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Questions tagged [returns]

The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

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1answer
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How to calculate annualized simple returns and annualized simple standard deviation given historical daily data

I have daily log returns of my asset that run over several years and I would like to calculate a time series of the Rolling Sharpe Ratio. This Sharpe Ratio asks specifically for: Annualized simple ...
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1answer
78 views

How to apply derived beta to daily change?

I've taken three months of price return data for two instruments and calculated a $\beta$ between the two using the formula $\beta = \frac{Cov(x,y}{Var(y)}$ with the goal of estimating what the ...
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1answer
233 views

How to compute bond drawdowns?

I came across a very interesting article which shows a picture with the drawdowns bondholders would have faced by investing in Fixed Income since 1919. The data is based on the Moody's seasoned AAA ...
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200 views

Monte Carlo simulation based VaR: daily vs annual parameters

I am given the initial price, annualized return, and volatility of a security. I am trying to calculate annualized VaR using Monte Carlo simulation approach. To do this I will use the following ...
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2answers
446 views

Ways to calculate daily returns

A complete rookie here. I'm currently reading Ernie Chan's 'Algorithmic Trading' and trying to recreate his results with quantstrat in R. Everything seems to be fine except for portfolio return ...
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1answer
456 views

VaR interpretation for positive returns

I used Extreme Value Theory to separate extreme negative returns from extreme positive returns, then, I calculated the VaR for both. I need to know what could be the interpretation of VaR for ...
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1answer
63 views

Determining significant difference between to return series

I want to analyse whether two return series are different. I was told to run the following regression: ...
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1answer
172 views

Exponential weighting of returns

I am looking for a procedure to compute an exponential weighting of returns given a half life parameter. I ran accross a wikipedia article, can I take it unchanged an assume N(t) is the return at ...
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39 views

dynamic programming with serially independent returns

Book suggests that "asset returns are assumed to be serially independent, so wealth is a single state connecting one period to the next". I understand path dependency is lost in case of serial ...
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660 views

what is a reasonable beta in CAPM?

I want to predict expected returns for assets using a CAPM, to calculate unexpected (unpredictable, idiosyncratic, non-systemic) returns in portfolios. My CAPM estimated on monthly total gross ...
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1answer
250 views

Calculating intraday returns from imperfect data in R [closed]

The aim is to calculate minute returns in R. Given is minute price data in a tbl_df. A row was only added if there actually were trades. ...
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1answer
83 views

IRR for irregular cashflow in and out

So I work for a real estate development umbrella company and the developers that work within it borrow money as needed from the company and receive a percentage of the inflows after repayment of debt. ...
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3answers
139 views

Is there a stochastic equation which can model returns according to its four moments?

The normal stochastic equation only models mean and standard deviation. For now, I'm randomly picking returns from a historical CDF of the returns. I'd like to have some flexibility when it comes to ...
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1answer
4k views

Why do two perfectly negatively correlated assets not return 0%? [closed]

So, per the title, why would a combination of two risky assets that have the same exact expected return and standard deviation while being perfectly negatively correlated not return 0%? Why do you ...
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1answer
37 views

Differences Between Portfolio Daily Average Returns

I have a doubt about the average daily return for a 2 stock porfolio. I have the data of both stock returns over a 1511 day period. I used 2 approachs to calculate the average return. In the first one,...
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1answer
356 views

Momentum strategy cumulation of K-monthly returns over multiple months [duplicate]

In a momentum strategy, every month you form a portfolio of winners. Each of these portfolio you hold for K months. So after K months you sell the 1st portfolio, after K+1 months you sell the next and ...
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1answer
585 views

Convert returns into an index? [closed]

What's the right way to take a series of returns and convert it into a continuous index? Let's say I want to show the performance of a strategy starting from 1, and adding on returns so that I get an ...
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1answer
82 views

Problems with Money Weighted Rate of Return [closed]

The market value of a small pension fund’s assets was 2.7m on 1 January 2000 and 3.1 m on 31 December 2000. During 2000 the only cash flows were: Bank interest and dividends totalling 125,000 ...
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1answer
144 views

Variance covariance matrix - number of periods required

Hi I am reviewing the example of Barra risk model in the following document page 23 there is the statement: "Estimating a covariance matrix for, say, 3,000 stocks requires data for at least 3,...
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1answer
160 views

Methods for distributing cash into allocation

Are there any methods/techniques that cover distributing cash into a specific percent of a portfolio asset class while gaining the best average price? As a simple example, a portfolio starts with ...
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1answer
2k views

How to compute simple and log portfolio returns?

I am looking for more details to perform simple and log returns for an entire portfolio. However, I've only been able to find the following semi-reliable source (see Page 9 and Page 19): Here are my ...
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1answer
15k views

How to annualize log returns? [closed]

I have daily log return from 01.01.2011 to 10.28.2011 and I'd like to compare the total return of that 10 months period (which is of -7.093%) to annual log returns of previous years. I know it's ...
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1answer
124 views

Why is there no closed-form equation for XIRR?

Everything I have read about XIRR (e.g., as calculated in Excel) says that there is no closed-form equation and it must be calculated by iterated approximation. Could someone give a brief ...