Questions tagged [swaps]

Swaps are a common name for exchange operations between two (or more) counter-parties with various financial instruments like cashflows (IRS), currency (XCCY), credit risk (CDS), et cetera

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460 views

Hull-White Calibration /Hypothetical Cap Pricing

I have a question regarding calibrating Hull-White (Extended Vasicek) Model to bond data. As you know, and stated in Mercurio (2005), zero coupon bond price in the Hull and White (1994); $P(t,T)=A(t,...
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109 views

When a bank enters a swap with a counterparty, when does it decide to use a OIS curve as its CSA Term, versus a counterparty specific "CSA Curve"?

What determines whether a swap should be discounted against a standard OIS curve VS a 'custom' CSA curve specific to the swap's counterparty? (such custom curves are marked as spreads to some base ...
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482 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
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690 views

For a fixed-fixed cross currency swap, can I use a curve with two floating legs to discount the cash flows?

I'm doing a USD to INR fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap. The default curve has a fixed and a floating rate. However, the curve that I'm looking to use has floating rates on both legs. Would this ...
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305 views

How do I value uncollaterised swaps?

Do I need to discount using the OIS curve? Then add some sort of FVA adjustment over and above the CVA/DVA? How do I work out a banks cost of funding? Any help would be greatly appreciated. ...
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8k views

Stub rate and first fixing in IRS

I have 2 questions that probably are related. Suppose there is an IRS that pays a 2% fixed rate every 6 months and receives the Libor 3 months (but paid every 6 months). The swap starts today (March ...
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123 views

Specify fixing days for floating leg in Interest Rate Swap valuation using QuantLib Python

I am trying to price an Interest Rate Swap using QuantLib Python, and everything seems to be fine. However, I can't seem to understand where I can specify the number of fixing days. Below are my codes....
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119 views

Compute forward swap rate from spot swap rate?

I am pretty new to interest rate swap and this question might sound silly. Why does 3y2y (3yr forward and 2yr tenor) swap rate roughly equal to (5*5y swap - 3*3y swap) / (5-3)? Any explanation would ...
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1answer
146 views

How to compute NPV of Latin American swap CLP-TNA (chilean) using quantlib?

I am trying to value the Latin Americans swaps. But CLP-TNA valuation is far off from the actual valuation. Please suggest, what I am missing in below methodology to compute NPV. ...
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94 views

Calculate DV01 for a vanilla swal for MXN index using quantlib

I am trying to calculate dv01 for a vanilla swap using quantlib. Its a MXN TIIE Swaps for built an index like ...
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444 views

'Optional Early Termination' clause

For market practitioners such as swap traders out there: in your experience, does the below clause when bilateral is similar to a difference between European and <...
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122 views

FX swap par value

What is the relationship to apply so that an FX swap value is 0 at inception? For example, for a short 1y EURUSD swap with 1mm euro notional, at inception spot = 1.1000 and 12m fwd = 1.1022, EUR 1y ...
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101 views

Zero notional on swap leg

Can there be a swap with zero notional on one leg alone? If so, what is the swap used for ?
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97 views

Why is the economic exposure in a hedge using govi futures so different between cash and derivative?

I have a question regarding swap spread trade. Let's assume I would like to bet on a swap spread widening. For this I could put a payer swap and going long the same maturity cash bond $DV01$ matched. ...
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1answer
308 views

Proper way to calculate spread between bonds and Swap

In the place I work they are calculating the spread between bonds and swaps as follow... Bonds vs Swap spread = (Swap bid-ask spread) / (Bonds bid-ask spread) Is this the "right" way to ...
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1answer
176 views

Interest rate swap performance attribution

I have learned some attribution models such as Campisi. It decomposes the return of bond into treasury return, spread return, and coupon return. It works like: $$r = y\times dt - D \times dy_\text{...
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739 views

Interest Rate Swap Delta ladder, under OIS Discounting

I've been looking on some information when it comes to vanilla Interest Rate Swaps, and building delta ladders under a multicurve environment. IR Swaps - Curve sensitivity at maturity node, this ...
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2answers
179 views

Why doesn't tenor of Euribor index change spot rate in Quantlib?

I'm trying to create a yield curve in QuantLib based on swap rates. The swap rates I'm using have a 6 months fixed frequency and a 3 month float frequency based on LIBOR. What I don't understand is ...
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62 views

What are advantages of expressing swaps this way?

On page 420 of Bailey's "The Economics of Financial Markets" textbook there is an example: "For example, suppose that [in a plain vanilla interest rate swap] the company agrees to pay 9.25 per cent ...
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Single currency basis swap Risk sensitivity

How do I concretely quantify the delta of a single currency basis swap (ex:3mv6m LIBOR) ? Would you look at the PV impact for every bps change in the 3v6 tenor basis spread ? Thanks in advance.
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14k views

How to work out the forward outright price from the bid/ask quotes?

I'm facing this problem: Spot AUD/USD is quoted at 0.7634/39; six-months swaps are 112.1/111.1; at what forward outright rate can a price taker sell USD value spot/6 months? On the spot side, ...
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224 views

Does a 1Y swap depend on zero curve beyond the 1Y point?

When using market swap rates to calibrate a discount curve, it seems that the PV of a 1Y swap depends on the zero curve at points beyond the 1Y mark. For example, a USD 1Y swap with trade date today (...
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No. of payments in 15/18/21 month ESTR OIS

I want to construct a zero-curve from EUR OIS rates (IR swaps with ESTR as the floating rate). For bootstrapping, some of the contracts I use have maturities of 15, 18 and 21 months (RIC: EUREST15M= ...
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74 views

If everyone wanted to sell swaps, why does that drive swap rates down?

If everyone wanted to sell swaps (pay fixed, receive floating) why does that drive down swap rates? Wouldn't that raise rates because in order to compete with each other they would have offer to pay ...
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How to price OTC swaps to hedge non-economic cashflow variability

Suppose we have a stochastic cashflow $X_t$ from a portfolio of contracts with clients. We can simulate from $X_t$ and can calculate $E[X_t], \forall t \in [1,n]$ where $n$ represents the longest ...
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68 views

Historic Fixing rates for swaps

Why would I need historic fixing rates for swaps started in past?. If trade is started in past say 2 yr back and rate is fixed 3 mth back then I only need this known rate to calculate price right but ...
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36 views

price alignment interest on future contract

why this is no PAI (price alignment interest) on a future contact like cleared swaps have? Am I right that you may get interest from your margin account, but you do not need to pay the interest back ...
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81 views

Sensitivity of correlation swaps to stochastic volatility

Are correlation swaps sensitive to stochastic volatility? Can you please justify from a theoretical point of view?
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2k views

resettable/MtM cross currency swaps

I am trying to understand the mechanics of resettable xccy basis swaps and put together a numerical example. I'd like to know if 1) periodic interest payments are calculated on the original notional ...
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118 views

Currency swap terminology

With reference to cross currency swaps, what does it mean to receive the basis? "Demand from Japanese institutions to receive basis (USD funding) increased due to emergency dollar demand due to ...
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1answer
161 views

Swap data- couldn't find any

I'm a student and i amm looking for a swaps rates historical data for long tenors in purpose to estimate yield curve (for example in GBP). My question is where could I find it?
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256 views

Swaption on Forward-Starting Swap "Replication"?

Lately I was thinking about forward-starting swaptions vs. options on forward-starting swaps a bit, and I started wondering about the following: Suppose we are at time $T_0$ (today) and we want to ...
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131 views

When you rollover a FX Forward, do enter the FX swap at the spot rate or previous forward rate?

from below link: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/distinction-between-fx-swaps-currency-risk-management-akubue-cfa/ "if the date of settlement of the export proceeds has been extended by three ...
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1answer
52 views

Do all inflation swaps reference the non-seasonally-adjusted index values?

Inflation CPI values (typically published monthly except Australia) are typically published in both SA (sseaonally adjusted) and NSA (non-seasonally adjusted) variants. Inflation swaps reference the ...
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233 views

Value a Swap with Custom Coupons with QuantLib

I'd like to valuate a custom Libor3M - Fix swap with QuantLib in Python. With custom I mean, custom starting/end/payment dates for every coupon, a fixed coupon in the float leg (starting_date < ...
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1answer
118 views

Valuating Custom Amortization Schedule Libor IRS with QuantLib

I got to bootstrap the OIS and Libor 3M swap curves, and now I'd like to valuate some simple Libor3M - Fix IRS with QuantLib (in python). My problem is that some of the instruments I have to valuate ...
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1answer
761 views

FX Swap P&L question

I am currently trying to compute the P&L of a FX swap and to understand it's implications. Let's say when we sell 1M EUR spot eur/usd at 1.08 and at the same time buy a one month month forward ...
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1answer
891 views

Python Quantlib : How to value the Non Deliverable currency Interest Rate Swaps?

I followed all the procedure in Quantlib to process interest rate swap valuation through Python Quantlib. I valued more than a million records. All the valuation is almost the expected amount. But '...
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1answer
54 views

How currency swap works for big companies bond and cash management

Suppose a big company A holds 10 Million USD at T+0, and A knows that it will pay 9.9 Million CHF to buy a bond at T+1, why would company A be willing to enter a currency swap to buy CHF and sell USD ...
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102 views

Counterparty exposure for a swap [closed]

What is the exact details of swap option whose PV gives the counterparty exposure at horizon of t=15months for a payer swap of strike 1% above ATM and length 5y starting at 2y?
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299 views

What happens to both sides of an inflation swap agreement if there is deflation?

If there is deflation does the Inflation receiver not only pay the fixed leg but also receives a reduced CPI? I.e. does he lose twice?
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1k views

How to understand interest rate bid/ask and apply client mark-up in Tom/Next Rollover Swap Point Calculation

When I am reading materials in swap point calculation for FX Tom/Next Rollover, I am confused with the market interest rate bid/ask. Using an example: I traded on ...
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1answer
273 views

Interest rate swap valuation date convention

When we value interest rate derivatives on any date $t$, we can estimate our future payments using some calibrated forward curve $f_s$, where $s$ is the spot date, and discount these back to $t$ using ...
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135 views

Swap Pricing - Using forward rates vs using par bond after first floating payment

There seems to be two different methods I have come across for valuing a Interest Rate Swap - specifically the floating leg. One method described by Hull: incorporates the cashflow from the first ...
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184 views

CNY IRS Fixed Vs 3 Month SHIBOR. Can any one please confirm the curve practices ?

AM trying to match CNY Swap Curve with Bloomberg. Yields unto 9 months can be converted to dfs using 1/(1+rt), where t = Actual Number of Days / 360. One year and boot strapping method was used with ...
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220 views

ISDA Convention for definition of IRS maturities

Could someone indicate me what is the ISDA convention for IRS maturity dates ? I mean, when two counterparties enter in a new IRS, is the maturity date to be defined in the contract totally free (ex: ...
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3k views

In curve building: How to calculate interest rate (discount factor) for period before first known effective date

I am building a curve using par swaps rates. For example, I have the following two semi-annual swaps for input Duration start end rate 1year 14-Nov-2011 14-Nov-2012 ...
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1answer
4k views

Bloomberg terminal swap zero curve calculation

I would like to ask about swap zero curve calculation algorithm by Bloomberg terminal. This is a plain vanilla CZK interest rate swap, fixing the Prague IBOR. My task is to calculate zero rates from ...
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2k views

Valuing the floating leg of a swap

Let $P_{t}(\pi)$ be the price at time t of a zero coupon bond with time to maturity $\pi$. Furthermore, let $f_{t}(\pi_1, \pi_2)$ be the forward rate that is earned over the time period $[\pi_1, \pi_2]...
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558 views

Basis swap spread pricing and bootstrapping

Here is the expression of a basis floating versus floating swap where the first term is a forward CMS Swap leg and the second one is a forward BOR leg where X is the margin that would make equal both ...

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