Questions tagged [spread]

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8
votes
1answer
851 views

How sensitive are vertical spreads to changes in implied volatility?

How sensitive are vertical spreads to changes in volatility / implied volatility in the money, at the money, and out of the money? I'm thinking for 1 point spreads this would be very small / neutral ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

About Option Adjusted Spread, rate curves and bonds comparison

I have few questions about using OAS as a measure of risk: does OAS allow for comparison between bonds with and without embedded options (e.g. a callable bond against a plain vanilla one against a ...
7
votes
2answers
606 views

Whites Reality Check for Pair Trading

I want to use the Monte Carlo Method described in Aronsons book Evidence based Technical Analysis to test if a given pairs trading strategy is useless. First step there is to randomize the returns of ...
6
votes
2answers
508 views

What causes the spread between WTI and Brent

Could anyone explain what leads to the spread between WTI and BRENT oil price, and what will be the upper limit of the spread to cause export of oil from US to other country.
6
votes
2answers
306 views

Impact on bid/offer due to volume/size of trades placed

When observing bid/offer in the market I came across a question. How much trading a bond would impact its spread for subsequent trades ie. what is the impact on bid/offer due to volume/size of ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

At-the-money Call Spread approximation

In a trading manual I got during a course, the value of the ATM Call-Spread is approximated by $CS_{ATM}=\frac{1}{2}StrD+(F-m)\times\Delta CS$ The lecturer skipped the part where he derived this ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to account for bid/ask spread when backtesting?

I'm backtesting an algorithm for trading nasdaq stocks, and would like to take into account the spread. I am using historical data from yahoo, which contains: open, high, low, close, volume, adj. ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

How to converting CDS Upfront Fee into Traded Spread?

If I know all the economics of a CDS trade included the Upfront Settlement Fee from the ISDA CDS Model, how can I convert that amount back to Traded Spead? Can some help explain the process?
5
votes
0answers
1k views

A model to stochastic hazard rate and CDS spread term structure

I'm interested in the term structure of CDS spread. It's known that the Market CDS rate (fair CDS spread or T-maturity spread) of a CDS contract initiated at $s$, maturity $T$ and recovery function $...
4
votes
3answers
27k views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Interpretation of OAS on MBS

I'm struggling a little with the interpretation of option adjusted spread on mortgage backed securities. I can see how, for a corporate bond without optionality, the z-spread is sort of like a ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

How to synthesize a futures spread option?

Is it possible to synthesize a futures spread option using only the options on the spread's underlyings? If so, how? If not, is there another way? As an example, please show me how to synthesize ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to hedge a bull call spread

I am trying to make a theoretical hedge to a bull call spread. (buy out the money call, sell further out the money call) What I have now is almost effective but there is one possible 80% loss (...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

How Would You Categorize A Cap or Spread On A Monthly Sum Option?

I'm just trying to determine the appropriate naming convention for a category that holds cap or spread, or in other words, what category can I put cap and spread (in this context) into? Are they "...
4
votes
1answer
505 views

Yield for valuation of illiquid corporate bond

I am trying to value a illiquid corporate bond issued at a discount to face value by a privately held company in India. The corporate bond is a sinkable bond (amortizing principle) with coupon rate of ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

Forecasting amount of slippage in executing option spreads

Is there a good quantitative model to estimate how much slippage is required to execute a particular option spread trade? For example, let's say you want to execute an Iron Condor. Given X, Y, Z ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

mean reversion with Kalman Filter - Spread calculation

Ernest Chan in its book "Algorithmic Trading" shows how to use the Kalman Filter for mean reversion pair trading. I have seen that he uses the measurement prediction error for calculating the spread ...
4
votes
0answers
393 views

pairs trading detrend the spread

I have calculated a hedge ratio that generates a mean reverting spread (stationary, without trends) 60-70% of the time. But the remaining 30% of the time, it seems like there is a trend in the spread. ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Good References for Treasury Futures Spreads

I’m reading the excellent Treasury Bond Basis by Burghardt. I was wondering if there’s a similar quality book/paper about Yield curve spreads using treasury futures (i.e. NOL, NOB, FYT).
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is G spread bigger than Z spread theoretically?

I am checking a few bonds on the YAS page on Bloomberg and I can see that G is higher than Z spread (this applies to bonds with optionality and bullet, too). As Z is stripped from reinvestment risk, ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

How can I approximate the hedge ratio for Inter Commodity Treasury Spreads?

Looking at the excellent CME Treasury Analytics tool, I can see that the hedge ratio for spreads betweend diff treasury futures is derived from the DV01 of each leg. I can get treasury futures data ...
3
votes
3answers
809 views

Spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap

Does anyone how banks determine the spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap? Example: Party A pays the return on SPTR to Party B Party B pays 1M LIBOR + 40 bps to Party A Does anyone know how the 40 ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Binary option expression

Given r=0, σ(K)=const Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K,σ(K))-C(K+ε,σ(K+ε))))/ε〗 What is the analytical expression for the binary option value? σ(K)=const Therefore, Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K)-C(K+ε)))/ε〗 ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Short-term directional trading

Did value of ratio between informed and uninformed traders at market, making difference to profitability of short-term directional trading on that market? My guess is yes and better play short-term ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to compute interest rate futures spread ratio?

I am confused on how to compute the spread ratio. For example, this is example I came across with my broker - Consider 2 contracts Bobl and Euribor. The DV01 of Bobl i 44.8 and Euribor is 25. To ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Pricing a callable bond

I have read the Lehman Brother's paper on OAS which I mostly understand, they outline how to find the OAS for a callable bond of which the formula is effectively (ignoring refinancing costs): Market ...
3
votes
0answers
631 views

Replacement for Moodys BAA and AAA series

Along with many other people, I have been using Moody's seasoned BAA and AAA corporate bond yield series for my research for some time. I use them primarily to compute and analyze the quality spread. ...
3
votes
0answers
2k views

How to calculate yield spread?

I came across this multiple choice question on yield spread and I can't understand why the reasoning for the selected answer is correct.Can you confirm or clarify ? ( emphasis in the text is mine) ...
3
votes
0answers
432 views

Forward Credit Spreads

I have a beginner question in credit quantitative modelling. I would like to know how we can derive forward credit spread curve, i.e the counterparty of forward yield curves. Indeed, for deriving a ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Pre-Trade Slippage Costs For Option Spread Execution

Is there a quant model that can help estimate how much slippage one would have to give up in order to get an "option spread" (vertical, butterflies, etc.) order executed? What factors should one look ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to trade interest rate futures calendar spread?

This has always been difficult to understand for me. How is the second futures contract valued in relation to the front month contract? My understanding is there are carry considerations (3 more ...
2
votes
1answer
718 views

Total Return Swaps and Borrow Cost Relationship

If an investor is long a Total Return Swap (TRS), they get the total return (ie, including dividend) performance and usually pay LIBOR minus a spread. This spread should trade ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

What happens at market open when there is a reverse spread during preopen?

During pre-open When checking the depth of one particularly bullish stock I am following (NZE:XRO went up 200% this year and 12% yesterday) I saw that the BUYs were much higher than the ASKs by about ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

What is most reasonable approach to determine side of a multi-leg options order?

Say, 4-legged multi-leg options order with below leg ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Intuition behind the tenor basis spread in basis swaps

Reading myself into basis swaps, I was wondering a couple of things. Say, one enters into a 1y - basis swap where party A agrees to pay 1M-LIBOR each month and party B agrees to pay 3M-LIBOR every ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

Is making a bid/ask offer a good way to lower the spreads?

I have written an algorithmic trading program which relies heavily on low spreads in the 0.1-0.3 PIP region. I was now wondering if it would be a good idea to place bid/ask offers instead of limit ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Where can I find corporate bond spreads?

I am trying to price a 30 yr bond maturing in December 15, 2035. The bond is rated A- (S&P). Where can I find the spreads for corporate bonds rated A- maturing in 23 years (December 2035)? I ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Duration split: treasury curve vs spread duration

I am looking at corporate bond (FR0013367620) in Bloomberg for which I have these values: DUR_ADJ_MID (modified duration performed using the yield to worst): 6.649 DUR_ADJ_OAS_MID (security's price/...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

monthly contract volume required for penny increments?

Have the exchanges disclosed their criteria? Does anyone have a best guess based upon observations of volume (however you wish to define it)? Please no qualitative answers.
2
votes
1answer
278 views

Model-implied yield spread on corporate bonds

While using Merton (or any other) model, is the model-implied yield spread on bonds greater than actual yield spread? And is it possible to estimate actual probablities of default?
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Understanding the link between inflation and credit spreads

I found a paper which uses inflation as an independant variable for credit spread. Unfortunately, the relationship is not explained in this paper. Further research got my to the paper of Kang/Pflueger ...
2
votes
0answers
264 views

Bid-Ask spread in Roll's model: Negative autocovariance of returns and informational content

Currently studying on techniques to estimate the bid-ask spread. Perhaps the most widely known model is the Roll model (1984). Let $P_t$ indicate log prices $\begin{cases} Bid_t=P_t-c, \\ ...
2
votes
0answers
240 views

Getting over bid-ask bounce

One property of High-Frequency data is it's subject to bid-ask bounce. Description : Unlike traditional data based on just closing prices, tick data carry additional supply-and-demand information in ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Any Suggestion for Credit Risk Measure for Banking Industry in Turkey?

I need a measure that will proxy for overall credit risk in the banking industry of Turkey. The literature offers LIBOR-OIS spread and Moody's Baa-Aaa spread as strong candidates. However, these ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Spurious regression between two futures with the same underlying highly correlated (cor=0.9)

analyzing the correlation between soybean and soybean meal futures in ECBOT, and making a linear regression in R between them I check with an ADF Test that the residuals are not stationary, so ...
2
votes
0answers
858 views

Free Data Source for Credit Spreads?

Credit spreads are a key economic indicator. They are the difference between yields on corporate and government debt. They are a measure of confidence in the private sector, they provide insight into ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

What does it mean to change the currency of a spread between bonds from 2 different countries?

On reuters I charted the spread between the 10yr US bond and the 10yr UK bond. It gives the me the option of choosing the currency. For just the standard spread(ie: yield(US)-yield(UK)) you select ...
2
votes
0answers
492 views

Funding spread in FVA calculation

For the FVA calculation, is the funding spread (either borrowing or lending) treated as a piecewise constant function (i.e., if the length of the exposure is 5 month and I know the 3 and 6 months ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Theoretical models for options bid-ask spread?

I'm a programmer and recent trading enthusiast. To learn more about options I'm building a market maker trading bot. So far it gets market prices and volatility and calculates the Black&Scholes. I ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Basic question about swap/swap spreads

When I read up on swap spreads, the definition always goes something like this: The swap spread is the difference between the fixed leg of swap and a Treasury bond with the same maturity. So if the ...