Questions tagged [put-call-parity]

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24
votes
6answers
2k views

Setting the r in put-call parity?

Put-call parity is given by $C + Ke^{-r(T-t)} = P + S$. The variables $C$, $P$ and $S$ are directly observable in the market place. $T-t$ follows by the contract specification. The variable $r$ is ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Why the interest rate for put-call parity is not constant?

Usimg the put-call parity $C - P = S - K · e^{-rt}$ I tried to estimate the value of $e^{-rt}$, the present value of a zero-coupon bond that matures to 1 in time $t$: $e^{-rt} = (P - C + S) / K$ ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Implying risk-free rates using Put/Call parity

I recently purchased SPX options data from the CBOE. Normally, if the data is OK and the Put-Call parity holds, one should expect to correctly imply ZC (Zero Coupon bond) prices and forwards by ...
8
votes
2answers
810 views

What changes to put-call parity are necessary when evaluating american options on non-dividend paying assets?

If an underlying doesn't pay dividends (for our purpose defined as any distribution to the underlying's holder) directly or indirectly (e.g. options on futures) how does put-call parity change from ...
7
votes
6answers
9k views

Call vs. Put Option

I have two interrelated questions that have been bothering me for some time. I have read all the stuff online and it still doesn't make sense to me: Let us assume: 0% interest rate (both hedge ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Put-call parity for cash settled swaptions

The Euro swaption market is changing from cash to physical settlement quotation in July 2018 $-$ see e.g. "Euro swaptions market prepares for pricign revamp (Risk, 2018)". When describing ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

At the money put and call having the same price

This is a commonly asked question and I have not been able to find a satisfactory answer to it. Let me first phrase it here. Suppose that interest rates are $0$ and consider an at the money put and an ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Why do I get a curved line when I plot “implied interest rate” on the strike price?

Currently, I am working on my thesis (MSc. Finance) and I run into an interesting “phenomenon”. I have option data for a non-dividend paying stock. In class I have learned, how to calculate the ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Relationship between forward and option prices

Do forward prices factor into option prices at all? It seems to me from Black-Scholes that you just need a spot price and interest rate r. I understand that $F_t = S_0 e^{r t}$, but I don't know if ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Difficulty understanding put-call parity for currency options

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on models for financial economics. I am having difficulty thinking about the put-call parity for currency options, specifically how use the notation. Here is ...
5
votes
0answers
223 views

Implied Funding/Borrow Costs in Short-Dated ETF Option Prices

I'm struggling with some anomalous behavior in an analysis I'm running and was hoping for some advice/insights. I'm attempting to extract the implied funding/borrow costs from ETF option prices (say ...
4
votes
4answers
12k views

Early execise of American Call on Non-Dividend paying stock.

Let us consider an American call option with strike price K and the time to maturity be T. Assume that the underlying stock does not pay any dividend. Let the price of this call option is C$^a$ today ...
4
votes
1answer
396 views

Interpretation and intuition behind the Put-Call symmetry under the Heston Model

I am currently working on a report regarding the put-call symmetry relations under the Heston model. I did all the math and managed to prove the relations using PDE approach. However, I wish to have a ...
4
votes
2answers
910 views

Does put-call parity hold for a compound option with underlying American option?

Say there is an American put option that expires $N$ months from today. A call-on-put (CoP) option provides the owner the right to buy the American put option in exactly $M < N$ months (but no ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Build a Synthetic Loan for Personal Finance

Suppose I am short of cash and want a loan for some mundane objective like travelling or buying a car. The interest rate for personal loan with my bank is too high. Is there any way in finance that ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

put-call parity equation

I'm reading this book and I'm looking at page 4, and we are considering the case where $C_t - P_t - S_t$ is negative, which means that selling the call did not offset the cost of the stock and the put ...
3
votes
3answers
971 views

Construct option and stock portfolio

If a riskless security costs 100 today and will cost 120 at time T, a stock costs 50 today and will either be 70 or 30 at time T, and call options on the stock have strike price 50 expiring at time T, ...
3
votes
1answer
462 views

Question about the vega of a stock

In Black-Scholes model with constant parameters, a call and a put with the same characteristics have the same vega: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black%E2%80%93Scholes_model#The_Greeks Using call-put ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is IV different between put and call of same strike

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging' Nassim Taleb says that the volatility of an OTM put should be exactly equal to that of a corresponding in the money call of same strike. But in option chains, the ...
3
votes
0answers
240 views

What are the main problems for calculating the implied volatility of in the money American put options?

As stated in the question I have a problem with calculating the implied volatility for in the money put options I have a data set of 2.6 million American style plain-vanilla call and put options. For ...
3
votes
0answers
553 views

Understanding put-call parity

I'm a person with math background trying to break into quantitative finance, and there's something about put-call parity that is not making sense to me. Below I'll detail my understanding of the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Boundary for European Put Option

As an entry level financial engineer, I'm learning about call-put parity, which helps us to get the boundary for call option: $S-Ke^{-rT}\leq c\leq S$, what about put option? Should its upper bound be ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

How to prove Gamma is the same for a European call and European put with the same inputs?

I saw from a text "From put-call parity, call and put with the same inputs have the same gamma", but I don't see how put-call parity is related to Gamma. Can someone explain? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Should Put/Call Parity result in Zero Return or the Risk-Free Rate?

Sorry in advance if this is a basic question. I'm examining some potential at-the-money put/call arbitrage. What I found surprised me somewhat: ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Why is put-call parity defined differently by CME and Wikipedia?

In general, Wikipedia defines Put-Call parity as: C - P = D(F - K) ---------------- C = call price P = put price F = *FORWARD* price K = strike which can be re-...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Risk of Put-Call-Parity in practice

When $C+PV(K) \ne P + S_0$, it's an opportunity for risk-free arbitrage (excluding cost). In practice, what potential risk could make the arbitrage fail? I know that failure to build complete ...
2
votes
3answers
962 views

Put Call Symmetry

I want to show the Put Call Symmetry without using the explicite Black Scholes formula. In other words I want to show Call(t, x, K, T) = Pull(t, K, x, T) where $S_t = x $ for $t \in [0, T]$. I ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

Call Option Overvalued and put-call parity [closed]

I have a question regarding if a Call option is overvalued compared to the call price and how you can benefit from the Arbitrage opportunity. My thoughts are as follows: Step 1: Short the call ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Understanding the necessary and sufficient conditions for rational early exercise of a call option

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam, and I encountered the following in my text: The author states that if $PV_{t, T}\text{(Divs)} < K(1 - e^{-r(T - t)})$, early exercise is not rational. ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What exactly is the annualized forward premium?

A forward contract has a premium of $ 0$ because it is an obligation to buy or sell something in the future (hence there is more risk). Call and put options, on the other hand, have premiums of $C$ ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Determine the maximum arbitrage profit from the given contracts

I really have tough time trying to figure this out. An investor observes the following prices in the market: Euro-Stoxx-Future DEC 148.02-148.03; Euro-Stoxx-Future Call-Option DEC 148.00 1.13-1.15; ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Is an options implied dividends DCF model consistent with risk neutral/arbitrage-free valuation?

We're talking about how we price every financial instrument: by discounting the payoff, that is, we take future cash flows and we discount them by a proper rate which takes into account the risk of ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Intuitive explanation of put option pricing based on put-call parity

Assuming no dividends, the put-call parity equation says: $c + \mathrm{Ke}^\mathrm{-rT} = p + S$ where $c$ is the price of the European call, $p$ is the price of the European put, $S$ is the current ...
1
vote
3answers
80 views

Equivalent combination of puts

Suppose that a certain stock is currently worth $S_0=\$61$. Consider an investor that buys one call with a strike price equal to $K_1=\$55$, that costs $c_1=\$10$, buys another call with strike price ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Is there an advantage trading options based on deep in the money Open Interest Volume ratio

Problem: Deep in the money options contracts will be assigned at expiration date. Higher Volume ratio of deep in the money contracts at expiration calls or puts leads to day after expiration date we ...
1
vote
3answers
419 views

Put-Call Parity Application

In the binomial model, how that the Delta of a call option $\Delta^{call}$ and the Delta of a put option $\Delta^{put}$ with the same maturity and strike satisfy $$\Delta^{call}_t - \Delta^{put}_t = ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Put-Call parity arbitrage relationship

I would like to know what the relationship is between the time value of call/puts. From the put call parity formula $$C-P = S_{t} - PV(K)$$ and that value of call/put options is simply the sum of ...
1
vote
1answer
490 views

Proving the put call parity

In my course notes on the put-call parity, the proof is presented by going over two inequalities, namely $\text{RHS} > \text{LHS}$ implies arbtirage and $\text{RHS} < \text{LHS}$ implies ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Continuous Geometric Asian Options

Assume the risk-free bond $B_t$ and the stock $S_t$ follow the dynamics of the Black & Scholes model without dividends (with interest rate r, stock drift $\mu$ and volatility $\sigma$). Let $c(t; ...
1
vote
1answer
480 views

Bermudan Swaption

Is there an equation of the kind of call-put parity for Bermudean swaptions ? (maybe an inequality ) Is there an intuitive description of what would be an optimal exercise moment ? Intuitively I ...
1
vote
2answers
635 views

Prove that the vertical spread condition is bounded

I need to prove that vertical spread is bounded, by using no arbitrage condition. 0 > (C(T,K1 )- C(T,K2))/(K1- K2 ) >-e^(-r*T ) I have documented my ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Is this representation of the put-call parity correct? (Implied dividend estimation)

I am looking at implied dividend yields to be obtained from the put-call parity and have come across the following answer: Implied dividend estimation It states that $$ PV(div) = P - C + (S - K) + K(...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Put call parity: when are the premiums the same?

Please explain why put call parity could be compared to the payoff of a long forward contract. ie. $C_E-P_E=V_X(0)$ where $C_E,P_E$ are the call/put premiums and $V_X(0)$ is the value of a long ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

What is more likely effect to call and put prices, respectively, if the stock price decreases by$1?

The current stock price is \$80.Call ,and ,put, options, with ,exercise ,prices, of $50 and 3 days to maturity are currently trading. What is more likely effect to call and put prices, respectively, ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Under Put-Call Parity, why do we add the cost of carry to Call prices but subtract them from the Stock price and Put prices?

In Natenberg (1994) Chapter 11 he outlines the Put-Call parity relationships. ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Why do we need to borrow money in the call-put parity? [closed]

As I understand it, the call put parity is given by $$c = p + S - \frac{X}{(1 + r)^T}$$ I understand the rationale behind simultaneously buying the call, put and underlying asset for $S$, but why ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Equity repo close to money market rates?

I've noticed that the repo rate (here I mean the effective financing rate of the forward position in stock) implied from synthetic forwards is almost the same as money market benchmark (XXXibor 3M) ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

How far the spot price is likely to go from the current level in three months if its volatility is 15.7%

On Page 24 of N. Taleb's "Dynamic Hedging" the author gives the following example Example: Assume that an asset trades at \$100, with interest rates at 6% (annualized) and volatility at 15.7%. ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

put call parity for futures options derivation in Hull

In Hull, the following derivation of PCP for futures options: What confuses me is that it is stated that the payoff of the long futures is $F_t-F_0$. The footnote states: the analysis assumes that a ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Put-Call Parity Arbitrage Exploitation for Binary-Asset-or-Nothing Options

Is the Put-Call-Parity valid for binary (asset-or-nothing) options? If not, is there another formula for such exotic options? I know that for regular options, there are arbitrage opportunities when ...