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Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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65 views

Eonia swap calculation of floating rate

I'm new to swaps, I've a question about how to calculate the floating rate of an EONIA Swap from market quotation, so that we can keep an eye on the evaluation of our contract Market Value, DV01, etc.....
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37 views

Bloomberg SWPM Zero Rate Curve Conventions

Referencing : Bloomberg SWPM: Day count to calculate discount factor for US0003M Hi, I have a hard time reproducing the conversions between Discount factors and zero rates for an XCCY Swap I have ...
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81 views

Why doesn't tenor of Euribor index change spot rate in Quantlib?

I'm trying to create a yield curve in QuantLib based on swap rates. The swap rates I'm using have a 6 months fixed frequency and a 3 month float frequency based on LIBOR. What I don't understand is ...
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57 views

Question regarding fitting Euribor curve using different basis quotes using Quantlib Python

I am trying to fit a EUR curve based on the following instruments:- EONIA quotes 1m vs 6m basis quotes 3m (outright) quotes 6m (outright) quotes 6m vs 12m quotes (1) , (3) & (4) are simply ...
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378 views

Exposure calculation of a re-coupon swap

How to calculate the exposure of a recoupon swap (when the MTM of an i.r. swap is settled and the fixed rate is reset to the prevailing swap rate for the residual maturity). It's used to reduce the ...
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2answers
803 views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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1answer
47 views

Variance Swaps for IR products

Just a question here. I am aware that variance swaps for equity products are quite common in the market. However, will anyone be familiar with variance swaps on swap rates in the market? Are they ...
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28 views

Understanding the Trading of Forward vs Spot Rates (non-hedging perspective)

From the perspective of a speculator, was wondering if this is the correct way to think about trading forward vs spot products. Say for example the spot starting 2yr swap rate = 2.5% while the 1yr-...
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110 views

Why is it desirable to receive fixed on a zero coupon swap, and undesirable to pay fixed on a zero coupon swap?

In most established rates markets, swaps are discounted using risk-free reference rates, such as Sonia in the GBP market and Eonia in the EUR market, as opposed to Libor. Because of the way zero-...
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1answer
3k views

How to compute for basis adjusted forward rate?

To give you a brief background, I'm valuing a fixed-for-float Interest Rate Swap (IRS) using Bloomberg. I put in a notional amount in (USD) and a assigned 6MO USD LIBOR as the reference index for the ...
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1answer
54 views

Swaps curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps

I'm new to curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps, I understand the process the main struggle I've is with day conventions and swap delays,cash delays, pay delays ... it's hard to find a book ...
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1answer
965 views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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1answer
114 views

Curve building for a swap

I'm a student learning how to build a swap curve, I've deposit 6m rate = 5%, fra 6-12m rate = 5.8% and 12m-18m rate= 6% and swap 2y =7% and 3y swap rate = 7.5%. I get the correct discount factors for ...
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2answers
104 views

Understanding Mechanics and Specifics of Cross-Currency Basis Swap

I am looking at a Bloomberg Ticker for the JPY-USD Basis Swap (JYBS5 BGN Curncy). This is a 5yr term, settling on Dec 05 2019 and maturing on Dec 05 2024. The last price is -41. Several questions I ...
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2answers
151 views

convexity adjustment for pricing mark to market (mtm) cross currency swap

may I know where the convexity adjustment is from and in practice, how is it usually calculated? is it coming from the correlation between fx and rates ? am I right that non-mtm cross currency swap ...
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1answer
88 views

3M curve vs 6M Curve, which one to use for valuation of IR Derivatrives

Sorry, this might be basic for some of you but I'm very confused when it comes to know which curve (6m or 3m) we can use for valuations of swaps and swaptions. Could someone please explain when to use ...
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34 views

CME Futures used in building LCH USD swap curve

To build a LCH swap curves, common benchmarks include cash rates, euro dollar futures and swaps. However, the euro dollar futures only exist in CME. So when you use euro dollar futures (only exist in ...
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Quantlib gives error message when Valution date is backdate

Valuation Date As Backdate(12 November 2019) On calcuating Vanilla Swap, Quantlib gives error message as below ...
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1answer
58 views

How to change the Libor rate to Forward Libor rate in Swap?

The realised PV of a swap (notional is 1 ) is : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1} \tau_i \times D(t,Ti) \times (L(Ti, Ti, Ti+ \tau_i) - K)$ How do we get the expression with forward rate : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1}...
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1answer
462 views

Quantlib: Getting error trying to price a Swap

I have bootstrapped my curve based on end-of-day data for 24th Nov, 2017 I am then using that to price a off-market swap as below: ...
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2answers
266 views

From Libor Curve rates to “forward” zero-coupons

I am provided a 6M euribor curve, constructed from FRA's and swaps of tenor 6M on the euro, as well an EONIA curve, constructed from zero-coupons EONIA swaps. Both curves are provided as functions $d\...
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32 views

How currency swap works for big companies bond and cash management

Suppose a big company A holds 10 Million USD at T+0, and A knows that it will pay 9.9 Million CHF to buy a bond at T+1, why would company A be willing to enter a currency swap to buy CHF and sell USD ...
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2answers
170 views

Why do big financial groups use fx swaps to manage cash?

Can someone help me with the logic that big companies' treasury department uses fx swap to manage their cash? An example would be much appreciated!
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1answer
92 views

Estimation of LIBOR 3M periods if the period is not exactly 3M months

When generating dates of interest rate swaps, even without stub periods, we sometimes end up with periods that are less than 3 months (say 87 day). In that case do we have to apply any kind of ...
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62 views

Counterparty exposure for a swap [closed]

What is the exact details of swap option whose PV gives the counterparty exposure at horizon of t=15months for a payer swap of strike 1% above ATM and length 5y starting at 2y?
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150 views

Swaptions on SONIA/SOFR/ESTR

Given that LIBOR is being decommissioned and we must start building liquidity in swaptions on the OIS swaps, how do we price them? i.e. If I have a swaption on SONIA/SOFR/ESTR etc how does the pricing ...
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107 views

What happens to both sides of an inflation swap agreement if there is deflation?

If there is deflation does the Inflation receiver not only pay the fixed leg but also receives a reduced CPI? I.e. does he lose twice?
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38 views

Retrieve zero coupon curve from forwards

Let's suppose I am given a forward swap curve of a certain maturity (10Y). The curve is not very smooth and is decreasing but whatever. I have the curve : $S(0,t,t+T) = \frac{P(0,t) - P(0,t+T)}{\sum_{...
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164 views

For which would you expect the liquidity on instrument X to be the greatest: its spot, future, option or swap?

Would like $X$ to remain general, but if needed, let's say GBPUSD Exchange Rate. By liquidity I mean overal market volume across exchanges / ease of opening and closing positions / total notional ...
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1answer
112 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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1answer
69 views

S. Bossu's Correlation Swaps Model

I am reading Sebastien Bossu's "A new Approach For Modelling and Pricing Correlation Swaps" (link). I am recalling some of the definitions from the paper and would like to understand how to prove one ...
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Correlation coefficient without cash flows?

I'm an intern at a company and one of our tasks is to calculate the the probability of default of both participants of a Swap(a Client and a Bank), for which we first need the correlation coefficient ...
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1answer
100 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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6answers
48k views

how to derive yield curve from interest rate swap?

According to some textbooks, to derive the yield curve, quote overnight to 1 week: rates from interbank money market deposit, 1 month to 1 year: LIBOR; 1 year to 7 years: Interest Rate Swap; 7 ...
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2answers
78 views

How do the following aspects lead to U.S. Repo shortfalls

A major theme in the markets this past week has been the repo rate hikes and the sudden disappearance of liquidity. Although most are confused as to the main reason, there seems to be a consensus on ...
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1answer
23 views

In a cleared inflation swap agreement, what determines how much “collateral” a party needs to deposit into the third party escrow account?

Does realized inflation or expected future inflation determine how much money needs to be placed into the escrow account each day?
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169 views

How to calculate average entry price for perpetual swap contracts?

I'm trying to calculate the average entry price for perpetual swap contracts for use in back-testing a trading strategy, as per Bitmex's documentation: A Perpetual Contract is a derivative product ...
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1answer
56 views

<Credit Default Swap> Auction Recovery vs Fixed Recovery

What is the Difference between Auction Recovery CDS and Fixed Recovery CDS?
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178 views

Basis Swaps in Quantlib/Python

I am aware that I can create a IRS in Quantlib/Python by using the following function: ...
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1answer
52 views

Understanding Front-End Spreads (terminology, lingo, convention)

Would appreciate a clear explanation as to what the OIS/Tsy spread and the TU OIS spread is. I've seen it being talked about in Wall St research reports but can't seem to find good explanations on ...
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77 views

If 10s20s steepener have equal DV01 weighting on each swap then why does convexity play a role in MtM

Receiver Swap 10yrs Notional: 1,000,000 DV01: +1,300 Tenor: 10yrs Rate: 4% Payer Swap 20yrs Notional: 500,000 DV01: -1,300 Tenor: 20yrs Rate: 5% Looking at this fictitious example, I want to ...
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83 views

Interest rate swap valuation date convention

When we value interest rate derivatives on any date $t$, we can estimate our future payments using some calibrated forward curve $f_s$, where $s$ is the spot date, and discount these back to $t$ using ...
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137 views

Margin requirements for OTC variance swaps

It is not clear for me the mechanism of margin requirements for OTC variance swaps. I don't see in supplementary information to OTC Swaps the rules of margin maintenance or initial margin or ...
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2answers
581 views

Forward swap rate calculation from the market

Following my question Swaption valuation across time using vcub where I wanted to know how to value a swaption across time using bloomberg's vcub, I remark that I have to calculate myself the ...
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1answer
108 views

How would this 10s/20s steepener work

Say I'm interested in a trade that wants to execute a 10s/20s steepener This is done via a receiver leg on the 10s and a payer leg on 20s Look at the following example (the figures are all ...
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2answers
172 views

Valuation of Total return swaps (TRS)

I have seen a TRS being valued which has an index as underlying on the asset side. It also has a coupon rate associated with it. Asset leg is calculated by taking ...
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1answer
89 views

What does 5 year OIS actually mean?

I am aware that OIS is the new reference/risk-free rate for collateralized cashflows. OIS is by definition an overnight rate (annualized, I assume). So once I have constructed my OIS yield curve, what ...
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1answer
151 views

USD Swap day convention (IMM) Feb 19

Quick question about something that I am not clear about February 19 IMM date is 20th of February, if I want to find the fixing day for that date I would be looking at February 18th, in the US Feb ...
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2answers
396 views

Hedging amortising interest rate swap with vanilla swaps

Is it possible to hedge an amortising interest rate swap (linearly decreasing notional) with a series of vanilla interest rate swaps? With the amortising swap originated today at par rate and the ...
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3answers
419 views

Interpolating the swap curve

Does anyone know how I can calculate the swap rate in between main tenors for specific dates? For example: what is the implied swap rate in 1 year, 60 days time. Is there an easy way to do this in ...