Questions tagged [sharpe-ratio]

Excess return per unit of deviation in return.

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54
votes
8answers
77k views

How to annualize Sharpe Ratio?

I have a basic question about annualized Sharpe Ratio Calculation: if I know the daily return of my portfolio, the thing I need to do is multiply the Sharpe Ratio by $\sqrt{252}$ to have it annualized....
25
votes
5answers
9k views

Should Sharpe ratio be computed using log returns or relative returns?

I am trying to reconcile some research with some published values of 'Sharpe ratio', and would like to know the 'standard' method for computing the same: Based on daily returns? Monthly? Weekly? ...
26
votes
10answers
20k views

Should I use an arithmetic or a geometric calculation for the Sharpe Ratio?

What are the advantages/disadvantages of using the arithmetic Sharpe Ratio vs the geometric Sharpe Ratio? Is one more correct? Or is one better in certain circumstances?
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Normality assumption in Sharpe ratio

I have read that the Sharpe ratio imposes a normality assumption, but I fail to see how. Standard deviation is statistic for any type of distribution. Anyone have any ideas?
16
votes
2answers
9k views

Kelly criterion and Sharpe ratio

Whats the relationship between the Kelly criterion and the Sharpe ratio? $$ f=\frac{p(b+1)-1}{b} $$ where $f$ is a percentage of how much capital to place on a bet, $p$ is the probability of success,...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Maximum Sharpe portfolio (no short selling restrictions)

Suppose we have $n$ assets whose expected return vector is $r$ and is positive, and whose covariance matrix is $\Sigma$. Is there a closed form or quasi closed form (like the eigenvector of a matrix ...
15
votes
4answers
8k views

Sharpe ratio and leverage

Does leverage affect the Sharpe ratio? If my Sharpe is 2 at no leverage, does it change, fall by half say, at a different leverage?
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Is this a common variation of sharpe ratio?

As an aside on his answer on another question Freddy said: Sharpe ratio is an often cited metric, though I do not like it too much because you are penalized for out-sized positive returns while I ...
8
votes
1answer
372 views

Forget Kelly, forget fractional sizing. Where is the general theory?

I am struggling to find a general theory of position sizing. Help! The literature is all about fractional position sizing, but that's just one of the innumerable strategies. What about all the other ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I find the portfolio with maximum Sharpe Ratio - Using Lagrange Multipliers

In Markowitz' portfolio theory we can construct portfolios with the minimum variance for a given expected return (or vice versa). Across expected risks, this traces out the well-known efficient ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

maximize Sharpe ratio in portfolio optimization

I am trying to understand how to maximize Sharpe ratio in portfolio optimization. $\boxed{\begin{align}\max\>&\frac{r^Tx-r_f}{\sqrt{x^TQx}}\\ & \sum_i x_i = 1\\ & x_i\ge 0\end{align}}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Sharpe Ratio - my own calculation differs from Yahoo finance, Morningstar

I am trying to compute the Sharpe ratio for my portfolio. To check that I am doing this correctly, I am first trying to compute it for SPY (the S&P 500 index). ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Computing the Sharpe Ratio

The building blocks of the Sharpe ratio—expected returns and volatilities—are unknown quantities that must be estimated statistically and are subject to estimation error. The main problem I have is ...
3
votes
1answer
537 views

How do i test the significance of Sharpe ratio of a strategy using bootstrap

How do i test the significance of Sharpe ratio of a strategy whether it is any different from another strategy ?? How do i get a p-value out of it ? What should be the H0 in the hypothesis testing ? ...
1
vote
4answers
671 views

sharpe ratio from regression

Suppose I run a regression of returns of an asset vs some signal. Is there a way to estimate Sharpe ratio of a strategy based on this signal from this regression? Assuming that signal is a real number ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Sharpe ratio with leveraged ETFs

There has been a discussion about how leverage affects Sharpe Ratios, but not in the context of leveraged ETFs (such as 2x or 3x). I'm just wondering how leveraged ETFs, if at all, change the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the Sharpe ratio for market neutral strategies?

Suppose I am long one stock and short an index in a ratio effectively making market beta as zero and I close the position with some positive P&L. How should I calculate the return for the ...