# Questions tagged [value-at-risk]

The tag has no usage guidance.

405 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
82 views

### Calcul du VaR sur une option call [closed]

Bonsoir. J'aimerais solliciter de l'aide à travers ce premier message. J'ai besoin de savoir comment calculer la VaR d'une option call dont le strike = 3200, date d'expiration est le 20/12/2024 et ...
90 views

### VaR on forward contracts

I am trying to calculate a historical VaR, let's say on a forward contract of Gas that has a delivery in December 2022 ( begin delivery = 1st December 2022 and end delivery = 31st December 2022). ...
89 views

### Showing that VaR is not sub additive

I found on pages 2 and 3 of Martin Haugh's "Risk Measures, Risk Aggregation and Capital Allocation" from 2010 an example showing non sub-additivity of VaR (excerpts given at the end). I ...
72 views

### Portfolio with Put Options - VaR, Std. Dev

I did a Monte Carlo simulation to evaluate my portfolio. I used different Strikes and Weights for the Put options. Now to my problem: All statistical measures (like expected return, volatility) ...
28 views

### Stochastic Approximation of CVaR / VaR mini-batch

I know that minimizing MSE in stochastic gradient descent is done by minimizing the MSE estimated from a mini-batch of observations. This implies minimizing the MSE of each observation (I think of a ...
• 11
39 views

### Value at Risk on equity options, what is the right approach on historical simulations

Questions on Historical VaR for options, how do you actually do this. how you would evaluate Value-at-Risk for an equity option that has been recently listed on the exchange. The obvious is that you ...
• 11
1 vote
87 views

### How can I estimate value-at-risk of a long/short portfolio without making simplifying assumptions?

I have had a couple of long-standing questions about the mathematics behind a simple "vanilla" parametric VaR calculation and I'm hoping someone could clear up my confusion. Most likely I am ...
1 vote
54 views

### How to calculate the gaussian VaR for a portfolio with 3 corporate bonds and 1 IRS payer?

As data I have the daily change of zero coupon spot rates for some vertex (0.25, 0.5, 1, 2..) and the daily change of z-spread for corporate bonds, also by vertex
26 views

### MultiFactor Risk Model Ex Ante StDev vs. StDev of Monte Carlo PnL Distribution

In the context of applying a multifactor risk model to a portfolio of linear and nonlinear equity securities, why would there be differences between the calculated ex ante portfolio stDev and the ...
32 views

### Do you roll back the maturities and schedules when backtesting VaR for portfolios of bonds, options or future contracts?

I want to backtest VaR models which are applied to portfolios of products which have maturities (options and futures) and even schedules (bonds). I have a question which never came up when backtesting ...
• 21
100 views

### compute Expected Shortfall / Conditional VaR from distribution

I want to compute the Expected Shortfall from a distribution of returns. I have no closed solution for my distribution of returns, so I wonder if I can simply compute ES by taking the mean of all the ...
• 115
54 views

### Backtesting Conditional Versus Unconditional forecast horizon with lag 2

Assume that we have a 10 year dataset from Tesla (toy example): ... 1 vote
260 views

### 2-day ahead prediction of value at risk with GARCH(1,1) in R

Let's say I have a 10 year dataset of Tesla (example) and I am taking the percentage change of lag 2: ... 53 views

### Variance covariance matrix for a portfolio of credit derivatives

If the var-covar matrix for equities takes the return on equity prices, what should the var-covar matrix for credit derivatives (like a CDS) take? Should it be the probability of default, since that ...
1 vote
99 views

### Backtesting Strategy in R for simple empirical value at risk

I am new in backtesting methodology and I want for start to keep things simple.Say that I have the following data: ... 1 vote
188 views

### Simulating the Value-at-Risk with $t$ distributed returns

I want to understand how the value at risk and the simulating the VaR with simple Monte Carlo method. But I want just a confirmation and are welcome any comments, since I don't have the full picture ... 1 vote
65 views

### EWMA initial margin model risk

Let's say that someone wants to estimate the initial margin model (very simple one) with the exponential weighted moving average approach.For margin period of risk 2 days. ... 21 views

### How can I impose a restriction where monetary policy affects the other variables in the next quarter rather than instantly using VAR estimation?

I am investigating the impact of GDP growth, inflation, and monetary policy on each other using VAR analysis. The number of Lags is 2.
264 views

### VaR on Interest Rate Swaps

I am a newbie and was after a simple explanation on how VaR is calculated for a portfolio of IRS's.
• 101
76 views

### Does VaR calculations consider my portfolio past

I am relatively new to trading and decided to become more quantitative about it. I have had a portfolio for about two years, where I changed my positions several times. I now learnt about VaR ...
• 15
43 views

### How is VaR calculated for forward contracts accounting for European put options?

My initial idea is to create profit and loss using an equation like this: \begin{align} P\&L = & \text{European Put P&L} + \text{Forward P&L}\\ P\&L = & [(K-S_T)^+...
• 11
1 vote
109 views

### PRIIPs KID: if VaR (Return Space) < -1, how to compute VEV (VaR-equivalent volatility)?

The PRIIPs regulation does not specify how to compute the VaR-equivalent volatility if $VaR_{Return Space} < -1$. What would you do in the following case? I have the following moments from the ...
• 11
1 vote
53 views

### How is a return-adjusted nearby created?

I am reading Value-at-Risk Second Edition – by Glyn A. Holton https://www.value-at-risk.net/futures-nearbys-and-distortions/ From 6.6.1 "The standard means of obtaining continual time series from ...
• 11
68 views

### How is VaR calculated with mixed return-periods

For example, if you have a dataset of returns that are not daily or yearly, but span 24 days, 1 day, 5 days, 7 days, etc., how do you calculate or interpret the VaR of that? I've tried linearly ...
• 1
78 views

### Risk factor mapping of a foreign bond

Suppose the investor is Australian, and there is a single, 3-month, USD-denominated zero-coupon bond with a face value of \$1 million USD. The AUD/USD exchange rate is \$1.2AUD/USD, and the 3-month US ...
186 views

### How to set VaR and other Risk Limits

I have read a lot of literature on how to calculate VaR and it's advantages and disadvantages. But I am struggling to find anything on how to set a VaR limit. For example, say if I am a Risk Manager ...
154 views

### Filtered Historical Simulation VaR for swaps

I am trying to understand how to calculate FHS VaR for a portofolio of vanilla swaps. I think I understand the main ideas behind FHS VaR and how to implement it for other assets such as equities. I ...
• 25
44 views

### Which distribution has higher VaR?

Let say I have 2 distributions with cdf $F_1$ and $F_2$. And I know that $F_1 \leq F_2$. With this information I know that $F_1$ has bigger lower tail than $F_2$ but I don't think this right away ...
1 vote
124 views

### Computing VaR in a Monte Carlo simulation (question from Joshi's book)

I am studying Joshi's book on C++ for derivatives pricing. I am at chapter 5 on implementing a statistics gatherers class to use in a (simple) MC routine for pricing vanilla options, where it is ...
581 views

### Is there a Python package that implements backtesting for VaR?

I would like to use the tests of Christoffersen (1998), Engle and Manganelli (2004) or Kupiec (1995) to evaluate how good are the VaRs that I have projected. Is there a library that implements these ...
54 views

### Testing severity of VaR by changing portfolio component weights

Let's assume that I have a portfolio with two components:$$\omega_i = 0.3$$ $$\omega_j = 0.7$$ I also have two P&L vectors, $v_i$ and $v_j$ each containing 1000 P&Ls. I would like to play ...
• 1,708
77 views

216 views

### Dependence between Credit Default Risk and Credit Spread Risk

I am trying to understand the difference and similarities between Credit Spread Risk and Credit Default Risk. Here is brief (and not all too precise) definition. Credit Spread Risk: Losses due to ...
• 1,386
53 views

### Martingale corrections to historical Value at Risk?

I am looking for a bit of advice. I have recently used to a new firm, which uses Value at Risk in a manner that is unfamiliar from previous places I have worked that I find less than ideal. Previous, ...
• 111
104 views

### VAR of Long & Short European Call Options

I have over 1000 simulated stock prices for an option that is expiring in 3 months. I have calculated the EU call option payoff of 1000 simulated prices and now I have 1000 simulated payoffs of call. ...
90 views

### Standard market risk platform Value-at-Risk (VaR)

if possible, could you share publicly available methodological guides/pamphlets or post links to specialised websites which give sufficient detail of the basic assumptions, algorithms and possible ...
188 views

### VaR using normal vol vS lognormal

We are using a vendor's software to calculate the Parametric VaR (using RiskMetrics approach) that take as input the volatility figure of the risk factors. The volatility used so far was the lognormal....
• 41
126 views

### Estimating VaR of bond due to changes in the US yield curve

I am attempting estimate the 99% 10-day VaR of an investment grade bond due to changes in the US yield curve. The data provided is the daily prices of the bond over time. In addition I have the Daily ...
152 views

### Correlation for Trading vs. Risk Management

Assume a portfolio that contains some asset A and that I am contemplating hedging my delta in A by taking a position in asset B. I would determine how much of B to buy/sell based on the linear ...
• 555
112 views

### Is scaling the standard deviations in the VaR formula (parametric) equivalent to scaling the VaR figure at the end?

I have come across people calculating parametric VaR who scaled the standard deviations by say square root of 10 to scale up to a 10 day horizon. Elsewhere I have seen textbooks suggesting that it is ...
414 views

### Parametric VaR, Normality and Subadditivity

Good evening; I just have a simple question about Value at Risk and the subadditivity property, and I know that it may sound silly I got that, in general, VaR is not subadditive. However, if a ...
63 views

### what is a simple parametric VaR approach that can be used to compare with ISDA SIMM results?

i am looking for a simple parametric VaR approach that includes vega and/or gamma. i am not sure if to choose a non symmetric distribution for the pnl, what would people use, perhaps some shifted ...
• 701
1 vote
88 views

### VaR and Expected Shorfall estimations with negative shape parameter of a GPD (Extreme Value Theory )

So im trying to replicate an code from the Quantative Risk Management Book (https://github.com/qrmtutorial/qrm/blob/master/code/09_Market_Risk/09_Standard_methods_for_market_risk.R). But when i try a ...
1 vote
91 views

### Optimal Portfolios with Skewed and Heavy-Tailed Distributions

I am learning about portfolio theory and been using Markowitz. I wondered, however, if I can use distributional and asymmetric information of the returns to solve the problem. For instance, I have a ...
1 vote
104 views

### Interpretation of Value at Risk

Let $X$ be a Loss random variable (Positive values of X represents Losses) and let $p \in (0,1)$. I know that the Value at Risk at level $p$ of $X$ is defined as: VaR_p(X) = inf{\{x \in \mathbb{R} : ...
• 111