Questions tagged [sharpe-ratio]

Excess return per unit of deviation in return.

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41 views

Calculation of the risk free rate

For portfolio management I need the risk-free to compute the sharpe ratio. I would like the use to rate on the 3 month treasury bill from the US. https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TB3MS#0 The ...
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30 views

Given multiple strategies with their ER, volatility, how would I calculate the combined Sharpe?

Without knowing the actual daily returns, I have a table something like this: ...
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41 views

Sharpe Ratio and interest rate

The Sharpe ratio is calculated as the ratio between the return and the volatility. Now, when I have a trading strategy that requires to be invested sometimes and to be flat other times, I assume 0% ...
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1answer
50 views

Sharpe Ratio - Linear Homogeneous

In the book "Portfolio Construction and Risk Budgeting" of Sherer, there is an excercise with the following prompt: "Use matrix algebra to find the maximum Sharpe ratio portfolio. Show that the ...
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89 views

Geometric Sharpe ratio

I'm computing different metrics for mutual fund performance. I want to use classic Sharpe ratio, but I also got to know there is geometric Sharpe ratio. Unfortunately I didn't find enough info about ...
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Deriving Single Index Model (Market Model)

is the return of the stock of observation is the return of the reference market is the regression coefficient between the observed stock and the reference market is the regression intercept between ...
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21 views

Distribution of the Information Ratio // Mean and Variance Product

We are investigating the distribtuion of the information ratio. However, instead of using the original information ratio defined as \begin{equation} IR=\frac{E(r_1)-E(r_2)}{\sqrt{Var(r_1-r_2)}}, \end{...
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sharp ratio/sortino ratio for options portfolio

I am thinking that the sharp ratio is not a valid performance metric for a long/short options book, because options are inherently nonlinear and the standard deviation simply cannot correctly capture ...
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38 views

How/Why Markowitz model is normatitive while CAPM positive?

I've tried economic books but they only give this "should/is" explanations and I still cannot see how it applies to MPT. On the other hand, almost every paper and book gives these adjectives before ...
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Calculate best share based on return of investement and standard devation (Without risk free rate)

I have a microeconomics task in investment analysis. How do you pick the best share based on return of investment and standard deviations? The task is like this: 3 shares: Share A: 10% ROI & 20% ...
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74 views

Sharpe testing in R

My goal test: The statistical significance of the difference in Sharpe ratio between funds A and B. My data: I have daily prices from January 23 2008 until 10th of April 2019 (n = 2818 observations). ...
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72 views

Sharpe Ratio - How do I calculate my risk free rate from daily yield data?

I am trying to compute a Sharpe ratio for a portfolio spanning over 20 years. I have daily data for the portfolio, as well as the yield of CH10Yr (10 year bond in Switzerland, downloaded from Thomson ...
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83 views

No-arbitrage and the sharpe ratio?

I'm reading a paper and it says that in a no-arbitrage market the sharpe ratio is the same for all bonds. I'm guessing that a difference in two bonds sharpe ratios would open the possibility of ...
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67 views

Modified Sharpe ratio

I would like to model different type of investors, hence I need to find some kind of utility functions to optimize. Apart from very abstract exponential utility function, I couldn't find any proper ...
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54 views

Calculating Ex-ante Sharpe Ratio in multi-period setting

I have built a return process $\{x_t, t = 1,\dots,T\}$ for an asset. Suppose I have generated $K$ sample paths $\{x_t^j, t=1,\dots,T\}, j=1,\dots,K$. I think of two ways to compute the Sharpe ratio. ...
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48 views

Can I calculate Sharpe ratio by running over many samples?

I have an algorithm that I am backtesting 200 times. It trades over 200 trading days per iteration. My sharpe ratio is calculated as follows: ...
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53 views

Compare ex-post Sharpe ratio of multiple portfolios?

Say I want to compare the Sharpe ratio of two portfolios, is it necessary to look at the excess return? Or can you just compare their average return divided by their standard deviation? So basically, ...
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136 views

Risk-return ratio using ML default probability

I have access to a very large bond database (>20m rows) where 50% of the set are matured bonds for which a dummy variable identifies whether the bond defaulted or not. The remaining 50% are 'live' ...
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Which performance evaluation measure to assess “Connectedness Matrix” based porfolios?

1. Question Which performance evaluation measure would be best to assess the portfolios built on 'connectedness matrix'? The connectedness matrix is the concept introduced in the academic paper "...
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Alpha decay for strong vs weak signals

Assuming you are computing alpha decay similarly to shown here (e.g., exponential decay of the information ratio with lagged signals). I'm wondering whether it is preferable to treat strong vs weak ...
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603 views

Maximum Sharpe portfolio (no short selling restrictions)

Suppose we have $n$ assets whose expected return vector is $r$ and is positive, and whose covariance matrix is $\Sigma$. Is there a closed form or quasi closed form (like the eigenvector of a matrix ...
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104 views

A positive Sharpe ratio when portfolio loses money, can that happen or bug in my code?

I'm having a trouble calculating (annualized from daily performance) Sharpe ratio, even though I've read some related posts here. Say I have a daily performance, for example: $$[1.15, 1.2, 0.7]$$ ...
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Another variation of the 'Sharpe ratio' in CVaR-based portfolio optimization?

Question What is the ratio S(p) shown below? Do we have a name for it like 'Sharpe ratio'? The ratio above is introduced in the academic paper Optimal portfolio selection in a Value-at-Risk framework ...
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Is the sharpe ratio calculated taking the standard deviation of the portfolio or of the excess return?

Does the formula consider the standard deviation of the excess return: $$\frac{𝑟−𝑟_𝑓}{𝜎{(𝑟−𝑟_𝑓)}}$$ or that of the return: $$\frac{𝑟−𝑟_𝑓}{𝜎{(𝑟)}}$$
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94 views

Simulated Sharpe Ratio Calculation for Leveraged Portfolio

I've written some VBA code to simulate the effect of borrowing money, investing it, and repaying the loan daily. PseduoCode: Start with a portfolio value of P = 1 Each day borrow P, invest 2*P, ...
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Maximum Sharpe Ratio Portfolio

Conceptually, what are the drawbacks / unforeseen risks of running a portfolio whose weight are derived from what would have maximised the sharpe ratio over the previous time period (last 30 days) ?
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734 views

Portfolio Weight Sum and Negative Weights

I'm calculating the weights of 10 securities in a portfolio for a course project, with the objective of maximizing the sharpe ratio. I'm getting both positive and negative results for weights. The ...
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How to calculate “Differential Sharpe ratio”?

Instead of using the "sliding the time window" method of calculating the sharpe ratio under online framework, they've defined "differential sharpe ratio" as such But under equation 5, you can ...
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Calculation of Information Ratio

When calculating an information ratio, should the average of monthly returns be used or the cumulative monthly returns be used? Thanks!
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176 views

Calculating Sharpe Ratio with dynamic position sizing

I'm currently backtesting a mean reversion pairs trading strategy. However, instead of simple long or short trading signals, I'm using multiple "levels", where the further away the spread is from the ...
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4answers
376 views

sharpe ratio from regression

Suppose I run a regression of returns of an asset vs some signal. Is there a way to estimate Sharpe ratio of a strategy based on this signal from this regression? Assuming that signal is a real number ...
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133 views

How is breadth for Information Ratio Calculated

An alternative definition of the information Ratio (sharpe ratio) is: $IR = IC\sqrt{BR}$ I have been reading Grinold and Kahn. I have the following questions for calculating BR: Q1. If 500 stocks ...
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618 views

How to measure the Sharpe Ratio of a high frequency trading strategy?

The Sharpe Ratio is defined as Sharpe ratio = (Mean portfolio return − Risk-free rate)/Standard deviation of portfolio return. Unfortunately, this does not make ...
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70 views

Sharpe Ratio with Stochastic Interest Rate?

All versions of the Sharpe ratio that I've seen seem to assume that the risk-free rate is constant, and the standard deviation of the excess return in the denominator simplifies to the standard ...
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1answer
112 views

Annualising Data

I have a 3 year performance track record of monthly returns. I am trying to calculate the Sortino Ratio, Information Ratio, Treynor index etc. In calculating the Sharpe Ratio I have multiplied the ...
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148 views

Multi year performance evaluations [closed]

first question here on StackExchange; I would value your help, I am on excel working with a 3 year / 36 month investment performance. I am calculating the Sharpe Ratio as follows; Cell KV32 = ...
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252 views

performance measure using pnl series

I have a time series of \$pnl of a strategy and nothing else. Can i use it to come up with some sort of a performance measure adjusted for risk? Is $$ \frac{average(\$pnl)} {sigma(\$pnl)}$$ ok to use ...
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307 views

Calculating Ex-Post Sharpe Ratio

I'm trying to calculate an Ex-Post Sharpe Ratio for my portfolio and I would appreciate verification I'm doing it correctly. I have my portfolio's daily returns in one column and my benchmark's ...
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269 views

What is the industry standard way of calculating and annualizing performance metrics?

Say I am looking at a performance report for a hedge fund manager who trades mostly equities, and they provide me a list of monthly returns for the past 5 years. What is the industry standard way to ...
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Definition request - Brownian Motion Characterised by Sharpe Ratio

What is the Stochastic Differential Equation for a "Brownian Motion Characterised by Sharpe Ratio"? I saw it in a paper ("Lessons from the Mortician: volatility modulation") and the authors do not ...
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Sharpe ratio for dynamic portfolio

I want to test the performance of my strategy with different rebalancing period. I'm struggle with calculating the overall performance on backtest results and making final conclusions. For example, ...
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254 views

Portfolio Allocation given Sharpe Ratio

If there are two portfolios with sharpe ratios of 1.2 and 0.5, what would be the allocation rationale. If the correlation between portfolios is: $a. 0 $ $b. 0.8 $ $c.-0.8 $ I see there is a ...
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2k views

How to calculate Sharpe Ratio from $ returns?

I have a pairs strategy that I am trying to calculate the sharpe ratio for. Currently I am using python for my analysis and calculation. I have a dataframe that contains the cumulative returns in $'s ...
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1answer
863 views

maximize Sharpe ratio in portfolio optimization

I am trying to understand how to maximize Sharpe ratio in portfolio optimization. $\boxed{\begin{align}\max\>&\frac{r^Tx-r_f}{\sqrt{x^TQx}}\\ & \sum_i x_i = 1\\ & x_i\ge 0\end{align}}$ ...
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270 views

What is the relation between Relative Risk Aversion and Market Price of Risk

If we assume that the preferences of investors in a market aggregate to display the following utility function $$u(W)=\dfrac{1}{1-\gamma}W^{1-\gamma},\quad \gamma>0,\quad \gamma\neq1$$ then from$...
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Sharpe Ratio Calculation Best Practice

For Sharpe ratio formula : $SR(s) = \frac{(x_s - r)}{\sigma_s}$ where for the time period under evaluation : $x_s$ represents the average return of the portfolio $r$ represents average return of ...
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893 views

How can I find the portfolio with maximum Sharpe Ratio - Using Lagrange Multipliers

In Markowitz' portfolio theory we can construct portfolios with the minimum variance for a given expected return (or vice versa). Across expected risks, this traces out the well-known efficient ...
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304 views

Many quants optimize sharpe ratios, sortino ratios, or anything of the form A/B. What about maximizing something of the form (AB)/(CD)?

The Sharpe ratio is defined as return/risk, generally as mean(ret)/sd(ret), where ret represents the data set of returns of an investment. However, I have seen other ratios that I also like. What I ...
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Bayesian strategy selection

I have N strategies/signals that I would like to allocate to. I want to estimate an estimate of future performance based off of recent realized performance (momentum of strategies per se - e.g. ...
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983 views

What is the CAPM implication for Sharpe Ratios?

Suppose a world where the CAPM holds, i.e. stocks with higher beta have higher expected returns. What would be in this world the implication for Sharpe Ratios? Would stocks with higher beta also have ...