Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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371 views

OIS & LIBOR swap

Why do people use OIS and LIBOR swap spread to compare/value bonds/derivatives? Why not just use US treasury?
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1answer
983 views

negative discount and zero rate on swap bootstraping

Hi I am writing a program to Bootstrap a EURO zero swap-curve for tenor 3M and 6M with given bid and ask. When I run the program , I get a negative zero rate and discount factor from 5Y till 30Y for ...
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150 views

How to calculate cash flow for XC swap

Given 3MLibor vs 12MLibor USD basis swap the 3M Libor is exchanged at 12MLibor+1%. How to calculate the cash flow
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3answers
81 views

Who is the issuer and the counter part of this instrument?

I have the following SWAP contract : T1UH4 which is a 2-Year Deliverable Interest Rate Swap. Product info : http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/interest-rates/deliverable-swaps/2-year-deliverable-...
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1answer
95 views

Can you hedge a derivative with a CASH|spot product or does it have to be another derivative instrument

Consider you have a SWAP (any kind) to hedge this SWAP, you will most likely use another Derivative,but can you use a cash|spot product to hedge this. Like Cash Equity or FX Spot
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48 views

How would one go about pricing a FX future?

What model/equations would I require to calculate the price for a foreign exchange future? This is in an attempt to mitigate foreign exchange risk. Also, how could one measure a business's exposure to ...
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32 views

Forward swap rate calculation from the market

Following my question Swaption valuation across time using vcub where I wanted to know how to value a swaption across time using bloomberg's vcub, I remark that I have to calculate myself the ...
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49 views

How can we value NPV for a standard FX Swap?

hope you are all well! Was just wondering how we can value the NPV on the value date for a FX swap - i'm sure it's by evaluating the interest rate payable/receivable from the trade date until the ...
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1answer
545 views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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2answers
504 views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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116 views

VarSwap PnL formula

I came across this formula for the varswap PNL: let $r_i$ be the log return over $[t_i,t_{i+1}]$ and suppose we risk manage the VS at a fixed implied volatility sigma, the PnL of (the payoff) over ...
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2answers
371 views

FX risk of basis swap in foreign currencies

As an US investor, if I enter a basis swap in a foreign currency (say Euribor-Eonia basis in EUR), and book my trade using USD. I must have some sort of FX risk, right? How do I hedge such risk? I'd ...
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211 views

Does delta adjusted exposure make sense for an equity variance swap?

The software vendor that I am using for the calculation of the market risk exposure claim that they cannot compute the delta adjusted of the equity variance swap positions since there is no specific ...
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121 views

Multi objective optimization Swaption/Caplets joint Calibration

People suppose that we have a two asset type portfolio optimization (as Intrument Type 1 and 2). In the each portfolio refered by the instrument type there are 2 asset so we have four asset in total. ...
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54 views

cross currency swap expiry principal amount

Quick question on cross currency swaps. On expiry, principal payments are exchanged again. What happens when on expiry, the exchange rate is not the same as when the swap was first entered into? The ...
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213 views

Quantitative Strategy on Variance Swap (master thesis)

I am doing a master thesis on Variance Swap and my dear friend told me I could find some valuable help on the "Quantitative Finance Stack Exchange". I would like to apologise beforehand, if my ...
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890 views

how to calculate the theta of a swap?

Suppose I have a swap contract to exchange 1 mio USD with 66.15 mio INR, 3 months later, current Spot is 65.04, how could I calculate the theta of this deal?
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260 views

Variance Swap Vega

I am currently reading the paper of Derman and al for my master thesis on Variance Swap. At one point one says that "The variance vega is largest when the option is ATM", considering here a call ...
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84 views

“At-the-money Implied as a Robust Approximation of the Volatility Swap Rate.” [closed]

Does anyone know where to get this paper? Carr, Peter and R. Lee, January 2004, "At-the-money Implied as a Robust Approximation of the Volatility Swap Rate." On google scholar the paper appears to ...
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1answer
559 views

Roll convention applied to weekend swap maturity date

Suppose a swap is booked with maturity on June 19, 2016 (which is a Sunday). Accruals are adjusted according to the modified following roll convention and follow U.S. holidays. For the last cashflow ...
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145 views

Estimate the risk of swaptions

I would like to model OTM Swaptions. I can use some implementation of the Bachelier model (not B76 due to negative rates) and implied volatilities from Bloomberg. For 10Y X 10Y (10 years option ...
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66 views

How to run swapbyzero matlab function in a loop [closed]

I made a for loop in Matlab in which I price a swap by using the swapbyzero function. The swapbyzero function requires a rates structure created by using the intenvset function from matlab. The ...
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54 views

Using Forward Equity Returns to Value Stream of Equity Return Cash Flows

Can I value the equity leg of an equity swap using the projected forward equity returns? In other words, for a sequence of times $t_{0}<t_{1}<\ldots<t_{n}$, where $t_{0}$ begins a brand new ...
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1answer
3k views

Hedging a Long Equity Swap by Shorting the Stock

Suppose that I enter an Equity Swap, such that I pay a floating rate and I receive the equity return. The payment is every one year for both the rate and the return, and the swap expires in one year. ...
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3answers
2k views

How to compute Overnight Index Swap (OIS) fixed rate?

I understand that periodically participants exchange the difference in the fixed rate and the daily compounded overnight floating rates. My question is how should one compute the fixed rate? What ...
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60 views

When a bank enters a swap with a counterparty, when does it decide to use a OIS curve as its CSA Term, versus a counterparty specific “CSA Curve”?

What determines whether a swap should be discounted against a standard OIS curve VS a 'custom' CSA curve specific to the swap's counterparty? (such custom curves are marked as spreads to some base ...
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116 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
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1answer
348 views

For a fixed-fixed cross currency swap, can I use a curve with two floating legs to discount the cash flows?

I'm doing a USD to INR fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap. The default curve has a fixed and a floating rate. However, the curve that I'm looking to use has floating rates on both legs. Would this ...
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1answer
57 views

What are advantages of expressing swaps this way?

On page 420 of Bailey's "The Economics of Financial Markets" textbook there is an example: "For example, suppose that [in a plain vanilla interest rate swap] the company agrees to pay 9.25 per cent ...
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1answer
154 views

How do I value uncollaterised swaps?

Do I need to discount using the OIS curve? Then add some sort of FVA adjustment over and above the CVA/DVA? How do I work out a banks cost of funding? Any help would be greatly appreciated. ...
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2answers
602 views

Why do we swap the bond value and par value at the beginning in the Asset Swap

I may asked this question before, but I still don't understand. We know that in a asset swap, A pays the fixed coupon on the bond B pays LIBOR + Spread The exchanges take place regardless of ...
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2answers
1k views

Single currency basis swap Risk sensitivity

How do I concretely quantify the delta of a single currency basis swap (ex:3mv6m LIBOR) ? Would you look at the PV impact for every bps change in the 3v6 tenor basis spread ? Thanks in advance.
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9k views

How to work out the forward outright price from the bid/ask quotes?

I'm facing this problem: Spot AUD/USD is quoted at 0.7634/39; six-months swaps are 112.1/111.1; at what forward outright rate can a price taker sell USD value spot/6 months? On the spot side, ...
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2answers
137 views

Does a 1Y swap depend on zero curve beyond the 1Y point?

When using market swap rates to calibrate a discount curve, it seems that the PV of a 1Y swap depends on the zero curve at points beyond the 1Y mark. For example, a USD 1Y swap with trade date today (...
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1answer
400 views

ACT/360 day convention in swap pricing

The floating leg of a USD swap has present value $$ PV = \sum_{i=1}^N \delta_i f_i p^d(t_i) $$ where the $\{t_i\}$ are the floating leg payment dates, $\delta_i$ is the accrual fraction between $t_{...
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1answer
5k views

Stub rate and first fixing in IRS

I have 2 questions that probably are related. Suppose there is an IRS that pays a 2% fixed rate every 6 months and receives the Libor 3 months (but paid every 6 months). The swap starts today (March ...
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1answer
76 views

CNY IRS Fixed Vs 3 Month SHIBOR. Can any one please confirm the curve practices ?

AM trying to match CNY Swap Curve with Bloomberg. Yields unto 9 months can be converted to dfs using 1/(1+rt), where t = Actual Number of Days / 360. One year and boot strapping method was used with ...
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1answer
131 views

ISDA Convention for definition of IRS maturities

Could someone indicate me what is the ISDA convention for IRS maturity dates ? I mean, when two counterparties enter in a new IRS, is the maturity date to be defined in the contract totally free (ex: ...
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1answer
60 views

varswap replication doubt

I have a doubt regarding the varswap replication- I know the portfolio of options with proper weights is a static one, and that there is a dynamic position required in underlying. My confusion is ...
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2answers
988 views

In curve building: How to calculate interest rate (discount factor) for period before first known effective date

I am building a curve using par swaps rates. For example, I have the following two semi-annual swaps for input Duration start end rate 1year 14-Nov-2011 14-Nov-2012 ...
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1answer
2k views

Bloomberg terminal swap zero curve calculation

I would like to ask about swap zero curve calculation algorithm by Bloomberg terminal. This is a plain vanilla CZK interest rate swap, fixing the Prague IBOR. My task is to calculate zero rates from ...
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1answer
437 views

Basis swap spread pricing and bootstrapping

Here is the expression of a basis floating versus floating swap where the first term is a forward CMS Swap leg and the second one is a forward BOR leg where X is the margin that would make equal both ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate fair 3s1s basis levels

How would one calculate the fair level of 3s1s single currency basis swaps using simply the 1m & 3m libors and ois levels? (so you have fra-ois spread levels in both) I understand that as the FRA-...
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1answer
178 views

Roll Convention for 7D Index

Any specific Roll Convention that I should use for Indexes with 7D tenor like CNY-CNREPOFIX=CFXS-Reuters or USD-SIFMA Municipal Swap Index ? What will be the Calculation Period Frequency or the ...
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1answer
924 views

Swaptions to calculate swap exposure for CVA

I am looking at using the swaption method to calculate the EPE and ENE on a swap over its life, to use in CVA/DVA calculations. I have a number of questions, how well does this method work in ...
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539 views

How can we write swap as a chain of FRA's

For the rest of my question I use the notation from Brigo. The discounted payoff of a receiver interest rate swap (RFS) at $t<T_{\alpha}$, where $T_{\alpha}$ is the first resetting date, is given ...
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2answers
581 views

Matlab; How to specify Coupon frequency for Interest Rate Swap

I'm trying to price an interest rate swap and would like to change the default coupon payment frequency from 1 a year to 2 or 4 a year. I'm using ...
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34 views

How is Kalman Filter used to estimate Term structure Models

I am implementing "The Term Structure of Variance Swap Rates and Optimal Variance Swap Investments" . This paper is using kalman filter to estimate the state and the mean variance and a parameters on ...
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2answers
83 views

From Libor Curve rates to “forward” zero-coupons

I am provided a 6M euribor curve, constructed from FRA's and swaps of tenor 6M on the euro, as well an EONIA curve, constructed from zero-coupons EONIA swaps. Both curves are provided as functions $d\...
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37 views

Why doesn't tenor of Euribor index change spot rate in Quantlib?

I'm trying to create a yield curve in QuantLib based on swap rates. The swap rates I'm using have a 6 months fixed frequency and a 3 month float frequency based on LIBOR. What I don't understand is ...