# Questions tagged [portfolio]

A portfolio is a collection of financial instruments. We often collect instruments together to represent the complete holdings of an investor and to analyze the overall risk (which may be lower due to diversification, i.e the portfolio holding multiple instruments).

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### Where can I find the European equivalents ETFs from a USD superdiversified 10 ETFs portfolio

I have been using this superdiversified 10 ETFs portfolio. To lower the risk it's composed from stocks and bonds across the globe and includes some commodities. Being in USD currency and the Euro ...
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### Python Library To Calculate Porfolio Statistics

I am working through some backtesting ideas and I would love to capture the basic statistics results for comparison, (cumulative returns, annual returns, sharpe, omega etc.) Is there a python library ...
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### How to keep the ratio of two assets constant when one asset is appreciating towards the other

I am looking for a formula that lets me keep the ratio between two assets in my portfolio constant when one of the assets is appreciating continually in comparison to the other asset. Imagine a ...
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### VaR Backtesting. High frequency of exceedances

I'm preparing for thesis defense and I've got simple question connected with Value at Risk backtesting. Portfolio VaR was calculated using historical simulation approach (250 days and 500days) and ...
115 views

### Variance of returns on a portfolio

This must be very basic, but I don't seem to be able to express the variance of returns on a portfolio in terms of variances-covariance sum of returns of its constituents, which seems to be what is ...
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### Portfolio of single stock short put options: which correlation structure preferrable?

Let's say you want to have a equally-weighted (in terms of the option price) portfolio of short put options on various stocks with the same maturity. Running Monte-Carlo simulations, it seems that ...
80 views

### Stress Test for gamma FX portfolios?

How can I create scenarios to stress gamma FX portfolios? If I shock the underlying for example +/-10%, then I gain in both scenarios. I get to capture some losses if I shock the implied volatility. ...
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### Do exchanges issue position ID after order execution?

The portfolio has two types of positions: asset and cash positions. Cash positions are easy. One currency has only one position, so you can add and subtract easily. Asset positions seem to be more ...
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### Is it possible to calculate the call-put parity for an option's portfolio?

Let's say I have designed an option's portfolio. The portfolio includes long as well as short positions in European-style put and call contracts based on the same underlying asset with different ...
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### DJIA Portoflio Optimization

I've been practicing R for about several months, and have begun transitioning from text book examples to what actually interests me. I'm currently participating in the CFA program, but my programming ...
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### Essential new ideas in portfolio theory

I'm supposed to write an essay on "essential new ideas in my current field of research". Hence, I'm looking for essential (= it has the potential to change the way we look at the discipline) and new (...
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### What is a Short Option Hedging Portfolio?

In his book 'Stochastic Calculus for Finance II' Shreve uses the term: 'Short Option Hedging Portfolio' on page.156 (4.5.3). Can someone please explain this term with some kind of an example? It is ...
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### Portfolio risk analysis in Options & Mixed portfolios

I am currently working on a risk analysis model that is primarily focused on options portfolios, but will likely be later expanded to cover mixed (options, stocks, bond, futures, etc...) portfolios. ...
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### Signs for the assets in a portfolio and definition of portfolio value

Suppose that we have a market with a stock, modelled by $\{S_t\}_{t>0}$ and a riskless money market account $\{B_t\}_{t>0}$. Consider a strategy $\{ H_t^B,H_t^S\}_{t>0}$ be a portfolio over ...
370 views

### Should a backtester have ability to run multiple strategies simultaneously?

At the moment the backtester has a portfolio; a portfolio is associated with one strategy. The backtester is used to test different strategies one at a time, giving their return, Sharpe, drawdown. But ...
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### Mean-Variance Optimization Techniques with Multiple Asset Classes

Why does it make sense to use single-period Markowitz mean-variance optimization techniques when we're trying to figure out asset allocation across multiple asset classes (bonds, stocks, REITs, etc)? ...
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### Incremental VaR formula

According to a few resources online the formula of iVaR is : VaR (after adding the new element) - VaR (before) My question is how can this be correct given the lack of subadditivity of VaR? Meaning, ...
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### Calculating weekly portfolio returns for portfolios sorted by volatility

I am having some issues with finding the right code in STATA for sorting the data into portfolios by historical volatility (standard deviation) of returns and then calculating portfolio returns and ...
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### How to get the average monthly percent excess returns for portfolios formed?

I'm replicating the Fama-French five factor model. I have formed factor portfolios. I'm not sure how to calculate the average monthly percent excess returns for portfolios. In other words, I want to ...
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### What does an optimized portfolio really tell us?

I am very new to this field, and have very recently started doing some self study on this topic. After reading some papers and reproducing some of the results in them, I am not very clear about what ...
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### What does each bar in the empirical average eigenvalues spectrum of the correlation matrix of log-returns of stocks represent?

An example diagram, taken from this paper, looks like follows: What is its physical interpretation? The highest eigenvalue, the paper says, represents market mode. So, what does the difference in ...
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### Problem with determining weights in tangency portfolio (2 risky assets)

I use the following well known formula in order to determine the weight of asset i in the tangency portfolio (in the case of two risky assets): \$w_{i,T}=\frac{\sigma[r_2]^2E[R_1]-\sigma[r_1,r_2]E[R_2]...
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### Minimum Variance Portfolio problem [closed]

Minimum Variance Portfolio Suppose there are N stocks in the investmentable universe and we have a fully invested portfolio investing 100% of the capital. The Covariance matrix is denoted as ∑. We ...
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### Derivation of the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz Portfolio Theory? (2 risky assets)

I’m looking for a nice & detailed explanation for how to derive the formula for the weight of asset 1 in the tangency / maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio in Markowitz portfolio theory in a world with ...
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### Where to find good notations to teach investment portfolio maths?

I don't know whether this question is in order here. I do a bit of teaching and I am preparing my own notes but I thought that his should not be necessary. In which book/pdf on the web can we find a ...
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### Is there a way to meaningfully generate daily returns from monthly?

I have a set of 7 investments in a portfolio and I need to optimize the weightings based on some exposures to various markets/styles/economic factors. I was hoping to do some sort of simple exposure ...
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### PnL Explained Using Scenario(Full Reval Model)

I was wondering if any quant guru can help . How to calculate the PnL explained using full reval aka scenario based = > t - (t-1) approach for linear instrument. I am finding difficulty to understand ...