Questions tagged [sharpe-ratio]

Excess return per unit of deviation in return.

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54
votes
8answers
81k views

How to annualize Sharpe Ratio?

I have a basic question about annualized Sharpe Ratio Calculation: if I know the daily return of my portfolio, the thing I need to do is multiply the Sharpe Ratio by $\sqrt{252}$ to have it annualized....
26
votes
10answers
20k views

Should I use an arithmetic or a geometric calculation for the Sharpe Ratio?

What are the advantages/disadvantages of using the arithmetic Sharpe Ratio vs the geometric Sharpe Ratio? Is one more correct? Or is one better in certain circumstances?
26
votes
5answers
9k views

Should Sharpe ratio be computed using log returns or relative returns?

I am trying to reconcile some research with some published values of 'Sharpe ratio', and would like to know the 'standard' method for computing the same: Based on daily returns? Monthly? Weekly? ...
21
votes
6answers
26k views

How high of a Sharpe ratio is implausibly high for a low-frequency equity strategy?

I am looking to convince someone that an annualized Sharpe Ratio of 7 is 'extremely high' for a low frequency (daily rebalancing, say) long-short technical strategy on U.S. equities. I was hoping for ...
20
votes
2answers
958 views

How do you correct Max Draw-Down for auto-correlation?

When returns are auto-correlated, calculating a Sharpe ratio := $\frac {mean(x)}{\sqrt{var(x)}}$, (where $x$ are the returns) is complicated, but basically solved (see, e.g. Lo (2005)). Without the ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

Kelly criterion and Sharpe ratio

Whats the relationship between the Kelly criterion and the Sharpe ratio? $$ f=\frac{p(b+1)-1}{b} $$ where $f$ is a percentage of how much capital to place on a bet, $p$ is the probability of success,...
15
votes
4answers
8k views

Sharpe ratio and leverage

Does leverage affect the Sharpe ratio? If my Sharpe is 2 at no leverage, does it change, fall by half say, at a different leverage?
15
votes
1answer
641 views

How does one measure the effect of latency on potential returns?

I am looking to evaluate the hypothetical advantage one trading system has over another in terms of the possible returns given their latency. Irene Aldridge wrote a piece (How Profitable Are High-...
14
votes
1answer
640 views

Can we use White's reality check to compare two Sharpe ratios?

I read a paper from Ledoit and Wolf that proposes a method to compare two Sharpe ratios and a paper from White that proposes a method to compare $n$ trading rules. My question is: Can we use White's ...
13
votes
1answer
4k views

Intuitive explanation of the Hansen-Jagannathan bound

The Hansen-Jagannathan bound states that the maximum Sharpe ratio of a portfolio can't exceed the ratio of the standard deviation of a stochastic discount factor to its mean. I more or less understand ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Is this a common variation of sharpe ratio?

As an aside on his answer on another question Freddy said: Sharpe ratio is an often cited metric, though I do not like it too much because you are penalized for out-sized positive returns while I ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Normality assumption in Sharpe ratio

I have read that the Sharpe ratio imposes a normality assumption, but I fail to see how. Standard deviation is statistic for any type of distribution. Anyone have any ideas?
11
votes
1answer
9k views

How to calculate Sharpe Ratio from $ returns?

I have a pairs strategy that I am trying to calculate the sharpe ratio for. Currently I am using python for my analysis and calculation. I have a dataframe that contains the cumulative returns in $'s ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the average Sharpe ratio of volatility arbitrage funds?

Where can I get data on performance metrics for volatility arbitrage funds? I am trying to compare the Sharpe ratio of my strategy to those of the major players.
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Computing the Sharpe Ratio

The building blocks of the Sharpe ratio—expected returns and volatilities—are unknown quantities that must be estimated statistically and are subject to estimation error. The main problem I have is ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Maximum Sharpe portfolio (no short selling restrictions)

Suppose we have $n$ assets whose expected return vector is $r$ and is positive, and whose covariance matrix is $\Sigma$. Is there a closed form or quasi closed form (like the eigenvector of a matrix ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

What is an acceptable Sharpe Ratio for a prop desk?

What should be the value of a Sharpe Ratio for an intraday quantitative strategy to be accepted by a bank or hedge fund's prop desk? Let's assume the returns are daily changes in account equity, close ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

How do I calculate Sharpe ratio from P&L?

Say I have a market-making strategy that trades intraday. I start with a flat position and finish flat too. I end up with a daily P&L $p_{today}$. Over a year of trading I get $\vec{p} = (p_1,\...
8
votes
1answer
429 views

Forget Kelly, forget fractional sizing. Where is the general theory?

I am struggling to find a general theory of position sizing. Help! The literature is all about fractional position sizing, but that's just one of the innumerable strategies. What about all the other ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

How to define the objective function for a custom optimization problem?

I would like to find the allocations that would minimize some user-defined metric (Sortino, minimum drawdown, etc) for a portfolio of assets. How would one go about formulating the objective ...
7
votes
2answers
862 views

how to choose top n assets?

I have m assets, and have estimated their future returns and covariance matrix. I would like to invest in an evenly weighted n product basket from this universe, where 0<n<m. How do i find the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How should I compute the Sharpe Ratio for mid-frequency pair trading strategy?

I have a pair trading strategy with positions that last 3-5 days and trades 2-3 times a month. By design, all the trades are profitable until the cointegration is broken. Should I calculate the ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

Significance testing of average returns from Sharpe ratio

I'm aware that one way to do significance testing on a strategy is based on the sampling distribution of its Sharpe (see, e.g., Lo, 2002 and Opdyke, 2008). However, it appears to me that there's ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Sharpe Ratio : why the normalization factor?

I try to understand why a $\sqrt{252}$ normalization factor is useful for Sharpe Ratio: Let's compute the Sharpe Ratio for this imaginary portfolio, for various sampling periods: ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculate Daily Returns for Sharpe Ratio

For the purposes of Sharpe ratio, I calculate a trading strategy's daily returns using realized P/L only: $$ \frac{K(t + 1) - K(t)}{K(t)}, $$ where $K(t)$ is the cash balance after market close on day ...
6
votes
1answer
565 views

What is the relation between Relative Risk Aversion and Market Price of Risk

If we assume that the preferences of investors in a market aggregate to display the following utility function $$u(W)=\dfrac{1}{1-\gamma}W^{1-\gamma},\quad \gamma>0,\quad \gamma\neq1$$ then from$...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Annualized Sharpe Ratio calculation

I'm trying to replicate the annualized Sharpe ratio of an buy-and-hold strategy for the Dow Jones Industrial Average index for a period consisting of multiple years. I got the daily DJIA (closing) ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the Sharpe ratio of two uncorrelated strategies, each with Sharpe ratio equal 1?

Given two uncorrelated strategies, each with a Sharpe ratio of 1, what is the of Sharpe ratio of the ensemble?
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Alternative relative performance measure to Sharpe ratio for non-IID return

The Sharpe ratio is often used to compare the relative performance of portfolios despite its IID-assumption for the returns being violated. I can find ample warnings about the consequences of ...
5
votes
1answer
602 views

How is the Sharpe Ratio presented in fund profiles usually calculated?

To compare my stock portfolio generator with managed funds performance, I want to calculate the Sharpe Ratio of my historic portfolios with the numbers found on the fund company web sites or in ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Bootstrapping Sharpe Ratios

A similar question to this was asked here: How do i test the significance of Sharpe ratio of a strategy using bootstrap I have bootstrapped the original time series (using block bootstrapping) and ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

mean variance optimization vs max sharpe ratio

I keep reading/hearing that the results from mean-var optimization is max Sharpe ratio. It seems making sense if you fix either target return or target risk, but in general, it doesn't seems right, ...
5
votes
0answers
288 views

Bayesian strategy selection

I have N strategies/signals that I would like to allocate to. I want to estimate an estimate of future performance based off of recent realized performance (momentum of strategies per se - e.g. ...
4
votes
2answers
456 views

How is someone's Sharpe ratio recorded and communicated?

When I read about, say, some hedge fund wanting people with such-and-such Sharpe ratio, how is that ratio recorded and communicated to the interested party? I mean, do people just take it on faith ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the industry standard way of calculating and annualizing performance metrics?

Say I am looking at a performance report for a hedge fund manager who trades mostly equities, and they provide me a list of monthly returns for the past 5 years. What is the industry standard way to ...
4
votes
1answer
234 views

Sharpe ratio with leveraged ETFs

There has been a discussion about how leverage affects Sharpe Ratios, but not in the context of leveraged ETFs (such as 2x or 3x). I'm just wondering how leveraged ETFs, if at all, change the ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between Sharpe Ratio and Information Ratio

I am finding it difficult to understand the difference between the sharpe ratio and the information ratio and the relationship between the two, and cannot find a decent reference that breaks it down ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I find the portfolio with maximum Sharpe Ratio - Using Lagrange Multipliers

In Markowitz' portfolio theory we can construct portfolios with the minimum variance for a given expected return (or vice versa). Across expected risks, this traces out the well-known efficient ...
4
votes
1answer
609 views

Alpha vs. Sharpe Ratio

What are the main differences between a strategy's Sharpe ratio, and its alpha based on the Fame French factors? Does it make sense to evaluate them both in a thesis?
4
votes
1answer
389 views

Annualised Sharpe Ratio for Index vs Index Benchmarking

I am currently writing a paper about the performance characteristics of alternative energy equity indexes and am therefore comparing them to their benchmark indexes (msci world, etc). To calculate the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate the Sharpe ratio for market neutral strategies?

Suppose I am long one stock and short an index in a ratio effectively making market beta as zero and I close the position with some positive P&L. How should I calculate the return for the ...
4
votes
1answer
390 views

Portfolio Allocation given Sharpe Ratio

If there are two portfolios with sharpe ratios of 1.2 and 0.5, what would be the allocation rationale. If the correlation between portfolios is: $a. 0 $ $b. 0.8 $ $c.-0.8 $ I see there is a ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Stochastic Optimal Control for ratios

Do you know any good papers on methods of Stochastic Optimal Control and Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman(HJB) for optimization of different ratios(Sharpe, M2, Sortino, Sterling, etc.)? Meaning that using ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Sortino Ratio calculation

I've been using an Excel template to calculate the Sortino ratio for my automated trading strategies. http://investexcel.net/calculate-the-sortino-ratio-with-excel Basically I input my monthly ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Set up sharpe ratio with 2 risky portfolio

You are considering an investment in the stock. In the stock market, there are two risky stocks (A and B) and a risk free claim, C (you can think of it as the t-bill). The covariances and returns of ...
4
votes
1answer
953 views

How to download risk free rate?

I've been trying to download the national interest rates for some countries. When i use Datastream, it only gives me the currency return (while i need yield). Can someone please tell how to ...
3
votes
5answers
611 views

Logic behind sharpe ratio

I have a confusion regarding how the sharpe ratio is derived. My question is why the denominator contains the standard deviation of returns of portfolio? I mean why did someone came to this conclusion ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

Sharpe Ratio, annualized monthly returns vs annual returns vs annual rolling returns?

I would like to calculate the Yearly Sharpe Ratio on MSCI World index I have monthly values of the index that falls back up to Jan/1970, hence about: 44 years, 528 months In order to calculate ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Sharpe ratio in days with no open positions

Should I include or not the days a strategy has no open positions (thus no returns) in the Sharpe ratio calculation?

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