Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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64 views

Which curves to use for different swaps?

How do we determine which curve to use for pricing different swaps, for e.g. I don't understand how following come: Interest Rate Swap (USD) Fixed: USD Treasury Floating: none CCS (USDINR) Fixed: ...
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Swap spreads behaviour before Treasury auctions

Not really a quant question but why would someone buy us swap spreads before a US treasury auction. I get the idea of bidding for the bonds and then using the swap leg to asw the bond but whats the ...
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Why exchange basis exist in swaps

For example, swaps traded in CME versus LCH are quoted with slight difference? how do we decide the theoretical boundary of the basis ? what factors need to be consider? I think the principal to ...
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How to calculate net exposure on a Interest Rate Swap (and on derivatives in General)?

I would like to know how to measure Exposure on swaps (IRS, TRS...) in general . Example, if a party A has a OTC position of 100 million USD in IRS with party B, is party A exposure = 100 million ...
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158 views

Why has cross currency basis become higher since the 2008 crisis?

The impact of cross currency basis on FX forward pricing has become more noticeable since 2008, diverging significantly from the interest rate differential, what are the fundamentals behind this ...
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293 views

Difference between 5Y breakeven inflation and 5Y5Y inflation forward?

I cannot figure out the difference between the two data series found here: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/T5YIE/ https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/T5YIFR/ The 5Y breakeven inflation, to my ...
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Plotting a CSA curve in QuantLib

IRS under a CSA Let's consider an example of Interest Rate Swap under a CSA. To calculate discount factors that can be used to discount cashflows in one currency, $C_{1}$, collateralized in another ...
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Compute forward swap rate from spot swap rate?

I am pretty new to interest rate swap and this question might sound silly. Why does 3y2y (3yr forward and 2yr tenor) swap rate roughly equal to (5*5y swap - 3*3y swap) / (5-3)? Any explanation would ...
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86 views

How to compute NPV of Latin American swap CLP-TNA (chilean) using quantlib?

I am trying to value the Latin Americans swaps. But CLP-TNA valuation is far off from the actual valuation. Please suggest, what I am missing in below methodology to compute NPV. ...
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How to compute the Brazilian Plain vanilla swap using Quantlib?

How to compute the BRL plain vanilla swap. I have followed the below methodology to calculate the valuation for other indexes but BRL-CDI is far off from actual valuation. Please suggest if anything ...
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IRS: Diff between “pricing curve” and “discounting curve”

I'm reading a book on swaps and author mentions in the typical attributes of swaps: "Discount curve: For present-value calculations (say, to calculate the current market value of the swap), what ...
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JPYEUR Interest rate parity question

I have some questions related to an interest rate parity question. I have tried to answer them, but would really appreciate if you could let me know whether my answer makes sense or not. I am very ...
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33 views

price alignment interest on future contract

why this is no PAI (price alignment interest) on a future contact like cleared swaps have? Am I right that you may get interest from your margin account, but you do not need to pay the interest back ...
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Sensitivity of correlation swaps to stochastic volatility

Are correlation swaps sensitive to stochastic volatility? Can you please justify from a theoretical point of view?
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Book that considers stochastic interest rate models in discrete time?

Are there any books that covers interest rate swaps, futures, forwards etc. but have a discrete time model? I would like to go deeper into this without having to worry about the stochastic calculus. ...
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100 views

USD Swap curve prices do not line up with inputs

As mentioned in the title, i'm having trouble with pricing USD swaps in quantlib. I wanted to take some inputs (Prices of swaps in the market) and be able to construct a yield term structure that ...
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How to price a Loan&borrowing deal(LNB) using cross currency basis?

I want to know how we can price a loan&borrowing(LNB) deal in USD using cross currency basis of my domestic currency is euro. For example, my domestic currency is Euro, I want to buy a LNB deal in ...
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255 views

Different types of swaps and generalized pricing structure - correlation swap, variance swap, volatility swap, gamma swap, etc

I am very new to derivatives pricing, and I am currently trying to learn these on my own. As far as I can tell, most of the derivatives that are simple (in the sense of having a constant strike that ...
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Calculate DV01 for a vanilla swal for MXN index using quantlib

I am trying to calculate dv01 for a vanilla swap using quantlib. Its a MXN TIIE Swaps for built an index like ...
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132 views

Hedging with FX swaps

I am trying to get the mechanic of the swap rollover. Funds usually hedge FX risk of their long term foreign assets (eg UST) with short term FX swaps (usually maturity < 1yr), by rolling over fx ...
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435 views

Two practitioner questions about asset swap spreads

I have two questions regarding the terminology used on the practitioner side regarding asset swap spreads. Asset swaps are mainly used to retain the credit exposure of a bond while minimizing the ...
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263 views

Replicating Bloomberg Swap Prices with QuantLib

I'm trying to learn more about the QuantLib python package and as an exercise I'm trying to replicate some swaps on Bloomberg. However, when I do so, it seems like my swaps are consistently ...
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81 views

FX swap implied yield from bloomberg

I am trying to reproduce the bid EUR implied yield I see in the screenshot below for 1y tenor which is -0.6226%. EUR implied yield bid = spot_bid/fwd_bid *(1+i_USD_bid) - 1 Inputs from BBG terminal: ...
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Valuing an electricity swap

A colleague of mine and I are debating how to price an electricity swap. Keeping in mind that electricity futures are delivered over a period of time rather than at a point in time, I maintain that ...
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Is the price of the following inflation derivative observed/traded?

Let $M_{t\to t+2}^{\\\$}$ be the pricing kernel (SDF) from period $t$ to $t+2$. Let inflation over period $t$ to $t+1$ be denoted by $\Pi_{t \to t+1}$. Is it possible to observe the following quantity ...
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72 views

Missing observations in ICE Swap rates

While searching time-series data for different interest rate benchmarks, I found that for the USD, all observations are missing for the period between March 2020/April 2020. This discontinuity is ...
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What happens to a Swap CCR if there is a mandatory breaking clause?

I doubt with regards to this. If for instance, we have the same two 5-year swaps one of them with a Mandatory Break clause in year one, what would be the differences in the CCR profile during the ...
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140 views

Why might a cross currency swap from EUR into USD have higher CVA than a cross currency swap from USD into EUR?

I was having a discussion with a colleague in the industry, who mentioned in passing that CVA on a cross currency swap from EUR into USD (pay EUR) is always higher than if paying USD and receiving EUR....
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639 views

resettable/MtM cross currency swaps

I am trying to understand the mechanics of resettable xccy basis swaps and put together a numerical example. I'd like to know if 1) periodic interest payments are calculated on the original notional ...
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86 views

How are total return swaps quoted?

A) spread $s$ only. B) spread subtracted from the funding, e.g. LIBOR, rate, i.e. $(r-s)$. ?
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114 views

Breaking out Swap curve + z-spread from a bond

A colleague mentioned the following: She wanted to look at some bonds in Reuters/Bloomberg to see if they if they "correctly break-out the swap curve and z-spread". Would anyone understand ...
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110 views

Currency swap terminology

With reference to cross currency swaps, what does it mean to receive the basis? "Demand from Japanese institutions to receive basis (USD funding) increased due to emergency dollar demand due to ...
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100 views

Australian banks funding

"Typically, Australian banks pay a small premium to swap foreign currency into Australian dollars. This premium is also referred to as the basis, which is the difference between the implied cost ...
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Brazil FX market “cupom cambial” [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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OIS Floating Leg Value at Swap Start with OIS discounting with payment lag

Is it safe/OK/acceptable to assume that $PV_{float}=1$ at on a Swap that projects and discount with the same OIS index, at starting date, if payments are done with a 2D lag i.e. $t_{pay} = t_{...
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how do traders typically hedge a callable zero coupon bond?

i've seen termsheets of callable accreting notional swaps where the accretion rate equals the fixed coupon rate. apparently these are used to hedge callable zcb's. but it doesnt seem to make sense! ...
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148 views

Swap data- couldn't find any

I'm a student and i amm looking for a swaps rates historical data for long tenors in purpose to estimate yield curve (for example in GBP). My question is where could I find it?
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Carry & Roll, roll down current curve valid assumption?

The assumption for calculating the roll of a fixed income instrument is that you roll down the current spot curve. So if 10y rate is 2% and 9.5y is 1.8% the carry for the coming 6 month horizon is ...
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Free swaps/swaptions data

I would like to play around a bit with some yield curve models. I am looking for a way to get a hold of free swaps/swaptions data. Obviously, the quality does not have to be super good, I am merely ...
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Cross Currency Swap Bids and Offers?

Could someone please explain why certain Cross currency pairs like EURUSD or GBPUSD show higher bids then offers in Bloomberg? e.g for a 5y GBP/USD Xccy Swap bids could be at -5 bps and the offer at -...
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302 views

'Optional Early Termination' clause

For market practitioners such as swap traders out there: in your experience, does the below clause when bilateral is similar to a difference between European and <...
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309 views

What drives a downward move in the Xccy Basis curve?

this is something I wanted to understand for a while. For example, I observed recently the yields across the Mexico Xccy Basis curve have been decreasing 1-2 bps on last days. What could possibly ...
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Comparing swaps with bonds

Swaps and bonds have a lot of similarity although one is a security and the other is a derivative. For example, libor for swaps is like repo rate bonds (thinking them both as the funding leg) fixed ...
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140 views

Understanding Asset Swap Spread Example

Here is an overview of the asset swap spread I found online: https://www.deriscope.com/docs/AssetSwaps_LehmanBrothers_2000.pdf I can't seem to make sense of the numbers in this example: Specifically, ...
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Funding foreign asset purchase with repo

https://www.bis.org/publ/qtrpdf/r_qt1709e.pdf extract from page 38 An investor wants to buy a foreign currency security with domestic cash but does not wish to run FX risk. Then, three transactions ...
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160 views

Swaption on Forward-Starting Swap “Replication”?

Lately I was thinking about forward-starting swaptions vs. options on forward-starting swaps a bit, and I started wondering about the following: Suppose we are at time $T_0$ (today) and we want to ...
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116 views

When you rollover a FX Forward, do enter the FX swap at the spot rate or previous forward rate?

from below link: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/distinction-between-fx-swaps-currency-risk-management-akubue-cfa/ "if the date of settlement of the export proceeds has been extended by three ...
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FX forward hedging with rollover

I was wondering when you enter a swap at the forward expiration under which scenarios you are hedged or not. For example, a European exporter buys a fwd to hedge a delivery of $1m in 6 months (long 6m ...
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Swap Spread Arbitrage & Rates/STIRT Vol

Concerning the classic swap spread arbitrage trade where you (as far as I understand it): Buy a treasury and borrow in GC repo, paying repo rate and funding the haircut in short term unsecured ...
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115 views

FX swap par value

What is the relationship to apply so that an FX swap value is 0 at inception? For example, for a short 1y EURUSD swap with 1mm euro notional, at inception spot = 1.1000 and 12m fwd = 1.1022, EUR 1y ...

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