Questions tagged [returns]

The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

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43 views

What is a cumulative return series?

I guess this is pretty easy but I cannot find a definition anywhere. I am trying to reproduce a paper and they say they use a cumulative return series at some point. Does anyone know exactly what this ...
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larger sample weights for larger absolute returns?

In section 4.6 of Advances in Financial Machine Learning, Lopez de Prado writes In the previous section we learned a method to bootstrap samples closer to IID. In this section we will introduce a ...
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Calculation of Long-Short-Portfolio returns for different holding periods

I have monthly stock returns I want to invest in according to my trading signals. Now I want to figure out the optimal holding period of the long-short-positions. (The same time for both positions). I ...
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Source for Intraday or High-frequency stock price data

I am in search for intraday (some observations per day would be fine) or high-frequency data for stock prices. I have for example 3.000 ISIN numbers of German companies and want to get the intraday/...
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Log Returns or Simple Returns for Portfolio Performance Analysis

Simple question but one thats stumping me slightly. I am doing a study analysing historical portfolio performance related to portfolios constructed with separate factors in mind. I realise simple ...
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Expected returns and Fama-French Factor Model

It is my understanding that for any given stock, the sample mean of historical returns is not a good proxy for the stock's expected return. In fact, the return on a stock needs to be estimated via ...
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Fama French: daily or weekly returns?

I am conducting a performance comparison analysis among sustainable and conventional mutual funds. I want to analyse the last 6 years and focus also on the subperiod of the COVID-19 crisis. I have ...
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144 views

What is better: A negatively skewed return or a positively skewed returns distribution?

I noticed that in certain literature, like in CFA level 1, the theory put forth is that someone should prefer positively skewed returns as mean > median > mode. But why is that? Based on a ...
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Why is the approximate entropy of (some) stock returns zero?

I downloaded some prices for TSLA and AMZN from yahoo finance to try and see if I could measure the entropy on a rolling basis with the intention being maybe returns have lower entropy (are more ...
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Predicting smoothed returns

Due to the extremly low ratio of signal to noise in financial data, predicting raw returns is very difficult. If we smooth out the price time series, say by an EWMA, and then calculate returns on this ...
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What about autocorrelation and heteroskedasticity in Fama French?

I am analysing ESG and conventional mutual funds. I decided to measure the extra performance of each category using the Fama French 4 factor model, but it seems to me that in previous literature they ...
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141 views

Are return time series ergodic?

It seems intuitive to me that return time series would be ergodic. Is there a test statistic that I can use to check this? Would this be affected by sampling rate? One way I can think of checking ...
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Term structure of Equity returns

What is the meaning of term structure of equity returns. I know what term structure of interest rates means, but somehow i cant seem to relate them. Also, how would we measure them? Also in this paper ...
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Proper way to measure portfolio returns

I have a peculiar trading strategy and I can't seem to be able to find a proper way to measure its performance. Background: The strategy consists of buying certain stocks and then selling them in ...
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Estimating distribution of rate of return

Let $f[t]$ be the price of a stock at time $t$. We can calculate the rolling rate of return of the stock in a window of length $n$ by computing: $$r[t] = \frac{f[t] - f[t-n]}{f[t-n]}$$ $r[t]$ is ...
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How to Calculate monthly excess returns from 3-Month Treasury Bill: Secondary Market Rate

I'm using portfoliovisualizer with their "dual momentum" function, I have selected out of market asset as cash, and left everything else as default - hopefully this link takes you straight ...
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How skewed are FX returns? Does this look like a plausible histogram of EURUSD?

I'm reading about volatility. I've charted the histogram of EURUSD and I am wondering if this looks plausible? What I've charted are the 1-hour percent change returns (not log returns). I've removed 0 ...
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137 views

Backshifting Price Timeseries with Memory Preservation

In Advances in Financial Machine Learning the author makes a case for fractionally differentiated price returns in chapter 5. The reason is to both maintain memory and to generate a stationary time ...
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Buy-and-hold raw and abnormal returns

This may seem like a silly question, but I have trouble understanding the concept. I am performing regressions where the dependent variables are raw buy-and-hold returns and abnormal buy-and-hold ...
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Novy-Marx Profitability “Excess” returns - What does Excess mean here?

I am reading Novy-Marx's paper titled "The other side of value: The gross profitability premium". Throughout the paper, he mentions excess returns in several tables, but I cannot find any ...
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Matching periodicity Fama-French Factors, Portfolio Return and Risk Free rate

I am trying to replicate certain aspects of the following paper: "Does the stock market fully value intangibles? Employee satisfaction and equity prices" - Alex Edmans (2011) for three ...
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Confusion regarding hedge calculation

this might not be the most advanced question, but hopefully this is the right community. Suppose that we have an asset with return $R_a$, a respective benchmark with return $R_b$ and the risk-free ...
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weekly returns and the daily returns scaled to weekly

I am new in this blog and first of all I want to apologise for my english. I have to calculate, for a university project, the weekly returns and daily scaled returns to weekly for few stocks For ...
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217 views

Log excess returns calculation

I need to calculate log excess returns. I'm given market level monthly total return index, price index and a risk-free rate (from Fama/French 3/5/etc. factors). I'm not sure whether I'm calculating ...
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63 views

Covariance Matrix for asset returns [closed]

Hey guys I'm pretty new here, not sure how to code my question so I'll include a picture reference instead. I'm a bit confused on how the standard deviation of F (commodity price) would affect the ...
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30 views

Scale price and returns

Through Bloomberg I have downloaded some data related to the Bloomberg Euro Aggregate Bond Index, however I think I am wrong. I was convinced to have taken the historical prices of the index (in ...
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Is Total Return data for mutual funds on Bloomberg adjusted for fees/expense ratio?

I'm comparing the performance of mutual funds using monthly returns data from Bloomberg. I use the Day to Day Total Returns (Gross Dividends) field represented in Excel by ...
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How to annualise hourly returns?

I have hourly open,high,low,close candles data for a particular asset. I wrote my own algo and some back testing code that replays the data from the past hourly candles to calculate the total return ...
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114 views

How to compute returns of a Pairs Trading Strategy with different holding periods?

I am currently working on a project where I am testing a Pairs Trading Strategy based on Cointegration. In this strategy I am considering to trade a couple of hundred stock pairs every day over a time ...
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123 views

How to calculate a Corporate Bond Transaction Price (Bond returns?)?

I am struggling with the concepts and variables of corporate bonds returns. Bai, Bali and Wen (2019) define monthly corporate bond returns as: Where where is transaction price, , is accrued ...
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What is the name of this concept/formula?

I stumbled on this not so complicated concept and couldn't figure out what it's called. I want to buy something that costs $M$ units of money, and have to pay it in $n$ months at a rate of $\frac M n$ ...
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172 views

Calculating returns from transactions

I have a collection of client transactions representing the trades of a single portfolio across multiple securities. What I'd like to do is the calculate the accurate ROI of each security and of the ...
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31 views

Compute 6 Month Returns using Monthly Returns data

I have data containing 6 months returns of a stock. ...
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1answer
136 views

T-statistics on monthly returns vs annualized monthly returns

eqI am very confused about a very basic question. This is probably more statistics than quantitative finance, but still, should be useful for this stackexchange board as well. Let's assume I have ...
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38 views

Bonds portfolio - total return

TRICKY QUESTION ON BOND PF RETURNS I am working on a bond portfolio, so for each line i have a monthly price change (equal weighted by the numebr of bonds in the portfolio this month) then the return ...
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490 views

How does one calculate carry-roll-down theoretically assuming expectations of short-term rates are realised

I am not asking for an explanation that is hugely quantitative, but rather one that is more intuitive. I am aware that there are different assumptions that one could take when it comes to carry-roll-...
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Return of a bond held to maturity and realised forward rates

Let's assume that forward rates are realised as part of a carry-roll-down scenario. The gross return of a bond under the realised forward assumption to maturity is: $\frac{c(1+f(2))(1+f(3))...(1+f(T))}...
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Covariance matrix for multiple assets - Second attempt

Ok, on the advice of administration I open a new question, hoping that in this way it becomes clearer. Like I said before, I am trying to understand how the authors of this (page 76) and this (page ...
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Prices and returns

I want to convert the payoff of an Asian and a lookback Call option with prices in their corresponding with returns. Example: for an European Call $\varphi(S_T)=(S_T-K)^+$, so knowing that $S_T=S_0(1+...
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How to calculate portfolio returns from assets with different valuation frequencies and return methdologies?

I have a situation in which I'd like to calculate a total portfolio return for a portfolio made up of funds with different valuation frequencies and return methodologies. As an example, say I have a ...
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Boundaries on the single-period returns

I know that $e^{t\mu_{\operatorname{log}}-\Gamma\sqrt{t}\sigma_{\operatorname{log}}}\leq \widetilde{R}_t^S \leq e^{t\mu_{\operatorname{log}}+\Gamma\sqrt{t}\sigma_{\operatorname{log}}}$, with $\mu_{\...
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Calculate daily account value & returns on trading system backtest

Quick question, I'm having a brain freeze. I've done a simple system to practice array based backtesting. I was able to calculate my PnL by subtracting the "close" from the "buyPrice&...
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Please help me understand this dataset regarding stock prices

I am supposed to predict column E but I cannot figure out what any of these columns mean. The information provided with the dataset is as follows: column A: past 28 week slope value column B: past 48 ...
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Relationship between risk and return for GBM and riskless bond

Suppose we have $S$, a stock following geometric Brownian motion ($dS_t = S_t (\mu dt + \sigma dZ_t)$ for $Z =$ Brownian motion) and $B$, a zero coupon bond with rate $r$, i.e. $dB_t = rB_t dt$. In ...
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Estimating the XIRR of a very non uniform cash flows

It's my second post, so please bear my lack of experience in this field. I've a very irregular cash flow (here you can see the set of date - cumulative cash flow) The XIRR, calculated with Excel, is ...
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Performance return of holdings if you know the returns of top10 holdings?

I think this is a simple question, but struggling to get my head around it. There is a fund that showcases its top 10 holdings and their respective weights. I want to infer the performance of the rest ...
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61 views

Event study using sector indices

Analyzing Covid-19's impact on different sectors I would like to use sector indices. Can you use CAPM or similar to calculate abnormal returns of indices or does it only work with stock prices?
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Does the Shannon entropy of stock returns change over time?

Shannon entropy, $H(X) = -\sum_{i=1}^n p(x) \ln p(x)$ is a probabilistic measure of randomness or disorder within a random variable's probability distribution or histogram. If we take rolling window ...
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79 views

Using Taylor formula with logarithmic returns

I would like to calculate PnL scenarios for an FX portfolio using Taylor series approximation: $$ \begin{align} \text{PnL} \approx \delta \Delta r + \frac{1}{2} (\Delta r)^2 \Gamma \end{align} $$ I ...
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How to calculate monthly returns in R for every company in a dataset of 4000 companies?

I want to calculate monthly returns for a time series of 4000 companies between 2014 and 2019. This is how my dataset looks like I'm using the following code to calculate the returns nyseamex <- ...

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