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Questions tagged [vasicek]

The Vasicek model is a 1-factor short-rate model.

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Is Vasicek risk neutral?

I am a bit new to this, and am trying to understand the concepts of the risk neutrality in interest-rate models. What I can't seem to understand is why the Vasicek model is risk-neutral? Following ...
user6304's user avatar
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Vasicek model calibration

I am trying to calibrate Vasicek model, i.e. to determine the parameters $\kappa, \mu, \bar{\mu}$ and $\sigma$ where the process dynamics are given through $$ dr_t=\kappa\left( \mu - r_t\right) dt+\...
Milan's user avatar
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8 votes
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From $AR(p)$ to SDE

Let the Vasicek model to be $$\Delta r_{t}=k(\theta - r_{t-1})\Delta t+\sigma\Delta z_{t}$$ Due to the fact that $$\Delta r_{t}=r_{t}-r_{t-1}$$ if you let $\Delta t=1$, it is easy to see by ...
Lisa Ann's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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How to show that this process is "normally distributed"?

Say we have following SDE (Vasicek): $$dr(t) =(b-ar_t) dt + \sigma dW_t$$ I am able to reach an integral form of this SDE : $$r(t) = r(0) e^{-at} + \frac{b}{a}[1 - e^{-at}] + \sigma e^{-at}\int_0^t e^...
Michael Mark's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
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What is the purpose of short rate models?

Just venturing into quantitative finance and studying short rate models (Vasicek, CIR, Hull-White etc.). Wanted to ask a very simple intuitive question. How would a practitioner use these models? I ...
Robert Brown's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is the mean time-dependent in the Hull-White interest rate model?

In the Vasicek interest-rate model, the interest rate reverts to a constant mean. This makes sense to me. In my conception, the mean ought to be time-invariant, since interest rates don't follow an ...
tjahrenholz's user avatar
5 votes
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Why Vasicek model on a tree is a bad choice for pricing American option on credit prepayment?

I have an American option on a credit prepayment, i.e. the holder of the option can prepay the remaining credit if the interest rate falls below the initial strike. The pricing of this option was done ...
Hasek's user avatar
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Why isn't the Vasicek model arbitrage-free?

Could anyone explain why the Vasicek model isn't an arbitrage-free model? Additionally, which interest rate model is arbitrage-free and why?
Karry's user avatar
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4 votes
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Vasicek short rate: Risk-neutral measure into real-world measure

I consider the Vasicek model under the risk-neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$: $$ dr_t=\kappa(\theta−r_t) dt+\sigma dW^{\mathbb{Q}}_t.$$ I have already determined $$\mathbb{E}^{\mathbb{Q}}\left[e^{−\int\...
Stephanie's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
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How to price a stock under Q and stochastic interest rates?

I am interested in pricing a stock under $\mathbb{Q}$ when I assume that $$dS(t) = \mu(S(t))dt + \sigma(S(t))dW(t)$$ where $W(t)$ is a Wiener process under $\mathbb{P}$ and $$dr(t) = a(b-r(t))dt +...
Cassi's user avatar
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Change of numeraire to the forward measure in the Vasicek model

I am working through the Brigo/Mercurio book on Interest Rate Models (Second Edition) and I am having some trouble with the change of numeraire in chapter 3.2.1, page 59 to be exact, formula 3.9. It ...
VasicekNumeraire's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Bond-price dynamics in the Vasicek model

Hello I am studying about interest rate modeling There is one good source about Vasicek (link: https://web.mst.edu/~bohner/fim-10/fim-chap4.pdf). However there is one equation that I try but unable ...
PTQuoc's user avatar
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1 answer
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Vasicek model: joint simulation with discount factor

In Vasicek model, we have the following relation to get Discount factors given the value of short rate: $$P(t\,,T)={{e}^{A(t,T)\,-\,B(t,T){{r}_{t}}\,}}$$ So, Discount factors are known as soon as we ...
InnocentR's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to design back-testing (validation) for such modified Vasicek model?

Consider a classical Black Scholes model , $$\frac{dS}{S} = \mu dt + \sigma dW$$ , where $dW$ is a Brownian motion, that $W(t_1) - W(t_0) \sim N(0, t_1 - t_0)$. The back-testing strategy is straight-...
athos's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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How to determine the risk premium from the Vasicek one factor model?

The short rate under the Vasicek one factor model under the real-world measure $\mathbb{P} $ follows : $$ dr(t)=(a\theta - (a+\lambda \sigma)r(t))dt + \sigma dW(t),$$ $$ r(0)=r_0 $$ where $ \lambda $ ...
coffee-raid's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
327 views

Pricing Call Option on Coupon Bond under Vasicek

Consider a the Vascicek model, and let A and B denote the functions such that $P(t,T)=\exp(A(t,T)-B(t,T)r(t))$. We now look at a coupon bond that makes deterministic payments $\alpha_1,...,\alpha_N$ ...
Pedro Gomes's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

LIBOR rates from Vasicek/Hull-White model?

I am somehow puzzled by the following problem: LIBOR rates are forward rates for an interbank loan for 1M or 3M (let's limit the range of possibilities to these two cases). Assuming that I have ...
Bard's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Aggregation of $\rho$ and $p$ for a vasicek model

I'm currently facing the problem of how properly (analytically) adjust the parameters of an aggregated Vasicek (2002) loss distribution so that it has the same expected loss and 99% quantile as the ...
simzoor's user avatar
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2 answers
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How to show that the exponential Vasicek model is not an affine term-structure model?

From the pricing formula, we know that the value at time $t\in [0,T]$ of a zero coupon bond maturing at time $T$ is $$ B(t,T)=E\left(\exp{\left(-\int_{t}^{T}r_sds\right)}\bigg|\mathcal{F}_t\right). $$...
KACEFMA.'s user avatar
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0 answers
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How to calibrate an O-U process based on historical data?

Background: I have been working on my master thesis project for the last few months and gave the final presentation on the 2023-06-01. As a part of the master thesis project, I did a complete ...
Yuanlin Dong's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
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Is the G2++ model apt to use when one needs estimates of longer term refinance rates for mortgages and can the model be created with Monte Carlo?

I am currently in the process of developing an interest rate model that would be used to price mortgage-backed securities and develop an OAS estimate. Referring to Brigo and Mercurio (2006) I'm ...
Simon's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Two papers - two different solutions of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process

Bernal 2016 says that the solution of $$ dr_{t}=\lambda*(\mu-r_{t})*dt+\sigma dW_{t} \qquad (eq.1) $$ equals $$ r_{t}=r_0*exp(-\lambda t)+\mu(1-exp(-\lambda t))+\sigma \int_{0}^{t} exp(-\lambda t)...
DataAdventurer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
841 views

Problem with pricing a call option using the Monte Carlo Vasicek model

I am trying to price a call option on a zero coupon under the Vasicek Model using Monte Carlo method: $$C_0 = B(0,\theta) \ \mathbb{E}^{\mathbb{Q}_T}[(B(\theta,T)-K)^{+}]$$ The problem is that the ...
Feynman_kac's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
6k views

Pricing a zero with Vasicek model

I'm trying to understand bond pricing with the Vasicek interest rate model. I'm using McDonald's book for this purpose (not homework). Recall that Vasicek dynamics are \begin{equation*} \mathrm{d}...
nomen's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
537 views

What is the reasoning to derive this financial model called the Vasicek Model?

The model specifies that the instantaneous interest rate follows the stochastic differential equation $$\mathrm{d}r_t = a(b-r_t)\: \mathrm{d}t + \sigma \: \mathrm{d}W_t$$ where $W_{t}$ is a Wiener ...
Victor's user avatar
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1 answer
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Choosing which interest rate model to go with?

I've been assigned with the task of modelling zero rate curve. I did it with two models: Vasicek and CIR. Looking at the two curves produced, I can see that one is closer to the observed curve than ...
Sizirr01's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
630 views

Differential of integrating factor $d(e^{at}r_t)$ in Vasicek model

I am attempting to solve the Vasicek model SDE (using Wikipedia parametrisation): $$ dr_t = a(b-r_t)dt + \sigma dW_t $$ Every solution is proceeding to multiply both sides of the equation by the ...
userPrimeNumber's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
179 views

How to find the transition distribution functions of these two processes?

What are the transition distribution (or density) functions of processes defined by $dX_t=\mu dt +\sigma dW_t$ and $dX_t= \theta(\mu-X_t) dt +\sigma dW_t,$ where $\theta>0$, $\mu$ is a real ...
Joanna's user avatar
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1 answer
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Difference between the Basel IRB and the Vasicek formula

The well known Basel IRB formula is as follows: $${\displaystyle K=LGD*\left[N\left({\sqrt {\frac {1}{1-R}}}*G(PD)+{\sqrt {\frac {R}{1-R}}}*G(0.999)\right)-PD\right]}$$ where the term below is the ...
Konstantin's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
520 views

Obtaining the dynamics of the Vasicek model using Itô

Consider the following expression for the short-term interest rate $$r_t=r_0 e^{\beta t}+\frac{b}{\beta}\left(e^{\beta t}-1\right)+\sigma e^{\beta t}\int_0^te^{-\beta s}dW_s \tag{1},$$ which is ...
Mr Frog's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Vasicek Model Parameters Estimation

I'm currently trying to estimate the market price of risk (lambda) in the Vasicek Model, and am running into difficulties. Using the Excel Solver tool and the Maximum Likelihood Estimation method ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

How to find the transition distribution functions of these two processes?

This question was asked by another user, but was deleted. As it may be useful for others, I re-post it here. What are the transition distribution (or density) functions of two processes defined by \...
Gordon's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
596 views

Exact solution stock price with Vasicek interest rate model

Define two correlated stock price- and interest rate (Vasicek) processes, governed by the Wiener processes $W^{S}(t)$ and $W^{r}(t)$ $$dS(t)=r(t)S(t)dt+\sigma S(t)dW^{S}(t)$$ $$dr(t)=\kappa(\theta-r(...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
177 views

What is the limiting distribution of loss portfolio?

I am working through this paper on Vasicek's portfolio loss distribution. On page 3 he mentions that by the law of large numbers, $$\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum_{k=0}^{\lfloor nx \rfloor} \binom{n}{k}s^k(1-...
user89635's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
127 views

simulation and timestep

Suppose I have a stochastic process i.e. a Vasicek process with parameteres estimated with monthly (RW measure) data and want simulate the process using a daily timestep. Is this a good practice?
Mitor's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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ATM cap prices in Vasicek model (Filipovic)

I am trying to replicate the ATM cap prices in table 7.1 (see bottom of this post) from Filipovic's book "Term Structure Models - A Graduate Course" which assume the Vasicek model and uses ...
Landscape's user avatar
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0 answers
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Bond-pricing under the Vasicek short rate model

I'm currently studying the Vasicek model of the short interest rate $$dr_t=a(\mu-r_t)dt+\sigma dW_t$$ I know how to solve this stochastic differential equation (SDE) and how to find expectation and ...
Don Abbondio's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
197 views

Expected value and variance of the short rate under the Vasicek model

Would be grateful for any assistance. Below are the expected value and variance of the integral of the short rate under the Vasicek model (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/41448002): $E\left[ \...
user1171853's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
487 views

How does one calibrate a Vasicek model to actual cap prices?

I am trying to calibrate a Vasicek model given by $$ dr(t) = k[\theta - r(t)] dt + \sigma dW(t), \quad r(0) = r_0 $$ where $k, \theta, \sigma, r_0 > 0$. I am using the book by Brigo and ...
julian2000P's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
152 views

Vasicek Model: smile dynamics

I have come across the statement that the Vasicek model cannot be used to price skew / smile sensitive products: i.e. it cannot be calibrated to replicate a skew or smile. Why is that? My guess is ...
Conductor's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
161 views

Zero coupon price using Vasiceks model under the Real-world P measure model

I'm wondering if there is a way to work out the formula for the price of the zero-coupon bond using the Vasicek's model (P measure). I have tried to find reference on it but could not, I don't know if ...
Daniel  Hong's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Why does adding a negative risk premium to the short rate avoid the occurrence of inverse yield curves?

I am reading about the Vasicek One Factor short rate model and how to implement a change in measure from a risk-neutral to real-world measure, when I came across this comment: Adding a negative risk ...
coffee-raid's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
160 views

State price deflator in the Vasicek model

I am trying to implement a simple bond pricing model using state price deflators in a Vasicek model. I am simulating paths of the processes $$\mathrm{d}r^{P} =\kappa^{P}(\theta^P - r^P(t))\mathrm{d}t ...
Martin Steen Andersen's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
289 views

Term structure equation in the Vasicek model

Consider the SDE $$dr_t = (b-ar_t)dt +\sigma dW_t, \text{with } a; b > 0.$$ Let $$F(t; r) = E(\exp(-\int_{t}^{T}r_sds)| r_t = r).$$ (F can be interpreted as price of a zero coupon bond with ...
Maria's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
553 views

Need to solve the stochastic differential equation of Vasicek Model

How to solve the stochastic differential equation of the Vasicek model for the analysis of credit risk? I search in the article "The Distribution of loan portfolio value" (Vasicek) but he doesn't ...
Carmen González's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
325 views

Bond prices at future times under Vasick one-factor model

In Vasicek one-factor model (and in other affine models), the price of a zero-coupon bond at time $t$ conditional on the information at this time is $$P(t,T) = E[e^{-\int^T_tr(u)du}|F_t] = A(t,T)e^{-...
Confounded's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
191 views

Basic Interest Rate Modelling Ques

I have got a question regarding the Vasicek Model and the corresponding Bond Pricing Equation (BPE). Starting with a short-rate process (under measure $P$ or real world drift $u(r,t)$) of the form: $...
friend1's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
238 views

Price of a Bond-Call option in the defaultable framework

I would like to compute the price for a Call option written on a defaultable bond as underlying. Suppose you have the following dynamic under the risk free measure $\mathcal{Q}$ for the interest rate: ...
clarkmaio's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Complete Algorithm of Calibration with Vasicek Model using Term-Structure Dynamics over Time

As there are so many different sccenarios about Vaicek Calibration but there has not been a clear example with data shown, I am totally Confused about how should I do it. so I am bringing the question ...
Afshinzkh's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
61 views

MLE for two independent factor CIR

Following the maximun likelihood estimation as done in Klavidko I would like to generalize this to more independent factors . In first istance I would use the transition function at time t as a sum ...
Mitor's user avatar
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