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Questions tagged [pricing]

The tag has no usage guidance.

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FX Average Forward Pricing

Lookin for documentation on how to price FX Arithmetic Average Rate Forwards. Couldn't find any info on textbooks. Any help is very appreciated.
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2answers
73 views

ETF Replication

I have a question regarding the ETF replication methods. I know there are two main methods, namely physical and synthetic replications, but I would like to understand how an ETF trader can : ...
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1answer
51 views

Getting rate from a share's given futures price, with known dividend information

Question was answered well by @Ezy, thanks for his help! Full answer in the comments below my question This seems to be a basic question, but mysteriously unsolvable as far as I can see. It ...
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About buying and selling a cumulative parisian options

I ask my question here because I want to know more about the cumulative Parisian options introduced by M. Chesney, Mr. Jeanblanc-Picué and Mr. Yor in 1997, then developed by Hugonnier in 1999 and F. ...
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1answer
67 views

VXX Put pricing

Last week at Friday's close, the Dec 14 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.68 with VXX at \$40.29. This week at Friday's close, the Dec 21 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.38 with VXX at \$40.50....
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1answer
38 views

Levy process and random measure

I am wondering if random measures are used under a Levy process and how this connects to finance (particularly pricing). Any paper or books for suggestions is welcomed.
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1answer
100 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
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2answers
210 views

Hedging with machine learning

I’ve been thinking about an interesting problem lately: Suppose I have a position in an exotic derivative. How can I automate the hedging process? Traditionally, one build a pricing model and ...
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1answer
39 views

What discount rates should I use to price municipal bond with unknown market price

I have a payoff structure but I do not know the price of bond. The bond is municipal. What discount rates should I take for each period in order to calculate its fair price?
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1answer
78 views

Basic Replication of European Call Option

I am looking at the very basics of replicating an option with a portfolio of risky and risk free assets. As such we can define a portfolio of $x$ no. of shares, $y$ bonds & $z$ options at time $(T)...
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1answer
52 views

Spreadlock derivatives

I would like to price a spreadlock forward swap and a spreadlock swaption but I don't find in the web any research article. Would you please provide me with some freely accessible papers on the web ? ...
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36 views

discount factor with collateral in two currencies

If a CSA allows for posting cash in different currencies as collateral, then the party posting collateral has, now and at each future point in time, a choice of which currency to post. This choice ...
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Pricing a preferred share

I am looking for references for models which price preferred shares. What are the classic pricing papers?
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Antithetic sampling on non-linear payoff?

If I wish to price an option with Monte Carlo using the standard GBM process, which have payoff $(max(S-K,0))^2$ Why is it not suitable for a non-linear payoff?
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1answer
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Question on volatility equation for CMS pricing

In "Full implications of CMS convexity (Cedervall and Piterbarg, 2012)", a.k.a. "CMS: covering all bases (idem)", the authors develop a CMS model equipped with an annuity mapping function which ...
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1answer
118 views

Kirk Approximation and Exercise Probability

I have a question about spread options. I'm pricing a put option on two assets, with a strike value of 0: $max(K-(F_1-F_2);0)=max(0-(F_1-F_2);0)=max(F_2-F_1;0)$ I know this kind of options could be ...
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1answer
712 views

What is the importance of alpha, beta, rho in the SABR volatility model?

I just read that SABR model is a stochastic volatility model, which attempts to capture the volatility smile in derivatives markets. The name stands for "stochastic alpha, beta, rho", referring to the ...
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amount of data - option pricer calibration

A practical question. When you calibrate an option pricer (whatever the model is), do you use data from several days or just one day (last trading day)? I noted some papers use data from one single ...
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How is this steel price implied based on enterprise value-to-Ebitda?

How was the steel price of $650 per ton calculated based on the forward-looking enterprise value-to-Ebitda in this Bloomberg news article? https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-23/tariff-...
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1answer
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Where can I find free security and derivative pricing software?

I am looking for a free derivative valuation software that can compute value and sensitivities. It should be easy and straightforward to use, e.g., I can get results by supplying market data and trade ...
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28 views

Checking for Law of one price on example

I have a problem where I need to check if the law of one price applies to one specific example : There are three states with equal probability (1/3) and the securities are given by \begin{equation} ...
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0answers
336 views

Multi-currency CSA discounting curve construction

I have a number of eur/usd and gbp/usd MtM Basis swaps that are collaterized in USD. For the non-usd legs I'm constructing the muti-ccy csa discounting curve. Im using forwards for the short end of ...
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1answer
101 views

Confusion in forward contract pricing on a stock using the binomial model

In the financial engineering course I am taking we are studying how to use the binomial model to price derivatives, one of which is the forward. For this question it is related to a forward contract ...
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1answer
742 views

Pricing a double barrier option using Monte Carlo (C++ & Python code included)

I'm trying to price an option with upper and lower barriers using MC where the payoff is $B_u$ when $S_t > B_u$, $B_l$ when $S_t < B_l$ and $S_t$ when $B_l < S_t < B_u$. I have written ...
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46 views

Compound option on basket of swaptions

Consider $n$ European Swaptions $S^n$ with exercise dates $T_1 < \dots T_n$. These Swaptions can have different parameters: in particular different strikes, different interest rates, different ...
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191 views

What is the forward price of a bond 18 months from today?

What is the formula to compute the forward price of a bond 18 months from now? I have the following data: ...
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0answers
21 views

Is investment income earned considered an additional cash flow in an IRR problem?

Having trouble thinking through the implications of investment income and discounting cash flows simultaneously. Let's say I have two projects to choose from, and I have some flexibility in when I ...
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1answer
41 views

How to work out bond price given other bond prices?

I'm stuck on the following problem from a financial maths course, and was wondering whether anybody would be able to help me. I don't really know where to begin. The following risk free bonds are ...
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1answer
203 views

Exposure calculation of a re-coupon swap

How to calculate the exposure of a recoupon swap (when the MTM of an i.r. swap is settled and the fixed rate is reset to the prevailing swap rate for the residual maturity). It's used to reduce the ...
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1answer
242 views

Bootstrapping Quantlib RateHelper Python/C++ [closed]

I am pretty new in the Quant areaa and using Quantlib. I found the pretty good introductions concerning bootstrapping in the book QuantLib Python Cookbook by Luigi Ballabio. I wanted to understand the ...
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1answer
231 views

Call option Delta

I have an exercise where I need to show that the prices of call options $ C(t,K)=E((S_t-K)^+),t \in [0,T]$ with Strike $K$ for fixed $t$: $$\frac{\partial ^+C(t,K)}{\partial K}=-P(S_t>K).$$ We ...
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1answer
154 views

Replicating portfolio for claim on stock with discrete dividend

This is a practice question for an exam: Consider a market consisting of a bank account with a constant interest rate $r$ and a stock $S$. The stock pays a proportional dividend of size $\...
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1answer
346 views

What discount rate for uncollateralized cross currency swaps?

To expand on this question, what happens if the uncollateralized swap is of a cross currency variety? Ignoring any xVAs, it's unclear which currency would best determine the discount rate: a) we ...
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Bond prices tend to 100 at maturity?

Let's assume we have a fixed-income bond, which is paying a yearly coupon. For example a 3 year bond, 1% fixed coupon, issued at par. So we have at issue -> $Price=\frac{1}{(1+0,01)^1}+\frac{1}{(1+0,...
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Calculating total market price of security

Typically securities trade on a primary exchange and as such the 'price' of that security is quoted from the primary exchange. For example Exxon (XOM) stock is listed on the NYSE, even though there ...
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2answers
187 views

How to price bitcoins?

From January 2017 to this day, bitcoin price has increased more than 1000%. While debates over the criptocurrency are focused on its short term utility and its disconnection with real financial ...
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108 views

What rate/structure to use in <yield term structure> for the pricing of callable bond using QuantLib

I am new to quantlib (actually to the fixed income universe). I am trying to price a callable bond using the CallableFixedRateBond classe of quantlib, and compare it to the market data(bloomberg). I ...
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1answer
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Should the valuation decision of the following question be undervalued or overvalued?

The official solution to this question is B, but I don't understand that if the recommendation is given by the CAPM model, then the CAPM estimated return should be regarded as "fair" and benchmark for ...
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1answer
637 views

Collateralized Interest Rate Swap

I am struggeling with the wording "Collateralized" IRS and try to get an understanding out of it based on an example. Especially what it means that in the multi curve models the expectations are ...
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2answers
248 views

Floating rate note value approximation

I was hoping somebody can assist me with a query. Would it be a valid approach to revalue a frn with a discount margin from a comparable bond as par minus the difference between the quoted margin and ...
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1answer
73 views

CDS protection/contingent leg pricing, taking expectation of interest and hazard rates

The Pricing and Risk Management of Credit Default Swaps, with a Focus on the ISDA Model Screenshot: Pricing protection leg of a CDS, by OpenGamma In the screenshot above, I am having trouble ...
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3answers
318 views

Black & Scholes doesn't give current option market price

I'm trying to use the Black & Scholes to calculate the price for some options on the CBOE, but I'm having a hard time matching what I calculate with what i see on the market. As an example I took ...
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1answer
92 views

How to price a strategy involving more than 2 different prices?

When pricing a spread option with two different prices, one can use Kirk's approximation combined with Margrabe's formula (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margrabe%27s_formula). But what if I am ...
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2answers
184 views

Pricing an open repurchase agreement

I am wondering, how do you price a open-ended repo (when a maturity date is not set)? I have done some research and have found no formula's or even an explanation of how to value such a repo. In ...
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1answer
3k views

Z-Spread vs Discount Margin

I'm comparing two types of discounting: Z-Spread and Discount Margin. Reading the article by O'Kane Credit Spread Explained I found Z-Spread is used for fixed rate notes meanwhile Discount Margin, ...
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210 views

pricing option with two stocks

Let $\left(S_t^{(1)}\right)_{t\ge0}$ and $\left(S_t^{(2)}\right)_{t\ge0}$ be the price processes of two stocks with dynamics $$ \begin{align} & dS_t^{(1)}=\sigma_{11}S_t^{(1)}dW_t^{(1)} \...
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703 views

Pricing of European Power Call Option via Black-Scholes formula: reasoning?

I want to price a European Power Call option (without dividend yield) with payoff $\max\{S_T^2-X, 0\}$, where $T$ is the maturity and $X$ the strike. Let $(S_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be the price process of an ...
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2answers
874 views

Pricing Mark-to-Market Basis Cross Currency Swaps and Subsequently Constant Notional

Currently I'm working on my Master Thesis in Quant Finance in cooperation with a company. I would like to thank you very much for your time and help in advance! In my thesis I want to price Mark-to-...
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1answer
339 views

Basis swap pricing dynamics

The existence of basis spreads leads to that e.g. a 6M forward rate has a different price than two after each other following 3M forward rates. This due to that the 6M forward rate has a higher credit ...
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1answer
109 views

Generating a P&L that is linear in the variation on an underlying at no cost

I am actually reading Lorenzo Bergomi's "Stochastic Volatility Modelling" book, and came across this bit : I understand everything up to (5.5) included. But I don't see the point in mentioning the ...