# Questions tagged [time-series]

A temporal sequence of events measured at discrete points in time.

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0answers
84 views

### Standard GARCH(1,1) model with external regressors

I have a queastion how does a standard GARCH(1,1) model with external regressors in mean and variance euqations look like ? I know that standard GARCH(1,1) model without external regressors has the ...
1answer
138 views

### Why does computing correlation between index levels vs. percentage changes yield completely different results?

I am examining the relationship between the S&P 500 and the Industrial Production Index. Computing the correlation between these these variables yield vastly different results if expressed in ...
3answers
221 views

### PCA for Risk bucketing

I'm working on a project to justify the use the certain tenors (2y, 5y, 10y, 30y) for risk bucketing. I'm a little stuck after calculating the principal components. Just to describe my approach- a) ...
1answer
97 views

### How to compute cumulative performance of a portfolio with two equities?

I have a time series of adjusted returns for two companies, A and B. I have created a portfolio consisting of these two time series with equal weighting (sum of weights must equal 1): $w_a = w_b=0.5$...
1answer
65 views

### Data Sources for Timestamps of Individual Trades [duplicate]

Are there any data sources where I can get the timestamps of individual trades/transactions? I'd like them to be at the second level or even the millisecond/nanosecond level. Ideally, the trades would ...
2answers
123 views

### Do you optimise models on bootstrapped time series?

As Quants, we soon learn to optimise models, by fitting them to historical time series, e.g. the historical daily returns of some stock. But the historical series of daily returns is just one ...
0answers
139 views

### What is the best source to get 10 milliseconds time-series data for numerical computation?

I am working with 4th order Runge-Kutta method to compute a second order differential equation. For the best accuracy, I need a 10 milliseconds ohlcv time-series data. I know that I can build it ...
1answer
86 views

### Calculate New Portfolio Weights Given Today's Returns

I'm looking for a formula to recalculate my portfolio's weights at the end of time $T$, given a vector of the asset weights at $T$ and a vector of returns at $T$. For example: ...
1answer
135 views

### How to perform cross-sectional asset pricing regression?

I'm wondering is that possible to get insignificant beta estimates in the time-series context, but highly significant risk premium associated with that beta in the cross-sectional regression? Any ...
0answers
93 views

### Detecting leading stocks using lag correlation

I am working on a project to find leading stocks in a stock market by using lag correlation. Say I want to compare 2 stocks, X and Y, and I have the time series of stock prices. Assume that the ...
0answers
32 views

### General to specific approach to modelling

I am trying to find the relationship of stock indices across the world. This has been done by the literature, however, I am wondering about the methods chosen. I have decided to go with what I think ...
2answers
164 views

### remove seasonality in future contracts

very new to commodities. I have raw agriculture future data, and I need to remove the seasonality (de-seasonalize) from the data, what is the general approach ? Thanks for the help!
0answers
80 views

### How does the FED calculate SAAR for GDP?

In looking at the Fed's GDP growth rate data, it looks like the fed uses a different calculation for calculating annualized growth rate than the typical annualized rate of change. Does anyone have any ...
1answer
67 views

### Monte Carlo simulations of stock price percentage change rather than stock price

Say we have a stock price time series $S_k$. We can do monte carlo simulations on the stock price to make predictions about future prices (e.g. through Geometric Brownian Motion SDE's). Does it make ...
1answer
353 views

### Application of ACD models

I have been playing around with autoregressive conditional duration (ACD) models and I have a nicely working R based implementation using real high frequency data (trades only data). However, what's ...
0answers
241 views

### Rolling forecast using GARCH model

EDIT This is not a duplicate of my original question linked, since I have since overcome that problem and have posted an answer. Since solving the previous problem, I have run into the problem ...
0answers
264 views

### RiskMetrics VAR calculations and conditional distribution of sum of log returns

According to Tsay's book in Chapter 7, for the Risk Metrics model: A nice property of such a special random-walk IGARCH model is that the conditional distribution of a multiperiod return is ...
1answer
157 views

### Discretizing a Continuous Time Stochastic Volatility Model

How does the discrete time stochastic volatility model arise from the continuous time one? Also, forgive me for cross-posting. I have the following continuous time SDE for a stochastic volatility ...
8answers
36k views

### How to check if a timeseries is stationary?

I'm using KPSS Method to check if the series is stationary, but I would also like to use another test to confirm if the series is stationary or not, what method coudl I use?
0answers
143 views

### Poor results forecasting stock price volatility using Python's GARCH model

As far as I understand, forecasting stock price volatility should be more achievable than forecasting absolute prices or returns. It seems as though GARCH models are the traditional and most widely ...
1answer
2k views

### ARMA+GARCH prediction with package rugarch (R)

I am analyzing FTSE 100 series, from 2007-01-01 to 2010-12-31 (university exam homework). I have to use the data 'til 2010-11-30 as sample, and the remaining (23) observations as in-sample forecast (...
0answers
33 views

### Johansen Cointegration Test in R

I know its probably been asked bevor but i just don't get it. I have 2 values (Oil and corn price) and i want to check if they are cointegrated. Bevor that, i have tested if they really are non ...
2answers
279 views

### Does predictability in a VAR process imply mean reversion or momentum?

There seems to be some disagreement in the literature about this. Define predicability of a stationary series to be $\sigma^2_{t-1} / \sigma^2_t$ Finding mean reverting portfolios using canonical ...
0answers
6k views

### How to use statsmodels' Granger causality test to measure the lag between two time series?

I am using the Granger causality test to measure the lag between pairs of time series where it is already apparent that one is following the other. So I am not expecting this test to tell me whether ...
2answers
174 views

### Lagged Residual as Independent Variable

I am building a factor model to estimate future equity returns. I'd like to include an autoregressive residual term in this model. I'd like to have yesterday's error (the difference between yesterday'...
1answer
13k views

### How to calculate the conditional variance of a time series?

I am reading a paper where the term conditional variance is mentioned, but I am not really sure what is meant by this and how this can be calculated: Fig. 2 shows the conditional variances of the ...
8answers
24k views

### Is R being replaced by Python at quant desks?

I know the title sounds a little extreme but I wonder whether R is phased out by a lot of quant desks at sell side banks as well as hedge funds in favor of Python. I get the impression that with ...
0answers
22 views

### Sample distribution of cross-sectional statistics of returns

Currently doing an application of VaR on sample of industry portfolios in the US. I have a matrix of $n$ industry portfolios with $m$ time-series observations. I calculate cross-sectionally (for each ...
1answer
43 views

### Where can I download for free the entire price history of the nasdaq composite and s&p500 indices? [duplicate]

I would like the entire price history of both these indices at an end-of-day level, not intra day. Is there an R api that I can use for such an exercise?
0answers
43 views

### Interpreting the ACF graph

I am currently struggling with the interpretation of a price chart and the corresponding ACF graph. The question is, if there is momentum in the price of this asset. This is the corresponding price ...
1answer
102 views

### Asset pricing model factor need to be excess return?

In John Cochrane's Asset Pricing book and his video lecture, he states that asset pricing factors need to be excess returns, a traded portfolio. Is there a reason for that? I can't find explanation ...
0answers
56 views

### GARCH(1,1) and Value at Risk: Rolling window or non-overlapping samples

Currently studying on financial risk management. I want to test different methods of VaR estimation. I want to model volatility using a GARCH(1,1) model. My question is what should the size of the ...
6answers
589 views

### Book recommendation for time series analysis

I have been trying to wrap my head around Engel-Granger test and jcitest etc. I have failed thus far. If possible can someone guide me about which books to start with and possibly reach to ...
2answers
86 views

### Imputation of missing returns

I'm trying to calculate a historical VaR for a portfolio of futures, however there are certain days for which some assets are missing prices. Since the portfolio consists of many spread positions, the ...
4answers
14k views

### Performance of Open Source Time Series Database for Financial Market Data

We would like to store financial tick data in a database (potentially billions of rows) and then create aggregated (open-high-low-close) bar data from it (e.g. 1min or 5min bars). It was mentioned ...
2answers
83 views

### How can currency (USD/TRY) be going up without having a candle before that would close under it?

I am having a hard time understanding how can USD/TRY be going up without having a period before that would close at a point under it. This is from today (2018-10-08 6:12 and 6:50). Is it moving up ...
0answers
65 views

### Market Invariant for Commodity Futures

In the same sense that Meucci describes "compounded returns" as the invariant for equities and "changes in yield-to-maturity" as the invariant for fixed-income, what is the invariant for a commodity ...
2answers
113 views

### Daily returns to monthly basic question [closed]

I am currently a little bit puzzled. I am trying to compute the monthly returns from a set of data. ...
0answers
67 views

### Cointegration between daily time series and intraday time series

I am working with time series data of daily prices, and intraday prices. For simplicity sake I will refer to the daily time series as 'A' and 'B', and the intraday time series of the same instruments ...
1answer
76 views

### How long is considered `long-term'?

For a project I am doing I need to simulate the balance sheet of a pension fund. In order to do so I also need to simulate euro inflation. Since my inflation data is non-stationary, I model it using ...
1answer
149 views

### A question about stationarity and ergodicity

Given daily returns of a stock index over 50+ years, a homework question asks: Plot the annual sample mean and variances of the returns and their absolute values. Are these estimates in agreement ...
0answers
17 views

### suggestion for NDX volatility index prior to 2000

NDX index is available since 1984 in Bloomberg. There's VXN index that represents the implied volatility of NDX, which is available since 2001. I need some index or series that represents implied ...
1answer
324 views

### What is the Probability Distribution of Max-Drawdown?

How to obtain the probability distribution of Maximum Drawdown, starting from the probability distribution of Daily Returns? Here the details: Suppose I have a time serie of N=1000 daily returns. ...
0answers
86 views

### Comparison of normalization methods on market returns

I am looking to use a multi-factor model to make target-return predictions. Since the factor-returns come from different scales I need to normalize first. There are different ways to normalize ...
1answer
92 views

### Understand the white noise condition in Vector Autoregression

In the following vector autoregression model with lag polynomial representation: $$\Phi (L) y_t= \epsilon_t$$ where $Y$ is the vector of endogenous variables, $\Phi$ is the parameters matrix, \$\...
0answers
38 views

### Forecasting time series data using auxiliary information and associated questions

Suppose I want to forecast MSFT time series, using MSFT history as well as SPY history. Are there good time series forecasting methods that permit auxiliary data to be used? Perhaps you should just ...
0answers
173 views

### Overlapping Data

I have a daily time series data spanning over 22 years. I need to compute some meaningful yearly standard deviation statistics / generate probability distribution and estimate tail risk. 22 years ...
5answers
47k views

### How to fit ARMA+GARCH Model In R?

I am currently working on ARMA+GARCH model using R. I am looking out for example which explain step by step explanation for fitting this model in R. I have time series which is stationary and I am ...
2answers
1k views

### Getting data of sub-sector indexes of an S&P 500 index sector using QuantMod in R

Using the quantmod package in R, one can download the S&P500 index using the following command: ...
1answer
99 views

### Which method would you use to compare if a time series of financial returns has more “clusterized volatility” than another?

It is known that the historical series of financial returns are characterized by the so-called volatility clustering. Suppose we approximate the number of two-type clusters, namely the high and low ...