Questions tagged [portfolio]

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3
votes
1answer
114 views

How to distinguish true negative eigenvalues from small negative eigenvalues due to floating point error?

Floating points have rounding errors so algorithm to find eigenvalues may report tiny negative eigenvalues but in reality thsee could actually be 0 if we had full precision. Any way to tell ? I have ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Rebalancing portfolio weights

I have a matrix of returns and weights for every time period. ...
3
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2answers
122 views

Do you know fast to compute, yet plausible risk attribution measures?

I am looking for a fast to compute, yet plausible risk attribution measure based on the risk measure used to compute overall risk. To be more specific, assume that my risk measure is the VaR of a ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Equivalent Definitions of Self-Financing Portfolio

Consider a multi-period model with $t=0,...,T$. Suppose there is a bond with $B_0=1$ and $B_t=(1+R)^t$ and a stock with $S_0=s_0$ and $$ S_{t+1}=S_t\,\xi_{t+1}, $$ with $\xi_t$ iid random variables....
3
votes
1answer
224 views

How to optimize a portfolio using skewness?

I am trying to do portfolio optimization for 5 stocks taking into account skewness of the portfolio but I am unable to incorporate skewness to the mean variance model. Can anyone please help on how ...
3
votes
2answers
749 views

Set up sharpe ratio with 2 risky portfolio

You are considering an investment in the stock. In the stock market, there are two risky stocks (A and B) and a risk free claim, C (you can think of it as the t-bill). The covariances and returns of ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Portfolio software that shows 'total return' for each investment

I'm a high school technology teacher and sponsor for the Charity Student Investment Project. Currently our students track our investment portfolio via a google spreadsheet (http://...
3
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0answers
164 views

Ledoit-Wolf portfolio weights calculation

I am trying to implement the Ledoit-Wolf minimum variance portfolio strategy on a real-world stock dataset. ...
3
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0answers
1k views

How to correctly construct a value- and equally weighted portfolio consisting of property-types?

A problem of which I couldn’t find the answer on the forum is about the construction of equally-weighted and value-weighted portfolio. I want to compute the equally-weighted property-type portfolio ...
2
votes
3answers
415 views

What is the delta of a portfolio invested in different stocks?

I understand that if I have a portfolio invested in stock A and options on stock A, the delta of my portfolio is going to be the weighted sum of the delta of the stock (=1) and of the option. Now if ...
2
votes
2answers
950 views

Variance Matrix with 'nan' values

I am trying to optimize a simple portfolio using several random weights and choosing the best. When the number of assets is large I get a covariance matrix with 'nan' values because some asset pairs ...
2
votes
3answers
446 views

Negative variance?

Using the formula w*Cov*t(w) I can generate a negative portfolio variance. What are the implications of a negative variance? Should I just assume it's zero? A negative variance is troublesome ...
2
votes
2answers
354 views

Gamma portfolio trading

It is being said that in a long-gamma portfolio, you follow a buy-low sell-high strategy for the underlying stock, which causes you to make profit. The Theta for this portfolio is negative. But it is ...
2
votes
2answers
402 views

Black-Scholes model and arbitrage free price

Consider the Black-Scholes model and the derivative asset: $$ X = \begin{cases} K, \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad S_T\leq A, \\ K+A-S_T, \qquad A\leq S_T < K+A, \\ 0, \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad S_T&...
2
votes
2answers
634 views

Incremental VaR formula

According to a few resources online the formula of iVaR is : VaR (after adding the new element) - VaR (before) My question is how can this be correct given the lack of subadditivity of VaR? Meaning, ...
2
votes
1answer
273 views

Geometric Return & Performance Results for Quarterly Rebalancing

I have a Portfolio that is rebalanced every 3-months. The portfolio is made up of assets that have daily log-returns. I am a bit confused when charting the results using ...
2
votes
1answer
794 views

Correlation of asset to portfolio, given certain variables

Ultimately I'm trying to calculate stdev contribution, but I've hit a hurdle. What I have: 20x20 correlation matrix for various assets Standard deviations for each asset Returns for each asset ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Co-variance of Portfolio A with Portfolio B

I'm trying to calculate the correlation between two separate portfolios. I've used A*COV(AB)*B to calculate the co-variance of each portfolio where: A = Array ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

Creating a portfolio in R : good practices

I am quite new to quantfin, but wanting to learn. I've searched for the answer (google and stackex), but haven't found anything satisfactory (but I might not be asking the correct questions...) The ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

What is a Short Option Hedging Portfolio?

In his book 'Stochastic Calculus for Finance II' Shreve uses the term: 'Short Option Hedging Portfolio' on page.156 (4.5.3). Can someone please explain this term with some kind of an example? It is ...
2
votes
2answers
787 views

Portfolio risk analysis in Options & Mixed portfolios

I am currently working on a risk analysis model that is primarily focused on options portfolios, but will likely be later expanded to cover mixed (options, stocks, bond, futures, etc...) portfolios. ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Statistics of difference between two GBMs

if I have two asset prices modeled separately as geometric brownian motions. How do i go about calculating the expected statistics of their difference? Like given the sigmas and mus of both processes, ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Explaining an Option product: SIX Discount Certificates

So I have the option with the important info above. I am trying to generate a portfolio that represents the option. However I am stuck on the first hurdle as I believe it is a call option as the ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

What does an optimized portfolio really tell us?

I am very new to this field, and have very recently started doing some self study on this topic. After reading some papers and reproducing some of the results in them, I am not very clear about what ...
2
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3answers
470 views

Calculating Portfolio Returns Across Sectors

I have a table of asset (mutual fund) returns and the percentage that each asset is in a particular stock sector: ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

efficient portfolio with given risk

Is there a formula to derive an efficient portfolio to maximise the return, x'mu, for a given risk, x'S x (where x are the portfolio coefficients, mu is the mean return for each asset and S is the var-...
2
votes
2answers
941 views

Portfolio Management in R

I’ve been looking around for a R-package that will allow me to track my stock portfolio - basically I would like to enter stocks that I own, track the trades I make, calculate my open position & ...
2
votes
2answers
393 views

Portfolio Return Contribution by Sectors

I have a table containing the following fields: Date, PortfolioReturn, CashReturn, Sector1Return,...,Sector10Returns 'PortfolioReturn' is the sum of CashReturn + return contributed from 10 market ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

How to deal with missing returns when creating value (equal) weighted returns

recently I am doing cross sectional regressions, and getting confused about missing returns. Suppose we have 100 stocks, then we want to construct a value weighted return (or equal weighted return). ...
2
votes
1answer
523 views

out-of-sample variance using rolling window

I am currently working on the comparison of the constructed portfolios using out-of-sample variance criteria. I am going to use rolling window procedure for the comparison. First, I choose a window ...
2
votes
1answer
596 views

Predicting stock returns - in a panel data specification or by using portfolio formation strategies?

I'm working on an empirical analysis where I try to predict stock returns using weekly data. Ideally, I would like to use a panel data model like the following: $$ Y_{it}=X_{it}'\beta+\varepsilon_{it}...
2
votes
4answers
104 views

Do cash accounts contribute to exposure?

When calculating a portfolios total exposure, should the value of the cash accounts be included? My high level view on exposure is that it should be related to the possibility of loss, usually as a ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Arbitrage when risk-free portfolio earns less than riskless portfolio

I'm currently reading Paul Wilmott's excellent book on option pricing. Near the beginning, he constructs a risk-free portfolio using an option, and a short on the underlying to hedge the risk. I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How to construct a risk parity Portfolio by fixing the portfolio volatility on a desired level?

I would like to get the weights of a risk parity portfolio (equal risk contribution). Therefore I use following formulas: $\sigma(w)=\sqrt{w' \Sigma w}$ $\sigma_i(w)= w_i \times \partial_{w_i} \...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Portfolio optimization in R with factor tilting while constraining volatility

what optimizer I can use in R to solve the following portfolio optimization problem: $min(f^Tx)$ st: 1. $ -a \le \sum_{i=1} ^{n} x(i) \le b$ 2. $ -c \le x(i) \le d$ 3. $ e \le \sum _{i=1} ^n |x(i)...
2
votes
1answer
559 views

VAR of portfolio containing options, equities and forwards

If we want to calculate VAR of a portfolio using variance covariance matrix (delta normal method), containing equities, forwards and options, how do we treat each asset class for making the variance ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Leverage on ETF the same effect as on portfolio?

While we know that leveraged ETFs do decline in value to zero given infinity, can we also say the same with our portfolio value if we use leverage in our trading activity and seeing our portfolio ...
2
votes
1answer
276 views

How do I show that there is no tangency portfolio?

Question: Suppose that the risk-free return is equal to the expected return of the global minimum variance portfolio. Show that there is no tangency portfolio. A hint for the question states: Show ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

I have portfolio volatility for year 1 and for year 2. What is portfolio volatility for year 1 and 2 combined?

Thanks for looking into this question. Portfolio volatility in year 1 = 15%. Portfolio volatility in year 2 = 20%. What is the portfolio volatility over the timespan year 1 and 2 combined? Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Is the volatility of a trader's wealth equal to the volatility of the underlying assets traded?

Assume that a trader trades in several stocks with different volatilities. The return of the trader's portfolio would be the weighted average of returns and the risk would be a function of the the ...
2
votes
3answers
240 views

Greeks of self-financing portfolio

I would like to learn more about the Greeks of portfolios of options: In textbooks and websites, I commonly encounter the unqualified claim that "The Greek measure of a portfolio is the sum of the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Using alpha to evaluate trading strategy

I have a trading strategy that generates returns $R_{t}$. I want to test the strategy by looking at the alpha: $R_t - R_{f,t} = \alpha + \beta (R_{m,t} - R_{f,t}) + e_t$ I compare my alpha against ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Vega for long long-term ATM call and short short-term ATM call

You are long a long-term ATM call and short a short-term ATM call. The ratio is adjusted to make the total vega zero. If before expiry of the short-term option, spot is again at the strike price. ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Which performance evaluation measure to assess “Connectedness Matrix” based porfolios?

1. Question Which performance evaluation measure would be best to assess the portfolios built on 'connectedness matrix'? The connectedness matrix is the concept introduced in the academic paper "...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

portfolio information ratio calculation on daily returns including hedged strategy results interpretation

I am tasked with calculating the portfolio information ratio on ~15 years of daily portfolio returns and I am finding several approaches online which is quite confusing. The first approach simply ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Portfolio Delta - long call, long put and short call

First and foremost, I'm trying to understand why you would construct a portfolio made up of long calls, long puts and short calls. I find this really abstract and confusing. I've tried drawing the pay-...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

How to ascertain/establish certainty of a portfolio rebalancing strategy?

I created a portfolio rebalancing strategy, that I am currently paper trading with. It is, primarily, based on mean-reversion principle with a few rules in place, and geared towards cryptocurrencies, ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Parametric VaR of a portfolio of a stock and an option on that stock

I understand how to calculate the parametric VaR of a stock and an option separately. But I don't understand how one can calculate the VaR of a portfolio of a stock and an option on that stock using ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Portfolio of single stock short put options: which correlation structure preferrable?

Let's say you want to have a equally-weighted (in terms of the option price) portfolio of short put options on various stocks with the same maturity. Running Monte-Carlo simulations, it seems that ...
2
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0answers
223 views

Minimum Variance Portfolio problem [closed]

Minimum Variance Portfolio Suppose there are N stocks in the investmentable universe and we have a fully invested portfolio investing 100% of the capital. The Covariance matrix is denoted as ∑. We ...