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# Questions tagged [returns]

The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

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### How to create an Efficient Frontier graph with one constant asset at 5% of the portfolio and two other assets fluctuate between remaining allocation?

Creating an Efficient Frontier graph with Stocks and Bonds over a 0%/100%, 10%/90%, 20/80%, ....
168 views

### How to calculate annualized simple returns and annualized simple standard deviation given historical daily data

I have daily log returns of my asset that run over several years and I would like to calculate a time series of the Rolling Sharpe Ratio. This Sharpe Ratio asks specifically for: Annualized simple ...
78 views

### How to apply derived beta to daily change?

I've taken three months of price return data for two instruments and calculated a $\beta$ between the two using the formula $\beta = \frac{Cov(x,y}{Var(y)}$ with the goal of estimating what the ...
233 views

### How to compute bond drawdowns?

I came across a very interesting article which shows a picture with the drawdowns bondholders would have faced by investing in Fixed Income since 1919. The data is based on the Moody's seasoned AAA ...
200 views

### Monte Carlo simulation based VaR: daily vs annual parameters

I am given the initial price, annualized return, and volatility of a security. I am trying to calculate annualized VaR using Monte Carlo simulation approach. To do this I will use the following ...
446 views

### Ways to calculate daily returns

A complete rookie here. I'm currently reading Ernie Chan's 'Algorithmic Trading' and trying to recreate his results with quantstrat in R. Everything seems to be fine except for portfolio return ...
456 views

### VaR interpretation for positive returns

I used Extreme Value Theory to separate extreme negative returns from extreme positive returns, then, I calculated the VaR for both. I need to know what could be the interpretation of VaR for ...
63 views

### Determining significant difference between to return series

I want to analyse whether two return series are different. I was told to run the following regression: ...
172 views

### Exponential weighting of returns

I am looking for a procedure to compute an exponential weighting of returns given a half life parameter. I ran accross a wikipedia article, can I take it unchanged an assume N(t) is the return at ...
39 views

### dynamic programming with serially independent returns

Book suggests that "asset returns are assumed to be serially independent, so wealth is a single state connecting one period to the next". I understand path dependency is lost in case of serial ...
660 views

### what is a reasonable beta in CAPM?

I want to predict expected returns for assets using a CAPM, to calculate unexpected (unpredictable, idiosyncratic, non-systemic) returns in portfolios. My CAPM estimated on monthly total gross ...
250 views

### Calculating intraday returns from imperfect data in R [closed]

The aim is to calculate minute returns in R. Given is minute price data in a tbl_df. A row was only added if there actually were trades. ...
83 views

### IRR for irregular cashflow in and out

So I work for a real estate development umbrella company and the developers that work within it borrow money as needed from the company and receive a percentage of the inflows after repayment of debt. ...
139 views

### Is there a stochastic equation which can model returns according to its four moments?

The normal stochastic equation only models mean and standard deviation. For now, I'm randomly picking returns from a historical CDF of the returns. I'd like to have some flexibility when it comes to ...
4k views

### Why do two perfectly negatively correlated assets not return 0%? [closed]

So, per the title, why would a combination of two risky assets that have the same exact expected return and standard deviation while being perfectly negatively correlated not return 0%? Why do you ...
37 views

### Differences Between Portfolio Daily Average Returns

I have a doubt about the average daily return for a 2 stock porfolio. I have the data of both stock returns over a 1511 day period. I used 2 approachs to calculate the average return. In the first one,...
356 views

### Momentum strategy cumulation of K-monthly returns over multiple months [duplicate]

In a momentum strategy, every month you form a portfolio of winners. Each of these portfolio you hold for K months. So after K months you sell the 1st portfolio, after K+1 months you sell the next and ...
585 views

### Convert returns into an index? [closed]

What's the right way to take a series of returns and convert it into a continuous index? Let's say I want to show the performance of a strategy starting from 1, and adding on returns so that I get an ...
82 views

### Problems with Money Weighted Rate of Return [closed]

The market value of a small pension fund’s assets was 2.7m on 1 January 2000 and 3.1 m on 31 December 2000. During 2000 the only cash flows were: Bank interest and dividends totalling 125,000 ...
144 views

### Variance covariance matrix - number of periods required

Hi I am reviewing the example of Barra risk model in the following document page 23 there is the statement: "Estimating a covariance matrix for, say, 3,000 stocks requires data for at least 3,...
160 views

### Methods for distributing cash into allocation

Are there any methods/techniques that cover distributing cash into a specific percent of a portfolio asset class while gaining the best average price? As a simple example, a portfolio starts with ...
2k views

### How to compute simple and log portfolio returns?

I am looking for more details to perform simple and log returns for an entire portfolio. However, I've only been able to find the following semi-reliable source (see Page 9 and Page 19): Here are my ...