Questions tagged [swaps]

SWAPs are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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2answers
602 views

From Libor Curve rates to “forward” zero-coupons

I am provided a 6M euribor curve, constructed from FRA's and swaps of tenor 6M on the euro, as well an EONIA curve, constructed from zero-coupons EONIA swaps. Both curves are provided as functions $d\...
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152 views

Why doesn't tenor of Euribor index change spot rate in Quantlib?

I'm trying to create a yield curve in QuantLib based on swap rates. The swap rates I'm using have a 6 months fixed frequency and a 3 month float frequency based on LIBOR. What I don't understand is ...
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132 views

Pricing structured products (Mortgage Backed Securities) [closed]

What would someone have to do to be able to price a structured product like Mortgage/Asset Backed Securities?
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64 views

How would one go about pricing a FX future?

What model/equations would I require to calculate the price for a foreign exchange future? This is in an attempt to mitigate foreign exchange risk. Also, how could one measure a business's exposure to ...
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3k views

Forward swap rate calculation from the market

Following my question Swaption valuation across time using vcub where I wanted to know how to value a swaption across time using bloomberg's vcub, I remark that I have to calculate myself the ...
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1answer
314 views

relationship between notional amounts of volatility swaps and variance swaps

Taking volatility swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F - \sigma_S ) * volatility~notional $$ and Taking variance swap payoff as $$( \sigma_F^2 - \sigma_S^2 ) * variance~notional $$ I am trying to understand ...
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298 views

Basic question about swap/swap spreads

When I read up on swap spreads, the definition always goes something like this: The swap spread is the difference between the fixed leg of swap and a Treasury bond with the same maturity. So if the ...
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103 views

When a bank enters a swap with a counterparty, when does it decide to use a OIS curve as its CSA Term, versus a counterparty specific “CSA Curve”?

What determines whether a swap should be discounted against a standard OIS curve VS a 'custom' CSA curve specific to the swap's counterparty? (such custom curves are marked as spreads to some base ...
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136 views

Multi-legged Swap pricing

can anyone guide me how to price a multi-legged swap and whether I need Monte Carlo / LMM based approach or if there is a closed form solution. Receive leg "Libor 3m +1%" Payment leg If Libor is ...
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355 views

Macaulay Duration Calculation on LIBOR/Swap term structures

I'm a bit confused as to how to use the Macaulay Duration Calculation method to calculate the duration of a swap in which the rates for both paying and fixed change every six months (LIBOR/Swap Term ...
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91 views

S. Bossu's Correlation Swaps Model

I am reading Sebastien Bossu's "A new Approach For Modelling and Pricing Correlation Swaps" (link). I am recalling some of the definitions from the paper and would like to understand how to prove one ...
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232 views

How can we value NPV for a standard FX Swap?

hope you are all well! Was just wondering how we can value the NPV on the value date for a FX swap - i'm sure it's by evaluating the interest rate payable/receivable from the trade date until the ...
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543 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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USD OIS curve. Why is the the bid bigger than the ask for maturities > 7 years?

I was wondering why the bid is larger than the ask for maturities bigger than or equal to 7 years? If i export the screen to Excel i can see how the bid and ask swap rates are calculated. For the ...
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1answer
94 views

Concentration risk in Rates

What are some good ways to assess the concentration risk for a rates curve or by currency when volumes traded by instrument are not easily available? For ex, if for some currencies, the PV01 at ...
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1k views

IMM Swaps - Accrual & Fixing Schedule

I am wondering how accrual periods & reset dates on Quarterly-IMM swaps are different to normal swaps (in terms of conventions). For example: Normal Swap: ...
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1answer
890 views

Derivation of VIX Formula

I've read a lot of derivations about VIX formula. I can say it is -adjusted- fair strike of variance swap. But I can't see how it goes from variance swap rate to VIX formula. In particular I can't see ...
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1answer
57 views

Port a model dependent swaption sensitivity to a new model

I have a short rate model in which I have (among others) the following metric (for leverages) for a swaption : $$L = \frac{\frac{\partial}{\partial r}V_0^{\textrm{Swaption}}}{\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
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1answer
559 views

Valuing an interest rate swap using a par swaps curve?

I've worked through this problem already and was hoping for some feedback on my approach. The problem description is: You have a notional amount of 100 million paying fixed coupons of 8% annually for ...
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3answers
621 views

PCA for Risk bucketing

I'm working on a project to justify the use the certain tenors (2y, 5y, 10y, 30y) for risk bucketing. I'm a little stuck after calculating the principal components. Just to describe my approach- a) ...
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297 views

How to interpret DV01 in terms of PCA equivalent?

I have computed the PCs for daily changes in the UST yield curve over the last 5 years using the covariance matrix and can explain 94% of the variance using the first two components, which is good ...
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573 views

bootstrapping bloomberg

Does anyone know the zero rate here at -0.23022 is derived? I have tried (1+0.0056*0.503)*(1+-0.00232*0.086)=(1+?^(1/0.589). Solving for ? gives me -0.002344. I have tried simple and compounded ...
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2k views

Commodity Asian Swaps

I'm trying to find info about asian swaps on oil/energy products and about their pricing methods. However, all I could find are on asian options. Would be glad if you can provide me with some ...
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171 views

CNY IRS Fixed Vs 3 Month SHIBOR. Can any one please confirm the curve practices ?

AM trying to match CNY Swap Curve with Bloomberg. Yields unto 9 months can be converted to dfs using 1/(1+rt), where t = Actual Number of Days / 360. One year and boot strapping method was used with ...
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384 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
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1answer
2k views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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1answer
123 views

Convert Short rate from HW simulation into Swap rates

I am trying to price an exotic option that requires me to simulate 10 yr swap rates. I have calibrated a 1 factor HW model to swaption prices. However, my understanding is that the HW model describes ...
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1answer
7k views

Spot/Next and Tom/Next FX forward swaps

could somebody please tell me what is the main difference between Spot/Next and Tom/Next FX forward swaps? I know that both are used to roll spot FX position settlement to 1 day forward but I really ...
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3answers
395 views

heding bond risk with swap

How would a bond trader hedge his/her interest rate risk? A nature way is to hedge it with interest rate swap. Is this a choice in practice ? is their any risks associating with this hedging strategy. ...
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169 views

USD Swap day convention (IMM) Feb 19

Quick question about something that I am not clear about February 19 IMM date is 20th of February, if I want to find the fixing day for that date I would be looking at February 18th, in the US Feb ...
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1answer
650 views

For a fixed-fixed cross currency swap, can I use a curve with two floating legs to discount the cash flows?

I'm doing a USD to INR fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap. The default curve has a fixed and a floating rate. However, the curve that I'm looking to use has floating rates on both legs. Would this ...
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219 views

Why is the SOFR par coupon rate trading higher than Fed funds?

SOFR is a 'secured rate' while the latter is not. Therefore, I would assume a 1y SOFR swap to trade at a lower par rate than a 1y fed funds overnight index swap. Any insights would be greatly ...
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2k views

Calculating PnL on Swap Spread Trade

Say I am a long a 10Y US govt. bond and short (i.e., pay fixed) a 10Y US IRS. The swap spread moves, for example, from -0.25 to -0.3. What do I need to calculate P&L (approximately)? Are such ...
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1k views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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209 views

Turning an amortising swaption into a normal swaption

Is there a way to enter a trading strategy in which the notional of the cashflows of an amortising swaption become all the same? For example, imagine the notional for the first four cashflows of an ...
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119 views

On the buyside, when people quote a 'price' for a plain vanilla interest rate swap, does it include accrued interest?

The valuation date falls in between coupon payment days on the swap, does the 'price' of a swap understood to include the accrued interest (interest from the previous payment date to the valuation ...
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356 views

VarSwap PnL formula

I came across this formula for the varswap PNL: let $r_i$ be the log return over $[t_i,t_{i+1}]$ and suppose we risk manage the VS at a fixed implied volatility sigma, the PnL of (the payoff) over ...
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907 views

Vol swaps Vol of vol

I an quite unfamiliar with those products and would like to understand why they require a vol of vol model for pricing. The variance swap is replicated (assuming no cash dividends) with a delta hedged ...
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2answers
1k views

Collateralized / uncollateralized swap

Is a fully collateralized interest rate swap considered free of counterparty credit risk? Or close to risk free? Therefore discounted by the rate that best proxies the risk-free rate (which is the OIS-...
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1answer
755 views

Value at Risk for a plain vanilla interest rate swap

Hello I have question regarding the computations of the Value at Risk for a plain vanilla interest rate swap (i.e. same currency and fixed-for-floating). I have a data set consisting of the Swap ...
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62 views

What are advantages of expressing swaps this way?

On page 420 of Bailey's "The Economics of Financial Markets" textbook there is an example: "For example, suppose that [in a plain vanilla interest rate swap] the company agrees to pay 9.25 per cent ...
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213 views

ISDA Convention for definition of IRS maturities

Could someone indicate me what is the ISDA convention for IRS maturity dates ? I mean, when two counterparties enter in a new IRS, is the maturity date to be defined in the contract totally free (ex: ...
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1k views

Hedging with variance swaps: how to calculate the notional

Returns on an asset are negatively correlated with own variance, and I would like to set up a hedge with a variance swap (no options are traded). I need to decide on the notional of the swap: any ...
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103 views

varswap replication doubt

I have a doubt regarding the varswap replication- I know the portfolio of options with proper weights is a static one, and that there is a dynamic position required in underlying. My confusion is ...
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1answer
2k views

Obtaining swaption prices from lognormal volatility quotes

I am working with the following dataset from quandl: https://www.quandl.com/databases/CSWO (I'm using the sample dataset only). My question is how to obtain the swaption prices from the quotes given. ...
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5k views

Valuation of an FX Swap

What is the value of an FX swap? As far as I understand, a typical example of an FX swap would be the following: company A agrees to lend 1000,000.00 euros to B and in exchange B agrees to lend 1000,...
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551 views

Hedging amortising interest rate swap with vanilla swaps

Is it possible to hedge an amortising interest rate swap (linearly decreasing notional) with a series of vanilla interest rate swaps? With the amortising swap originated today at par rate and the ...
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1answer
594 views

How do swap dealers make money from trading cancellable swap?

A fixed-rate payer (e.g. a swap dealer) of a cancellable swap pays more interest than he receives because he has the right to terminate the swap after a certain time if rates fall. What are the ...
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2k views

Total Return Swaps and Borrow Cost Relationship

If an investor is long a Total Return Swap (TRS), they get the total return (ie, including dividend) performance and usually pay LIBOR minus a spread. This spread should trade ...
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438 views

Structured product sellers and div swaps

From a Barclays primer on dividend swaps: We note that for shorter periods of time, implied dividends can be more volatile than spot as dividends often trade away from ...

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