# Questions tagged [proof]

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### Coefficients of univariate regressions equal to those in the multivariate regression

I am currently running fixed effect regressions with multiple dummy variables. These dummy variables are created by a grid of '1' '0': ...
• 154
1 vote
110 views

The Calendar-Spread-Inequality compares the prices of two European Call Options on the same underlying non-dividend-paying stock, but with different maturities $T_1<T_2$. Denote the value of a call ...
83 views

### Proof verification : risk free rate [closed]

I want to prove that $$r_t = \theta + (r_0 -\theta)e^{-kt}$$ satisfies $$dr_t = k(\theta-r_t)dt, \ r(0) = r_0$$ I have \begin{split}\frac{1}{\theta - r_t} dr_t = kdt \Rightarrow & \int_0^t \frac{1}...
• 111
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### Understanding arbitrage, defined as a series of cash flows

I'm currently catching up on material presented in the edX-MIT course Foundations of Mondern Finance 1, in which they present a definition of arbitrage that doesn't quite make sense to me. Informally, ...
• 101
230 views

### Parametric Stochastic Integral

I need help. Defining the parametric stochastic integral $$F_t = \int_t^T\xi(t,s)g(s)ds$$ $\\\\$ with $\xi$ a generic stochastic process such that $d\xi(t,s) = \mu(t,s)dt + \sigma(t,s)dW_t$, I'm ...
• 61
1 vote
164 views

### Variance of Random Walk with Drift

For Gaussian random variables $\xi_t$ with mean $\mu_t$ and standard deviation $\sigma$, consider the random walk with initial condition $P_0=100$, such that P_t=P_{t-1}(1+\xi_t). \...
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• 830
1 vote
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### Prove the following Call and Put relationship: [duplicate]

I need to prove that $$c(S,X,T)=\frac{X}{F}p(S,\frac{F^2}{X},T)$$ where $$F=Se^{(r-q)(T-t)}$$ I am having trouble proving this relationship. Is this relationship even possible? If so, can someone ...
• 43
1 vote
370 views

### Prove Subadditivity - Entropic Value at Risk

Any insight in how to prove the following risk measure is subadditive? $\rho_{1-\alpha}(X) = \inf_{z>0}\{z^{-1}\ln(\frac{E[e^{zX}]}{\alpha})\}$, with $\alpha \in ]0,1]$ I want to prove it is a ...
52 views

### Martingale positive price process

I hope you can help me with this problem. In my lecture notes, my professor stated that for a state price deflator $\phi\in L_{n+1}^2(P, F)$ (F being a filtration) and a strictly positive price ...
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• 339
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### Prove Volatility Parametrization of Libor Market Model is Bounded/Not Bounded

How can I prove that the function $$\sigma_i\left(t\right) = k_i\left[\left(a+b\left(T_i-t\right)\right)e^{-c\left(T_i-t\right)}+d\right]$$ is bounded/unbounded? $\sigma_i\left(t\right)$ is the ...
• 323
1 vote
397 views

### arbitrage proof question

prove the condition $D<R<U$ is equivalent to the absence of arbitrage: R = risk free investment rate of return. U and D are returns corresponding to the upward/downward price movements of a ...
• 422
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### Prove arbitrage opportunity

The continuously compounded interest rate is $r$. The current price of the underlying asset is $S(0)$ and the forward price with delivery time in 1 year is $F(0,1)$. Short selling of the stock ...
• 422
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### Proof that no trading system always wins

I am pondering on the existence/impossibility of a trading system (or algorithm) that ALWAYS ends up winning money, no matter how the price of a futures moves. In a context where one can go long or ...
127 views

### Sums of random variables and independence

I'm having troubles with this proof: Let $\{Z_i\}_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be i.i.d. random variables with zero mean and unit standard deviation. For $(a_0, a_1, ..., a_r)$ a sequence of $r$ real numbers ...
• 666
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### How to prove the "Law of one price" theorem?

There are two subparts to Fundamental Asset Pricing theorem. The Law Of One Price (LOOP thereafter) holds if and only if there exists a state price vector. In a market in which the LOOP holds, the ...
1k views

### Proving that Absence of Arbitrage does not imply law of one price

I am trying to prove that the Absence of arbitrage statement (AOA) does not necessarily imply the law of one price (LOP). For the definitions of these concepts I am using Cochrane's book "Asset ...
• 163
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### CVA formula proof

I'm struggling to prove the CVA formula in this paper. Equation (3) is the result of computing the expectation of formula (1). Could you please show me how to prove that?
1 vote
1k views

### Trading over a Ornstein/AR process

For a OU/AR(1) process is there anyway to analytically calculated most probable period of time the process is likely to diverge from the average, before turning to converge. Basically I am looking ...
• 233
I am working on a problem where I have successfully reduced a version of Black Scholes to the Heat Equation and then shown the solution to be: u(x,t)=\frac{1}{2\sqrt{t\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^\infty{f(\...