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Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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2
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0answers
29 views

Retrieve zero coupon curve from forwards

Let's suppose I am given a forward swap curve of a certain maturity (10Y). The curve is not very smooth and is decreasing but whatever. I have the curve : $S(0,t,t+T) = \frac{P(0,t) - P(0,t+T)}{\sum_{...
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1answer
148 views

For which would you expect the liquidity on instrument X to be the greatest: its spot, future, option or swap?

Would like $X$ to remain general, but if needed, let's say GBPUSD Exchange Rate. By liquidity I mean overal market volume across exchanges / ease of opening and closing positions / total notional ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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38 views

Correlation coefficient without cash flows?

I'm an intern at a company and one of our tasks is to calculate the the probability of default of both participants of a Swap(a Client and a Bank), for which we first need the correlation coefficient ...
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1answer
93 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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2answers
74 views

How do the following aspects lead to U.S. Repo shortfalls

A major theme in the markets this past week has been the repo rate hikes and the sudden disappearance of liquidity. Although most are confused as to the main reason, there seems to be a consensus on ...
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1answer
21 views

In a cleared inflation swap agreement, what determines how much “collateral” a party needs to deposit into the third party escrow account?

Does realized inflation or expected future inflation determine how much money needs to be placed into the escrow account each day?
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1answer
92 views

What happens to both sides of an inflation swap agreement if there is deflation?

If there is deflation does the Inflation receiver not only pay the fixed leg but also receives a reduced CPI? I.e. does he lose twice?
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49 views

How to calculate average entry price for perpetual swap contracts?

I'm trying to calculate the average entry price for perpetual swap contracts for use in back-testing a trading strategy, as per Bitmex's documentation: A Perpetual Contract is a derivative product ...
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1answer
89 views

Basis Swaps in Quantlib/Python

I am aware that I can create a IRS in Quantlib/Python by using the following function: ...
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1answer
39 views

<Credit Default Swap> Auction Recovery vs Fixed Recovery

What is the Difference between Auction Recovery CDS and Fixed Recovery CDS?
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1answer
38 views

Understanding Front-End Spreads (terminology, lingo, convention)

Would appreciate a clear explanation as to what the OIS/Tsy spread and the TU OIS spread is. I've seen it being talked about in Wall St research reports but can't seem to find good explanations on ...
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1answer
55 views

If 10s20s steepener have equal DV01 weighting on each swap then why does convexity play a role in MtM

Receiver Swap 10yrs Notional: 1,000,000 DV01: +1,300 Tenor: 10yrs Rate: 4% Payer Swap 20yrs Notional: 500,000 DV01: -1,300 Tenor: 20yrs Rate: 5% Looking at this fictitious example, I want to ...
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1answer
90 views

How would this 10s/20s steepener work

Say I'm interested in a trade that wants to execute a 10s/20s steepener This is done via a receiver leg on the 10s and a payer leg on 20s Look at the following example (the figures are all ...
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2answers
70 views

Valuation of Total return swaps (TRS)

I have seen a TRS being valued which has an index as underlying on the asset side. It also has a coupon rate associated with it. Asset leg is calculated by taking ...
2
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1answer
59 views

What does 5 year OIS actually mean?

I am aware that OIS is the new reference/risk-free rate for collateralized cashflows. OIS is by definition an overnight rate (annualized, I assume). So once I have constructed my OIS yield curve, what ...
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30 views

Is the ACT/ACT.AFB convention meant to supersede the ACT/ACT convention for interest rate swaps

https://www.isda.org/a/pIJEE/The-Actual-Actual-Day-Count-Fraction-1999.pdf The determination of day counts are slightly diferrent between ACT/ACT (ISDA) and ACT/ACT(AFB). Is the latter more common ...
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24 views

Possible interference of Cross-Rate inaccuracy and CIP Deviations

I am currently attempting to calculate historical deviations from covered interest rate parity between 2013 and 2018. I recently read that: "Unlike the interbank spot market, in the interbank ...
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4answers
1k views

Why does the ultra long-end of a yield curve invert?

The shape of the yield curve (at least in the GBP Rates market) is upward sloping from the front end up to the long end (i.e. 30y), but then begins to become downward sloping as we go beyond 30y and ...
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1answer
30 views

How to understand interest rate bid/ask and apply client mark-up in Tom/Next Rollover Swap Point Calculation

When I am reading materials in swap point calculation for FX Tom/Next Rollover, I am confused with the market interest rate bid/ask. Using an example: I traded on ...
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0answers
65 views

Replication of a dividend swap

I wanted to know how banks replicate dividend swap, my best guess is to take the spread between a Total Return Swap and a Forward.
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1answer
106 views

Recommended Instruments (and sources) for Constructing Money Market Yield Curves

What instruments are the current industry recommendations for constructing money-market yield curves in some major currencies? The switch after the crisis to multi-curve methods is well documented on ...
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1answer
65 views

Interest rate swap valuation date convention

When we value interest rate derivatives on any date $t$, we can estimate our future payments using some calibrated forward curve $f_s$, where $s$ is the spot date, and discount these back to $t$ using ...
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3answers
199 views

Interpolating the swap curve

Does anyone know how I can calculate the swap rate in between main tenors for specific dates? For example: what is the implied swap rate in 1 year, 60 days time. Is there an easy way to do this in ...
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52 views

OIS vs Libor for cross currency

I would like to understand the convention for discount rates fro cross currency swaps. It seems to be market convention (Australia) to discount collateralize positions with OIS and uncollateralized ...
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1answer
50 views

Swap Pricing - Using forward rates vs using par bond after first floating payment

There seems to be two different methods I have come across for valuing a Interest Rate Swap - specifically the floating leg. One method described by Hull: incorporates the cashflow from the first ...
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0answers
46 views

Variance swap correlation trade

I found two highly correlated assets that have spread in 3M realized and implied vol at historical minimum. To go long on this spread I thought of using two variance swaps. Would it be cheaper to ...
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83 views

Vega for Constant Maturity Swaps

Why does a Constant Maturity Swap have a positive vega? Is it because of the convexity? How does one hedge it?
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1answer
84 views

analytical formula for FV of fixed rate of a IRS [closed]

IRS plain vanilla - expiry in 5 years - principal is 1$ - semianual payment How could the analytical formula be derived for the fair value of the fixed rate (initially no value of the swap)?
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59 views

How is Kalman Filter used to estimate Term structure Models

I am implementing "The Term Structure of Variance Swap Rates and Optimal Variance Swap Investments" . This paper is using kalman filter to estimate the state and the mean variance and a parameters on ...
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2answers
172 views

From Libor Curve rates to “forward” zero-coupons

I am provided a 6M euribor curve, constructed from FRA's and swaps of tenor 6M on the euro, as well an EONIA curve, constructed from zero-coupons EONIA swaps. Both curves are provided as functions $d\...
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0answers
48 views

Why doesn't tenor of Euribor index change spot rate in Quantlib?

I'm trying to create a yield curve in QuantLib based on swap rates. The swap rates I'm using have a 6 months fixed frequency and a 3 month float frequency based on LIBOR. What I don't understand is ...
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1answer
80 views

Pricing structured products (Mortgage Backed Securities) [closed]

What would someone have to do to be able to price a structured product like Mortgage/Asset Backed Securities?
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0answers
55 views

How would one go about pricing a FX future?

What model/equations would I require to calculate the price for a foreign exchange future? This is in an attempt to mitigate foreign exchange risk. Also, how could one measure a business's exposure to ...
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2answers
199 views

Forward swap rate calculation from the market

Following my question Swaption valuation across time using vcub where I wanted to know how to value a swaption across time using bloomberg's vcub, I remark that I have to calculate myself the ...
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1answer
89 views

relationship between notional amounts of volatility swaps and variance swaps

Taking volatility swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F - \sigma_S ) * volatility~notional $$ and Taking variance swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F^2 - \sigma_S^2 ) * variance~notional $$ I am trying to understand ...
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1answer
173 views

Basic question about swap/swap spreads

When I read up on swap spreads, the definition always goes something like this: The swap spread is the difference between the fixed leg of swap and a Treasury bond with the same maturity. So if the ...
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59 views

Real World pricing of a Constant Notional Cross Currency Swap

I have a question about Cross Currency (XCCY) Swap pricing in the real world. There are plenty of papers going nicely into detail, how XCCY Basis Swaps and XCCY Constant Notional Swaps work. Also ...
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1answer
70 views

When a bank enters a swap with a counterparty, when does it decide to use a OIS curve as its CSA Term, versus a counterparty specific “CSA Curve”?

What determines whether a swap should be discounted against a standard OIS curve VS a 'custom' CSA curve specific to the swap's counterparty? (such custom curves are marked as spreads to some base ...
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1answer
50 views

Multi-legged Swap pricing

can anyone guide me how to price a multi-legged swap and whether I need Monte Carlo / LMM based approach or if there is a closed form solution. Receive leg "Libor 3m +1%" Payment leg If Libor is ...
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103 views

Macaulay Duration Calculation on LIBOR/Swap term structures

I'm a bit confused as to how to use the Macaulay Duration Calculation method to calculate the duration of a swap in which the rates for both paying and fixed change every six months (LIBOR/Swap Term ...
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1answer
64 views

S. Bossu's Correlation Swaps Model

I am reading Sebastien Bossu's "A new Approach For Modelling and Pricing Correlation Swaps" (link). I am recalling some of the definitions from the paper and would like to understand how to prove one ...
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0answers
76 views

How can we value NPV for a standard FX Swap?

hope you are all well! Was just wondering how we can value the NPV on the value date for a FX swap - i'm sure it's by evaluating the interest rate payable/receivable from the trade date until the ...
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1answer
129 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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0answers
120 views

USD OIS curve. Why is the the bid bigger than the ask for maturities > 7 years?

I was wondering why the bid is larger than the ask for maturities bigger than or equal to 7 years? If i export the screen to Excel i can see how the bid and ask swap rates are calculated. For the ...
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1answer
81 views

Concentration risk in Rates

What are some good ways to assess the concentration risk for a rates curve or by currency when volumes traded by instrument are not easily available? For ex, if for some currencies, the PV01 at ...
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1answer
414 views

IMM Swaps - Accrual & Fixing Schedule

I am wondering how accrual periods & reset dates on Quarterly-IMM swaps are different to normal swaps (in terms of conventions). For example: Normal Swap: ...
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1answer
324 views

Derivation of VIX Formula

I've read a lot of derivations about VIX formula. I can say it is -adjusted- fair strike of variance swap. But I can't see how it goes from variance swap rate to VIX formula. In particular I can't see ...
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1answer
49 views

Port a model dependent swaption sensitivity to a new model

I have a short rate model in which I have (among others) the following metric (for leverages) for a swaption : $$L = \frac{\frac{\partial}{\partial r}V_0^{\textrm{Swaption}}}{\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
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1answer
190 views

Valuing an interest rate swap using a par swaps curve?

I've worked through this problem already and was hoping for some feedback on my approach. The problem description is: You have a notional amount of 100 million paying fixed coupons of 8% annually for ...