# Questions tagged [put-call-parity]

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### How to Show an Arbitrage Opportunity Exist From a Market-Linked CD?

A bank issues a market-linked CD that guarantees the original principal with an interest at an effective annual rate of 2%, plus 70% of the percentage gain on the ABC Inc. non-dividend-paying stock ...
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### Intuitive explanation of put option pricing based on put-call parity

Assuming no dividends, the put-call parity equation says: $c + \mathrm{Ke}^\mathrm{-rT} = p + S$ where $c$ is the price of the European call, $p$ is the price of the European put, $S$ is the current ...
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### Put-Call parity arbitrage relationship

I would like to know what the relationship is between the time value of call/puts. From the put call parity formula $$C-P = S_{t} - PV(K)$$ and that value of call/put options is simply the sum of ...
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### Insured Portfolio via call + cash: how much cash?

I am unsure about the quantities to keep in the risky asset, S, and the non-risky asset, M, when constructing an insured portfolio via Call + Cash (rather than Stock + Put). My understanding so far is ...
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### Calculating risk free rates from risky options using put call parity

My questions relates to this post Implying risk-free rates using Put/Call parity , but I am using a different approach. Given: ODAX (Options on "DAX") Settlement prices across different maturities ...
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### Calculate forward price based on option chain

I've got historical data for a spy option chain which looks as follows ...
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### Proving the put call parity

In my course notes on the put-call parity, the proof is presented by going over two inequalities, namely $\text{RHS} > \text{LHS}$ implies arbtirage and $\text{RHS} < \text{LHS}$ implies ...
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### What is the effect of put call open Interest on price action

how option put call open Interest affects price actions as put sellers feel price when price goes down or call sellers feel pain when price goes up and how this affects price action. ie when price ...
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### Why are put and call options worth the same despite that put has no upside whereas call has unlimited upsides?

The following is an interview question. All Black-Scholes assumptions hold. Assume no dividends. Consider a standard European call and a standard European put on the same stock. Assume that each ...
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### Time to Put or Call a Bond

I was studying putable bond and callable bond on my own, there is an exercise question that was a little confusing to me: I understand what the answer explains, but I am confused that, is a bond "...
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### Why do we need to borrow money in the call-put parity? [closed]

As I understand it, the call put parity is given by $$c = p + S - \frac{X}{(1 + r)^T}$$ I understand the rationale behind simultaneously buying the call, put and underlying asset for $S$, but why ...
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### What are the main problems for calculating the implied volatility of in the money American put options?

As stated in the question I have a problem with calculating the implied volatility for in the money put options I have a data set of 2.6 million American style plain-vanilla call and put options. For ...
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### Why do I get a curved line when I plot “implied interest rate” on the strike price?

Currently, I am working on my thesis (MSc. Finance) and I run into an interesting āphenomenonā. I have option data for a non-dividend paying stock. In class I have learned, how to calculate the ...
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### Is it necessary for $P(K, t) - P(K + s, t) \geq se^{-rt}$ to hold?

Let $P(K, t)$ be a put option with strike price $K$ and expiration time $t$. Let $s > 0$. Is it necessarily true that the inequality $$P(K, t) - P(K + s, t) \geq se^{-rt}$$ holds? I know that ...
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### How to get Forward price based on Put-Call parity?

Could you advise how to find a forward price using Call/Put (+Spot and Strike) ? Investodepia says that forward is equal to option's strike based on Put-Call Parity but it seems to me there is a ...
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### Bermudan Swaption

Is there an equation of the kind of call-put parity for Bermudean swaptions ? (maybe an inequality ) Is there an intuitive description of what would be an optimal exercise moment ? Intuitively I ...
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### Construct a portfolio of European call options with a certain payoff function

My question is similar to Replicate a Portfolio with Given Payoff but I am not quite sure how to apply this to my problem. A portfolio of European call options on an asset $S_T$ has a payoff function ...
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### Determine the maximum arbitrage profit from the given contracts

I really have tough time trying to figure this out. An investor observes the following prices in the market: Euro-Stoxx-Future DEC 148.02-148.03; Euro-Stoxx-Future Call-Option DEC 148.00 1.13-1.15; ...
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### Implied Funding/Borrow Costs in Short-Dated ETF Option Prices

I'm struggling with some anomalous behavior in an analysis I'm running and was hoping for some advice/insights. I'm attempting to extract the implied funding/borrow costs from ETF option prices (say ...
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### Should Put/Call Parity result in Zero Return or the Risk-Free Rate?

Sorry in advance if this is a basic question. I'm examining some potential at-the-money put/call arbitrage. What I found surprised me somewhat: ...
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### Call Option Overvalued and put-call parity [closed]

I have a question regarding if a Call option is overvalued compared to the call price and how you can benefit from the Arbitrage opportunity. My thoughts are as follows: Step 1: Short the call ...
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### Is there an advantage trading options based on deep in the money Open Interest Volume ratio

Problem: Deep in the money options contracts will be assigned at expiration date. Higher Volume ratio of deep in the money contracts at expiration calls or puts leads to day after expiration date we ...
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### Equity repo close to money market rates?

I've noticed that the repo rate (here I mean the effective financing rate of the forward position in stock) implied from synthetic forwards is almost the same as money market benchmark (XXXibor 3M) ...
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### Decreasing value of the Put option with increasing Time to maturity [closed]

Can you think of a situation when increasing the time to maturity lowers the value of a put option? If yes, show the example pls.
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### Is an options implied dividends DCF model consistent with risk neutral/arbitrage-free valuation?

We're talking about how we price every financial instrument: by discounting the payoff, that is, we take future cash flows and we discount them by a proper rate which takes into account the risk of ...
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### Risk of Put-Call-Parity in practice

When $C+PV(K) \ne P + S_0$, it's an opportunity for risk-free arbitrage (excluding cost). In practice, what potential risk could make the arbitrage fail? I know that failure to build complete ...
2k views

### Setting the r in put-call parity?

Put-call parity is given by $C + Ke^{-r(T-t)} = P + S$. The variables $C$, $P$ and $S$ are directly observable in the market place. $T-t$ follows by the contract specification. The variable $r$ is ...
2k views

### Put-call parity for cash settled swaptions

The Euro swaption market is changing from cash to physical settlement quotation in July 2018 $-$ see e.g. "Euro swaptions market prepares for pricign revamp (Risk, 2018)". When describing ...
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### Put Call Symmetry

I want to show the Put Call Symmetry without using the explicite Black Scholes formula. In other words I want to show Call(t, x, K, T) = Pull(t, K, x, T) where $S_t = x$ for $t \in [0, T]$. I ...
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### Different versions of Put-Call Parity

Why is it stated sometimes that $C - P = F$ and in wikipedia it statest that $C - P = D(F-K)$, where D is the discount factor and K is the strike (of both the call and put?). Is this just affected ...
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### Understanding put-call parity

I'm a person with math background trying to break into quantitative finance, and there's something about put-call parity that is not making sense to me. Below I'll detail my understanding of the ...
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### Interpretation and intuition behind the Put-Call symmetry under the Heston Model

I am currently working on a report regarding the put-call symmetry relations under the Heston model. I did all the math and managed to prove the relations using PDE approach. However, I wish to have a ...
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### Question about the vega of a stock

In Black-Scholes model with constant parameters, a call and a put with the same characteristics have the same vega: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black%E2%80%93Scholes_model#The_Greeks Using call-put ...
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### Convexity of Call option prices using Put-Call parity relationship

I am trying to price vanilla options using a particular Bayesian approach that I have found in a paper. To do that I need to construct a likelihood function, approximating the tail of the distribution ...