Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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1answer
107 views

Hedging with FX swaps

I am trying to get the mechanic of the swap rollover. Funds usually hedge FX risk of their long term foreign assets (eg UST) with short term FX swaps (usually maturity < 1yr), by rolling over fx ...
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169 views

Two practitioner questions about asset swap spreads

I have two questions regarding the terminology used on the practitioner side regarding asset swap spreads. Asset swaps are mainly used to retain the credit exposure of a bond while minimizing the ...
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98 views

Replicating Bloomberg Swap Prices with QuantLib

I'm trying to learn more about the QuantLib python package and as an exercise I'm trying to replicate some swaps on Bloomberg. However, when I do so, it seems like my swaps are consistently ...
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1answer
46 views

FX swap implied yield from bloomberg

I am trying to reproduce the bid EUR implied yield I see in the screenshot below for 1y tenor which is -0.6226%. EUR implied yield bid = spot_bid/fwd_bid *(1+i_USD_bid) - 1 Inputs from BBG terminal: ...
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Valuing an electricity swap

A colleague of mine and I are debating how to price an electricity swap. Keeping in mind that electricity futures are delivered over a period of time rather than at a point in time, I maintain that ...
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68 views

Is the price of the following inflation derivative observed/traded?

Let $M_{t\to t+2}^{\\\$}$ be the pricing kernel (SDF) from period $t$ to $t+2$. Let inflation over period $t$ to $t+1$ be denoted by $\Pi_{t \to t+1}$. Is it possible to observe the following quantity ...
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1answer
64 views

Missing observations in ICE Swap rates

While searching time-series data for different interest rate benchmarks, I found that for the USD, all observations are missing for the period between March 2020/April 2020. This discontinuity is ...
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What happens to a Swap CCR if there is a mandatory breaking clause?

I doubt with regards to this. If for instance, we have the same two 5-year swaps one of them with a Mandatory Break clause in year one, what would be the differences in the CCR profile during the ...
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3answers
113 views

Why might a cross currency swap from EUR into USD have higher CVA than a cross currency swap from USD into EUR?

I was having a discussion with a colleague in the industry, who mentioned in passing that CVA on a cross currency swap from EUR into USD (pay EUR) is always higher than if paying USD and receiving EUR....
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110 views

resettable/MtM cross currency swaps

I am trying to understand the mechanics of resettable xccy basis swaps and put together a numerical example. I'd like to know if 1) periodic interest payments are calculated on the original notional ...
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How are total return swaps quoted?

A) spread $s$ only. B) spread subtracted from the funding, e.g. LIBOR, rate, i.e. $(r-s)$. ?
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1answer
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Breaking out Swap curve + z-spread from a bond

A colleague mentioned the following: She wanted to look at some bonds in Reuters/Bloomberg to see if they if they "correctly break-out the swap curve and z-spread". Would anyone understand ...
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103 views

Currency swap terminology

With reference to cross currency swaps, what does it mean to receive the basis? "Demand from Japanese institutions to receive basis (USD funding) increased due to emergency dollar demand due to ...
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Australian banks funding

"Typically, Australian banks pay a small premium to swap foreign currency into Australian dollars. This premium is also referred to as the basis, which is the difference between the implied cost ...
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Brazil FX market “cupom cambial” [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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39 views

OIS Floating Leg Value at Swap Start with OIS discounting with payment lag

Is it safe/OK/acceptable to assume that $PV_{float}=1$ at on a Swap that projects and discount with the same OIS index, at starting date, if payments are done with a 2D lag i.e. $t_{pay} = t_{...
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how do traders typically hedge a callable zero coupon bond?

i've seen termsheets of callable accreting notional swaps where the accretion rate equals the fixed coupon rate. apparently these are used to hedge callable zcb's. but it doesnt seem to make sense! ...
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1answer
110 views

Swap data- couldn't find any

I'm a student and i amm looking for a swaps rates historical data for long tenors in purpose to estimate yield curve (for example in GBP). My question is where could I find it?
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Carry & Roll, roll down current curve valid assumption?

The assumption for calculating the roll of a fixed income instrument is that you roll down the current spot curve. So if 10y rate is 2% and 9.5y is 1.8% the carry for the coming 6 month horizon is ...
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33 views

Free swaps/swaptions data

I would like to play around a bit with some yield curve models. I am looking for a way to get a hold of free swaps/swaptions data. Obviously, the quality does not have to be super good, I am merely ...
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Cross Currency Swap Bids and Offers?

Could someone please explain why certain Cross currency pairs like EURUSD or GBPUSD show higher bids then offers in Bloomberg? e.g for a 5y GBP/USD Xccy Swap bids could be at -5 bps and the offer at -...
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1answer
174 views

'Optional Early Termination' clause

For market practitioners such as swap traders out there: in your experience, does the below clause when bilateral is similar to a difference between European and <...
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2answers
233 views

What drives a downward move in the Xccy Basis curve?

this is something I wanted to understand for a while. For example, I observed recently the yields across the Mexico Xccy Basis curve have been decreasing 1-2 bps on last days. What could possibly ...
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46 views

Comparing swaps with bonds

Swaps and bonds have a lot of similarity although one is a security and the other is a derivative. For example, libor for swaps is like repo rate bonds (thinking them both as the funding leg) fixed ...
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1answer
92 views

Understanding Asset Swap Spread Example

Here is an overview of the asset swap spread I found online: https://www.deriscope.com/docs/AssetSwaps_LehmanBrothers_2000.pdf I can't seem to make sense of the numbers in this example: Specifically, ...
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1answer
100 views

Funding foreign asset purchase with repo

https://www.bis.org/publ/qtrpdf/r_qt1709e.pdf extract from page 38 An investor wants to buy a foreign currency security with domestic cash but does not wish to run FX risk. Then, three transactions ...
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Swaption on Forward-Starting Swap “Replication”?

Lately I was thinking about forward-starting swaptions vs. options on forward-starting swaps a bit, and I started wondering about the following: Suppose we are at time $T_0$ (today) and we want to ...
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72 views

When you rollover a FX Forward, do enter the FX swap at the spot rate or previous forward rate?

from below link: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/distinction-between-fx-swaps-currency-risk-management-akubue-cfa/ "if the date of settlement of the export proceeds has been extended by three ...
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24 views

FX forward hedging with rollover

I was wondering when you enter a swap at the forward expiration under which scenarios you are hedged or not. For example, a European exporter buys a fwd to hedge a delivery of $1m in 6 months (long 6m ...
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1answer
74 views

Swap Spread Arbitrage & Rates/STIRT Vol

Concerning the classic swap spread arbitrage trade where you (as far as I understand it): Buy a treasury and borrow in GC repo, paying repo rate and funding the haircut in short term unsecured ...
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1answer
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FX swap par value

What is the relationship to apply so that an FX swap value is 0 at inception? For example, for a short 1y EURUSD swap with 1mm euro notional, at inception spot = 1.1000 and 12m fwd = 1.1022, EUR 1y ...
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99 views

Is the pricing formula for FX Forwards the same for FX Swaps?

If I use fwd_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+r_base) to determine the theoretical value of a forward, how should I tweak the formula to price a FX swap? Assuming swap = fwd-spot, swap_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+...
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3answers
125 views

Hedging against FX for bond portfolio

Let's say I've bond is USD with a maturity of 25yrs and yield of 5% and coupon 7%, but I'm located in Europe and wanna hedge the USD risk, How can I use cross currency swap to do this ?
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Why Swap rate is accompanied with par yield?

Recently I got some question about Spot Curve which is extracted from Swap rate. And the logic starts with this : Fixed rate bond's value is equal to Floating rate bond's value "at reset date&...
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Which volatility should I use in a long-term futures swaption?

Consider an option expiring in 12/31/2023 on an hourly swap from 2024 through 2029 such that: a) I pay the floating price of electricity and b) receive $20 in return. Using shaped monthly futures and ...
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What does it mean In FX trading you using a T/N swap to avoid physical delivery of the currency? [duplicate]

I understand you use T/N swaps to rollover FX positions and so avoid physical delivery but I dont quite get how this happens in reality. For example, if I am long EURUSD and need to deliver/sell USD ...
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4answers
200 views

Downward Sloping Swap Spread Curve

After observing swap spreads in the market, I have noticed that the swap spread curve is downward sloping. Why is this? I have tried looking around the internet for answers, but have not found ...
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1answer
82 views

LIBOR Quoting Conventions and Swap Pricing

Given that LIBOR quotes have value date T+2, when considering a simple IRS, which dates are considered when fixing the floating rate? Say floating leg is Euribor 3M and next fixing date is today (02/...
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71 views

Zero notional on swap leg

Can there be a swap with zero notional on one leg alone? If so, what is the swap used for ?
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82 views

Swaption decomposition - forward options and option on options

I am following through the book "An Introduction to Financial Derivatives" by Salih Neftci. According to the book, a swap can be decomposed into cash flows from forwards and options. I am ...
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Using Quantlib to pricing a FR007 swap (which is compounding interest rate in floating leg)

You can treat the FR007 swap like this: The fixed-rate leg is the same as the fixed-rate leg of the LIBOR swap. The floating rate can be treated as the combination of some 3-months maturity compound ...
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What is the market convention for the stub floating payment on a vanilla swap?

Let's say I have a plain vanilla "broken date" swap (Annual fixed, 6m float) that I enter into today (10th Nov 20 for settle T+2, 12th Nov 20) and which ends on 16th August 2023. The swap is ...
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1answer
31 views

Do all inflation swaps reference the non-seasonally-adjusted index values?

Inflation CPI values (typically published monthly except Australia) are typically published in both SA (sseaonally adjusted) and NSA (non-seasonally adjusted) variants. Inflation swaps reference the ...
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Question on Xccy swaps curve observability

Trying to get a sense of the following ... In some emerging markets such as Argentina, there isn't any observable IRS swap curve, but only Xccy. I noticed in the place I work that FX NDF are used to ...
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Availability of historical data on variance swaps [duplicate]

I want to do research on variance swaps. Where can I get/buy historical data (other than Markit)?
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1answer
102 views

The meaning of balance sheet intensive instruments

What does it mean for an instrument to be "balance sheet intensive"? I found people mean it different things. People say bonds and repos are balance sheet intensive. Some say swaps are ...
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205 views

OIS rate to build Term structure

There are some discussions (e.g. Difference between OIS Rate and Fed Funds Rate) on usage of OIS rate to build the Libor term ...
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Swap curve is unsmooth at front end with naive interpolation

I am looking at swap curve building at front end and find it difficult to get a smooth forward curve with a fast generic algorithm. For example, EUR 6m curve has 6m deposit, and then a series of FRAs (...
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Mismatch of periods with numeraire compared to the forward rates

In Joshi's The Concepts and Practice of Mathematical Finance Page 323--324 I believe that there may be a mismatch of periods with forward rates: Consider time partition $t_{0} < ... < t_{n}$ ...
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266 views

Bootstrapping Swap Curve

I am trying to get the zero rates from the swap curve for chilean pesos (vs Camara). I tried this code (from a previuos question similar to mine from other person) and I am very close to get the ...

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