# Questions tagged [variance]

The tag has no usage guidance.

136 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
120 views

### Spot variance drift consequently to style drift

I am looking for some information on how to spot variance drift for a portfolio in accordance to its benchmarks, Let's say that we have returns of the portfolio $\textbf{P}=(P_1,...,P_t,...,P_n)$ and ...
33 views

### Varswap replication product

I would like to ask about a product that some Flow desks sell : Varswap replication strategies. I know that it consists of weighted basket of calls and puts , however I would like to know how does it ...
43 views

I found two highly correlated assets that have spread in 3M realized and implied vol at historical minimum. To go long on this spread I thought of using two variance swaps. Would it be cheaper to ...
33 views

### Is this the right way to compute "realized daily market return variance, annualized, over the preceding 126 trading days”?

Realized.Variance<-rollapply((log(Fama.French.daily$Mkt+1)^2) ,126,sum,by=1) So Fama.French.dail$Mkt is my daily Market return. To calculate the realized ...
109 views

### Antithetic sampling Monte Carlo

In Peter Jaeckel, Monte Carlo in Finance book, I read the following sentence: Whenever the first realised moment of the underlying variate draws $\{z_i\}$ has a strong impact on the result of the ...
28 views

### How can i fit the following regression in R? Why is the coefficient [second Columns] for R so low?

'Rwml' is the monthly log return So the first column is clear, I got nearly the same values, at least the same magnitude. But: If I regress on the variance, my input values are way too low to get a ...
65 views

### Vasicek model and spot interest rate parametrised by reversion rate

By solving an SDE I want to derive the analytical results for mean and variance of the process of extended Vasicek model. $$dr(t) = \left(\eta - \gamma r(t) \right)dt + c dX(t)$$ where $\gamma$ ...
2k views

### What is the unconditional variance for a GARCH model?

I want to use a Matlab script to calculate Heston Nandi GARCH prices. I found an appropriate script online and it asks for the "unconditional variance" as an input. How do I calculate the appropriate ...
54 views

### How is Kalman Filter used to estimate Term structure Models

I am implementing "The Term Structure of Variance Swap Rates and Optimal Variance Swap Investments" . This paper is using kalman filter to estimate the state and the mean variance and a parameters on ...
48 views

### Condition expectation calculation examples and theory [closed]

I want to ask you an advice about reading theory and examples of conditional expectation and conditional variance. I want to have my understanding deeper, because sometimes I can't understand ...
54 views

### Expectation and variance of standard brownian motion

Assuming that the price of the stock follows the model $S(t) = S(0) exp ( mt − (σ^2/ 2) t + σW(t) ) ,$ where W(t) is a standard Brownian motion; σ > 0, S(0) > 0, m are some ...
51 views

### Residual Risk and Variance

I've solved part a, but am struggling with b and c. $x_m$ is the market portfolio vector, and I think $T$ should be a diagonal matrix. Any hints greatly appreciated!
58 views

### Applying portfolio variance weight based on logarithmic returns?

The expected logarithmic return of a portfolio is calculated as : $$𝐸_p = \log\left(\sum_i w_i e^{R_i}\right)$$ Therefore, I was wondering that how can I apply weight to use with the variance based ...
3k views

### Is the VIX more similar to a volatility swap or a variance swap?

I am reading the following paragraph on the VIX wikipedia article and I find it confusing: The VIX is calculated as the square root of the par variance swap rate for a 30-day term[clarify] ...
118 views

182 views

### Options on realized volatility / variance

If I'd like to price options on variance/volatility in the Heston model. Is MC simulation and/or finite difference the only way to do it? Or is there an analytical expression for the probability ...
116 views

### Usages of variance swap

I’m interested in variance swap. Considered from its feature, variance swap is used for betting the (historical) volatility of underlying asset. If we use it for hedge tool of Vega or Volga, does it ...
83 views

318 views

### Terminal Variance in the Heston Model

I am trying to understand the basics of financial models. Random Walk as a model for asset prices. We use gaussian random numbers to generate a Gaussian Random walk. The variance of the terminal ...
146 views

### How can I compute a realized variance for raw instead of log returns?

Whenever I read about calculating realized variance, people are using log returns. However, I was asking myself whether it is possible to calculate realized variance also for simple, raw returns. ...