# Questions tagged [risk-management]

The identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks, followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

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### What is Leverage?

What would you consider leverage? I know this may sound like a basic question but I have spoken with several industry professionals with a significant amount of experience and all of them have a ...
• 5,010
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### How to estimate the lambda parameter in EWMA in excel solver

So I have a simple enough assignment question. I was asked to find the EWMA for daily stock returns of a given firm. When I was answering the Garch problem, I had multiple variables- alpha, beta, ...
49 views

### Does tail risk disappear in the long horizon in any rolling over strategy with shorter frequency?

Say I am investing to gain weekly yields ${y_{i}}$ for over a year, gaining the overall yield: $\prod_{n=1}^{52} (1+y_i) -1$ The most dominant term in the above product is the sum of all yields, which ...
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### Counterparty Credit Risk - Reference book for a mathematical introduction [duplicate]

Which book would you recommend for an introduction to CCR from a mathematical perspective? I would like to complement the Jon Gregory's book "the XVA Challenge" with a more quant oriented ...
42 views

### IR risk sensitivity to curve instruments

I need to understand if the 2 approaches are equivalent: assume I am constructing a yield curve with N instruments. I would like to compute IR delta for a product using this curve. One approach is to ...
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1 vote
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### Core deposits forecasting in stress testing

I’m designing a stress test at a commercial bank. What are the advantages/disadvantages of forecasting core NMD deposits vs. total deposit balances?
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### Does VaR calculations consider my portfolio past

I am relatively new to trading and decided to become more quantitative about it. I have had a portfolio for about two years, where I changed my positions several times. I now learnt about VaR ...
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1 vote
207 views

### How does an Options Market Maker (OMM) deal with an asymmetric inventory?

Let us use an example of a market maker quoting the ATM straddle. Under Black-Scholes: S = 100 K = 100 DTE = 3 IV: 20 r = 0 q = 0 No rates or dividends for ...
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1 vote
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### Calculation of Total Credit Risk Capital % but seeing lower capital percentage for higher risk band. Is there any correction required?

I am trying to calculate the Total Credit Risk capital % for my learning purpose as given below. Assuming adding 1 single loan with different pds. i have noticed one point in the table and have two ...
88 views

### May banks ignore the vol surface for far OTM, distantly-dated options, and make risk decisions only on near-term implied ATM vol?

Here is a difficult "real-life" skew / surface options problem that actually occurred. Please help me judge its validity or falsity. In 2018 a Chinese communications stock was falling, and ...
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### Aggregating greeks to portfolio level

I have been asked to calculate/aggregate certain Greeks (delta, gamma, and vega) up to portfolio level for a portfolio consisting of a range of (long and short) equities, convertible bonds, and ...
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### pooling equilibrium

I was hoping for some help on how to answer a question about pooling equilibrium. Suppose a bank wants to give loans of 1 million dollars to people, but it cannot differentiate between high risk ...
47 views

### Finding stock pairs whose spread is used for a risk neutral long-term investment

I am currently working on researching about ways to improve returns in pairs trading. I had previously posted a reference request here, where I had described a toy pair that seemed to be co-integrated....
41 views

### Backtesting Hedged Equity Portfolio with Options

I am trying to find some papers and methodologies on backtesting an Equity portfolio with broad-based index options as hedge. For example, take SPY and systematically hedge it with 9 months 30 delta ...
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### How to set VaR and other Risk Limits

I have read a lot of literature on how to calculate VaR and it's advantages and disadvantages. But I am struggling to find anything on how to set a VaR limit. For example, say if I am a Risk Manager ...
75 views

### How to adjust a strategy's alpha assuming a zero-value starting portfolio (\$0 cash, \$0 assets)?

A simple paper test of a trading strategy is to assume one borrows all money to purchase assets and see if trading increases the liquidation value of the portfolio (cash + liquidation value of assets)....
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170 views

### Strategies for trading on a forecast

I have been experimenting with multiple methods of forecasting the daily high and low for a certain security. I have found a very basic ensemble of several common forecasting approaches is, well, ...
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151 views

### How to measure Steepener/Flattener/Butterfly sensitivity? (in 01)

This seems like a simple concept but I'm a bit lost. How can I calculate the dollar value sensitivity for a yield curve slope or butterfly position? I understand how DV01 can be calculated, but it ...
130 views

### Pragmatic question about use of Stress Tests/metrics

I have been looking at the onboarding of some derivative products, and the subject of our internal stress framework. I suspect like similar businesses, we have a set of stress scenarios, mostly based ...
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### Reference request (Risk Management + Insurance Theory) [duplicate]

I have to study the following topics: Market and credit risk assessment models Technical risk assessment models: non-life and life Models for the valuation of bonds and for the determination of the ...
45 views

### What are some references for risk management of professional equity fund portfolios?

In particular, I am looking for methodologies for equity portfolios that are primarily managed by fundamental-based methods rather than quantitative strategies. Even though the portfolio is not based ...
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1 vote
192 views

### ML in Factor Models

I have recently learned about (implicit) factor models of the form: $$R = Xf + \epsilon$$ where $R \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ are security returns, $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times F}$ are factor loadings for ...
131 views

### Filtered Historical Simulation VaR for swaps

I am trying to understand how to calculate FHS VaR for a portofolio of vanilla swaps. I think I understand the main ideas behind FHS VaR and how to implement it for other assets such as equities. I ...
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### How do I estimate the factor sensitivity in a Vasicek Single Factor Model?

I understand the formula of an asset return for an obligor i is given by the following: $$A_i = \sqrt{w_i}*Z + \sqrt{1-w_i}*\epsilon_i$$ My question is - How do I calculate $w_i$? I have the PD, LGD ...
86 views

### Risk-managing vanilla books (sell-side)

I am interested in learning more about how traders risk-manage books of vanilla options. I presume there should be a fairly standard list of facts. For the moment, the area of interest is FX, as ...
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### What is an appropriate Risk Metric for Portfolio Construction when returns are predicted instead of using mean returns?

I am trying to build a portfolio management system as my college project, and the approach I have chosen is that of combining machine learning and mathematical optimization. I am using weekly data. ...
142 views

### How do you hedge your inventory when doing arbitrage?

Say I want to do arbitrage between Exchange A and Exchange B on USD/AAPL. This requires that I hold equal parts USD and AAPL. I don't want exposure to the movement in AAPL. How do I hedge my AAPL ...
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### Is this an Example where Maximum Adverse Excursion (MAE) is not useful for a Stop-Loss?

Below is an attached screenshot of a scatter plot of a long position Percentage Return of a Asset Security on the Y-axis, and the Maximum Adverse Excursion (MAE) Percentage on the X-axis. Green dots ...
39 views

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