Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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204 views

Given QuantLib Python VanillaSwap object, how to get the iborIndex of the swap object?

I'm currently using QuantLib Python. Let's say that I've got a VanillaSwap object: import QuantLib as ql swap_obj = ql.VanillaSwap(... , iborIndex , ...) How can ...
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3k views

How to build a cross currency swap pricer?

We're looking to build a pricer to convert a funding spread in a given currency over a specific funding basis e.g. 20 bps EUR 3m€ and convert it to a funding spread to a different currency with a ...
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3k views

IMM Swaps vs. Forward Swaps

Could we think of IMM dated swaps as forward swaps (since they trade only on specified dates and they might not be the current date)? For example, today is June 2nd, the next IMM swap is June 14 (not ...
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618 views

Convexity adjustment

I have a problem with the underlying assumption in the future/forward convexity adjustment. If I understand correctly, the assumption is, if I am long ED, I earn money when rates go down and invest ...
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1k views

Why is the overnight index swaps considered risk-free?

What I have understood is that the overnight index swap is bootstrapped to discount rates/zero rates that in their turn are considered risk free. The reason being, that the reference rate of such swap ...
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798 views

How to calculate this swap rate

What is the 2x5 swap rate? here 2x5 swap rate refers to the 3-year swap, 2 years forward.
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321 views

Girsanov theorem in CMS convexity derivation

I am going through the derivation of CMS convexity from the notes of Lesniewski There is a transformation from $T_p$ forward measure to annuity measure $Q$ as $$ P(0,T_p)E^{Q_{T_p}}\left[S(T_0,T)\...
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828 views

Derive OIS rate from IRS rate and Fed Funds/Libor basis spread

For example I have 7Y interest rate swap rate and 7Y Fed funds/Libor basis spread. What is the step-by-step procedure to derive OIS rate from these two?
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772 views

Spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap

Does anyone how banks determine the spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap? Example: Party A pays the return on SPTR to Party B Party B pays 1M LIBOR + 40 bps to Party A Does anyone know how the 40 ...
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2answers
2k views

Inflation-Linked Bonds & Asset Swap Spreads

I am trying to plot the asset swap spreads of government inflation-linked bonds (ILBs) versus the asset swap spread of government nominal (plain-vanilla) reference bonds. I used the article in the ...
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180 views

IMM Swaps - Accrual & Fixing Schedule

I am wondering how accrual periods & reset dates on Quarterly-IMM swaps are different to normal swaps (in terms of conventions). For example: Normal Swap: ...
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649 views

Obtaining swaption prices from lognormal volatility quotes

I am working with the following dataset from quandl: https://www.quandl.com/databases/CSWO (I'm using the sample dataset only). My question is how to obtain the swaption prices from the quotes given. ...
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468 views

Deltas and CC Basis Swaps

How do I calculate the dollar impact of basis change for a portfolio of cross currency basis swaps which hedged loans/bonds? I am thinking it might have something to do with delta and tenors but I ...
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555 views

Something is wrong with my MtM calculation

I'm trying to value a super simple receiver swap immediately after the first swap settlement (1 year in). The given answer is -1.91 million to the floating rate payer, but I am not coming up with ...
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39 views

S. Bossu's Correlation Swaps Model

I am reading Sebastien Bossu's "A new Approach For Modelling and Pricing Correlation Swaps" (link). I am recalling some of the definitions from the paper and would like to understand how to prove one ...
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215 views

Variance swap “fast” models

As far as I understand, Variance Swap (VS for short) function as follows : no payment when entering the contract at maturity the VS buyer pays a strike $K^2$ and is paid (by the VS seller) the ...
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1answer
293 views

Cross-Currency Inflation-Linked Swap

I am trying to find any references to cross-currency inflation-linked swaps. Have anyone encountered them and can describe how they work and how they differ from standard year on year inflation swaps?
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157 views

Overnight Index Swaps

Just a very quick general question regarding the OIS market. Is it common place on termsheets to state a PV Notional and additionally a FV notional, if so what is the purpose of this and does market ...
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189 views

What is mathematically rigorous way to estimate floating swap cash flow in the future?

In vanilla swap, the FL payments is fixed on one date and paid on the next reset date. So the next payment is known. However, the payment after that is not known. What would be the best estimate of ...
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401 views

Questions about Markit rates curve bootstrapping

I am reading the following two Markit documents concerning the bootstrapping of respectively the USD rates curve and the EUR, GBP, JPY, CHF, CAD, HKD, SGD, AUD and NZD rates curves. (Both versions are ...
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2answers
128 views

Why would one prefer variance swaps over other instruments?

I understand that an investor who has a view on an underlying's variance would be tempted by a variance swap. But why would one prefer such a contract over another instrument whose value is based on ...
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1answer
354 views

Is this an inconsistency between Swap and LIBOR?

I'm a little confused by what I see as an inconsistency between quoted £ swap rates and £ LIBOR. From the FT on 25/4/14: 1-year Swap (semi-annual): Bid - $0.63\%$; Ask - $0.66\%$ LIBOR: 6-month - $R_{...
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430 views

How to value non-libor swaps (not basis swaps)?

What discount curve should be used for a swap with a fixed leg and variable leg, where the variable leg is based on rate other than Libor (in my case 1-year deposit rate). Hull (5th edition, page 595) ...
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137 views

Structured product sellers and div swaps

From a Barclays primer on dividend swaps: We note that for shorter periods of time, implied dividends can be more volatile than spot as dividends often trade away from ...
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2answers
1k views

Curve Euribor - Euribor 3M

I'm setting up some Euribor 6M and Euribor 3M curves. So far i have all the data and quotes i need, but i'm having trouble defining the firsts points of the curve. I'm currently using 6M Euribor and ...
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1k views

Swaption Trading

In most Banks, the Traders are provided with ATM Implied vols across different Swaption Expiry's and different Underlying Swap Maturities.(The ATM Implied Vol Cube) If the trader wants to trade an ...
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637 views

Total Return Swaps and Borrow Cost Relationship

If an investor is long a Total Return Swap (TRS), they get the total return (ie, including dividend) performance and usually pay LIBOR minus a spread. This spread should trade ...
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572 views

How were OIS discount curves built before long-term OIS were liquid?

Many sources put the switch from LIBOR discounting to OIS discounting at some point in 2008, or perhaps a little earlier (the earliest I have seen is August 2007). It seems that this may be optimistic,...
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1answer
4k views

Libor OIS basis swap equation

I'm a little embarrassed about this because I have a PhD in math, but I'm having a little trouble working out how to bootstrap an OIS curve from libor rates and basis swap rates. If I had an equation ...
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2answers
4k views

Fair swap rate of an amortizing swap

Recently I came across the problem of amortizing swaps. This is an agreement, where fixed payments and floating payments (e.g. 3-months LIBOR + spread) are exchanged based on a notional that is ...
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1answer
71 views

relationship between notional amounts of volatility swaps and variance swaps

Taking volatility swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F - \sigma_S ) * volatility~notional $$ and Taking variance swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F^2 - \sigma_S^2 ) * variance~notional $$ I am trying to understand ...
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2answers
178 views

Transform a 3M FRA Rate to a 6M FRA Rate

I have a question whether it is possible to transform 3M FRA rates to 6M FRA rates without having any spreads available. Let's give an example: FRA 3M: FRA 1x4 FRA 2x5 FRA 3x6 FRA 4x7 FRA 5x8 FRA ...
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684 views

Why is the fair strike of a variance swap called implied volatility?

Probably an easy question for some, but I noticed most of my co-workers call the fair strike of a variance swap implied volatility. Why is that ?
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110 views

Swap rate calculation if reference rate differs from risk free rates

I want to find a swap rate, for an IRS where the floating is Libor+x bp where x is a constant. I have a risk free curve which is not the libor curve. I also have the libor rates. How can I calculate ...
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1answer
237 views

Dual discounted forward curve

I was wondering how to calculate the forward rates based on OIS discounting for the half year terms. I know how to do this for the full year terms -> just making sure that the two legs are equal to ...
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1answer
130 views

Pricing homogeneous Basket Default Swap

Consider a basket with $K=10$ names. Default times of the names, $\tau_k$, are i.i.d. random variables with distribution $P(\tau_k \leq t) = 1 - e^{-\lambda t}$. Suppose that each name in the basket ...
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2k views

What is the difference between a recovery swap and a CDS?

As I understand it, recovery swaps and CDS are both used to privide hedging against the default risk of a loan. What is the difference between them?
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108 views

Turning an amortising swaption into a normal swaption

Is there a way to enter a trading strategy in which the notional of the cashflows of an amortising swaption become all the same? For example, imagine the notional for the first four cashflows of an ...
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2answers
454 views

Collateralized / uncollateralized swap

Is a fully collateralized interest rate swap considered free of counterparty credit risk? Or close to risk free? Therefore discounted by the rate that best proxies the risk-free rate (which is the OIS-...
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2answers
209 views

Variance swap : ok for variance, but where's the square expectation?

Payout of a variance swap at maturity $T$ is proportional to $\left(\frac{252}{N} \sum_{i=0}^{N-1} R_i^2 \right) - \sigma_{\textrm{VS}}^2$ where $R_i \equiv \ln\left( \frac{S_{T_{i+1}}}{S_{T_i}} \...
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1answer
715 views

USD-Federal Funds for OIS swaps vs USD-Federal Funds for Basis swaps

Anyone knows why the OIS leg for basis swaps pays the average rate instead of the geometric average compounding rate as expected for a regular OIS swap leg?
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1answer
97 views

Why there is some inhomogeneous term in the PDE of fixed income

We consider one factor driving model of fixed income product say short-term interest $r(t)=\lim\limits_{T\rightarrow t} R(t,T),$ $R(t,T)$ is yield i.e $$B(t,T)e^{(T-t)R(t,T)} = 1$$ Then we see ...
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254 views

Valuation of a swap where both parties can cancel (not settle at market) with accrual method instead of present-value?

Consider a single-name total return swap (TRS) on some reference asset $S$. For concreteness, suppose the length of the contract is one year with quarterly resets, and the performance of $S$ is ...
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1answer
493 views

Using quantlib to price swaps with different payment and calculation resets for floating leg

I understand the VanillaSwap object assumes that payment and calculation resets are the same, so is there any way we could use quantlib to price a swap with different reset and calculation frequencies?...
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1answer
272 views

LMM & multiple curves

I was reading through a paper that attempted to present a theoretical explanation for the divergence in value of different LIBOR tenors (and thus for the use of different curves for different tenors). ...
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1k views

Pricing of swaps

I have a (hopefully) elementary question about forex swaps. Most feeds will have a near and a far leg (or more legs for more exotic swaps). I appreciate that "buying the swap" involves locking in ...
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1answer
507 views

Modified Duration of Overnight Index Swaps

Is the modified duration of an overnight index swap zero or close to zero?
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717 views

What is the instantaneous P&L of a Variance Swap?

What is the instantaneous P&L of a variance swap. Is it $(\sigma^{2}_{t}-\sigma^{2}_{implied})dt$?
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1answer
101 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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1answer
117 views

Valuing an interest rate swap using a par swaps curve?

I've worked through this problem already and was hoping for some feedback on my approach. The problem description is: You have a notional amount of 100 million paying fixed coupons of 8% annually for ...