder what is the ...
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1answer
387 views

Creating a portfolio in R : good practices

I am quite new to quantfin, but wanting to learn. I've searched for the answer (google and stackex), but haven't found anything satisfactory (but I might not be asking the correct questions...) The ...
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1answer
389 views

Simple mean reversion strategy portfolio construction

I had a quick idea I wanted to test, but am not sure of the correct way to size bets. Basically, I think that for a given index (say S&P), I want to be long under performers and short over ...
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1answer
2k views

How to choose a tangency portfolio without a risk-free rate

How do you choose an optimal portfolio from the efficient frontier if no risk-free rate is given? I know that if there exists risk-free asset, then you would combine a portfolio from the efficient ...
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2answers
767 views

Gamma portfolio trading

It is being said that in a long-gamma portfolio, you follow a buy-low sell-high strategy for the underlying stock, which causes you to make profit. The Theta for this portfolio is negative. But it is ...
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2answers
985 views

Standard deviation of a long-short portfolio with net position zero

I've come across the following question and I'm slightly stuck in answering it: Suppose you have a two-stock portfolio that is long one stock of asset A, and short one stock of asset B, with A ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the delta of a portfolio invested in different stocks?

I understand that if I have a portfolio invested in stock A and options on stock A, the delta of my portfolio is going to be the weighted sum of the delta of the stock (=1) and of the option. Now if ...
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1answer
119 views

Portfolio optimization of unequal length back-tests

I have a portfolio of assets. For each asset I have a back-tested time series of daily profits. I'm tying to optimize, using the correlation of daily returns, to minimize the total draw-down of the ...
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1answer
49 views

What price data should I used when making minimum mean variance portfolio, optimal risky portfolio and efficient frontier using Markowitz? [closed]

I need to make optimal risky portfolio, minimum variance portfolio and efficient frontier using Markowitz . But i don't know whether to used close price data or adjusted data. If i'm using adjusted ...
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6k views

Portfolio Risk Decomposition - different methodologies

I understand that there are several methods for decomposing contributions to risk (be it variance, std dev, etc.) in a portfolio of assets. For example, a response in this post indicates that there ...
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1answer
1k views

How to construct stock portfolios in R

I need some help, since I can't find any good sources. I need the portfolios for my thesis. I have 20 years of monthly stock returns for ~200 stocks. I want to create each month 5 equally weighted ...
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251 views

Parametric VaR of a portfolio of a stock and an option on that stock

I understand how to calculate the parametric VaR of a stock and an option separately. But I don't understand how one can calculate the VaR of a portfolio of a stock and an option on that stock using ...
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1answer
404 views

Create a hedging portfolio

If, given a return stream of unknown composition, what is the best find a portfolio of assets that replicates that return stream from a universe of assets? In other words, what is the best ...
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1answer
92 views

Analyzing stock performance - keep companies after bankruptcy?

I am currently analyzing the performance of stocks with high/low corporate social responsibility rating. Some companies went bankrupt during the observation period and I wonder how long I should keep ...
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2k views

How to calculate the annual contribution of a fund to a portfolio of funds?

let's assume I have a portfolio of two funds (call them F1 and F2), where, by convention, there is a monthly compounding of the returns. On a monthly basis, the contribution of each fund will just be ...
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1answer
3k views

How to compute the forward price using a replicating portfolio?

I post this question here as I didn't receive an answer in the Mathematics community. I am trying to understand how replicating portfolios can help us determine fair prices. Suppose we have a 3-year ...
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1answer
249 views

How we compare 2 portfolios one with risk the other with characteristics?

I have 2 questions which i can't seem to find no matter how I search. so: 1) If we have 2 portfolios. One based on risk-return tradeoff (with variables HML, SMB and beta ) (Fama French, 1993) and the ...
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236 views

Portfolio returns with unequal asset return histories

Using the package PerformanceAnalytics in R, I am trying to calculate the return of an equal-weighted portfolio that contains 30 assets. However, these assets do not have the same starting point in ...
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1answer
965 views

Cumulative portfolio returns vs. product of cumulative asset returns

I wasn't able to find something that addressed this specifically with the search terms I was using, though I am sure an answer exists here. [Please reference the image below] Columns B & C are ...

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