# Questions tagged [put-call-parity]

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### Setting the r in put-call parity?

Put-call parity is given by $C + Ke^{-r(T-t)} = P + S$. The variables $C$, $P$ and $S$ are directly observable in the market place. $T-t$ follows by the contract specification. The variable $r$ is ...
3k views

### Why the interest rate for put-call parity is not constant?

Usimg the put-call parity $C - P = S - K · e^{-rt}$ I tried to estimate the value of $e^{-rt}$, the present value of a zero-coupon bond that matures to 1 in time $t$: $e^{-rt} = (P - C + S) / K$ ...
675 views

### Implying risk-free rates using Put/Call parity

I recently purchased SPX options data from the CBOE. Normally, if the data is OK and the Put-Call parity holds, one should expect to correctly imply ZC (Zero Coupon bond) prices and forwards by ...
752 views

### What changes to put-call parity are necessary when evaluating american options on non-dividend paying assets?

If an underlying doesn't pay dividends (for our purpose defined as any distribution to the underlying's holder) directly or indirectly (e.g. options on futures) how does put-call parity change from ...
8k views

### Call vs. Put Option

I have two interrelated questions that have been bothering me for some time. I have read all the stuff online and it still doesn't make sense to me: Let us assume: 0% interest rate (both hedge ...
1k views

### Put-call parity for cash settled swaptions

The Euro swaption market is changing from cash to physical settlement quotation in July 2018 $-$ see e.g. "Euro swaptions market prepares for pricign revamp (Risk, 2018)". When describing the issues ...
184 views

### Why do I get a curved line when I plot “implied interest rate” on the strike price?

Currently, I am working on my thesis (MSc. Finance) and I run into an interesting “phenomenon”. I have option data for a non-dividend paying stock. In class I have learned, how to calculate the ...
91 views

### Implied Funding/Borrow Costs in Short-Dated ETF Option Prices

I'm struggling with some anomalous behavior in an analysis I'm running and was hoping for some advice/insights. I'm attempting to extract the implied funding/borrow costs from ETF option prices (say ...
4k views

### Relationship between forward and option prices

Do forward prices factor into option prices at all? It seems to me from Black-Scholes that you just need a spot price and interest rate r. I understand that $F_t = S_0 e^{r t}$, but I don't know if ...
11k views

### Early execise of American Call on Non-Dividend paying stock.

Let us consider an American call option with strike price K and the time to maturity be T. Assume that the underlying stock does not pay any dividend. Let the price of this call option is C$^a$ today ...
2k views

### Difficulty understanding put-call parity for currency options

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on models for financial economics. I am having difficulty thinking about the put-call parity for currency options, specifically how use the notation. Here is ...
298 views

### Interpretation and intuition behind the Put-Call symmetry under the Heston Model

I am currently working on a report regarding the put-call symmetry relations under the Heston model. I did all the math and managed to prove the relations using PDE approach. However, I wish to have a ...
742 views

### At the money put and call having the same price

This is a commonly asked question and I have not been able to find a satisfactory answer to it. Let me first phrase it here. Suppose that interest rates are $0$ and consider an at the money put and an ...
857 views

### Does put-call parity hold for a compound option with underlying American option?

Say there is an American put option that expires $N$ months from today. A call-on-put (CoP) option provides the owner the right to buy the American put option in exactly $M < N$ months (but no ...
478 views

### Build a Synthetic Loan for Personal Finance

Suppose I am short of cash and want a loan for some mundane objective like travelling or buying a car. The interest rate for personal loan with my bank is too high. Is there any way in finance that ...
272 views

### put-call parity equation

I'm reading this book and I'm looking at page 4, and we are considering the case where $C_t - P_t - S_t$ is negative, which means that selling the call did not offset the cost of the stock and the put ...
675 views

### Construct option and stock portfolio

If a riskless security costs 100 today and will cost 120 at time T, a stock costs 50 today and will either be 70 or 30 at time T, and call options on the stock have strike price 50 expiring at time T, ...
3k views

### Why is IV different between put and call of same strike

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging' Nassim Taleb says that the volatility of an OTM put should be exactly equal to that of a corresponding in the money call of same strike. But in option chains, the ...
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### How to prove Gamma is the same for a European call and European put with the same inputs?

I saw from a text "From put-call parity, call and put with the same inputs have the same gamma", but I don't see how put-call parity is related to Gamma. Can someone explain? Thanks!
258 views

### Question about the vega of a stock

In Black-Scholes model with constant parameters, a call and a put with the same characteristics have the same vega: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black%E2%80%93Scholes_model#The_Greeks Using call-put ...
132 views

### Should Put/Call Parity result in Zero Return or the Risk-Free Rate?

Sorry in advance if this is a basic question. I'm examining some potential at-the-money put/call arbitrage. What I found surprised me somewhat: ...
157 views

### Why is put-call parity defined differently by CME and Wikipedia?

In general, Wikipedia defines Put-Call parity as: C - P = D(F - K) ---------------- C = call price P = put price F = *FORWARD* price K = strike which can be re-...
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### Risk of Put-Call-Parity in practice

When $C+PV(K) \ne P + S_0$, it's an opportunity for risk-free arbitrage (excluding cost). In practice, what potential risk could make the arbitrage fail? I know that failure to build complete ...
576 views

### Put Call Symmetry

I want to show the Put Call Symmetry without using the explicite Black Scholes formula. In other words I want to show Call(t, x, K, T) = Pull(t, K, x, T) where $S_t = x$ for $t \in [0, T]$. I ...
63 views

### Understanding the necessary and sufficient conditions for rational early exercise of a call option

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam, and I encountered the following in my text: The author states that if $PV_{t, T}\text{(Divs)} < K(1 - e^{-r(T - t)})$, early exercise is not rational. ...
1k views

### What exactly is the annualized forward premium?

A forward contract has a premium of $0$ because it is an obligation to buy or sell something in the future (hence there is more risk). Call and put options, on the other hand, have premiums of $C$ ...
48 views

### Determine the maximum arbitrage profit from the given contracts

I really have tough time trying to figure this out. An investor observes the following prices in the market: Euro-Stoxx-Future DEC 148.02-148.03; Euro-Stoxx-Future Call-Option DEC 148.00 1.13-1.15; ...
201 views

### Is an options implied dividends DCF model consistent with risk neutral/arbitrage-free valuation?

We're talking about how we price every financial instrument: by discounting the payoff, that is, we take future cash flows and we discount them by a proper rate which takes into account the risk of ...
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### What are the main problems for calculating the implied volatility of in the money American put options?

As stated in the question I have a problem with calculating the implied volatility for in the money put options I have a data set of 2.6 million American style plain-vanilla call and put options. For ...
264 views

### Understanding put-call parity

I'm a person with math background trying to break into quantitative finance, and there's something about put-call parity that is not making sense to me. Below I'll detail my understanding of the ...
111 views

### Is there an advantage trading options based on deep in the money Open Interest Volume ratio

Problem: Deep in the money options contracts will be assigned at expiration date. Higher Volume ratio of deep in the money contracts at expiration calls or puts leads to day after expiration date we ...
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### Put call parity: when are the premiums the same?

Please explain why put call parity could be compared to the payoff of a long forward contract. ie. $C_E-P_E=V_X(0)$ where $C_E,P_E$ are the call/put premiums and $V_X(0)$ is the value of a long ...
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### put call parity for futures options derivation in Hull

In Hull, the following derivation of PCP for futures options: What confuses me is that it is stated that the payoff of the long futures is $F_t-F_0$. The footnote states: the analysis assumes that a ...
596 views

### Risk-free investment strategy for european call and put option

I have some trouble solving the following question: We have an european call and put option (with the same maturity date $T$ en strike $E=10$). The stock price now is $S=11$ and we use a continuous ...
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### Prove the following Call and Put relationship: [duplicate]

I need to prove that $$c(S,X,T)=\frac{X}{F}p(S,\frac{F^2}{X},T)$$ where $$F=Se^{(r-q)(T-t)}$$ I am having trouble proving this relationship. Is this relationship even possible? If so, can someone ...
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### Is it necessary for $P(K, t) - P(K + s, t) \geq se^{-rt}$ to hold?

Let $P(K, t)$ be a put option with strike price $K$ and expiration time $t$. Let $s > 0$. Is it necessarily true that the inequality $$P(K, t) - P(K + s, t) \geq se^{-rt}$$ holds? I know that ...
251 views

### Convexity of Call option prices using Put-Call parity relationship

I am trying to price vanilla options using a particular Bayesian approach that I have found in a paper. To do that I need to construct a likelihood function, approximating the tail of the distribution ...
233 views

### Logic between options and risk free rate [closed]

What is the relationship between put option price and risk free rate? And between call options price and risk free rate? Explain the logic? No calculation.