Questions tagged [swaps]

Swaps are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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1answer
56 views

How does the market derive market implied rates hike via swaps?

It is the story of interest at the moment. Rate hike expectations from central banks around the globe. Various sale side research parties publish often market implied rates hike. The magnitude and the ...
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1answer
51 views

Historic Fixing rates for swaps

Why would I need historic fixing rates for swaps started in past?. If trade is started in past say 2 yr back and rate is fixed 3 mth back then I only need this known rate to calculate price right but ...
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59 views

Annualizing the pay frequency of underlying swaps when bootstrapping the zero curve?

Say I'm looking to bootstrap two zero curves based on two swap curves with different underlying currencies and, consequently, two different pay structures in the swap contracts. For example, say I ...
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33 views

Connection PV of a swap's floating leg and principal amount of coupon bond

I am currently practicing for a Fixed Income exam but got a little bit confused with a question. The first part asks me to talk about the connection of the PV of the spotstarting floating leg of a ...
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64 views

Bermudan Swaption Pricing via Least-Square Monte Carlo

I have some confusion regarding pricing a Bermudan Swaption using LSMC. Let's say the underlying swap has payment dates $T_0 < T_1 < \ldots < T_n$ and for simplicity, assuming the exercise ...
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2answers
110 views

Filtered Historical Simulation VaR for swaps

I am trying to understand how to calculate FHS VaR for a portofolio of vanilla swaps. I think I understand the main ideas behind FHS VaR and how to implement it for other assets such as equities. I ...
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1answer
90 views

Bootstrapping discount and forward curve (using ESRA) and price a vanilla swap

I am just starting to use Quantlib, and want to try and replicate the SWPM-functionality in Bloomberg, and price a vanilla 5Y EUR OIS. Below is the overall swap data used in BBG: Overall settings ...
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46 views

How the swap curve moves if fed fund rate decrease?

I am currently reading the book "Interest Rate Swap and other Derivatives by Howard Corb", in Chapter 8.2 Curve Trades, it mentioned: "Investors believes Fed is going to lowering the ...
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93 views

How to compute IRS DV01?

Assume 50k notional and annual payments, entering a long position in a 5y interest rate swap will pay 50k * fixed rate (i.e. predetermined 5y swap rate which makes PV equal to zero) and receive 50k * ...
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1answer
182 views

Compounding arrear SOFR Forward rate/curve

As per ISDA protocol and supplements, they stated that the fallback rate to be used on legacy derivative contracts is the compounding in arrears SOFR rate (based on a 2-day backshift) + a fixed spread ...
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1answer
91 views

Specify fixing days for floating leg in Interest Rate Swap valuation using QuantLib Python

I am trying to price an Interest Rate Swap using QuantLib Python, and everything seems to be fine. However, I can't seem to understand where I can specify the number of fixing days. Below are my codes....
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70 views

What is the correct way to build a full swaps curve using discount factor interpolation?

I want to keep this as high-level as possible so that the rest can be figured out, but we will use DF log-cubic interpolation. (Convert rates curve to discount factor curve, interpolate this using log-...
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86 views

Estimating SOFR daily rate from a given curve

Goodday. May i know how can i estimate those fixing rate in the yellow cell, with the curve given on the left? Would my step below work 1.perform linear interpolation to find the rate e.g. the fixing ...
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Potential risks Trade Idea

I came up with a trade idea that wins when Interest rates increase. I am playing that by buying a Payer Swap and selling a deep ITM Receiver swaption at ATM+60 (same notional). I chose that strategy ...
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70 views

Which curves to use for different swaps?

How do we determine which curve to use for pricing different swaps, for e.g. I don't understand how following come: Interest Rate Swap (USD) Fixed: USD Treasury Floating: none CCS (USDINR) Fixed: ...
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51 views

Swap spreads behaviour before Treasury auctions

Not really a quant question but why would someone buy us swap spreads before a US treasury auction. I get the idea of bidding for the bonds and then using the swap leg to asw the bond but whats the ...
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104 views

Why exchange basis exist in swaps

For example, swaps traded in CME versus LCH are quoted with slight difference? how do we decide the theoretical boundary of the basis ? what factors need to be consider? I think the principal to ...
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33 views

How to calculate net exposure on a Interest Rate Swap (and on derivatives in General)?

I would like to know how to measure Exposure on swaps (IRS, TRS...) in general . Example, if a party A has a OTC position of 100 million USD in IRS with party B, is party A exposure = 100 million ...
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1answer
189 views

Why has cross currency basis become higher since the 2008 crisis?

The impact of cross currency basis on FX forward pricing has become more noticeable since 2008, diverging significantly from the interest rate differential, what are the fundamentals behind this ...
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1answer
949 views

Difference between 5Y breakeven inflation and 5Y5Y inflation forward?

I cannot figure out the difference between the two data series found here: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/T5YIE/ https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/T5YIFR/ The 5Y breakeven inflation, to my ...
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89 views

Plotting a CSA curve in QuantLib

IRS under a CSA Let's consider an example of Interest Rate Swap under a CSA. To calculate discount factors that can be used to discount cashflows in one currency, $C_{1}$, collateralized in another ...
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2answers
110 views

Compute forward swap rate from spot swap rate?

I am pretty new to interest rate swap and this question might sound silly. Why does 3y2y (3yr forward and 2yr tenor) swap rate roughly equal to (5*5y swap - 3*3y swap) / (5-3)? Any explanation would ...
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1answer
126 views

How to compute NPV of Latin American swap CLP-TNA (chilean) using quantlib?

I am trying to value the Latin Americans swaps. But CLP-TNA valuation is far off from the actual valuation. Please suggest, what I am missing in below methodology to compute NPV. ...
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87 views

How to compute the Brazilian Plain vanilla swap using Quantlib?

How to compute the BRL plain vanilla swap. I have followed the below methodology to calculate the valuation for other indexes but BRL-CDI is far off from actual valuation. Please suggest if anything ...
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121 views

IRS: Diff between "pricing curve" and "discounting curve"

I'm reading a book on swaps and author mentions in the typical attributes of swaps: "Discount curve: For present-value calculations (say, to calculate the current market value of the swap), what ...
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55 views

JPYEUR Interest rate parity question

I have some questions related to an interest rate parity question. I have tried to answer them, but would really appreciate if you could let me know whether my answer makes sense or not. I am very ...
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1answer
36 views

price alignment interest on future contract

why this is no PAI (price alignment interest) on a future contact like cleared swaps have? Am I right that you may get interest from your margin account, but you do not need to pay the interest back ...
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1answer
80 views

Sensitivity of correlation swaps to stochastic volatility

Are correlation swaps sensitive to stochastic volatility? Can you please justify from a theoretical point of view?
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62 views

Book that considers stochastic interest rate models in discrete time?

Are there any books that covers interest rate swaps, futures, forwards etc. but have a discrete time model? I would like to go deeper into this without having to worry about the stochastic calculus. ...
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1answer
118 views

USD Swap curve prices do not line up with inputs

As mentioned in the title, i'm having trouble with pricing USD swaps in quantlib. I wanted to take some inputs (Prices of swaps in the market) and be able to construct a yield term structure that ...
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32 views

How to price a Loan&borrowing deal(LNB) using cross currency basis?

I want to know how we can price a loan&borrowing(LNB) deal in USD using cross currency basis of my domestic currency is euro. For example, my domestic currency is Euro, I want to buy a LNB deal in ...
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2answers
339 views

Different types of swaps and generalized pricing structure - correlation swap, variance swap, volatility swap, gamma swap, etc

I am very new to derivatives pricing, and I am currently trying to learn these on my own. As far as I can tell, most of the derivatives that are simple (in the sense of having a constant strike that ...
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1answer
88 views

Calculate DV01 for a vanilla swal for MXN index using quantlib

I am trying to calculate dv01 for a vanilla swap using quantlib. Its a MXN TIIE Swaps for built an index like ...
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1answer
149 views

Hedging with FX swaps

I am trying to get the mechanic of the swap rollover. Funds usually hedge FX risk of their long term foreign assets (eg UST) with short term FX swaps (usually maturity < 1yr), by rolling over fx ...
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4answers
695 views

Two practitioner questions about asset swap spreads

I have two questions regarding the terminology used on the practitioner side regarding asset swap spreads. Asset swaps are mainly used to retain the credit exposure of a bond while minimizing the ...
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0answers
473 views

Replicating Bloomberg Swap Prices with QuantLib

I'm trying to learn more about the QuantLib python package and as an exercise I'm trying to replicate some swaps on Bloomberg. However, when I do so, it seems like my swaps are consistently ...
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1answer
121 views

FX swap implied yield from bloomberg

I am trying to reproduce the bid EUR implied yield I see in the screenshot below for 1y tenor which is -0.6226%. EUR implied yield bid = spot_bid/fwd_bid *(1+i_USD_bid) - 1 Inputs from BBG terminal: ...
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0answers
49 views

Valuing an electricity swap

A colleague of mine and I are debating how to price an electricity swap. Keeping in mind that electricity futures are delivered over a period of time rather than at a point in time, I maintain that ...
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75 views

Is the price of the following inflation derivative observed/traded?

Let $M_{t\to t+2}^{\\\$}$ be the pricing kernel (SDF) from period $t$ to $t+2$. Let inflation over period $t$ to $t+1$ be denoted by $\Pi_{t \to t+1}$. Is it possible to observe the following quantity ...
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1answer
86 views

Missing observations in ICE Swap rates

While searching time-series data for different interest rate benchmarks, I found that for the USD, all observations are missing for the period between March 2020/April 2020. This discontinuity is ...
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68 views

What happens to a Swap CCR if there is a mandatory breaking clause?

I doubt with regards to this. If for instance, we have the same two 5-year swaps one of them with a Mandatory Break clause in year one, what would be the differences in the CCR profile during the ...
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3answers
162 views

Why might a cross currency swap from EUR into USD have higher CVA than a cross currency swap from USD into EUR?

I was having a discussion with a colleague in the industry, who mentioned in passing that CVA on a cross currency swap from EUR into USD (pay EUR) is always higher than if paying USD and receiving EUR....
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1answer
1k views

resettable/MtM cross currency swaps

I am trying to understand the mechanics of resettable xccy basis swaps and put together a numerical example. I'd like to know if 1) periodic interest payments are calculated on the original notional ...
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87 views

How are total return swaps quoted?

A) spread $s$ only. B) spread subtracted from the funding, e.g. LIBOR, rate, i.e. $(r-s)$. ?
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1answer
203 views

Breaking out Swap curve + z-spread from a bond

A colleague mentioned the following: She wanted to look at some bonds in Reuters/Bloomberg to see if they if they "correctly break-out the swap curve and z-spread". Would anyone understand ...
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1answer
117 views

Currency swap terminology

With reference to cross currency swaps, what does it mean to receive the basis? "Demand from Japanese institutions to receive basis (USD funding) increased due to emergency dollar demand due to ...
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1answer
135 views

Australian banks funding

"Typically, Australian banks pay a small premium to swap foreign currency into Australian dollars. This premium is also referred to as the basis, which is the difference between the implied cost ...
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33 views

Brazil FX market "cupom cambial" [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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70 views

OIS Floating Leg Value at Swap Start with OIS discounting with payment lag

Is it safe/OK/acceptable to assume that $PV_{float}=1$ at on a Swap that projects and discount with the same OIS index, at starting date, if payments are done with a 2D lag i.e. $t_{pay} = t_{...
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198 views

how do traders typically hedge a callable zero coupon bond?

i've seen termsheets of callable accreting notional swaps where the accretion rate equals the fixed coupon rate. apparently these are used to hedge callable zcb's. but it doesnt seem to make sense! ...

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