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Questions tagged [short-rate]

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Vasicek Short Rate

Consider a spot rate curve: 1% 1Yr, 2% 2Yr, 3% 3Yr. Suppose today issue a 3 year zero coupon bond, the price shall be 100 / (1+ 3%) ^3. My first question is, suppose the spot rate curve keeps the same ...
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Vasicek model: joint simulation with discount factor

In Vasicek model, we have the following relation to get Discount factors given the value of short rate: $$P(t\,,T)={{e}^{A(t,T)\,-\,B(t,T){{r}_{t}}\,}}$$ So, Discount factors are known as soon as we ...
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1answer
50 views

CIR calibration

I'm using a CIR short rate model to forecast interest rate paths. I've been thinking and also searching online about different ways of estimating its parameters (a, b and sigma). While there are a ...
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48 views

Convert Short rate from HW simulation into Swap rates

I am trying to price an exotic option that requires me to simulate 10 yr swap rates. I have calibrated a 1 factor HW model to swaption prices. However, my understanding is that the HW model describes ...
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basic difference between interest rate models

I am reading up on interest rate models, but currently confused about difference in the two types of models: no arb models like ho-lee, vasicek etc. others like nelson siegel, pca models etc. While ...
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“Standard” Model for Effective Fed Funds Rate

Is there a "standard" model used to model the Effective Fed Funds Rate? I know that BGM is often used for LIBOR but haven't found a similar application to the Effective Fed Funds Rate. Do ...
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1answer
95 views

HJM or Short rates model?

When market practitioners do prefer HJM models to short rates models when it comes to pricing derivatives (other than swaptions and caps, let say light exotics to exotics) ? To be more specific, ...
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1answer
145 views

Why Arent There Long Rate Models?

You have short rate models, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short-rate_model, but there doesnt seem to be any long rate models. I find this weird as in options modelling you model the whole smile, not ...
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Ho Lee model in Baxter&Rennie

I am currentyl reading Baxter&Rennie and I have a difficulty with understanding a derivation of formula for one function, $g(x,t,T)$ (this can be found on page 152 in the book). I know that there ...
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What is the purpose of short rate models?

Just venturing into quantitative finance and studying short rate models (Vasicek, CIR, Hull-White etc.). Wanted to ask a very simple intuitive question. How would a practitioner use these models? I ...
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1answer
493 views

Details of calibration of Hull-White model

Consider the one-factor Hull-White model $$ \mathrm{d}r(t) = (\theta(t)-\kappa r(t))\mathrm{d}t + \sigma\mathrm{d}W(t) $$ When one calibrates the model to market data one chooses $$ \theta(t) = \...
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513 views

How to get set the theta function in the Hull-White model to replicate the current yield curve

I want to calibrate the HW one factor model to current market data. How do I set the function $\theta(t)$ in $$ \mathrm{d}r(t) = \kappa(\theta(t)-r(t))\mathrm{d}t+\sigma\mathrm{d}W(t) $$ to ...
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How are short rate models used to construct the whole of the yield curve? [closed]

There are a number of short rate models that give $r(t)$. How can those be used to construct the whole of the yield curve $y(t,T)$ (where $y(t, 0) = r(t)$)?
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1answer
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Short-rate models: Risk-premium of $T$-bonds

Following "Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time" by Thomas Bjork, a standard one-factor short-rate model is of the form \begin{align*} dr_t = \mu(t,r_t)dt + \sigma(t,r_t)dW_t. \end{align*} The only ...
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1answer
884 views

Vasicek model calibration

I am trying to calibrate Vasicek model, i.e. to determine the parameters $\kappa, \mu, \bar{\mu}$ and $\sigma$ where the process dynamics are given through $$ dr_t=\kappa\left( \mu - r_t\right) dt+\...
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Vasicek Model - Should I simulate short-rate under the real-world or risk-neutral measure if I am interested in simulating future bond prices

In the classic Vasicek model, the market's short rate process $(r_t)_{t \geq 0 }$ is given through the SDEs: $$ dr_t=\alpha \left( \bar{\mu} - r_t\right) dt+\sigma d W^{\mathbb{P}}(t), $$ $$ dr_t=\...
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Volatility considerations with interest rate derivatives

I am a bit confused about the practical use of vol surfaces used for derivative pricing. We know that the two main products that best represent market volatility are caps and swaptions, from which ...
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Basic Interest Rate Modelling Ques

I have got a question regarding the Vasicek Model and the corresponding Bond Pricing Equation (BPE). Starting with a short-rate process (under measure $P$ or real world drift $u(r,t)$) of the form: $...
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Why is logarithmic mean equal to the arithmetic expectation less one-half its variance?

I've taken it as gospel that the following equality is true: $$\mathbb{E}[\mu_x] = m_x - \frac{1}{2}\sigma_x^2 $$ where: $\mathbb{E}[\mu_x]$ is the expected value of the logarithmic mean of some ...
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1answer
277 views

QuantLib Gsr model

Almost spent the whole day. Could anyone give a link to the Gsr model specification that is implemented in QuantLib? Or give an explanation? Any help is highly appreciated.
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Risk neutral measure of short rate model

As we all know, all affine term-structure models are members of HJM model. Under HJM model, there is a unique risk-neutral measure in both forward-rate process and bond evolving process. Hence, the ...
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How to price Swaptions with short rate models?

I have specified a (Lognormal) short-rate model (non-affine) under the Risk-Neutral measure $Q$ as a shifted exponential vasicek: $ r(t) = e^{y(t)} + \phi(t)\\ \text{with} \quad dy(t) = \kappa(\...
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T-Forward measure for Exponential Vasicek

According to Brigo & Mercurio, page 59: When we go from the $Q$ measure to the $Q^T$ measure, brownian motion $W^T$ is defined by $dW^T(t) = dW^Q(t) + \sigma B(t,T) dt$ where $B(t,T) = \frac{1 - ...
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119 views

Variance of the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross short rate

Shreve II page 151, the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model is defined as $$dr_t=(\alpha-\beta r_t)dt+\sigma\sqrt{r_t}dW_t$$ By applying Ito's Lemma, we obtain \begin{align} r_t&=r_0e^{-\beta t}+\frac{\alpha}...
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1answer
90 views

Volatility in short-rate models and vol practical issues

I am slightly confused about the volatility term when pricing zero coupon bonds in the Ho-Lee model (and generally about where to get vol from in these kind of short rate models). A particular ...
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381 views

Complete Algorithm of Calibration with Vasicek Model using Term-Structure Dynamics over Time

As there are so many different sccenarios about Vaicek Calibration but there has not been a clear example with data shown, I am totally Confused about how should I do it. so I am bringing the question ...
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Pricing interest rate options in emerging markets

I've been thinking how to price the early payment of mortgages in banks from emerging markets, where swaptions/caps/floors aren't available, and how to hedge this kind of options. At first I thought ...
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2answers
361 views

Cox-Ingersoll-Ross

I am looking at a displaced CIR model and try to calibrate it to market data. I think my results looks reasonable but would like to sense-check with other studies. Does anyone know what "reasonable" ...
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2answers
124 views

Extensions of CIR

I could need some advice on extensions of the CIR model. The standard CIR reads $dr(t)=\kappa(\theta-r(t))dt + \sigma \sqrt{r(t)} dW(t)$. A possible extension, if we would like the short-rate to ...
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simulating from the CIR++

I am looking at the CIR++ model which is described in interest rate models by Brigo et al, and was wondering on how to actually simulate from this model. The model reads $$r_t=x_t+\phi(t),$$ where $...
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1answer
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Concept Question Regarding Short Rate Model

I have a conceptual question that needs help. Does anyone know whether the short rate model generate discount rate or forward rate?
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1answer
294 views

Timesteps in Vasicek model

When simulating stocks one can easily use GBM with only one random variable per simulation to create a new stock price in say 5 years, you don't need to create the whole asset paths if you don't need ...
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1answer
512 views

Zero Coupon Bond Forward Price

I'm currently working on the Coursera Financial Engineering and Risk Management course. In one of the questions I was asked to build a binomial pricing model for fixed-income securities. Specifically ...
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391 views

Callable bond price sensitivity to Hull-White volatility changes

I'm using classic Hull-White model for short term interest rate dynamic: $$dr(t)=[\theta(t)-\alpha(t)r(t)]dt+\sigma(t)dW(t)$$ (Notation is quite intuitive, anyway I am using the same as Wikipedia ...
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1answer
347 views

CallableFloatingRateBond in QuantLib: just a matter of multiple inheritance?

I would like to know what are the issues related to a possible CallableFloatingRateBond class in QuantLib and to have some hints on implementation. My (very ...
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3answers
3k views

Basic LIBOR curve question

I'm new to the quant finance and have a very basic question about LIBOR curve. LIBOR is published every day for 4 different tenors (1M, 3M, 6M, 1Y), and each rate means how much annual interest ...
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Term Structure and short rates

If I have a term structure/yield curve given by: $$f(t, T) = f(0, T) + σ^2t(T − \frac{t}{2}) + σB_t $$ and want to find the short/spot rate $r_t$, is this simply: $$f(t,t) = f(0,t) + \sigma^2t(t-\...
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1answer
759 views

CIR model: is the short rate really non-central $\chi^2$ distributed?

Probably simple question. Consider the CIR (1985) model for interest rates $$ dr = k(\theta - r)dt + \sigma \sqrt{r}dz $$ Then it is known in closed form the conditional pdf $f(r(s),s|r(t),t)$ ($s \...
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337 views

For the Dothan model $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$?

How can I show that for the Dothan short rate model We have $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$ ? Where Dothan short rate model is " $dr_t=ar_tdt+\sigma r_tdW_t$ ". I appreciate any help. Thanks.
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553 views

Ho and lee derivation for short rates model

A silly question that is bugging me. I am working my way through Baxter and Rennie (again) and I am getting my wires crossed on the short rate models in particular the straight forward Ho and Lee ...
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2answers
374 views

Forward rates formulae

I am now working with forward rates and have somehow been asked to use an "intuitive" formula for forward rates. $$ \frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)} $$ I can understand the ...
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1answer
299 views

Solving the Jamshidian Zhu (1997) PCA short rate model

This is my first time posting a question. I have very limited experience in the field of stochastic calculus and interest rate modelling. I have been tasked with implementing the short rate model ...
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1answer
260 views

Black–Karasinski - Market Price of Risk

In the past I have calibrated simple short rate models to the term structure by using maximum likelihood to get the parameters of the Vasicek/CIR sde, and then use the ZCB formula and the current ...
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1answer
951 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = \mathbb{...
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HJM simulation problem

I'm trying to simulate a 3-factor HJM model. I got the algorithms from Glasserman book. In my case, I have $3$ maturity:$ 0.25y, 0.5y, 0.75y$. So my time grid is: $t_0=0,t_1=0.25,t_2=0.5,t_3=0.75$. ...