Questions tagged [trading]

Attempting to profit from short-term fluctuations in a security's price as opposed to investing in the security for use or income.

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2answers
118 views

Trading futures, how does it work in practice?

If my understanding is correct, then owning a future essentially means owning a contract which obliges to buy/sell something at a certain time for a certain price. But what I don't understand is how, ...
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122 views

Questions regarding a “lite/kindergarten” Barbell investement strategy implementation

The idea for this question is more or less taken from a slight hint regarding how Universa Investments L.P. functions from Taleb's Antifragile (obviously the real case is far more complex but this is ...
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1answer
85 views

Futures Market Open

I've been reading a book recently about trading ORB (Opening Range Breakout) in the futures market. I haven't been able to figure out when exactly the open is for futures. I know the futures market ...
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2answers
97 views

How is forex market Quote-Driven?

I am new to the field, and trying to understand structure of spot currency market. As it is stated here, Quote-Driven Market ... only displays the bid and asks offers for a security from designated ...
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38 views

What are the best books or sites to learn to spot algorithm actions

12 years ago Alan Farley in The Master Swing Trader Toolkit wrote about how to spot the footprints of algorithms such as incremental steps in price through a gap and how algorithms push price down ...
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89 views

Hedging Renminbi with EUR

Hedging Renminbi with EUR. What is the reason why FX traders sometimes go long EUR to hedge shorts in RMB?
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270 views

Does the Integrity of Tick Data Vary by Vendor?

My firm is currently looking at various vendors to purchase historical tick data from. The purpose of this question is not to ask for opinions on the best vendor, but purely on whether there is a ...
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2answers
102 views

Trading OTC FX options: choosing expiries

For FX options that are traded OTC vol quotes are given on a standardised grid, e.g. expiries 1D, 1W, 1M, 3M, 6M, etc. maturity and for each of these expiries you have quotes for ATM, 25 delta Risk ...
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1answer
74 views

FX hedged investments

I was reading FX hedged investments do not have an impact on the FX rate. For example, a Japanese fund buying US treasuries fully FX hedged. I understand the hedging is usually done through short term ...
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1answer
66 views

Covariance Shrinkage - Am I getting the right variances?

I am looking into a quite simple task: shrinking the sample covariance matrix of a minor sample of monthly returns data on 5 different assets. I am using Python to process my data and have been using ...
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1answer
118 views

A decent model to calculate hedges

Is there an option pricing model that wouldn't be too time consuming to set up in Python (for example) and that would provide better delta hedges than Black-Scholes? This would be mainly for equity ...
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32 views

Futures positioning reported by CFTC

How is the net futures position calculated by the CFTC? For instance, GBPUSD net contract is positive in the CFTC report, what does it mean given that for each buyer there is a seller?
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41 views

How to interpret negative fixed rate in Vanilla IRS [closed]

Currently a vanilla 4Y EUR vs. 6M Euribor IRS has a negative price e.g. -0.35%. I do not understand how to interpret the swap when the fixed rate is negative. If I am the fixed rate payer in this swap ...
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27 views

Determine what causes a stock price to move substantially. How?

The crypto currency market is young and they definitely don't use terms like Shares Float. When I trade stocks I know that a security with a small market cap and small float is capable of big price ...
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30 views

Role of multilateral trading facility

I'm trying to understand Multilateral Trading Facility why companies are traded in this type of exchange ? what's the role of High Frequency Trading firms in this exchanges ? Thank you
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1answer
67 views

India's FX foward market

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-04/india-asks-state-banks-to-protect-dollar-assets-on-cairn-concern Based on this article USDINR forward premium has spiked as there is abundant USD ...
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1answer
134 views

The most appropriate volatility model

Which would be the most appropriate models to find volatility trading opportunities (i.e. plot a theoretical volatility smile I can rely on) for the following instruments: Options on equity Options ...
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1answer
162 views

FX Options price vs implied vol

From the screenshot below, what is the difference between the option price by strike in the table versus the implied volatilities by delta in the chart at the bottom? https://www.investing.com/...
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35 views

Calculating performance decay of a strategy

Came across this thread which basically advises t-test for difference in means across periods to calculate whether our edge is deteriorating. The catch being that this test will probably not be ...
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2answers
93 views

looking for recommendation for a var/vol swap trading book

I am aware this book - volatility trading by Euan Sinclair, and it's nice book. But I am looking for book focus on var/vol swap trading, i.e., introduce about trading strategy/ideas by using var/vol ...
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141 views

Currency trades

I usually read statements as the below: "Bank A recommends long positions in the yuan against the Singapore dollar" How are these trades usually implemented? Borrow SGD and convert into CNY (...
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45 views

Cyclic analysis for trading signal generation

I would like to build trading signals using cyclic analysis in order to obtain a forecast afterwards. I had a look in literature and Hurst analysis, Fourier, etc, are used However, I am struggling to ...
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130 views

Use of CNY and CNH derivatives

I was wondering what are the reasons why investors use USDCNH forwards vs NDF on USDCNY? Do you usually pick CNH for trade reasons, while CNY more for speculation as these are USD settled?
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39 views

probability on strategy expected return

I’ve been thinking about this for awhile and couldn’t figure it out myself. Assume you have a trading strategy, which return is normally distributed. strategy return has a mean of 1 basis point and a ...
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108 views

How is calculated the futures/forward convexity adjustment for FX?

I could find lots of stuff online for IR derivatives but it seems there isn't too much on FX for this specific adjustment.
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107 views

How does one actually create a derivative of a given underlying security? [closed]

Let's say I'm an investment bank and I want to create a derivative whose value tracks that of gold. I don't want this derivative to in any way trade in the underlying security, so no futures or ...
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1answer
285 views

Formerly profitable algorithmic trading strategies?

Since algorithmic trading strategies often stop being profitable after a while, I wonder if any such formerly profitable strategies have been made public, and if so, where can I find them?
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40 views

To what degree is volume correlated with price impact?

There is question from 2017 here but the answer given doesn't really go into any detail. How correlated is volume with price impact? Especially with regard to wash trading; For example, wash trading ...
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2k views

How long do algorithmic trading strategies typically remain profitable?

As I understand it, an algorithmic trading strategy could lose profitability, if, for example: it's rediscovered by others employee turnover leaks the strategy to others market conditions change ...
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3answers
150 views

Tech companies valuation

Usually tech companies/stocks are valued using one of the two methods: DCF (discounted cash flows) method that is sensitive to interest rates raise (if rates up value down) EBITDA or revenues ...
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4answers
445 views

FX official rates

How are "official" FX rates calculated? Are these given by an average across all big dealers or brokerage systems (eg EBS, Reuters)?
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1answer
78 views

Australian banks funding

"Typically, Australian banks pay a small premium to swap foreign currency into Australian dollars. This premium is also referred to as the basis, which is the difference between the implied cost ...
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1answer
71 views

Banks' use of repo to finance operations

"Dealers typically use repo to fund both their cash Treasury positions and their lending to clients through Treasury reverse repos. Thus, the ability and willingness to engage in repo, which ...
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57 views

Is there a difference between volume and turnover in the FX market?

For example in equities volume refers to the numbers of share traded and turnover to the total amount exchanged. Was wondering how this applies to FX.
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2answers
209 views

What is the best way to interpret changes in Treasury yields?

My question is quick and simple. However, I would like to use this answer to further my understanding of bonds and yields. If the YTM on a 10yr Note yesterday was 1.00% and the YTM on the same 10yr ...
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63 views

Cost of shorting currencies

I thought cost of hedging/going short on a currency with a forward was given by F/S-1 but it seems the author states 0.25% (see below). Am I missing anything (transaction costs, balance sheet costs, ...
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1answer
401 views

What are the “sniffing” or “stalking” algorithms?

I was looking for all the sorts of trading algorithms used in stock market and I came across the so-called "sniffing" algorithms. However, the explanations of this concept I found are very ...
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149 views

Carry trade question

Usually carry trades involve borrowing in a low yield currency and invest in a high yield currency. For example, I borrow dollars and invest in Brazilian real. I then use a rolling FX swap to hedge ...
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36 views

Brokerage system written in C# (preferably in opensource but am open to suggestions)

I am trying to find an open source brokerage trading platform. Not an algorithm. I want to find a full fledged brokerage trading platform for trading stocks. We would like to connect to the MMTP ...
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2answers
44 views

Is there ever a case where there are multiple ticks (different prices) at the same tick timestamp in Forex?

Say I'm receiving ticks for AUDUSD. The timestamp for Forex tick data seems to go down to a resolution of .001 second (milliseconds). Example: ...
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1answer
42 views

Non convertible currencies and trade

How importers and exporters sell/buys products if their country currency is non convertible or when non residents want to invest in the country? For example in Brazil.
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1answer
118 views

How does a trader choose how to size his limit order?

Say Bob wants to buy \$30 million worth of APPL stock at a price of \$130. He decides to use a limit order. But posting a $30 million limit order would drive the price up and prevent him from being ...
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177 views

How quickly can someone pull out of their short?

Investors who short a company might get into trouble if a group of passionate online day traders (who like the shorted company) decide to boost its stock value by coordinated investments. How quickly ...
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33 views

How does Intrinsic and Time Premium factor into deep ITM options for leveraged securities

So I'm curious about the downside risk on this trade. Some backstory - I noticed the options chain for TZA had basically no volume or open interest for deep ITM calls about a week ago while also ...
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27 views

What BUY order type should I use if I have a limit price in mind, but I still want to capture best price if it goes below my limit?

I'm pretty new to trading, and I couldn't really find anything helpful online. Say I want to buy a stock for a maximum of 21 USD per share. However, if the price hits 21, I don't want my order to fill ...
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30 views

What is the name of leverage contracts where the worst case payoff is zero?

In a typical leverage futures contract the value of a position can be negative. That is to say, if you go long \$100 with 10x leverage at a price of \$50 and you then sell at \$40, the value of the ...
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61 views

Optimal withdrawal rate based on alpha and drawdown

My trading returns is about 50% monthly(alpha) and maximum drawdown is about 20%. Is there a mathematical way to define the optimal withdrawal rate X%(say when profit level reach y%) to avoid risk of ...
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1answer
45 views

Swap Spread Positions with Duration Bias

In practice, how are swap spread positions actually sized and constructed between the two legs? I would suppose the two legs are simply matched in notional terms. However, in practice, do traders ever ...
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1answer
24 views

estimate credit bond price out of trading hour

How to estimate a credit bond's price out of trading hour ? For example, how to estimated an U.S credit bond's price at 8am london time, when the US bond market is closed? We can decompose a credit ...
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1answer
104 views

Funding foreign asset purchase with repo

https://www.bis.org/publ/qtrpdf/r_qt1709e.pdf extract from page 38 An investor wants to buy a foreign currency security with domestic cash but does not wish to run FX risk. Then, three transactions ...

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