# Questions tagged [statistical-finance]

Statistical finance, which is also called 'econophysics' is the application of statistical tools to the study of financial markets data.

88 questions
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### Usage of Random forests in Quantitative analysis of stocks

I have a question about Random forests and how they could be utilized in trading? I heard Random forests are used for classification, is that accurate? If so, could someone give an example of what ...
2answers
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### How reliable is Benford's Law in forecasting crises?

I was recently reading an article about how financial accounting has increasingly deviated from the ratios expected by Benford's Law. (Benford's Law and Decreasing Reliability). The author discusses ...
1answer
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### statistical arbitrage vs factor trading

I've recently read Avellaneda & Lee which seems to be widely recommended as an introduction to Statistical Arbitrage methods in trading. For those who aren't familiar with the paper, the method in ...
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### What is the total correlation between assets in a portfolio?

Suppose I have portfolio with 10 assets, each one of them with a weight of 10% from the total portfolio (equally weighted). It's well known how to measure from historical prices->returns a variance-...
2answers
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### What are the econometric assumptions in the Fama-Macbeth procedure (1973)?

Fama-Macbeth (1973) introduce a two stage cross-sectional regression method (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fama%E2%80%93MacBeth_regression). 1) If I was to regress stock prices (or returns) on a ...
5answers
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### Can classical economics explain *any* of the so-called stylized facts of finance?

I am doing some reading on the (historical) emergence of the Black-Scholes implied volatility smile for index options (yes - post 87), and I stumbled across an economic paper attempting to explain the ...
1answer
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### Does Chan use the wrong state transition model in his Kalman filter code?

In his book, Algorithmic Trading: Winning Strategies and Their Rationale, Ernie Chan shows how to use a Kalman filter to improve the returns of a cointegrated portfolio. Recall that the state equation ...
0answers
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### Applications of distance correlation

This question mentions distance correlation. Where has this concept been applied to financial data and provided new insight? Do you know any examples or references?
0answers
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### Is it more accurate to analyze returns on a calendar day basis than a trading day basis?

I'm rather new to the actual practice of this kind of analysis, but it just seems wrong to me to throw Mondays' returns in with the rest without accounting for the passage of time on the weekend when ...
2answers
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### What are the assumptions in the first-stage of Fama-MacBeth (1973)?

According to the CAPM, the expected return of asset $i$ is: $E(Z_i) = \beta_{im} E(Z_m)$ where $Z_m$ is the excess return on the market portfolio, and $Z_i$ is the excess return of asset $i$ over ...
3answers
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### Measuring historical earnings surprises, their frequency and severity

This is my first post to Quantitative Finance, so I hope my question is formatted the right way. I am starting to research the effects of earnings surprises on certain equity indices. Is there a ...
2answers
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### Basic question on Portfolio Theory

I was revising my stuff about portfolio theory and I noticed that every single time, expected return and corresponding variance or covariance are given! (not calculating ourselves). So I'm just ...
2answers
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### Value at Risk - What if an account has never suffered from a negative return

I want to implement an algorithm that calculates an account's 95% value at risk on a monthly return base. The case I want to describe in this question is rather academic and will probably never happen ...
1answer
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### Compare events effect on stock prices from different time periods

I’m going to test for the effect corporate credit rating announcements have on stock prices through different economic climates (good times vs. bad times). I want to research whether or not the stock ...
0answers
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### Which areas of statistical physics do not get enough attention in quantitative finance?

It seems that over the past few decades many ideas from statistical physics have been successfully incorporated into economics and finance to form the sub-discipline of econophysics. However, it is ...
0answers
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### Negative constant in GARCHX model

I am fitting the following ARX(1,1)-GARCHX(1,1,1): \begin{align*} y_t&=c+a_1y_{t-1}+\gamma_1x_t+\varepsilon_t\\ h_t&=\delta+\omega_1h_{t-1}+\theta_1\varepsilon_{t-1}^2+\pi_1x_{1,t} \end{align*...
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### Test for difference in security returns before and after financial regulation

I'm going to study the effect of corporate credit rating changes (Moody's) on stock prices before and after a specific financial regulation. So far i have used an event study where i have divided the ...
2answers
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### What are the advantages of financial modelling in R? [closed]

Recently I've found out that quantitative department in my company uses mostly R software for modeling in general. What is the advantage of modeling financial data in R instead of Excel, or some ...
4answers
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### Are PX_BID and PX_ASK on Bloomberg closing bid/ask? or are they daily averaged?

Bloomberg provides PX_BID and PX_ASK on a daily basis, but it's not clear exactly where these numbers come from. Are they closing bid and ask prices, or are they averaged over the entire day? For ...
3answers
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### Does longer time horizon necessarily imply reduced risk?

Is there a mathematical/statistical basis for the commonly-held belief that the longer certain assets (particularly equities) are held, the less risk the investor is exposed to? Alternatively, is ...
2answers
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### Applying my Machine Learning class (possibly to small markets) [closed]

I've finished a university course in statistical machine learning that covered topics such as regression, classification, neural networks, SVM, PCA etc. The class was quite tough and rigorous (we had ...
1answer
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### CAPM Calculations

Im trying to calculate Alpha using CAPM & I have data on everything necessary. $$R_t-R_f={\alpha}+{\beta}\times(R_m-R_f)$$ i.e. $${\alpha}=R_t-R_t-{\beta}\times(R_m-R_f)$$ In more detail, I ...
2answers
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### Variable Drift Ornstein–Uhlenbeck Process

The Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process is defined as the stochastic process that solves the following SDE: $dx_t = \theta (\mu-x_t)\,dt + \sigma\, dW_t$ where $\theta>0$, $\mu$ and $\sigma>0$ are ...
2answers
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### Utility functions, are they used in the real world by hedge funds, banks, etc?

I am starting to study mathematical finance. When I studied microeconomics and macroeconomics I studied utility functions, but I never saw how they are in the real world. I do not see how they can be ...
1answer
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### Where can I find ideas for strategies? [closed]

Every book I read refers me to many other books, there is practically no way I can read all this text in my life time. Once and for all, where is the best place to fish for ideas?
3answers
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### Detrending price data for analysis of signal returns

I'm looking to conduct hypothesis tests on some of my trading signals to see if the signal returns are statistically significant enough to falsify my null hypothesis that the signal has no predictive ...
2answers
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### Statistical estimation vs Stochastic calibration of models

I have never been able to deduce the precise differences between model building from the statistical perspective and the stochastic processes/calibration perspective. I can only infer that these are ...
1answer
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### Showing the Gaussian shift theorem for bivariate case

I was reading about the Gaussian shift theorem in "An Introduction to Exotic Option Pricing" by Peter Buchen and came across a question that I can't seem to figure. In the book, he uses F(Z) (a ...
1answer
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### Assessing goodness of a Technical Trading Rule using a ROC model

I am testing various technical trading rules (TTR) on the cryptocurrency market. I have already setup some significance tests, to compare the returns and volatilities. I would now like to test it ...
1answer
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### Asset class dynamics differences

If we compare daily return dynamics of the main asset class time series (e.g. Stock indexes, bonds, precious commodities, etc) do we observe quantifiable differences? Are there some reference paper on ...
1answer
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### How to construct a cointegrating vector using more than 2 price series in R?

I use now this code from hier Why does the following data fail my cointegration test? with slightly modification of possibility to load something directly from Dropbox file storage . ...
1answer
807 views

### Running a simple alpha estimation test for statistical significance of a signal

I'm looking for some direction on testing whether a simple entry signal has statistical significance. Let's say this is my simple entry signal: Buy when some indicator has a positive slope and is ...
0answers
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### Rolling sum of conditional variance

I have a model to compute the conditional expectation and variance for a return series, given various factor returns. Initially attempted to trade the deviations of actual return for the day from the ...
0answers
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### Frequency Arbitrage

We know that the volatility is lower when the sampling period is longer, for example $\sigma_{7days} < \sigma_{1day}$, Then I came across this strategy that I cannot quite understand how to exploit ...
1answer
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### why do we use greater than or equal to for submartingale?

I've just learned about martingale, but i could not find any reason that we use greater than or equal to sign when we define submartingale. In stead of using greater than or equal to symbol, can't we ...
1answer
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### Regarding “Two Singular Diffusion Problems” by William Feller

I'm currently reading the research paper, Two Singular Diffusion Problems, by William Feller (1950). However, I don't understand how Feller derived the solution $(3.5)$ given equation $(3.4)$ in his ...
0answers
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### I want to optimize an equity portfolio for the four central moments can anyone help me with the problem formulation

Basically i am confused as to which formula to use for portfolio skew and kurtosis and how to use the same in the optimization problem. I would also like to know the options available regarding the ...
0answers
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### Is there a different test to check stationarity? [duplicate]

I am using the KPSS test to check stationarity of a financial time series. I would like to know if there is another test to confirm the stationarity. Any advice?
1answer
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### Fama MacBeth cross-sectional Regression

I am deeply confused right now and hope someone can help me out a bit. I want to replicate part of a paper from Fama/French (2008), Dissecting anomalies, specifically, Table IV "Average Slopes and t-...
1answer
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### How did Dickey and Fuller know something was wrong?

I am interested in testing if there is size distortion through simulations. I have recently been interested in replicating Dickey and Fuller (1979) and this source from another post helped a lot, here ...
3answers
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### How to convert weekly data to monthly in r (or in Julia)

I have weekly series on financial risk index data as follows: DATE NFCIRISK 1/8/1971 0.58 1/15/1971 0.61 ......through 10/6/2017 -0.88 10/13/2017 -0.89 10/20/2017 -0.89 ...
1answer
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### Ljung_Box Statistic of R and R^2 values in Return analysis

I have found a result that I find truly puzzling. Here is an extract from a GARCH-Analysis I have performed: Test______________Statistic_______p-Value Ljung-Box Test_____R Q(10)_____0....
1answer
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### How can I compare two mutual funds' performance with a sparse set of data?

I want to compare the performance of two mutual funds. The only data I have is annual returns for the past 7 years. So I have 7 observations for Fund 1 and 7 observations for Fund 2. In addition, I ...
1answer
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### Cross Product Ratio Analysis

Can you please advise? I have been recently trying to sort this out for couple of days but cannot get the same numbers as previous authors: The equation is shown in Agarwal and Naik Multi-Period ...
1answer
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### Most profitable? High % but low probability or Low % but high probability

I have identified a pattern in different assets where a quick spike/flash crash often occurs, dropping the price between -5% and -15% for a few seconds and then going back to previous average. I am ...
1answer
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### Testing the accuracy of a created Index

So long story short, I created a Oil/Energy Index from a basket of 5 stocks in the asset class. I am looking to use mean-reversion, in order to help rebalance the allocation of funds between ...
1answer
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### which method is the roubust method to estimate the Hurst parameter?

I know there exist lots of method to estimate the Hurst parameter, such as R/S, V/S, GHE, DFA, DMA, Wavelet Spectral Density, Whittle and so on. Can you tell me which one is the best one. Is anyone ...
1answer
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### Thorp's var caclulation

I have been working through Thorp's paper, and with some guidance have got as far as page 20, but I am now stuck with Thorp's result in Ex 6.2 (on that page) where I cannot get the result for \$Cor(X_1,...
1answer
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### Likelihood Ratio Method - Delta

I was checking Glasserman(2004) - Monte Carlo for Financial Engineering and got to the likelihood ratio method. I am also looking in my textbook (M. Cerrato: The Mathematics of derivatives securities ...
1answer
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### Simple simulation model of bond plus cash returns

Is there a robust way to model 'bond plus cash' simulated returns, say in Excel, for an asset allocation problem between stocks vs bond plus cash? For equity, ...