Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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22 views

swap discrete market model

Let be $M = (S_0,E,\Phi)$ a market where the risk-free rate is $r = 0$ and the Euribor $E$ evolves (annually) in discrete time following a three-period binomial model. Assume that $E_0 = 0.031$, the ...
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21 views

Day-count conventions for the floating leg of an asset swap

Which is the day-count convention in order to compute the floating leg of an asset swap? I don't know if it is: Act/360, Act/365, 30/360 or 30/365.
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86 views

Can you calculate modified duration for swaps?

I know how to calculate them for bonds. But it came to my mind this. In bonds, Macaulay duration technically is a weighted average of coupon payments. But can it be somehow calculated for swaps? Or ...
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49 views

price of IRS receiver fixed rate [closed]

I have price a IRS receiver fixed rate, and I am told to approximate the PV of IRS with a long fixed rate bond, with coupons assigned by the swap rate and face value equal to the IRS notional, and a ...
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383 views

Does a 100mio 10y swap have the same dv01 when rates are at 1% and 10%?

If not how come, whats the right way to look at it and have a quick rule of thumb to work out what dv01 is 100mio 10yr? Thanks!
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Quantlib : How does interpolation technique in zero curve improve the valuation of interest rate swaps?

I am working on building zero curve using interpolation = ql.Linear(). I know that this method is very popular to build short and long end curve. But am wondering if there is any another way of ...
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54 views

discounting currency swap

I need help with a currency swap problem: Remaining life: 15 months. Exchanging interest at 10% on £20 million in Sterlings for interest 6% on $30 million in Dollars. If swap were negotiated today, ...
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121 views

Are forward rates for an IRS computed between reset dates or between start dates?

In order to price the floating leg of an IRS I am computing forward rates for future coupons, but I'm not sure whether I have to compute such rates between reset dates or between start dates. My ...
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30 views

Inflation Indexed Caplet/Floorlet

Can someone explain what is it with $\psi_{i}$ (year fraction in $[T_{i-1},T_{i}]$). The formula in Mercurio (2006) as is follows: $N\psi_{i}P_{n}(t,T_{i})\mathbb{E}_{n}^{T_{i}}\left[\left(\omega\...
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74 views

Python Quantlib : How to value the Non Deliverable currency Interest Rate Swaps?

I followed all the procedure in Quantlib to process interest rate swap valuation through Python Quantlib. I valued more than a million records. All the valuation is almost the expected amount. But '...
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Duration of forward starting swap

For a spot starting interest rate swap, the duration is calculated as the duration of the fixed rate leg less the duration of the floating leg. Each of these calculations is akin to calculating the ...
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1answer
60 views

Tenor bucketing for swap interest rates?

in the place I work I've noticed that for asset class Interest Rate Swaps, tenor bucketing takes place. Example as follow: IRS with maturity 2 month being bucketed into a "3 month tenor bucket" Page ...
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83 views

Pricing of Fx Swap and Fx Forward in excel

How to do pricing of FX Swaps and Fx Forward in excel can anyone show the same which will match the bloomberg.I am calculating by adding or subtracting the fx fwd points in fx spot rate to arrive at ...
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69 views

Volatility Swap Variance swap [closed]

Why do two different products trades as vol swap and var swap. Are these products not inter-convertible? I know Var swap has convexity and vol swap does not have but i don not understand how it helps ...
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159 views

Hull-White Calibration /Hypothetical Cap Pricing

I have a question regarding calibrating Hull-White (Extended Vasicek) Model to bond data. As you know, and stated in Mercurio (2005), zero coupon bond price in the Hull and White (1994); $P(t,T)=A(t,...
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Looking for a Paper: RBS Guide to Inflation-Linked Products

I wonder if any of you have an access to "The Royal Bank of Scotland (2003) Guide to Inflation-Linked Products. Risk." paper. It was in the bibliography of Mercurio's "Pricing Inflation Indexed ...
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134 views

Total Return Swap valuation: Accrual vs Projected methods

For TRS contracts on equity or bond underlying the use of projected valuation method is desirable for contracts that lack bilateral early termination clause. As they are "non-breakable," allegedly the ...
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124 views

Eonia swap calculation of floating rate

I'm new to swaps, I've a question about how to calculate the floating rate of an EONIA Swap from market quotation, so that we can keep an eye on the evaluation of our contract Market Value, DV01, etc.....
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65 views

Bloomberg SWPM Zero Rate Curve Conventions

Referencing : Bloomberg SWPM: Day count to calculate discount factor for US0003M Hi, I have a hard time reproducing the conversions between Discount factors and zero rates for an XCCY Swap I have ...
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104 views

Question regarding fitting Euribor curve using different basis quotes using Quantlib Python

I am trying to fit a EUR curve based on the following instruments:- EONIA quotes 1m vs 6m basis quotes 3m (outright) quotes 6m (outright) quotes 6m vs 12m quotes (1) , (3) & (4) are simply ...
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51 views

Variance Swaps for IR products

Just a question here. I am aware that variance swaps for equity products are quite common in the market. However, will anyone be familiar with variance swaps on swap rates in the market? Are they ...
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30 views

Understanding the Trading of Forward vs Spot Rates (non-hedging perspective)

From the perspective of a speculator, was wondering if this is the correct way to think about trading forward vs spot products. Say for example the spot starting 2yr swap rate = 2.5% while the 1yr-...
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142 views

Why is it desirable to receive fixed on a zero coupon swap, and undesirable to pay fixed on a zero coupon swap?

In most established rates markets, swaps are discounted using risk-free reference rates, such as Sonia in the GBP market and Eonia in the EUR market, as opposed to Libor. Because of the way zero-...
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60 views

Swaps curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps

I'm new to curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps, I understand the process the main struggle I've is with day conventions and swap delays,cash delays, pay delays ... it's hard to find a book ...
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162 views

Understanding Mechanics and Specifics of Cross-Currency Basis Swap

I am looking at a Bloomberg Ticker for the JPY-USD Basis Swap (JYBS5 BGN Curncy). This is a 5yr term, settling on Dec 05 2019 and maturing on Dec 05 2024. The last price is -41. Several questions I ...
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106 views

3M curve vs 6M Curve, which one to use for valuation of IR Derivatrives

Sorry, this might be basic for some of you but I'm very confused when it comes to know which curve (6m or 3m) we can use for valuations of swaps and swaptions. Could someone please explain when to use ...
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CME Futures used in building LCH USD swap curve

To build a LCH swap curves, common benchmarks include cash rates, euro dollar futures and swaps. However, the euro dollar futures only exist in CME. So when you use euro dollar futures (only exist in ...
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243 views

convexity adjustment for pricing mark to market (mtm) cross currency swap

may I know where the convexity adjustment is from and in practice, how is it usually calculated? is it coming from the correlation between fx and rates ? am I right that non-mtm cross currency swap ...
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Quantlib gives error message when Valution date is backdate

Valuation Date As Backdate(12 November 2019) On calcuating Vanilla Swap, Quantlib gives error message as below ...
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72 views

How to change the Libor rate to Forward Libor rate in Swap?

The realised PV of a swap (notional is 1 ) is : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1} \tau_i \times D(t,Ti) \times (L(Ti, Ti, Ti+ \tau_i) - K)$ How do we get the expression with forward rate : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1}...
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37 views

How currency swap works for big companies bond and cash management

Suppose a big company A holds 10 Million USD at T+0, and A knows that it will pay 9.9 Million CHF to buy a bond at T+1, why would company A be willing to enter a currency swap to buy CHF and sell USD ...
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64 views

Counterparty exposure for a swap [closed]

What is the exact details of swap option whose PV gives the counterparty exposure at horizon of t=15months for a payer swap of strike 1% above ATM and length 5y starting at 2y?
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175 views

Why do big financial groups use fx swaps to manage cash?

Can someone help me with the logic that big companies' treasury department uses fx swap to manage their cash? An example would be much appreciated!
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100 views

Estimation of LIBOR 3M periods if the period is not exactly 3M months

When generating dates of interest rate swaps, even without stub periods, we sometimes end up with periods that are less than 3 months (say 87 day). In that case do we have to apply any kind of ...
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118 views

Curve building for a swap

I'm a student learning how to build a swap curve, I've deposit 6m rate = 5%, fra 6-12m rate = 5.8% and 12m-18m rate= 6% and swap 2y =7% and 3y swap rate = 7.5%. I get the correct discount factors for ...
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281 views

Swaptions on SONIA/SOFR/ESTR

Given that LIBOR is being decommissioned and we must start building liquidity in swaptions on the OIS swaps, how do we price them? i.e. If I have a swaption on SONIA/SOFR/ESTR etc how does the pricing ...
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40 views

Retrieve zero coupon curve from forwards

Let's suppose I am given a forward swap curve of a certain maturity (10Y). The curve is not very smooth and is decreasing but whatever. I have the curve : $S(0,t,t+T) = \frac{P(0,t) - P(0,t+T)}{\sum_{...
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165 views

For which would you expect the liquidity on instrument X to be the greatest: its spot, future, option or swap?

Would like $X$ to remain general, but if needed, let's say GBPUSD Exchange Rate. By liquidity I mean overal market volume across exchanges / ease of opening and closing positions / total notional ...
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133 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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Correlation coefficient without cash flows?

I'm an intern at a company and one of our tasks is to calculate the the probability of default of both participants of a Swap(a Client and a Bank), for which we first need the correlation coefficient ...
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1answer
108 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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79 views

How do the following aspects lead to U.S. Repo shortfalls

A major theme in the markets this past week has been the repo rate hikes and the sudden disappearance of liquidity. Although most are confused as to the main reason, there seems to be a consensus on ...
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In a cleared inflation swap agreement, what determines how much “collateral” a party needs to deposit into the third party escrow account?

Does realized inflation or expected future inflation determine how much money needs to be placed into the escrow account each day?
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139 views

What happens to both sides of an inflation swap agreement if there is deflation?

If there is deflation does the Inflation receiver not only pay the fixed leg but also receives a reduced CPI? I.e. does he lose twice?
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How to calculate average entry price for perpetual swap contracts?

I'm trying to calculate the average entry price for perpetual swap contracts for use in back-testing a trading strategy, as per Bitmex's documentation: A Perpetual Contract is a derivative product ...
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292 views

Basis Swaps in Quantlib/Python

I am aware that I can create a IRS in Quantlib/Python by using the following function: ...
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74 views

<Credit Default Swap> Auction Recovery vs Fixed Recovery

What is the Difference between Auction Recovery CDS and Fixed Recovery CDS?
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64 views

Understanding Front-End Spreads (terminology, lingo, convention)

Would appreciate a clear explanation as to what the OIS/Tsy spread and the TU OIS spread is. I've seen it being talked about in Wall St research reports but can't seem to find good explanations on ...
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103 views

If 10s20s steepener have equal DV01 weighting on each swap then why does convexity play a role in MtM

Receiver Swap 10yrs Notional: 1,000,000 DV01: +1,300 Tenor: 10yrs Rate: 4% Payer Swap 20yrs Notional: 500,000 DV01: -1,300 Tenor: 20yrs Rate: 5% Looking at this fictitious example, I want to ...

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