Questions tagged [valuation]

The process of determining the price - the value - of an asset.

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1answer
85 views

How to attribute daily options P&L between Greek sensitivities [duplicate]

When building a P&L attribution system for options, what is the market convention for attributing daily P&L between delta, gamma, vega, and theta Greeks? I'm particularly interested in how ...
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64 views

Are Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable already included in revenue?

I've been following this Udemy course on finance and valuation basics (Link). I am particularly confused when it comes to the cash flow statement part, specifically on how to get Operating Cash Flow (...
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43 views

Floating rate bond valuation and Duration

I would like to know how a floating rate bond will be valued when LIBOR is used to compute the coupon cashflows and the bond is discounted using an OIS rate. Normally I have seen valuation of a FRB ...
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1answer
90 views

Using a Swap curve to price Interest rate Swaps

Say we have a 3-m LIBOR IRS (interest rate swap) with quarterly fixed payments (2 year contract), and we want to value this contract (after say 6 months has passed, i.e. there remain 1.5 years to ...
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35 views

Valuation on a USD Swap

I had a basic question on the valuation on a USD swap fixed versus LIBOR1M. I know for market practice we would use the USDLIBOR3M swap curve as the discount curve. For the forward curve on the ...
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147 views

Which Risk Free rate to use?

I am trying to value a food and beverage company using DCF. I have forecasted the short term projections for 10 years and calculated a terminal value there after. But I am confused with which risk ...
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37 views

Calculating the implied discount rate in an risk-adjusted NPV formula

I have built a risk-adjusted NPV model to calculate the value of a medtech company. The formula is as follows: where V is the present value; C is the cash flow in year n; n is the period into ...
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88 views

Price of Interest Rate Swap (Float-Float)

Let say I have 2 Forward start Float-Float Interest Rate Swaps starting in 1 year and 2 years and both have 5 years of life. I know the prices of both these swaps say $P_1$ and $P_2$ Given this ...
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1answer
115 views

Total Return Swap on Single Govt Bond Marked to Market Calculation

Looking to understand how to value a TRS on single 10y UST during the life of the trade. Here is an example of trade parameters. 10mm constant notional 1-year maturity I am performance leg payer / ...
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1answer
127 views

Work out example of Valuation adjustment

Currently, there are many valuation adjustments for the fair price of a derivative instrument, when pricing is based on RFR. One of such adjustment is ...
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1answer
46 views

How to handle cash from financing in a DCF model? [closed]

I am building a valuation model for a public pre-revenue company (biotech). The company is going to have ~$600M in R&D and SG&A expenses over the next 4 years, which it is going to finance ...
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53 views

How to reconcile CAPM with Discounted Cash Flows valuation?

According to CAPM (in its most basic form) our asset allocation will only depend on the expected returns and the covariance matrix of returns. If we also consider the risk-free asset and assume that ...
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27 views

Initial value of an investment project in a binomial real option valuation model

How do you measure the initial value of a project in a binomial tree ROV? I'm not specifically working in the valuation scene, but sort of had an interest in how the models work logically. It's not ...
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70 views

Are there any APIs to retrieve stock buybacks and dividends to calculate ERP?

I'm in the process of building a Python library to value stocks using a FCF model and one of the first steps is calculating an implied equity premium. I know there a few ways of doing this, but ...
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2answers
194 views

Global stock market valuations

I am looking for reasonably up to date resources on global stock market valuations by country, using e.g. CAPE and PE. In the past I have used this resource: starcapital.de, but the updates have been ...
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181 views

Tech companies valuation

Usually tech companies/stocks are valued using one of the two methods: DCF (discounted cash flows) method that is sensitive to interest rates raise (if rates up value down) EBITDA or revenues ...
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3answers
251 views

Do stock prices really tend towards a fair valuation?

I recently started working myself into the concepts of valuation. While I find the concept of fair value very interesting and intuitive, I wonder if prices are actually empirically driven by value in ...
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1answer
35 views

Valuation of the minimum guaranteed return that (some) pension funds provide - how would you do it?

Let's say a pension fund guarantees an annual return of at least 5% to their customers/investors, such that the investors face a payoff like the one of a call option (no downside). For this guarantee ...
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24 views

PRIIP Stressed Volca Calculation

Hello dear Finance mates, i have a question regarding the calculation of the stressed volatility for the stress scenario. I hope I actually typed the right formula for calculating the scenarios for ...
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63 views

Historical data on valuations for internet companies during dot-com bubble

I am looking for data on historical valuations for internet companies during the years of the dot-com bubble (2000 - 2002). I know that big auditors have or at least have access to such data on ...
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63 views

spinoff entity value / adjusted close of a spinoff

When company $A$ spins off company $B$ (i.e. $A = A'+B$), how do we know exactly the adjustment factor of $A'$ and $B$ before trading Note I am not asking to value the new companies. That's a whole ...
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1answer
54 views

Complicated DCF valuation [closed]

Recently I tried to do a few valuation models. I searched a lot for information on the topic, but everything I found was pretty similar simplified models. Please recommend where I can look at more ...
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53 views

What is the market convention for the stub floating payment on a vanilla swap?

Let's say I have a plain vanilla "broken date" swap (Annual fixed, 6m float) that I enter into today (10th Nov 20 for settle T+2, 12th Nov 20) and which ends on 16th August 2023. The swap is ...
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The real reason behind discrepancy between Amazon low level of earing of and its staggering market value? [closed]

It is often said that, in the history of Amazon, the discrepancy between its low level of earnings and its staggering market value can be justified by its high level of free or operating cash flows(...
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1answer
117 views

Impact of fixing on the valuation of derivatives

I would like to know what is the impact of a fixing on the value of a fixed vs floating interest rate swap (IRS). Also, I have the same question about the fixing impact on a cross currency swap? On a ...
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2answers
55 views

Should diverging valuation multiples affect beta estimate?

Suppose we experience a significant equity market crash. All equities are affected, but the drawdown disproportionately affects equities in a specific sector - for example, say the broad equity market ...
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55 views

Option Valuation With Hard To Borrow Rates

How would you include -in a simple way- high borrow rates, say 10%. Intuitively, for PUTs I'd set r as r - borrow_rate, to include the negative carry of the borrow. So If I'm selling puts, value would ...
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1answer
48 views

Is a company's exact debt structure publicly available to investors?

I am relatively new to investing and would like to look into some of the details of a few companies. As one example, we can use DAL. To assess the financial future of the company, it would be ...
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1answer
188 views

Valuation of Variance Swap

Let say I have a Variance Swap contract which is based on daily closing prices (not the continuous variance calculation) and will last between the day interval $T_1$...
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1answer
197 views

Cox-Ingersoll-Ross: Monte Carlo Simulation

I am trying to build a Monte Carlo simulation in Excel (yes, far from optimal) for valuation of a callable bond. I have some experience with MC simulation on path dependent derivatives with stocks as ...
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66 views

Is there some sort of index of products, their description, and pricing?

I'm imagining some sort of site where you can look up all sorts of products that are traded (swaps, bonds, options, and all the variations that they exist in), and then the site gives an extremely ...
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1answer
231 views

PV of the Floating Side of an "Overnight Index Swap" (at the fixing Date)

I have a mathematical / theoretical question regarding the PV of an Overnight Index Swap (Floating Side) at the time of fixing. Starting from this question: How to compute Overnight Index Swap (OIS) ...
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68 views

Spread sensitivity of TRS

I am about to understand the valuation of a TRS. The approach I am applying derives risk neutral survival / default probabilities from the ratio between risk free and spread adjusted rates and uses ...
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0answers
66 views

What are the most difficult/computationally expensive/infeasible derivatives to price?

I'm not sure if this question has a concrete answer or if it's more of a fun game, but I suppose the question that does have a concrete answer is what's the most difficult instrument to value that has ...
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60 views

Pricing a TRS using the Projected method for the financing leg and the Accrual method for the asset leg

I've been wandering if would be possible to value a TRS I have in an unusual way. I would like use the accrual method for the asset leg, since the the asset leg is a long position in an equity and it ...
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1answer
65 views

Trying to code Haug's 4.19.7 Double-Barrier Binary Asymmetrical

The following Clojure code correctly outputs the table in section 4.19.6 of "The Complete Guide to Option Pricing Formulas", but I'm wildly out on the asymmetrical in 4.19.7. ...
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61 views

Discounted Cash Flows in Excel

I'm taking an online class on stock valuation. In my class, the instructor calculated stock intrinsic value using XNPV function in Excel. While I understand this part, I don't know why it gives a ...
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1answer
136 views

In an interest rate swap, is the first payment based on the floating and fixed values set at inception?

Let assume 2 parties agree a plain vanilla swap with the following terms: Notional: $100,000 Length/Tenor: 3 year Payment/Settlement Periods: Annual Start Date: 01/01/2021 Floating Rate on Start ...
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1answer
67 views

The extent of the usage of DDM formula by the big boys

I am wondering to which extent versions of the DDM formula(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dividend_discount_model) is used by large banks and institutional investors etc, in some sense anyone who is ...
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1answer
111 views

How to price complex corporate actions with spinoffs

Let's look at below UTX/RTN merger as an example: https://www.fool.com/investing/2020/03/30/raytheon-united-technologies-merger-gets-green-lig.aspx The merged companies will from that moment ...
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1answer
166 views

Discount margin on FRN - widening but bond price increasing?

Why would a bonds discount margin widen but its price increase? Shouldn't the price be falling when margins are widening? Looking at the bond pricing formula, if the price is higher doesn't the rate ...
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2answers
71 views

How to compute a portfolio value?

I am learning fundamentals of option market and ran into an example I do not understand : Let's assume I have a portfolio of 3 shares priced \$22, and a European call option to buy a share for \$21 ...
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Quant valuation of a credit card debt (or flexible loan)

What would you say is the generally accepted quantitative method of valuing an individual credit card, or flexible loan? Is the method very changeable if that were a pool of such loans? Suppose the ...
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342 views

Valuing Acquisition Target Case Study - DCF and IRR?

Wondering how best to answer a case study I need to do. Case study info as follows: Given Selling company's P&L (3 years actual, 4 years forecast) - closing date on end of year 3 - and a PPT of ...
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3answers
252 views

Modelling NPV with negative cashflows?

When making capital investment decisions that have cost saving implications instead of cash flow generation, is NPV still valid? For example: A state wishes to decide whether to replace a section of ...
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64 views

Risk neutral valuation logic/intuition

I was reading on risk neutral valuation and i ran into this statement "according to the law of one price , if you have two assets with identical expected cash flow , their current prices must be the ...
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1answer
59 views

Valuing interest tax shield with constant rate of loan redemption

A $D=\$30mm$ loan at $r_D = 6.5\%$ and a tax rate of $\tau_c=40\%$ yields an annual tax shield of $$TS=D*r_D*\tau_c=\$0.78mm$$ If $\rho=5\%$ of the loan remainder in the current year is to be payed ...
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Residual Income Valuation with Term Structure

I'm implementing a residual income model (RIM) to value stocks as described by Ohlson. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c0a5/4ef41311951fe406d15cd7d7ce19502cdc7c.pdf The key to this model is ...
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1answer
54 views

Security Analysis By Benjamin Graham Example Doubt [closed]

So I was reading (trying to read) Security Analysis by Graham and I came across this example ("Example 1" in the image attached below) Being the noob at finance and quant that I am, I was unable to ...
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2answers
275 views

NPV and efficient market hypothesis

If I have an opportunity of investment, let's call it investment (A), that costs $I$ in year 0 and gives me $CF_1$ in year 1, I will accept it only if $NPV>0$ $NPV = -I + \dfrac{CF_1}{1+k} > 0$ ...