Questions tagged [spread]

A spread is a difference between two prices or yields. Bid-ask spreads reflect that the most competitive buyers and sellers want to trade an asset at different prices. Yield spreads reflect a difference in bond tenors, credits, liquidity, optionality, or other features. Option spreads reflect views on prices beyond just positive or negative. Commodity spreads reflect time evolution of supply or demand or the gross producer margin for creating a product.

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Liquidity Rebate

I have one question regarding the liquidity rebate that liquidity providers receive. I've read on investopedia that it refers to the traders/investors who place limit orders since they then "...
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Calculate Bond Price knowing Z-Spread

From my point of view, to calculate the price of a bond, we just need to add the discounted cash flows. The discount factor calculation is as follows: In my theory knowing the z-spread of a bond I ...
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Steepener strategy valuation 2s10s

Believing US bond yield curve is going to steepen, I want to profit. My idea is to sell 10y bond and buy 2y instead. Example: I buy 10m 2y and sell 2m 10y (10x2=2x10) 10y-2y spread rises by 10bps, how ...
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Correlation Spread Analysis

I want to calculate correlation with spread (which is often in dollar changes) and then a return but I want to make sure I get the most accurate result possible. What do y'all recommend?
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Is it possible to have negative Z-spread for a corporate bond?

I have a 2 year maturity AA rated US corporate bonds, and I found that it has negative Z-spread, -0.00053. Does it make sense or it's wrong?
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Bid/Mid/Ask credit spreads

I have seen in different terminals that credit spreads of a corporate bond (spread,Gspread,Ispread) can been calculated for different sides (ie Bid Mid,Ask Gspread). I wanted to ask if these spreads ...
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How to calculate corporate bonds Z spreads having yield to maturities and knowing that they pay annual fixed coupons?

I have three corporate bonds with maturities 2,3 and 5 years. They pay annual fixed coupons. I know their yield to maturities. How to compute their z spreads?
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If the spread between two assets is an OU process, what processes do the two assets follow?

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P}, (\mathcal{F}_{t})_{t\geq0})$ be a filtered probability space. Furthemore, let $(S_{t}^{1},S_{t}^{2})_{t\geq0}$ be two assets (adapted to filtration, etc). Define $...
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How should the spread be determined after calculation of expected value?

Suppose I am willing to buy a contract which I believe has a 15% chance to settle to $100 and 0 otherwise. The EV of this contract is therefore 15. How much should I buy this for? I would answer at ...
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Put call parity with american options

I am trying to back out the put call parity price of an American call option for a 10 min period with tick data (using CME ES Futures Options in this example, see plot below), using the standard PCP ...
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Comparison between Effective Bid-Ask spreads

I understood that given two listed assets, the one with the lower effective spread is more liquid, and if one has effective spread lower than the quoted one, it means there has been a price ...
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Shock to a system of CDS spread values

Assume we have a system that is built on the CDS spread values. If we want to shock the system, how can we define the shock? For instance, we can define it as the increase in the spread. Of course a ...
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Relationship between risk free rate and credit spread in the Merton model

Based on Merton model of credit risk, I understand that investing in a risky debt is the same as buying a treasury bond and writing a put option on the firm's assets with a strike price equal to the ...
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Pricing for basic option strategies [closed]

If I am trying to price a strategy, say for example a call spread where we are long a call, strike L and short a call strike M, would the pricing formula simply be the Black-Sholes price for the Call ...
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Day count convention effect on I-spread / Z-spread

I would like to ask if the Ispread / Zspread are computed correctly when day count convention "DCC" of the swap rate is different from the DCC of the bond. My understanding is that DCC plays ...
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Modelling the instantaneous funding spread as a log-normal process

Let us consider a stochastic market model with a fixed short (risk-free) rate $r\in\mathbb{R}$. A trader can obtain unsecured funding at a rate $f_t:=r+s_t$ where $s_t$ is its stochastic funding ...
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How To Construct A Volatility Spread Position?

Is there a simple way to spread the volatility of one product against another? By simple I mean one trade executed on each leg rather than constant delta hedging. I can see a lot of opportunity for ...
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"spread-to-maturity" as defined by Bloomberg

Bloomberg has a number "spread to maturity" they display in some screens for fixed coupon bonds. Does anybody know the exact definition of this spread? I am not sure which screen it is but ...
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What is the definition of horizon current coupon spread duration

Trying to understand the meaning of current coupon spread duration? Is this same as empirical mortgage spread duration?
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How would I price out and set up a steepening yield curve strategy in which Im long 5yr UST and short 30yr UST futures [closed]

Curious if someone could help me out with pricing this trade idea, or just give me some general tips on a direction I need to head to go about this. I attached a photo if to see how I set up the idea ...
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Graph of price of CDS against par spread

I'm new to credit and I'm trying to wrap my head around the following idea. I understand that the par spread $s$ is the value of the fixed coupon payment at which the fixed and floating legs are equal ...
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What are the different payments in a callable spread option? how is it structured

I encountered a product that's called CSO (Callable Spread Option). I would like to understand how this product works and how the payments are done in both ways? what about the callability of the ...
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Historical Data

Could you please help to refer few sources where can I get Credit spread data (historical time series) for various credit ratings...
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Is there a mathematical relationship between the spread on a collection of individual assets and the spread of a portfolio?

If the spread on each individual asset in a portfolio is known (and the duration and market value of these assets is also known), is there a relationship that can be used to deduce the spread on the ...
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Credit spreads adjusted for rating migration and default

Given the below 1-year rating transition matrix and cumulative default rates, I am interested in calculating credit spread adjusted for defaults so I can compare this with the outright credit spread. ...
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Spread duration curve by issuer or by sector

I was surprised to see that spread duration was not offered as a curve in Bloomberg. As a result, I'm trying to find a curve (in Bloomberg) or build a curve (maybe using the Excel API) which ...
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Is there an equation that gives you the optimal spread width or strike prices when opening a vertical options spread?

On a specific leg, when going to open a spread is there an equation that can tell me at what strike price I should sell at and what strike price I should buy at? I look at this options calculator ...
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Option Adjusted Spread - Monte Carlo

It's my understanding that in order to calculate the option adjusted spread on a mortgage backed-security, the following steps are required: Run a Monte Carlo simulation of interest rates Project ...
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Spread betting risk management in backtesting in Python

My background is in Spread Betting. I know how to calculate my position size based on how far away my stop is from my entry, I calculate the amount per pip so that I only ever risk a fixed percentage ...
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tick data: does this data look wrong? what am I missing?

I can't seem to understand how tick data works. Below is some tick data for a certain security (I got this data from a platform called MetaTrader). At 09:56:28 someone offered to sell at \$9.9. But ...
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Survival probabilities starting from CDS spreads

How is that possible to get survival probabilities starting from CDS spread? Could you please provide me with a demonstration? What is more, is that true that CDS Zero type is necessary so as to get ...
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What prevents market-makers to do speculative trades with much better conditions than other traders?

Market-makers gain profit from the bid-ask spread. This means that they could place speculative positions without any cost (they pay the spread to themselves = zero cost). I assume there are laws ...
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Market maker hedging model

I understand that most market makers maintain non directionality i.e. they always aim to be perfectly hedged. So if they take a long position in X, they will take an offsetting short position in a ...
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comparing volatilities of 2 different commodities when no delta is provided

If I wanted to compare the relative volatilities of options on 2 different commodities, but the deltas are not provided, is it sufficient to compare by the % each commodities strike is in or out of ...
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Spread and volatility

I look for any references where one consider how bid-ask spread depends on volatility (may be it is more correct to say 'volatility measure'). I would be grateful for any references.
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ETF bid/ask spread [duplicate]

I was just wondering if someone could explain to me how an ETF market maker earns profit through the spread they collect while hedging the positions to be non-directional. For example I read somewhere ...
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Corwin-Schultz estimator of bid-ask spread

I am reading a paper "A Simple Way to Estimate Bid-Ask Spreads from Daily High and Low Prices" cf.A Simple Way to Estimate Bid-Ask Spreads from Daily High and Low Prices The authors proposed ...
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How to calculate bid/ask spread for an index?

I am trying to calculate implicit transaction costs for a newly launched portfolio, as per the definition from ESMA: "transaction costs may be calculated either by multiplying an estimate of ...
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Cap/Floor on a SpreadOption grid

I have a spread option data from a broker. The rows are the following : STK ATM -0.5 -0.25 ... and the values are forward price ( the strikes used are absolute strike and the value of the raw STK is ...
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Asset Swap Spread

A Bond's Asset Swap Spread is defined as the difference between Bond's Yield and the Risk free rate. Then I was told that, the Present value of the Bond's Asset ...
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How does this formula for the price of a bond in terms of forward rates work?

I am currently reading Chapter 3 of Tuckman's 'Fixed Income Securities' and it states that we can write the price of a bond using its term structure in terms of forward rates but with periods of ...
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Downward Sloping Swap Spread Curve

After observing swap spreads in the market, I have noticed that the swap spread curve is downward sloping. Why is this? I have tried looking around the internet for answers, but have not found ...
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How to correctly build a spread candlestick chart between two assets (avoid inconsistent OHLC)

I just wondering how charting platforms plot spreads between two assets. For example, if we want two create spread chart between APPL / AMZN we can substract or divide each asset: if we divide two ...
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Why do E-mini S&P 500 futures have small bid-ask spreads?

I noticed that E-mini S&P 500 futures (ES) typically trade with a very narrow bid-ask spread of 1 tick. What contributes to this small bid-ask spread? I can think of two reasons: Lots of active ...
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Are bid-ask spreads in options related to bid-ask spreads in their underlying?

If an underlying has a large bid-ask spread, does it mean that its options will have large bid-ask spreads too? Is there any relation between the bid-ask spreads of options and the bid-ask spreads of ...
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Why there is no Bid Ask Spread in Futures Markets?

I heard that there is no bid-ask spread in futures markets. Could anyone explain why there would be no difference between the selling and buying price of a futures contract? Thanks in advance!
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Fitting a Spread into ARIMA AR(1) process

I'm a newbie to econometrics. I've simply ran a regression and have coefficient values of the variables. I'm running a regression for a crypto data, and I've gotten the Spread of the variables. To ...
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Simulating Bid-Ask Spreads

I would like to examine the impact of the volatility on the transaction costs (Bid-ask spread). In my case I would like to examine this for power prices. However, I don't have access to actual order ...
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Feature engineering for mid-price prediction - quickly changing features

I'm training a fully-connected feed-forward neural network on HFT (limit order book) data to predict the midprice at timepoint $t+\Delta t$ (assuming that $t$ is the current moment, and $\Delta t$ is ...
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Can the spread between option premium for bull call spread change over time?

I have created a bull call spread. There was spread of 70 dollars between the option premium of 2 strikes I selected. Now the spread between option premium of 2 strikes is greater than 100 dollars. ...
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