# Questions tagged [simulations]

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### Why do simulation schemes have difficulty in pricing options with low spots?

If you apply a simulation Scheme (log-Euler discretization, Euler discretization and even more advanced ones) on for instance SABR and other models, then they price a call option (where we can easy ...
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### Simulation scheme for SABR beside the standard Euler discretization

QUESTION: Beside Euler Scheme, is there another more robust (and preferably easy to implement) way to simulate asset path with SABR dynamics? Simulation that will withstand even for high volatilities....
80 views

### Simulating volatility process in the Heston model using the relation between the CIR Process and Ornstein–Uhlenbeck processes

I am trying to simulate the volatility process in the Heston model using the relation between the CIR Process and Ornstein–Uhlenbeck processes. In fact, giving $\mathbf{X}$ a $n$-dimensional vector ...
178 views

### Simulating from a multivariate clayton copula

I am recently into copulas for finance, I've read several examples of how to generate dependent random variables with most kind of copulas. The problem for me is that all the books describe the case ...
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158 views

### Simulated Sharpe Ratio Calculation for Leveraged Portfolio

I've written some VBA code to simulate the effect of borrowing money, investing it, and repaying the loan daily. PseduoCode: Start with a portfolio value of P = 1 Each day borrow P, invest 2*P, ...
1k views

### Shifted Log-Normal model

I am trying to understand how the shifted log-normal model works, in which we shift a log-normal model by a factor before the simulation so that interest rates don't turn negative during the ...
28 views

### Why no prepayment fee for the reverse mortgage?

I am currently studying the costs (to lender) of adding certain additional options to the reverse mortgage, including the option of prepayment. Would there be any scenarios of housing price/mortgage ...
332 views

### negative values in geometric brownian motion

A GBM $\frac{dx}{x} = \mu dx + \sigma dW$ solves to $x_t = x_o e^{(\mu - \sigma^2)t + \sigma W_t}$ From the solution, it is clear that $x_t$ cannot become negative. However, it is not so clear ...
212 views

### Single vs Multi factor interest rate model

How do we explain the difference beween a single and multi factor interest rate model. Short term interest rate is one of the factor which is used in drift and vol calculation but what are other ...
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200 views

### Open Source library for calculating exposures?

I would like to know an open source quantitative library/ies that can calculate exposures out of the box (I have investigated a bit on OpenGamma/Strata libraries with no luck and the website of ...
2k views

### Simulating a path of bond yields by Monte Carlo (Python)

I have a number of given time series for bond yields (given in a dataframe in pandas package in Python). I need to do the following task in Python: "1. Simulate 1000 path 30 steps ahead for any yield ...
432 views

### How to sample from a copula in matlab

I have two random variables (say, X and Y). Each of these rv's are defined by their CDFs (CDF_X and CDF_Y). These CDFs were obtained empirically, so they are a "stair" graph. I also have a copula C ...
396 views

### Terminal Variance in the Heston Model

I am trying to understand the basics of financial models. Random Walk as a model for asset prices. We use gaussian random numbers to generate a Gaussian Random walk. The variance of the terminal ...
103 views

### time step choice impact in Vasicek model simulations

I am trying to make some computations using Vasicek short rate model. Especially I a trying to compare exact expectation(obtained with the formula) and the expectation from Monte Carlo simulation. ...
67 views

### Equity Options - “How do I build a forward simulation model with regards to shocks in spot pricing and IV?”

I am trying to build a "What-If" Portfolio, consisting of a total of 20 options, across different tenors, strikes (delta), but on the same security. Simply put, the objective is for me to test the ...