Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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1answer
147 views

OIS Fixed Rate - how to calculate on trade booking?

I am trying to understand how the Fix rate on a OIS trade is calculated at trade initiation. I understand this process for a Fixed V LIBOR trade non collateralized ( discount and projection curve are ...
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1answer
3k views

How to compute for basis adjusted forward rate?

To give you a brief background, I'm valuing a fixed-for-float Interest Rate Swap (IRS) using Bloomberg. I put in a notional amount in (USD) and a assigned 6MO USD LIBOR as the reference index for the ...
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1answer
103 views

Currency swap terminology

With reference to cross currency swaps, what does it mean to receive the basis? "Demand from Japanese institutions to receive basis (USD funding) increased due to emergency dollar demand due to ...
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1answer
2k views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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4answers
167 views

Two practitioner questions about asset swap spreads

I have two questions regarding the terminology used on the practitioner side regarding asset swap spreads. Asset swaps are mainly used to retain the credit exposure of a bond while minimizing the ...
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1answer
106 views

Hedging with FX swaps

I am trying to get the mechanic of the swap rollover. Funds usually hedge FX risk of their long term foreign assets (eg UST) with short term FX swaps (usually maturity < 1yr), by rolling over fx ...
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1answer
73 views

Australian banks funding

"Typically, Australian banks pay a small premium to swap foreign currency into Australian dollars. This premium is also referred to as the basis, which is the difference between the implied cost ...
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0answers
95 views

Replicating Bloomberg Swap Prices with QuantLib

I'm trying to learn more about the QuantLib python package and as an exercise I'm trying to replicate some swaps on Bloomberg. However, when I do so, it seems like my swaps are consistently ...
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1answer
109 views

Swap data- couldn't find any

I'm a student and i amm looking for a swaps rates historical data for long tenors in purpose to estimate yield curve (for example in GBP). My question is where could I find it?
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1answer
46 views

FX swap implied yield from bloomberg

I am trying to reproduce the bid EUR implied yield I see in the screenshot below for 1y tenor which is -0.6226%. EUR implied yield bid = spot_bid/fwd_bid *(1+i_USD_bid) - 1 Inputs from BBG terminal: ...
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1answer
64 views

Missing observations in ICE Swap rates

While searching time-series data for different interest rate benchmarks, I found that for the USD, all observations are missing for the period between March 2020/April 2020. This discontinuity is ...
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4answers
2k views

How do insurance companies use interest-rate swaps?

I have heard that insurance companies make use of swaps and am just trying to get some clarity on that: An insurance company (assume life insurance) has a fixed obligation to pay in the distant ...
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68 views

Is the price of the following inflation derivative observed/traded?

Let $M_{t\to t+2}^{\\\$}$ be the pricing kernel (SDF) from period $t$ to $t+2$. Let inflation over period $t$ to $t+1$ be denoted by $\Pi_{t \to t+1}$. Is it possible to observe the following quantity ...
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Valuing an electricity swap

A colleague of mine and I are debating how to price an electricity swap. Keeping in mind that electricity futures are delivered over a period of time rather than at a point in time, I maintain that ...
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75 views

How are total return swaps quoted?

A) spread $s$ only. B) spread subtracted from the funding, e.g. LIBOR, rate, i.e. $(r-s)$. ?
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1answer
116 views

Inequality involving Co-Terminal/Co-Initial American vs Bermudan Swaptions

Let us consider a payment schedule $\mathcal{P}:=\{t_1,\dots,t_n\}$ which has a corresponding fixing schedule $\mathcal{F}:=\{t_0,\dots,t_{n-1}\}$. We have a series of co-terminal and co-initial swaps ...
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3answers
112 views

Why might a cross currency swap from EUR into USD have higher CVA than a cross currency swap from USD into EUR?

I was having a discussion with a colleague in the industry, who mentioned in passing that CVA on a cross currency swap from EUR into USD (pay EUR) is always higher than if paying USD and receiving EUR....
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23 views

What happens to a Swap CCR if there is a mandatory breaking clause?

I doubt with regards to this. If for instance, we have the same two 5-year swaps one of them with a Mandatory Break clause in year one, what would be the differences in the CCR profile during the ...
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2answers
602 views

From Libor Curve rates to “forward” zero-coupons

I am provided a 6M euribor curve, constructed from FRA's and swaps of tenor 6M on the euro, as well an EONIA curve, constructed from zero-coupons EONIA swaps. Both curves are provided as functions $d\...
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1answer
90 views

resettable/MtM cross currency swaps

I am trying to understand the mechanics of resettable xccy basis swaps and put together a numerical example. I'd like to know if 1) periodic interest payments are calculated on the original notional ...
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1answer
62 views

Breaking out Swap curve + z-spread from a bond

A colleague mentioned the following: She wanted to look at some bonds in Reuters/Bloomberg to see if they if they "correctly break-out the swap curve and z-spread". Would anyone understand ...
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3answers
317 views

Cross Currency Swap Attribution

Can you please recommend a paper/book that discusses the attribution of the mark to market of a cross currency swap (rates, basis, fx, etc.)?
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2answers
474 views

Valuation of a swap where both parties can cancel (not settle at market) with accrual method instead of present-value?

Consider a single-name total return swap (TRS) on some reference asset $S$. For concreteness, suppose the length of the contract is one year with quarterly resets, and the performance of $S$ is ...
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Brazil FX market “cupom cambial” [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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2answers
573 views

bootstrapping bloomberg

Does anyone know the zero rate here at -0.23022 is derived? I have tried (1+0.0056*0.503)*(1+-0.00232*0.086)=(1+?^(1/0.589). Solving for ? gives me -0.002344. I have tried simple and compounded ...
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38 views

OIS Floating Leg Value at Swap Start with OIS discounting with payment lag

Is it safe/OK/acceptable to assume that $PV_{float}=1$ at on a Swap that projects and discount with the same OIS index, at starting date, if payments are done with a 2D lag i.e. $t_{pay} = t_{...
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1answer
685 views

Inflation swaps rate vs. Break-even rate

Can someone explain me the difference between zero coupon inflation swap rate and breakeven rate? For example, currently, US 10y zero coupon inflation swap rate is about 1.4%, while US breakeven 10y ...
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0answers
78 views

how do traders typically hedge a callable zero coupon bond?

i've seen termsheets of callable accreting notional swaps where the accretion rate equals the fixed coupon rate. apparently these are used to hedge callable zcb's. but it doesnt seem to make sense! ...
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44 views

Carry & Roll, roll down current curve valid assumption?

The assumption for calculating the roll of a fixed income instrument is that you roll down the current spot curve. So if 10y rate is 2% and 9.5y is 1.8% the carry for the coming 6 month horizon is ...
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1answer
345 views

Question regarding fitting Euribor curve using different basis quotes using Quantlib Python

I am trying to fit a EUR curve based on the following instruments:- EONIA quotes 1m vs 6m basis quotes 3m (outright) quotes 6m (outright) quotes 6m vs 12m quotes (1) , (3) & (4) are simply ...
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1answer
168 views

'Optional Early Termination' clause

For market practitioners such as swap traders out there: in your experience, does the below clause when bilateral is similar to a difference between European and <...
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33 views

Free swaps/swaptions data

I would like to play around a bit with some yield curve models. I am looking for a way to get a hold of free swaps/swaptions data. Obviously, the quality does not have to be super good, I am merely ...
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72 views

When you rollover a FX Forward, do enter the FX swap at the spot rate or previous forward rate?

from below link: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/distinction-between-fx-swaps-currency-risk-management-akubue-cfa/ "if the date of settlement of the export proceeds has been extended by three ...
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64 views

Cross Currency Swap Bids and Offers?

Could someone please explain why certain Cross currency pairs like EURUSD or GBPUSD show higher bids then offers in Bloomberg? e.g for a 5y GBP/USD Xccy Swap bids could be at -5 bps and the offer at -...
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2answers
228 views

What drives a downward move in the Xccy Basis curve?

this is something I wanted to understand for a while. For example, I observed recently the yields across the Mexico Xccy Basis curve have been decreasing 1-2 bps on last days. What could possibly ...
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1answer
74 views

Swap Spread Arbitrage & Rates/STIRT Vol

Concerning the classic swap spread arbitrage trade where you (as far as I understand it): Buy a treasury and borrow in GC repo, paying repo rate and funding the haircut in short term unsecured ...
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1answer
67 views

FX swap par value

What is the relationship to apply so that an FX swap value is 0 at inception? For example, for a short 1y EURUSD swap with 1mm euro notional, at inception spot = 1.1000 and 12m fwd = 1.1022, EUR 1y ...
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1answer
133 views

Why would a 15Y swap index=EUR3M and discount=OIS, show only a EUR3M-delta at 15Y

When computing the index-delta for a swap in a multi-curve framework, only the last cash tenor seem to show sensitivity. Could anyone explain with formulas why it is the case ? For example a 15Y swap ...
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46 views

Comparing swaps with bonds

Swaps and bonds have a lot of similarity although one is a security and the other is a derivative. For example, libor for swaps is like repo rate bonds (thinking them both as the funding leg) fixed ...
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1answer
92 views

Understanding Asset Swap Spread Example

Here is an overview of the asset swap spread I found online: https://www.deriscope.com/docs/AssetSwaps_LehmanBrothers_2000.pdf I can't seem to make sense of the numbers in this example: Specifically, ...
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1answer
100 views

Funding foreign asset purchase with repo

https://www.bis.org/publ/qtrpdf/r_qt1709e.pdf extract from page 38 An investor wants to buy a foreign currency security with domestic cash but does not wish to run FX risk. Then, three transactions ...
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1answer
82 views

Swaption on Forward-Starting Swap “Replication”?

Lately I was thinking about forward-starting swaptions vs. options on forward-starting swaps a bit, and I started wondering about the following: Suppose we are at time $T_0$ (today) and we want to ...
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24 views

FX forward hedging with rollover

I was wondering when you enter a swap at the forward expiration under which scenarios you are hedged or not. For example, a European exporter buys a fwd to hedge a delivery of $1m in 6 months (long 6m ...
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1answer
578 views

Exposure calculation of a re-coupon swap

How to calculate the exposure of a recoupon swap (when the MTM of an i.r. swap is settled and the fixed rate is reset to the prevailing swap rate for the residual maturity). It's used to reduce the ...
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2answers
1k views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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1answer
5k views

Valuation of an FX Swap

What is the value of an FX swap? As far as I understand, a typical example of an FX swap would be the following: company A agrees to lend 1000,000.00 euros to B and in exchange B agrees to lend 1000,...
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1answer
99 views

Is the pricing formula for FX Forwards the same for FX Swaps?

If I use fwd_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+r_base) to determine the theoretical value of a forward, how should I tweak the formula to price a FX swap? Assuming swap = fwd-spot, swap_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+...
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3answers
124 views

Hedging against FX for bond portfolio

Let's say I've bond is USD with a maturity of 25yrs and yield of 5% and coupon 7%, but I'm located in Europe and wanna hedge the USD risk, How can I use cross currency swap to do this ?
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36 views

Why Swap rate is accompanied with par yield?

Recently I got some question about Spot Curve which is extracted from Swap rate. And the logic starts with this : Fixed rate bond's value is equal to Floating rate bond's value "at reset date&...
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32 views

Which volatility should I use in a long-term futures swaption?

Consider an option expiring in 12/31/2023 on an hourly swap from 2024 through 2029 such that: a) I pay the floating price of electricity and b) receive $20 in return. Using shaped monthly futures and ...

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