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Questions tagged [pricing]

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0answers
20 views

Implying a required rate of return on an option from the required rate of return on the underlying

Is it possible to imply a required rate of return on an option from a required rate of return on the underlying? For example, given a known cost of equity, can you calculate the required rate of ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Fair Strike for Variance Swap with no Skew in IV Surface

I am reading through Derman's 1999 research notes, "More than you ever wanted to know about Volatility Swaps." In equation B4 of Appendix B, the author takes the Taylor Series of the variance swap ...
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0answers
39 views

Pricing Equity Swaptions

Consider a swaption to enter into a standard equity swap as a fixed-rate payer, equity receiver, in which the notional principal is fixed. If the strike is K. the underlying swap starts at time 0=n ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Why would a lower stock price leads to higher value of a call option?

Currently I am reading Basic Black Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading by Timothy Falcon Crack. At page $47,$ the author mentions the following. Higher interest rates decrease the present value of ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Do not understand 'If an option position includes short American-style options, then the payoff-diagram may be misleading'

Currently I am reading Basic Black Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading by Timothy Falcon Crack. At page $42,$ the author mentions the following. If an option position includes short American-style ...
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0answers
18 views

CDS ISDA Pricing (usage of accrued in calibration)

I am looking to understand the ISDA CDS Pricing Model for a 1Y "Buy Protection" CDS with Coupon = Quoted Spread = 100bp. Numbers are from Bloomberg. Cash-Flow Matrix ...
1
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1answer
110 views

What happened to future price if rates become negative?

Imagine the spot price of a non deliverable and not paying dividend asset is 100\$. With positive rate, the theoretical formula $F = S \cdot e^{rT}$ give us a future price higher, let's say 105. If ...
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0answers
41 views

New/ relevant ways to retrieve intraday stock pricing

I am trying my best to find cheap/ free ways to retrieve and store intraday stock prices - both historically and going forward. Many of the ways I find seem to be outdated and no longer exist. For ...
1
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2answers
103 views

Valuation of Total return swaps (TRS)

I have seen a TRS being valued which has an index as underlying on the asset side. It also has a coupon rate associated with it. Asset leg is calculated by taking ...
4
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0answers
56 views

How to price, hedge ESG-dependent products?

I read with interest news about Netherlands bank trading several novel products in which a counterparty pays floating cash flows linked to the counterparty's ESG (environment, social, governance) ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Zero-coupon bond pricing equation derivation

I'm trying to understand how in Chawla's paper that I've linked below, how he obtains equation (2.5) for the zero coupon bond pricing equation? The equation is: $\frac{\partial B}{\partial t} + \...
0
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1answer
58 views

Interest rate equation from bond price?

If a zero coupon bond price at time $t$, with maturity $T$ ($t<T$), is denoted by $B(t;T) = B(T;T) e^{(-\int_{t}^{T} r(s) ds)}$ where $r(t)$ is a known interest rate. How does this transform ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Increase short positions in futures on oil

In this video on severe contango the author says that if the spot price is way under the futures price, a lot of people will buy oil on spot price and enter a short position. Then he says : ...it's ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How to model the maturity term of non maturing deposit accounts

My client (bank) currently follows a naive method to model the maturity term of chequing accounts. We need to model the maturity to correctly calculate the FTP pricing of these chequing accounts. The ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Can someone explain to me the intuition behind the discount factor for this simple payoff? [closed]

Let's say you enter into a contract today in which in time t, you receive the difference between the underlying stock price and 100. Denote the stock price as S. Why is today's value of such a ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

ETF Market Making

I understand market makers of ETFs earn a bid-ask spread (buying low from investors and selling high in the market). But how exactly do they determine when's the right time to buy, and at what price? ...
2
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0answers
40 views

CDS pricing using intensity models incorporating liquidity

I want to price a CDS using an intensity based model, but I want to account for liquidity as well. General model: The default time $\tau$ is the first jump time of a cox process, and the survival ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

FX Futures pricing formula

I'm reading Paul Wilmott's Introduces Quantitative Finance and stuck a bit with formula $F = S(t)e^{(r-r_f)(T-t)}$ for FX futures pricing. I don't get how to incorporate $r_f$ into the formula, could ...
0
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0answers
25 views

is there a specific design pattern in C# to model a yield curve into the NS model?

I successfully managed to have a nice NS model to a yield curve I am studying using R, while I am still beginner in C# I wonder if there is a specific design pattern I should follow in order to put ...
3
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0answers
75 views

Pricing eurodollar futures

How are Eurodollar futures priced in practice? What I already know: The implied 3 Months rate by the futures is 100-price, since it matches the payoff. Using daily LIBOR rates, one should be able to ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Overlapping vs Non-overlapping returns

Suppose I want to estimate the following regression: $R_t=\alpha + \beta X_{t-1} +\epsilon_t$. Where I use asset returns as the dependent variable. Both overlapping as well as non-overlapping returns ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Problem at deriving Bachelier formula with interest rates

In the Bachelier model, I have difficulties with a certain step. I want to figure out the distribution of $S_T$, which is the price process in the Bachelier model. So far I could state that ($\mathbb{...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Equivalence of Put Pricing Formulas

I have to show that: \begin{equation} P_{t,T}(K)=e^{-r(T-t)} \int_0^{\infty}\left(K-S\right)^+ q_T^S(S)dS \end{equation} is equivalent to: \begin{equation} P_{t,T}(K)=e^{-r(T-t)}\int_{-\infty}^{...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Black's Approximation - Discrete dividend for Put Options

I am currently trying to price and option chain for dividend paying stocks (american style exercise). I am able to calculate the Net Present Value (NPV) of dividends until maturity and then apply ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Difference between modelValue from HestonModelHelper and NPV() from VanillaOption

I am trying to calibrate an Heston model and price vanilla option using Quantlib 1.15 and Python 2.7. I use the following code ...
0
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2answers
164 views

Efficient market hypothesis vs random walk

I am having trouble to understand the distinction between the EMH and random walks. If I understand correctly, the EMH states that all available information is incorporated into prices, which ...
1
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0answers
111 views

A crash course in pricing

I need to refresh all the pricing theory. Is there anything like a crash course with practical and intuitive explanations? I will provide any further information. I am a mathematical engineer. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Is there an asset pricing model that actually works? Can you point me to research that test APMs?

As far as I know there is no APM that is able to explain all stock market anomalies. However, my search for papers empirically test a set of widely accepted APMs was not very successful. I would like ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

CDS, default probability and bond price

When we calculate the implied default probabilities from CDS, can we use that information to price bonds? I am getting familiar with Fixed Income. I saw textbooks using implied default probabilities ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Pricing a transfer option for oil

Need some input in how to attack this problem. Given are 8 timeseries: UK Oil price, Delivery Quarter 1 2020 UK Oil price, Delivery Quarter 2 2020 UK Oil price, Delivery Quarter 3 2020 UK Oil price, ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Transactional costs for shipping in % based on futures market price

Real case: Imagine I want to move an oil from one terminal to another. I have about 20 +/- tanker companies, but all of them have max capacity on their top deadweight (DWCC) vessel about ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

pricing deliverable vs non-deliverable fx forwards

I am trying to link these two questions together Pricing a regular FX forward This is a contract (say USD vs JPY) where you exchange 2 currencies at maturity at a pre-determined rate, while no ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Pricing a callable bond

I have read the Lehman Brother's paper on OAS which I mostly understand, they outline how to find the OAS for a callable bond of which the formula is effectively (ignoring refinancing costs): Market ...
1
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0answers
18 views

How to calculate/estimate CLV for our odd subscription-based business model [closed]

I'm working on a school project where I and other group members come up with a business idea and write a paper containing all necessary information about the business, like the business model, revenue ...
0
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1answer
263 views

How to quantify the coupon effect?

I'm reading Moorad Choudhry's book "Advanced Fixed Income Analysis" The first chapter briefly touches on the coupon effect which I understand from other sources is the effect of pricing an annuity (...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Pricing in the Heston Model

The dynamics of the Heston Model is \begin{align*} \frac{dS}{S} & = \lambda \sqrt{\nu} d W^S \\[0.5em] d \nu & = k (1- \nu )dt + \epsilon \sqrt{\nu} dW^\sigma \end{align*} where $\lambda$...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Application of Itô's lemma - Forward process

How would be applied the itô's lemma in the following equation: And we know that:
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Bond discounting conventions

during the preparation for my thesis, I've come across some strange discrepancies between literature and the information I've been taught. It comes down to the proper way of discounting cash-flows of ...
1
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0answers
53 views

Preferred Stock pricing model

I am trying to build a model to price a preferred stock. I want to model the dividends as random payments. I can't find any papers online on the subject. Does anyone have a reference for me?
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Why Quantlib Option NPV does not change when repricing?

Trying to learn Quantlib with Python, please have a look at below code: ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Which methods are there to determine the price of futures contracts?

Which method apart from the cost of carry model exists, and which works best in real life? How does the market expectations impact on the futures price?
1
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0answers
57 views

FX Average Forward Pricing

Lookin for documentation on how to price FX Arithmetic Average Rate Forwards. Couldn't find any info on textbooks. Any help is very appreciated.
1
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2answers
142 views

ETF Replication

I have a question regarding the ETF replication methods. I know there are two main methods, namely physical and synthetic replications, but I would like to understand how an ETF trader can : ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Getting rate from a share's given futures price, with known dividend information

Question was answered by @Ezy - thanks! This seems to be a basic question, but mysteriously unsolvable as far as I can see. It concerns calculating the interest rate from a given stock futures ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

About buying and selling a cumulative parisian options

I ask my question here because I want to know more about the cumulative Parisian options introduced by M. Chesney, Mr. Jeanblanc-Picué and Mr. Yor in 1997, then developed by Hugonnier in 1999 and F. ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

VXX Put pricing

Last week at Friday's close, the Dec 14 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.68 with VXX at \$40.29. This week at Friday's close, the Dec 21 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.38 with VXX at \$40.50....
1
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1answer
59 views

Levy process and random measure

I am wondering if random measures are used under a Levy process and how this connects to finance (particularly pricing). Any paper or books for suggestions is welcomed.
0
votes
1answer
147 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
0
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2answers
488 views

Hedging with machine learning

I’ve been thinking about an interesting problem lately: Suppose I have a position in an exotic derivative. How can I automate the hedging process? Traditionally, one build a pricing model and ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What discount rates should I use to price a municipal bond with unknown market price?

I have a payoff structure but I do not know the price of the bond. The bond is municipal. What discount rates should I take for each period in order to calculate its fair price?