Questions tagged [swaps]

Swaps are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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1k views

Swap curve construction

I am new to this area so my question might be basic to many but please answer. For valuing interest rate swaps how will we define which curve to take, like sometimes we use usd 3m curve, or usd 3mv 6m ...
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262 views

Cross Currency Swap -- Unobservable bid/ask

So in the place I work, one of the traders is dealing with a cross-currency swap within a country that has really no market for that kind of product. He wants to estimate a theoretical bid/ask, and ...
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246 views

OIS fixed rate compunding criteria

I have the following doubt: How should the OIS fixed rate be considered in computing principal+interests at the maturity of the swap? I mean, if i.e. the swap lasts 4 day (without w.e. in the middle), ...
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1answer
146 views

Inequality involving Co-Terminal/Co-Initial American vs Bermudan Swaptions

Let us consider a payment schedule $\mathcal{P}:=\{t_1,\dots,t_n\}$ which has a corresponding fixing schedule $\mathcal{F}:=\{t_0,\dots,t_{n-1}\}$. We have a series of co-terminal and co-initial swaps ...
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Market pricing of forward US Treasury rates

What instrument(s) are used for forward pricing of US Treasuries? I know that Eurodollar futures are used for the market pricing of Libor in the future, but treasury futures only have contracts 3 ...
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447 views

How to find OIS discounting factors from OIS swap rates. Please explain with example

Suppose I have the following OIS Swap rates: 1 year OIS Swap: 0.36% 2 year OIS Swap: 0.37% 3 year OIS Swap: 0.38% 4 year OIS Swap: 0.40% From these, how do I get the OIS Discounting factors for ...
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Vega hedging swaption with caplets - precisely, what will go wrong?

I am trying to form a kind of unified perspective of how (vega) hedging an exotic with vanillas, or hedging a 'basket option' with vanillas will go wrong. So in particular, I want to be able to ...
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2answers
419 views

Quantlib: convert par swap rates to zero rates back and forth

I built a zero-coupon curve out of a generic par swap rate curve (Step 1) and I am trying to recover the swap curve back from the zero-coupon curve (Step 2). Step 1 works but not Step 2. I get close ...
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2answers
236 views

Value a Swap with Custom Coupons with QuantLib

I'd like to valuate a custom Libor3M - Fix swap with QuantLib in Python. With custom I mean, custom starting/end/payment dates for every coupon, a fixed coupon in the float leg (starting_date < ...
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1answer
120 views

Valuating Custom Amortization Schedule Libor IRS with QuantLib

I got to bootstrap the OIS and Libor 3M swap curves, and now I'd like to valuate some simple Libor3M - Fix IRS with QuantLib (in python). My problem is that some of the instruments I have to valuate ...
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Is the value of an Asset-Swap (Underlying + Swap) the same value as a floating-rate bond with the same issuer, maturity, etc.?

I am trying to evaluate the impact of switching an Asset-Swap Package (fixed bond + Swap) into a floating rate bond of the same issuer with the same notional and maturity. My intuition would tell me ...
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Python libraries for bloomberg?

I am very new with python, and I am used to work with bloomberg formulas for excel. I am starting to use a lot more python in my analysis, is there any library that performs same functions as bdp, bdh ...
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1answer
745 views

Interest Rate Swap Delta ladder, under OIS Discounting

I've been looking on some information when it comes to vanilla Interest Rate Swaps, and building delta ladders under a multicurve environment. IR Swaps - Curve sensitivity at maturity node, this ...
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1answer
68 views

Call Probability of European callable IRS

When pricing a callable IRS (say only one call date) with a diffusion model (e.g. HW 1F) with a Montecarlo resolution, one can get the call probability on the call date versus maturing the date (which ...
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FX swap trade question

(a) today, say I did a fx swap trade: long PHP/USD spot and short 1m PHP/USD forward. Then if 1m PHP interest rate goes up, I should make money (meaning i locked in paying a lower 1m PHP interest rate ...
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1answer
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Inflation swaps rate vs. Break-even rate

Can someone explain me the difference between zero coupon inflation swap rate and breakeven rate? For example, currently, US 10y zero coupon inflation swap rate is about 1.4%, while US breakeven 10y ...
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Par rates, zero rates and forward rates curves in swaps

I'm new to the concept of swaps, I'm having hard time understanding what each curve relationship with a swap derivative traded in the market. Can someone please explain this? Thank you.
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1answer
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Hedging with interest rate derivatives

This might be a stupid or basic concept for some of you, I'm new to the concept of hedging with interest rate derivatives, I understand how to hedge an equity portfolio but i'm struggling with the ...
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137 views

Dual curve construction

I'm new to curve construction for swaps pricing concept and I am having hard time to understand dual curve construction and what difference it from single curve ? how do we construct it ? can someone ...
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Steepness of a curve?

Sorry if this question is simple, but in the place I work they want to implement a daily check to check the swap's curve steepness. What does this mean and why would this check be necessary?
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1answer
252 views

Why would a 15Y swap index=EUR3M and discount=OIS, show only a EUR3M-delta at 15Y

When computing the index-delta for a swap in a multi-curve framework, only the last cash tenor seem to show sensitivity. Could anyone explain with formulas why it is the case ? For example a 15Y swap ...
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Let $L$ denote the three-month US dollar LIBOR rate and an interest rate swap arrangement where fixed rate is $L$ and floating rate is $24\% - 2L$

The following is a question taken from Heard on the Street. Let $L$ denote the three-month US dollar LIBOR rate. Consider an interest rate swap arrangement where Party A pays $L$ to Party B, and ...
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1answer
768 views

FX Swap P&L question

I am currently trying to compute the P&L of a FX swap and to understand it's implications. Let's say when we sell 1M EUR spot eur/usd at 1.08 and at the same time buy a one month month forward ...
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Day-count conventions for the floating leg of an asset swap

Which is the day-count convention in order to compute the floating leg of an asset swap? I don't know if it is: Act/360, Act/365, 30/360 or 30/365.
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Can you calculate modified duration for swaps?

I know how to calculate them for bonds. But it came to my mind this. In bonds, Macaulay duration technically is a weighted average of coupon payments. But can it be somehow calculated for swaps? Or ...
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3answers
885 views

Does a 100mio 10y swap have the same dv01 when rates are at 1% and 10%?

If not how come, whats the right way to look at it and have a quick rule of thumb to work out what dv01 is 100mio 10yr? Thanks!
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1answer
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discounting currency swap

I need help with a currency swap problem: Remaining life: 15 months. Exchanging interest at 10% on £20 million in Sterlings for interest 6% on $30 million in Dollars. If swap were negotiated today, ...
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1answer
259 views

OIS Fixed Rate - how to calculate on trade booking?

I am trying to understand how the Fix rate on a OIS trade is calculated at trade initiation. I understand this process for a Fixed V LIBOR trade non collateralized ( discount and projection curve are ...
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3answers
709 views

Are forward rates for an IRS computed between reset dates or between start dates?

In order to price the floating leg of an IRS I am computing forward rates for future coupons, but I'm not sure whether I have to compute such rates between reset dates or between start dates. My ...
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1answer
113 views

Inflation Indexed Caplet/Floorlet

Can someone explain what is it with $\psi_{i}$ (year fraction in $[T_{i-1},T_{i}]$). The formula in Mercurio (2006) as is follows: $N\psi_{i}P_{n}(t,T_{i})\mathbb{E}_{n}^{T_{i}}\left[\left(\omega\...
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1answer
892 views

Python Quantlib : How to value the Non Deliverable currency Interest Rate Swaps?

I followed all the procedure in Quantlib to process interest rate swap valuation through Python Quantlib. I valued more than a million records. All the valuation is almost the expected amount. But '...
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696 views

Duration of forward starting swap

For a spot starting interest rate swap, the duration is calculated as the duration of the fixed rate leg less the duration of the floating leg. Each of these calculations is akin to calculating the ...
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1answer
582 views

Tenor bucketing for swap interest rates?

in the place I work I've noticed that for asset class Interest Rate Swaps, tenor bucketing takes place. Example as follow: IRS with maturity 2 month being bucketed into a "3 month tenor bucket" Page ...
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1answer
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Pricing of Fx Swap and Fx Forward in excel

How to do pricing of FX Swaps and Fx Forward in excel can anyone show the same which will match the bloomberg.I am calculating by adding or subtracting the fx fwd points in fx spot rate to arrive at ...
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1answer
275 views

Volatility Swap Variance swap [closed]

Why do two different products trades as vol swap and var swap. Are these products not inter-convertible? I know Var swap has convexity and vol swap does not have but i don not understand how it helps ...
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462 views

Hull-White Calibration /Hypothetical Cap Pricing

I have a question regarding calibrating Hull-White (Extended Vasicek) Model to bond data. As you know, and stated in Mercurio (2005), zero coupon bond price in the Hull and White (1994); $P(t,T)=A(t,...
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0answers
139 views

Looking for a Paper: RBS Guide to Inflation-Linked Products

I wonder if any of you have an access to "The Royal Bank of Scotland (2003) Guide to Inflation-Linked Products. Risk." paper. It was in the bibliography of Mercurio's "Pricing Inflation Indexed ...
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1answer
2k views

Total Return Swap valuation: Accrual vs Projected methods

For TRS contracts on equity or bond underlying the use of projected valuation method is desirable for contracts that lack bilateral early termination clause. As they are "non-breakable," allegedly the ...
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1answer
529 views

Eonia swap calculation of floating rate

I'm new to swaps, I've a question about how to calculate the floating rate of an EONIA Swap from market quotation, so that we can keep an eye on the evaluation of our contract Market Value, DV01, etc.....
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348 views

Bloomberg SWPM Zero Rate Curve Conventions

Referencing : Bloomberg SWPM: Day count to calculate discount factor for US0003M Hi, I have a hard time reproducing the conversions between Discount factors and zero rates for an XCCY Swap I have ...
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1answer
491 views

Question regarding fitting Euribor curve using different basis quotes using Quantlib Python

I am trying to fit a EUR curve based on the following instruments:- EONIA quotes 1m vs 6m basis quotes 3m (outright) quotes 6m (outright) quotes 6m vs 12m quotes (1) , (3) & (4) are simply ...
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1answer
59 views

Variance Swaps for IR products

Just a question here. I am aware that variance swaps for equity products are quite common in the market. However, will anyone be familiar with variance swaps on swap rates in the market? Are they ...
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1answer
704 views

Why is it desirable to receive fixed on a zero coupon swap, and undesirable to pay fixed on a zero coupon swap?

In most established rates markets, swaps are discounted using risk-free reference rates, such as Sonia in the GBP market and Eonia in the EUR market, as opposed to Libor. Because of the way zero-...
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1answer
99 views

Swaps curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps

I'm new to curve building with Deposit, FRAs & Swaps, I understand the process the main struggle I've is with day conventions and swap delays,cash delays, pay delays ... it's hard to find a book ...
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2answers
692 views

Understanding Mechanics and Specifics of Cross-Currency Basis Swap

I am looking at a Bloomberg Ticker for the JPY-USD Basis Swap (JYBS5 BGN Curncy). This is a 5yr term, settling on Dec 05 2019 and maturing on Dec 05 2024. The last price is -41. Several questions I ...
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1answer
328 views

3M curve vs 6M Curve, which one to use for valuation of IR Derivatrives

Sorry, this might be basic for some of you but I'm very confused when it comes to know which curve (6m or 3m) we can use for valuations of swaps and swaptions. Could someone please explain when to use ...
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54 views

CME Futures used in building LCH USD swap curve

To build a LCH swap curves, common benchmarks include cash rates, euro dollar futures and swaps. However, the euro dollar futures only exist in CME. So when you use euro dollar futures (only exist in ...
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2answers
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convexity adjustment for pricing mark to market (mtm) cross currency swap

may I know where the convexity adjustment is from and in practice, how is it usually calculated? is it coming from the correlation between fx and rates ? am I right that non-mtm cross currency swap ...
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1answer
145 views

How to change the Libor rate to Forward Libor rate in Swap?

The realised PV of a swap (notional is 1 ) is : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1} \tau_i \times D(t,Ti) \times (L(Ti, Ti, Ti+ \tau_i) - K)$ How do we get the expression with forward rate : $Swap(t)=\sum^n_{i=1}...
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1answer
54 views

How currency swap works for big companies bond and cash management

Suppose a big company A holds 10 Million USD at T+0, and A knows that it will pay 9.9 Million CHF to buy a bond at T+1, why would company A be willing to enter a currency swap to buy CHF and sell USD ...

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